CSR recently released a report entitled ‘Surrogacy Motherhood: Ethical or Commercial’ based on a study conducted in Gujarat. The report provides an insight into the rise of surrogacy in India, and the emergence of India as a popular destination for couples seeking surrogate mothers. According to Ms Manasi Mishra, head of research at CSR and the lead author of the report, ‘Cheap medical facilities, advanced reproductive technological know-how, coupled with poor socio-economic conditions, and a lack of regulatory laws in India, combines to make India an attractive option’. The report states that there is a growing demand for fair-skinned, educated young women to become surrogate mothers for foreign couples. Average cost of surrogacy is around $10,000-30,000 which includes the remuneration of the surrogate mothers, IVF costs, foods and consumables, legal and doctors’ fees, delivery cost and antenatal care. For international medical tourists the cost seems extremely reasonable which instigates more number of couples to seek such treatments here in India.
The report goes on to state the importance of passing the Artificial Reproductive Technology (2010) Bill soon, so that clear laws are in place, which will clarify the Indian government’s stand on surrogacy, and will prevent exploitation of women in the name of surrogacy. It talks about the need to provide adequate health care facilities to the surrogate mother, and providing the baby with all amenities, irrespective of the nationalities of the biological parents. The legislation should also cover the rights and duties of the commissioning parents, thus covering all three concerned parties within its ambit.
The report provides a snapshot of the growing phenomenon of surrogacy in India, and asserts the need for the passage of the ART Bill soon, so as to prevent exploitation of Indian women in the name of surrogacy, along with protecting the child.