Traditional Lighting by Susan Phillips October 23, 2004 “ Nothing new under The sun.” Ecclesiastes 1:9
Daylight <ul><li>The Pantheon </li></ul><ul><li>120 AD by Hadrian </li></ul>
Oil Lamps <ul><li>Pan lamps </li></ul><ul><li>One of the earliest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lights </li></ul></ul>
Oil Pendant Lamps <ul><li>Roman Pendant </li></ul><ul><li>Central oil font </li></ul><ul><li>More wicks increased </li></u...
Oil Lamps <ul><li>Argand Lamp </li></ul><ul><li>New technology by </li></ul><ul><li>Antoine Lavoisier </li></ul><ul><li>in...
Whale Oil Lamps <ul><li>Used 1789-1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Oval or inverted pear </li></ul><ul><li>oil font </li></ul>
(Paraffin) Kerosene Lamp <ul><li>Used 1854-1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Squat-shaped oil  </li></ul><ul><li>font </li></ul>
Colza Oil Lamp <ul><li>Used 1783-1859 </li></ul><ul><li>Squat-shaped oil  </li></ul><ul><li>font </li></ul><ul><li>Student...
Gas Lamp <ul><li>Used 1817-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Gas valve </li></ul><ul><li>Coal gas was produced </li></ul><ul><li>in t...
Gas Lighting <ul><li>Used in industry </li></ul><ul><li>Used in exterior lighting </li></ul>
Gas/Electric Lighting <ul><li>First fixtures combination </li></ul><ul><li>or gas to electric conversion </li></ul><ul><li...
Candles <ul><li>Rushlights were the first </li></ul><ul><li>Split rush dipped in fat </li></ul><ul><li>Burned quickly </li...
Candles <ul><li>Tallow candles 500 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Used by the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Wax candles used by </li></ul><...
Candles <ul><li>Saltram House, Devon </li></ul><ul><li>The Adam Saloon </li></ul><ul><li>The Morning Room </li></ul><ul><l...
Example of smaller home <ul><li>One lamp </li></ul><ul><li>Less illumination as </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor tends patient </l...
<ul><li>Examples of reproduction period fixtures by Rejuvenation </li></ul><ul><li>1890s to 1950 </li></ul>
Early Eclectic/ Victorian <ul><li>“Oregon City” </li></ul><ul><li>Gas style Victorian </li></ul><ul><li>More ornate </li><...
Early Eclectic/Victorian Example: Astoria Lamp <ul><li>Gas/electric style </li></ul><ul><li>Late Victorian </li></ul>
Early 1900s <ul><li>Early simple pendant </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth-covered cord </li></ul><ul><li>1890 reproduction  </li></...
1910 English/Tudor Style
1900-1925 Mission Style
1900-1940 Colonial Revival Style
1900-1940 Colonial Revival or Craftsman Style
1920 - 1950 Porcelain Art Deco <ul><li>“ Sanitary” bath &  kitchen  fixture </li></ul><ul><li>Knob switch </li></ul><ul><l...
1930-1950 Art Deco <ul><li>Slipper shade fixture </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for dining, living and bedrooms </li></ul>
Mid-Late 1930s Streamline or Machine age <ul><li>Hollywood Indirect lamp </li></ul><ul><li>influence </li></ul><ul><li>Typ...
The traditional fixture forms used from the Romans to the Machine Age are still used today to beautify and brighten homes.
 
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Traditional Lighting

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A history of the development of light fixtures.

