Traditional Lighting
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Traditional Lighting

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A history of the development of light fixtures.

A history of the development of light fixtures.

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Traditional Lighting Traditional Lighting Presentation Transcript

  • Traditional Lighting by Susan Phillips October 23, 2004 “ Nothing new under The sun.” Ecclesiastes 1:9
  • Daylight
    • The Pantheon
    • 120 AD by Hadrian
  • Oil Lamps
    • Pan lamps
    • One of the earliest
      • lights
  • Oil Pendant Lamps
    • Roman Pendant
    • Central oil font
    • More wicks increased
    • brightness
  • Oil Lamps
    • Argand Lamp
    • New technology by
    • Antoine Lavoisier
    • in 1770
    • Better light output
    • More control
  • Whale Oil Lamps
    • Used 1789-1865
    • Oval or inverted pear
    • oil font
  • (Paraffin) Kerosene Lamp
    • Used 1854-1930
    • Squat-shaped oil
    • font
  • Colza Oil Lamp
    • Used 1783-1859
    • Squat-shaped oil
    • font
    • Student lamp style
    • still in use as electric
  • Gas Lamp
    • Used 1817-1920
    • Gas valve
    • Coal gas was produced
    • in the cities
    • Could damage interiors
    • with heat
  • Gas Lighting
    • Used in industry
    • Used in exterior lighting
  • Gas/Electric Lighting
    • First fixtures combination
    • or gas to electric conversion
    • Gas lamps up, electric down
  • Candles
    • Rushlights were the first
    • Split rush dipped in fat
    • Burned quickly
    • Used 600 BC-1400s AD
  • Candles
    • Tallow candles 500 AD
    • Used by the poor
    • Wax candles used by
    • wealthy
    • Poor had few, dim interior
    • Rich had many, brighter
    • Crystals reflected light
  • Candles
    • Saltram House, Devon
    • The Adam Saloon
    • The Morning Room
    • All candlelit as in the
    • days of George II.
    • Pendants at ladder
    • height or lowered
    • by pulley
  • Example of smaller home
    • One lamp
    • Less illumination as
    • Doctor tends patient
    • Examples of reproduction period fixtures by Rejuvenation
    • 1890s to 1950
  • Early Eclectic/ Victorian
    • “Oregon City”
    • Gas style Victorian
    • More ornate
  • Early Eclectic/Victorian Example: Astoria Lamp
    • Gas/electric style
    • Late Victorian
  • Early 1900s
    • Early simple pendant
    • Cloth-covered cord
    • 1890 reproduction
    • Edison 40 watt bulb
  • 1910 English/Tudor Style
  • 1900-1925 Mission Style
  • 1900-1940 Colonial Revival Style
  • 1900-1940 Colonial Revival or Craftsman Style
  • 1920 - 1950 Porcelain Art Deco
    • “ Sanitary” bath & kitchen fixture
    • Knob switch
    • Porcelain was popular even after WWII.
    • Combined Art Deco & Streamline Styling
  • 1930-1950 Art Deco
    • Slipper shade fixture
    • Suitable for dining, living and bedrooms
  • Mid-Late 1930s Streamline or Machine age
    • Hollywood Indirect lamp
    • influence
    • Typical lamp names of
    • that era:
      • Glolite
      • Tranquilite
      • Reflecto Light
  • The traditional fixture forms used from the Romans to the Machine Age are still used today to beautify and brighten homes.
  •