New experiments in social housing for (former)      homeless in The Netherlands        Lia van Doorn, professor for Innova...
Presentation   The aim of the research and research questions   Presentation of the characteristics of six new    experi...
The aim of the research   The Dutch national organisation for social    housing (Housing Experiments Steering Group /    ...
Research questions   Which innovative forms of social housing with assistance    and supervision for vulnerable residents...
Innovative experiments of social housing  We selected and described six innovative  experiments of social housing:1. Woonh...
1.        Woonhotel & Flexibel Wonen,             Rotterdam-Rijnmond      European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th Sep...
1.        Woonhotel & Flexibel Wonen,                      Rotterdam-Rijnmond   A hotel with a combination of upmarket ho...
2. Nieuwe Energie, Leiden European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSIN...
2. Nieuwe Energie, Leiden   Former textile factory on the edge of central Leiden.   Joint project between the municipali...
3. Omnizorg, Apeldoorn European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING E...
3. Omnizorg, Apeldoorn   Joint project between the municipality and    health-care institutions (mental health authority,...
4. Begeleid Wonen, Hogezand    European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010   UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AN...
4. Begeleid Wonen, Hogezand   Newly constructed building in former problem area.   Initiative by housing corporation.  ...
5. ’T Groene Sticht European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCL...
5. ’T Groene StichtResidential / working development in Leidsche Rijn Not imposed in an existing area but developed on th...
6. Je eigen stek (my own place), Amsterdam Half-way house for formerlyhomeless people Completely self-managed. Formerly...
Outcomes of the research:                  1. the expertise   Pioneers with passion, able to break down barriers.   Coop...
2. The local area    Important themes: security and quality of life,    concentration of disturbance.   Contact with loca...
3. Cooperation   Responsibility for administration/ policy direction    lies with municipality as part of their duty to  ...
4. Upward social movement   Policy ambition of upward social movement (after a stay    of one year) is not usually achiev...
Final remarks   The distinction between social assistance and    supervision is often made very strongly: they are    bot...
Thanks for your attention European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSIN...
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New Types of Living Accommodation for (Formerly) Homeless and Other Vulnerable Renters - Experiments in Social Housing in The Netherlands

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Presentation given by ... at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)
  • New Types of Living Accommodation for (Formerly) Homeless and Other Vulnerable Renters - Experiments in Social Housing in The Netherlands

    1. 1. New experiments in social housing for (former) homeless in The Netherlands Lia van Doorn, professor for Innovation of Social Work, Centre for social Innovation, University of applied sciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands (Co-researchers: Raymond Kloppenburg & Peter Hendriks) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE ENHR NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    2. 2. Presentation The aim of the research and research questions Presentation of the characteristics of six new experiments of social housing for (former) homeless What can be learned from these experiments? Main outcomes of the research European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    3. 3. The aim of the research The Dutch national organisation for social housing (Housing Experiments Steering Group / SEV) wants housing associations to be kept better informed about innovative experiments in housing for former homeless and other vulnerable groups who have difficulty living independently in standard housing. What lessons can be learned from these innovative experiments for social housing? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    4. 4. Research questions Which innovative forms of social housing with assistance and supervision for vulnerable residents are realized in The Netherlands? How can these social housing experiments be characterised? How do these experiments of social housing involve the local area / neighbourhood? What type of expertise do staff members need? Which institutions work together in the experiments and what form does this cooperation take? To what extend is upward social movement involved for residents of these experiments for social housing? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    5. 5. Innovative experiments of social housing We selected and described six innovative experiments of social housing:1. Woonhotel & Flexibel wonen, Rotterdam2. Nieuwe Energie, Leiden3. Omnizorg, Apeldoorn4. Begeleid Wonen, Hoogezand5. Je Eigen Stek, Amsterdam,6. ‘T Groene Sticht, Utrecht European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    6. 6. 1. Woonhotel & Flexibel Wonen, Rotterdam-Rijnmond European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    7. 7. 1. Woonhotel & Flexibel Wonen, Rotterdam-Rijnmond A hotel with a combination of upmarket hotelrooms for regular guests and affordable short stay facilities for (former) homeless. Set up by three Rotterdam social housing corporations. Also: supervision contracts for rented social housing for (ex) homeless / ex-convicts etc. spread across the city and properties with shared facilities.  Housing supervisors (‘streetwise’) focus on quality of life and case managers (from the health institution) handle individual cases: combination of care and control: carrot and stick.  