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Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
Traditional Lighting
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Traditional Lighting

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A history of the development of light fixtures.

A history of the development of light fixtures.

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Transcript

  • 1. Traditional Lighting by Susan Phillips October 23, 2004 “ Nothing new under The sun.” Ecclesiastes 1:9
  • 2. Daylight
    • The Pantheon
    • 120 AD by Hadrian
  • 3. Oil Lamps
    • Pan lamps
    • One of the earliest
      • lights
  • 4. Oil Pendant Lamps
    • Roman Pendant
    • Central oil font
    • More wicks increased
    • brightness
  • 5. Oil Lamps
    • Argand Lamp
    • New technology by
    • Antoine Lavoisier
    • in 1770
    • Better light output
    • More control
  • 6. Whale Oil Lamps
    • Used 1789-1865
    • Oval or inverted pear
    • oil font
  • 7. (Paraffin) Kerosene Lamp
    • Used 1854-1930
    • Squat-shaped oil
    • font
  • 8. Colza Oil Lamp
    • Used 1783-1859
    • Squat-shaped oil
    • font
    • Student lamp style
    • still in use as electric
  • 9. Gas Lamp
    • Used 1817-1920
    • Gas valve
    • Coal gas was produced
    • in the cities
    • Could damage interiors
    • with heat
  • 10. Gas Lighting
    • Used in industry
    • Used in exterior lighting
  • 11. Gas/Electric Lighting
    • First fixtures combination
    • or gas to electric conversion
    • Gas lamps up, electric down
  • 12. Candles
    • Rushlights were the first
    • Split rush dipped in fat
    • Burned quickly
    • Used 600 BC-1400s AD
  • 13. Candles
    • Tallow candles 500 AD
    • Used by the poor
    • Wax candles used by
    • wealthy
    • Poor had few, dim interior
    • Rich had many, brighter
    • Crystals reflected light
  • 14. Candles
    • Saltram House, Devon
    • The Adam Saloon
    • The Morning Room
    • All candlelit as in the
    • days of George II.
    • Pendants at ladder
    • height or lowered
    • by pulley
  • 15. Example of smaller home
    • One lamp
    • Less illumination as
    • Doctor tends patient
  • 16.
    • Examples of reproduction period fixtures by Rejuvenation
    • 1890s to 1950
  • 17. Early Eclectic/ Victorian
    • “Oregon City”
    • Gas style Victorian
    • More ornate
  • 18. Early Eclectic/Victorian Example: Astoria Lamp
    • Gas/electric style
    • Late Victorian
  • 19. Early 1900s
    • Early simple pendant
    • Cloth-covered cord
    • 1890 reproduction
    • Edison 40 watt bulb
  • 20. 1910 English/Tudor Style
  • 21. 1900-1925 Mission Style
  • 22. 1900-1940 Colonial Revival Style
  • 23. 1900-1940 Colonial Revival or Craftsman Style
  • 24. 1920 - 1950 Porcelain Art Deco
    • “ Sanitary” bath & kitchen fixture
    • Knob switch
    • Porcelain was popular even after WWII.
    • Combined Art Deco & Streamline Styling
  • 25. 1930-1950 Art Deco
    • Slipper shade fixture
    • Suitable for dining, living and bedrooms
  • 26. Mid-Late 1930s Streamline or Machine age
    • Hollywood Indirect lamp
    • influence
    • Typical lamp names of
    • that era:
      • Glolite
      • Tranquilite
      • Reflecto Light
  • 27. The traditional fixture forms used from the Romans to the Machine Age are still used today to beautify and brighten homes.
  • 28.  

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