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Traditional Lighting

  1. 1. Traditional Lighting by Susan Phillips October 23, 2004 “ Nothing new under The sun.” Ecclesiastes 1:9
  2. 2. Daylight <ul><li>The Pantheon </li></ul><ul><li>120 AD by Hadrian </li></ul>
  3. 3. Oil Lamps <ul><li>Pan lamps </li></ul><ul><li>One of the earliest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lights </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Oil Pendant Lamps <ul><li>Roman Pendant </li></ul><ul><li>Central oil font </li></ul><ul><li>More wicks increased </li></ul><ul><li>brightness </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oil Lamps <ul><li>Argand Lamp </li></ul><ul><li>New technology by </li></ul><ul><li>Antoine Lavoisier </li></ul><ul><li>in 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Better light output </li></ul><ul><li>More control </li></ul>
  6. 6. Whale Oil Lamps <ul><li>Used 1789-1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Oval or inverted pear </li></ul><ul><li>oil font </li></ul>
  7. 7. (Paraffin) Kerosene Lamp <ul><li>Used 1854-1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Squat-shaped oil </li></ul><ul><li>font </li></ul>
  8. 8. Colza Oil Lamp <ul><li>Used 1783-1859 </li></ul><ul><li>Squat-shaped oil </li></ul><ul><li>font </li></ul><ul><li>Student lamp style </li></ul><ul><li>still in use as electric </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gas Lamp <ul><li>Used 1817-1920 </li></ul><ul><li>Gas valve </li></ul><ul><li>Coal gas was produced </li></ul><ul><li>in the cities </li></ul><ul><li>Could damage interiors </li></ul><ul><li>with heat </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gas Lighting <ul><li>Used in industry </li></ul><ul><li>Used in exterior lighting </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gas/Electric Lighting <ul><li>First fixtures combination </li></ul><ul><li>or gas to electric conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Gas lamps up, electric down </li></ul>
  12. 12. Candles <ul><li>Rushlights were the first </li></ul><ul><li>Split rush dipped in fat </li></ul><ul><li>Burned quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Used 600 BC-1400s AD </li></ul>
  13. 13. Candles <ul><li>Tallow candles 500 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Used by the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Wax candles used by </li></ul><ul><li>wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>Poor had few, dim interior </li></ul><ul><li>Rich had many, brighter </li></ul><ul><li>Crystals reflected light </li></ul>
  14. 14. Candles <ul><li>Saltram House, Devon </li></ul><ul><li>The Adam Saloon </li></ul><ul><li>The Morning Room </li></ul><ul><li>All candlelit as in the </li></ul><ul><li>days of George II. </li></ul><ul><li>Pendants at ladder </li></ul><ul><li>height or lowered </li></ul><ul><li>by pulley </li></ul>
  15. 15. Example of smaller home <ul><li>One lamp </li></ul><ul><li>Less illumination as </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor tends patient </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Examples of reproduction period fixtures by Rejuvenation </li></ul><ul><li>1890s to 1950 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Early Eclectic/ Victorian <ul><li>“Oregon City” </li></ul><ul><li>Gas style Victorian </li></ul><ul><li>More ornate </li></ul>
  18. 18. Early Eclectic/Victorian Example: Astoria Lamp <ul><li>Gas/electric style </li></ul><ul><li>Late Victorian </li></ul>
  19. 19. Early 1900s <ul><li>Early simple pendant </li></ul><ul><li>Cloth-covered cord </li></ul><ul><li>1890 reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Edison 40 watt bulb </li></ul>
  20. 20. 1910 English/Tudor Style
  21. 21. 1900-1925 Mission Style
  22. 22. 1900-1940 Colonial Revival Style
  23. 23. 1900-1940 Colonial Revival or Craftsman Style
  24. 24. 1920 - 1950 Porcelain Art Deco <ul><li>“ Sanitary” bath & kitchen fixture </li></ul><ul><li>Knob switch </li></ul><ul><li>Porcelain was popular even after WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Art Deco & Streamline Styling </li></ul>
  25. 25. 1930-1950 Art Deco <ul><li>Slipper shade fixture </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for dining, living and bedrooms </li></ul>
  26. 26. Mid-Late 1930s Streamline or Machine age <ul><li>Hollywood Indirect lamp </li></ul><ul><li>influence </li></ul><ul><li>Typical lamp names of </li></ul><ul><li>that era: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glolite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tranquilite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflecto Light </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. The traditional fixture forms used from the Romans to the Machine Age are still used today to beautify and brighten homes.

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