Establishing community forestry as the basis for a forest strategy in the Democratic Republic of Congo

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Alison Hoare, Forests Monitor

Presentation for the conference on
Taking stock of smallholders and community forestry
Montpellier France
March 24-26, 2010

Published in: Education
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Establishing community forestry as the basis for a forest strategy in the Democratic Republic of Congo

  1. 1. Establishing community forestry as the basis for a forest strategy in the Democratic Republic of Congo Alison Hoare, Forests Monitor
  2. 2. Some facts… <ul><li>Land area: 234 million ha. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest area: 145 million ha. (deforestation rate: 0.25%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population: 66 million (2.9% growth) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>70% in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy: 46 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gross domestic product: $158 per capita </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1% from formal forest sector (in 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% of economy based on informal activities (2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Annual timber production: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>industrial: 300 000 m 3 (2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>informal: 1.5-2.4 million m 3 (2003) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. A SWOT analysis <ul><li>STRENGTHS </li></ul><ul><li>Large rural population </li></ul><ul><li>Vast forest resources </li></ul><ul><li>Active civil society </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Forest sector reform </li></ul><ul><li>WEAKNESSES </li></ul><ul><li>Political instability </li></ul><ul><li>Poor governance </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>Limited infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Growing pressure on land </li></ul><ul><li>Limited access to finance </li></ul><ul><li>OPPORTUNITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Room to explore different approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Untapped potential of rural population </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralisation process </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to create new laws </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-REDD & REDD finance </li></ul><ul><li>THREATS </li></ul><ul><li>Elite capture because of weak governance </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of political strength within the forestry sector </li></ul><ul><li>Powers not truly delegated to local level </li></ul><ul><li>Unavailability of funding </li></ul>
  4. 4. The legal framework <ul><li>2002 Forest Code, Article 22 </li></ul><ul><li>« Un communaut é locale peut, à sa demande, obtenir à titre de concession forestière une partie ou la totalité des forêts protégées parmi les forêts régulièrement possédées en vertu de la coutume. » </li></ul><ul><li>A local community can obtain a forest concession from part or all of those forests to which it has customary rights. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Consultation process
  6. 6. <ul><li>70 dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>6500 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Photo: community dialogue in Baringa (Equateur) </li></ul>Community dialogues
  7. 7. <ul><li>5 local forums </li></ul><ul><li>200 participants </li></ul><ul><li>4 provincial forums </li></ul><ul><li>200 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Photo: Local forum in Bas Congo </li></ul>Local & provincial forums
  8. 8. <ul><li>8 national forums </li></ul><ul><li>120 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Photo: Kinshasa forum </li></ul>National forums
  9. 9. Topics of the forums <ul><li>Customary land rights </li></ul><ul><li>Community conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Artisanal logging </li></ul><ul><li>Decision-making processes at local level </li></ul><ul><li>Community forest management institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Role of participatory mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Role of free prior and informed consent (FPIC) </li></ul><ul><li>Links between community forestry and REDD </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thank you / Merci <ul><li>Contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Alison Hoare, FM UK </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Barume, FM DRC </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Forests Monitor’s website: http://www.forestsmonitor.org </li></ul>

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