Contracts adjusted at 1½ year periods with decreasing control.  Residents receive a regular rental agreement in a small presentation ceremony. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    8. 8. 2. Nieuwe Energie, Leiden European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    9. 9. 2. Nieuwe Energie, Leiden Former textile factory on the edge of central Leiden. Joint project between the municipality, the Portaal housing corporation and social services. Housing from: office of the housing corporation, ICT businesses, restaurant (ROC study workshop). Night shelter for homeless people and workshop/day-care centre. Integration where possible and segregation where necessary (entrance corridor). Less disturbance in the city, a controlled increase in the local area. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    10. 10. 3. Omnizorg, Apeldoorn European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    11. 11. 3. Omnizorg, Apeldoorn Joint project between the municipality and health-care institutions (mental health authority, homeless shelters and addiction care centres). Building forms part of overall urban plan. All employees (from health-care institutions) involved in contact with the residents. Building fitted to reflect housing progression. Expected stay of 3 to 5 years. Less disturbance in the city, more disturbance around the building. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    12. 12. 4. Begeleid Wonen, Hogezand European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    13. 13. 4. Begeleid Wonen, Hogezand Newly constructed building in former problem area. Initiative by housing corporation. Building has independent housing units for various target groups (young people, former homeless people, those with drugs or mental health issues). Focuses on independent living, social contact is not encouraged (to prevent disturbances). Case managers at corporations handle allocation, social concierge plays an important role in contact with residents. Supervision by health-care institutions failed to materialize as hoped. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    14. 14. 5. ’T Groene Sticht European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    15. 15. 5. ’T Groene StichtResidential / working development in Leidsche Rijn Not imposed in an existing area but developed on the drawing table of a new satellite city. Combination of housing for sale and rent, homeless shelter, charity shop, restaurant. Visitor’s quarters are self-managed. Residents selected on the basis of affinity and willingness to contribute (concept of ‘neighbourliness’) Search for a balance between support and dependency. Project is running successfully for 6 years. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    16. 16. 6. Je eigen stek (my own place), Amsterdam Half-way house for formerlyhomeless people Completely self-managed. Formerly homeless people withoutany additional complicating factors. As little professional interventionas possible. Residents proud of the success of thisproject. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    17. 17. Outcomes of the research: 1. the expertise Pioneers with passion, able to break down barriers. Cooperation between administrators, health workers, local residents, local facilities and clients. Hands-on professionals: streetwise, language of the target group, people with first-hand experience. Case managers: focus on the step-by-step acquisition of independent living skills. Supervisors: signal problems with quality of life. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    18. 18. 2. The local area Important themes: security and quality of life, concentration of disturbance. Contact with local neighbourhood is a critical success factor. Open communication; do not shy from providing clear information about risks. Involve residents from the planning phases. Effective complaints procedure. Contact with a wide range of welfare institutions, sports associations, voluntary organizations, and churches is essential for projects to become firmly rooted in society. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    19. 19. 3. Cooperation Responsibility for administration/ policy direction lies with municipality as part of their duty to provide social support. Responsibility for implementation lies sometimes with housing corporations and sometimes with health-care institutions. Division of roles often along lines of supervision by corporations and assistance by health-care institutions. Development of shared objectives between the partners. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    20. 20. 4. Upward social movement Policy ambition of upward social movement (after a stay of one year) is not usually achieved. Upward social movement is a limited concept; more than just moving up the housing ladder. Improvement in quality of life, improvement of the living environment in the city. Some people will remain dependent on some form of supervision, while others will have more opportunities to succeed. For former homeless people, getting used to not living on the streets. As few relocations as possible for individual cases. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    21. 21. Final remarks The distinction between social assistance and supervision is often made very strongly: they are both implicitly part of the service to be provided. Disengagement of professionals from the primary process leads to empowerment of the residents. Favour self-management and using those with first-hand experience. Social professionals have more responsibility than previously for cooperation between institutions but are not getting the right training for this. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    22. 22. Thanks for your attention European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
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