Insert your logo here                      Collection of data                 on homelessness in Wallonia    Principal tre...
Outline1.   Urban « Relais sociaux » (RS)     1.   Geographical location     2.   Context data     3.   Legal background a...
Collection of data on homelessness in Wallonia   Principal trends and methodological problems   1. Urban « Relais sociaux ...
1.1. Geographical locationWallonia3.5 millions inhabitants32% population of Belgium55% territory of Belgium23% GDP of Belg...
1. 1. geographical locationGeographical location of the different « Relais sociaux »           European Research Conferenc...
1.2. Context dataTowns                   No Inhabitants               Unemployment               Social Integrationwhere t...
1.3. Legal background and political conception   Walloon Decree (2003)   Links between social emergency programs and soc...
1.3. Legal background and political conception   Very few legal references in Wallonia : « very precarious    people » ra...
Collection of data on homelessness in WalloniaPrincipal trends and methodological problems2. Data Collection in the RS    ...
2.1. Current characteristics of the data collection   Different kind of populations   Qualitative and quantitative data...
2.2. Exemple of detailed variables   outreach work – 2009, Namur : social characteristics      Age      Type of income ...
Collection of data on homelessness in Wallonia   Principal trends and methodological problems3. Principal trends and state...
3.1. Trends about people profiles   Majority : men, 35-55 age group overrepresented   Increase of proportions of :     ...
3.2. Principal statements                   in the area of social politics   No linear trajectories : not the same people...
conclusion   What kind of data collection do we need at short time?       Harmonised data with more detailed variables  ...
Thank you for your attention !  European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND...
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Collection of Data on Homelessness in Wallonia. Principle Population Trends and Methodological Research Problems

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Presentation given by Anne Deprez, IWEPS, Belgium at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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Collection of Data on Homelessness in Wallonia. Principle Population Trends and Methodological Research Problems

  1. 1. Insert your logo here Collection of data on homelessness in Wallonia Principal trends and methodological problems Anne Deprez IWEPS Walloon Region, Belgium a.deprez@iweps.be European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE ENHR NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  2. 2. Outline1. Urban « Relais sociaux » (RS) 1. Geographical location 2. Context data 3. Legal background and political conception2. Data collection in the RS 1. Current characteristics 2. Exemple of detailed variables3. Principal trends and statements 1. Trends about people profiles 2. Statements in the area of social politics European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  3. 3. Collection of data on homelessness in Wallonia Principal trends and methodological problems 1. Urban « Relais sociaux » European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  4. 4. 1.1. Geographical locationWallonia3.5 millions inhabitants32% population of Belgium55% territory of Belgium23% GDP of Belgium (200 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  5. 5. 1. 1. geographical locationGeographical location of the different « Relais sociaux » European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  6. 6. 1.2. Context dataTowns No Inhabitants Unemployment Social Integrationwhere the RS (01/2008; Rate (07/2010) Income Rate (*)are located thousands) (2009)Charleroi 202 27.5 % 2.2 %Liè ge 192 27 % 3.8 %Namur 96 17 % 0.7 %Mons 91 22 % 2.4 %La Louviè re 78 23 % 1.6 %Tournai 68 16 % 1.2 %Verviers 54 26 % 3.9 %Wallonia 3,457 16 % 1.2 %Belgium (SPF) 10,667 13 % 0.9 % European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010(*) SIM Rate = No SIM/ UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHRTotal Population THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  7. 7. 1.3. Legal background and political conception Walloon Decree (2003) Links between social emergency programs and social integration policies Coordination of public and private services  night shelters  Temporary social refuges for men, women…  Social restaurants and shops  medical and social services of emergency  social outreach work (in the street) Promotion of partnerships between different servicies European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  8. 8. 1.3. Legal background and political conception Very few legal references in Wallonia : « very precarious people » rather than « homeless people » Multidimensional and integrated conception of social work (rather than « housing first ») Linear conception of social integration (by steps) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  9. 9. Collection of data on homelessness in WalloniaPrincipal trends and methodological problems2. Data Collection in the RS European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  10. 10. 2.1. Current characteristics of the data collection Different kind of populations Qualitative and quantitative data Administrative data (collected from Activity Reports) More focused on supply of services than on demand or needs of people Social and demographic profiles by area of activity (defined by th Walloon Decree) : social emergency, outreach work, reception centers (day only) , emergency hostelling and night shelters, winter and summer plans (from 2009) Heterogeneous and not exhaustive data for Wallonia However providing valuable informations European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  11. 11. 2.2. Exemple of detailed variables outreach work – 2009, Namur : social characteristics  Age  Type of income Wage, welfare benefits (unemployed / retired / disabled people), no income…  Household situation Living alone , living alone with children, couple without / with children  Type of demand Housing, food or clothes help, administrative help, listening,…  Previous housing characteristics Private, night shelter, living rough, sharing with friends and relatives, social housing, hospital, old people home, … European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  12. 12. Collection of data on homelessness in Wallonia Principal trends and methodological problems3. Principal trends and statements European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  13. 13. 3.1. Trends about people profiles Majority : men, 35-55 age group overrepresented Increase of proportions of :  < 25  > 60  women especially with children  asylum seekers and undocumented people (in inconditionnal services such as night shelters) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  14. 14. 3.2. Principal statements in the area of social politics No linear trajectories : not the same people in the different types of institutions Difficulty not to stay in an emergency approach :  lack of links between institutions  Between psychiatrist hospital and autonome housing  Between night shelters and temporary accomodation European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  15. 15. conclusion What kind of data collection do we need at short time?  Harmonised data with more detailed variables  Time series at the regional level Additional information :  Census data (not available for Wallonia)  Specific studies on different target groups with a dynamic approach :  Trajectories of people between institutions, living states  Indicators of impact of partnership between services on trajectories of people European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention ! European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT

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