Visual contextualization of nena countries

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A brief visual summary of the government structure, population, history and important issues of each Near East and North African country to provide basic information and context.

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Visual contextualization of nena countries

  1. 1. VISUAL CONTEXTUALIZATION OF NENA COUNTRIES Summer 2012
  2. 2. Algeria
  3. 3. Native Tribes in Algeria Gas Fields Oil Fields Terrorism in Algeria Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term*) Head of Government: President Ahmed Ouyahia (The President is appointed by the President) Assembly: Algeria has a bicameral Parliament consisting of: 144 seat Council of the Nation (96 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 6-year terms and 48 members are appointed by the President to serve 6-year terms) 462 seat National People's Assembly (There are 48 multi-member districts, corresponding to country's administrative units. Depending on the area, 25 to 50 percent of parties' list candidates must be women.) •A November 2008 constitutional amendment abolished presidential term limits.
  4. 4. Bahrain
  5. 5. Description of government structure: Chief of State: King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa (Hereditary Head of State) Head of Government: Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa (Appointed by the monarch) Assembly: Bicameral National Assembly consisting of: 40 seats Shura Council (Appointed by the monarch) 40 seats Council of Representatives (elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms)
  6. 6. Egypt
  7. 7. Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Mohammed Morsi (elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term) Head of Government: Prime Minister Hesham Kandil (appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament) Assembly: Bicameral Parliament consisting of: 264 seats Advisory Council (176 members elected by absolute majority vote and 88 members are appointed by the president. Both serve 6-year terms) 498 seats People's Assembly (166 members elected by absolute majority vote and 332 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system. Both serve 5-year terms) Results of June Presidential Elections 2012 Total 2,736,729
  8. 8. Iran
  9. 9. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/index.html Description of government structure: Chief of State: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Hoseini- Khamenei (Appointed for life by the Assembly of Experts) Head of Government: President Mahmoud Ahmandinejad (Elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term) Assembly: 290 seats unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly * (Elected by qualified plurality vote to serve 4-year terms) *Five of 290 seats are reserved to recognized religious minorities.
  10. 10. Iraq
  11. 11. Oil Production Since 1965 and Forecast to 2015 Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Jalal Talabani* (elected by parliament to serve a 4-year term) Head of Government: Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki (elected by parliament) Assembly: 325 seats unicameral Council of Representatives (elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms)** *The President is one of three members of a Transitional Presidency Council, which is elected by the legislature. ** New electoral law in 2009 increased the size of the Council from 275 members and replaced a closed-list system with open party lists. Under the new system, 8 seats are reserved to minority groups in specific governorates (Christian (5), Sabean (1), Shabak(1), &Yizidi(1)).
  12. 12. Israel & Palestine
  13. 13. Description of ISRAELI government structure: Chief of State: President Shimon Peres * (Elected by parliament to 7-year term) Head of Government: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu (Designated by president to 4-year term) Assembly: 120 seats unicameral Knesset (elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms) * The president is largely a ceremonially role. Description of PALESTINIAN government structure: Chief of State: President Mahmoud Abbas (Elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 4-year term) Head of Government: Prime Minister Salam Fayyad (Appointed by the President) Assembly: 132 seats unicameral Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) (Members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms)* •There is one nationwide district. This system replaced a •parallel system under a 2007 Presidential decree.
  14. 14. Jordan
  15. 15. Jordan Population (Total Pop 6.5 mil) Description of government structure: Chief of State: King Abdallah II bin Al Hussein (Hereditary Head of State) Head of Government: Prime Minister Fayez Al-Tarawneh (Appointed by monarch) Assembly: Parliament consisting of: 55 seats Senate (appointed by monarch to 4-year terms) 120 seats House of Deputies* (elected by the people to 4-year terms) *12 seats are reserved for Christian and Circassian candidates.
  16. 16. Kuwait
  17. 17. Description of government structure: Chief of State: Amir Sabah Al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (Hereditary head of state) Head of Government: Prime Minister Jabir Al-Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (Appointed by the monarch) Assembly: 65 seats unicameral National Assembly (50 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 15 members are designated ex officio to serve 4-year terms.) Electoral Districts
  18. 18. Lebanon
  19. 19. Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Michel Sulayman (Elected by the National Assembly to serve a 6-year term) Head Of Government: Prime Minister Najib Miqati (Appointed by the president with approval of the parliament) Assembly: 128 seats unicameral National Assembly (elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms)* The electoral system is multiple non-transferable vote (aka block vote) with confessional quotas. There is no standard ballot, and this has important consequences for electoral behavior in Lebanon. City of Dahiya Before/After 2006 Israeli Bombings
  20. 20. Libya
  21. 21. Description of government structure: Chief of State: Transitional National Council Mustafa Abd Al-Jalil Head of Government: Transitional National Council Executive Abdurrahim El-Keib (The Transitional National Council Executive will be elected by parliament) Assembly: 200 seat unicameral General People's Congress (40 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies, 80 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies and 80 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system)* * Election law mandates that candidates should alternate genders on the lists and half of all a party's list must have a female at the top.
  22. 22. Morocco
  23. 23. Evolution of population with Moroccan citizenship in European countries 1972-2005 Description of government structure: Chief of State: King Mohamed VI (Hereditary head of state) Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane (Appointed by the monarch)* Assembly: Bicameral Parliament consisting of: 270 seats Chamber of Counselors (elected by indirect vote to 9-year terms) 325 seats Chamber of Representatives (295 elected through closed-list proportional representation system to 5-year terms. 30 seats are reserved for women) *Monarch is required to choose prime minister from largest party I n parliament
  24. 24. Oman
  25. 25. Description of government structure: Chief of State: Sultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al-Said (Hereditary head of state) Head of Government: Sultan and Prime Minister Qaboos bin Said al-Said Assembly: Bicameral Parliament consisting of: 48 seats State Council (Appointed by the monarch)* 83 seats Consultative Council (Elected by plurality vote to 4-year terms)** *Have advisory powers only **Elected from 59 multi-member and single- member electoral districts. Districts with a population over 30,000 have two representatives.
  26. 26. Qatar
  27. 27. Description of government structure: Chief of State: Amir Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani (Hereditary head of state) Head of Government: Prime Minister Hamad bin Jasim bin Jabir Al- Thani (Appointed by the monarch) Assembly: 35 seats unicameral Advisory Council (Appointed by the monarch to 3-year terms) Al Jazeera is a Qatari news station and in the last year or two has become the voice of Qatari foreign policy, supporting opposition forces in the Arab Spring. Al Jazeera English however remains a reliable, unbias news source
  28. 28. Saudi Arabia
  29. 29. Description of government structure: Chief of State: King Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (Hereditary head of government) Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud Assembly: 150 seats unicameral Consultative Council (Appointed by monarch to serve 4-year terms) Countries with Largest Increase in International Students
  30. 30. Syria
  31. 31. Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Bashar al-Asad* (Elecbed by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 7-year term) Head of Government: Prime Minister Riyad Farid Hijab (Appointed by the President) Assembly: 250 seats unicameral People's Council (Elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms)** *According the new Constitution, candidates must the written support of at least 35 members of People’s Assembly. ** Under the February 2012 constitution multiple parties are allowed to run and the Constitution states that at least half of the members of the assembly should be workers and farmers
  32. 32. Tunisia
  33. 33. Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Moncef Marzouki (Elected by parliament) Head of Government: Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali (elected by parliament) Assembly: 127 seats Tunisia has a unicameral Tunisian Constituent Assembly (Elected through a closed-list proportional representation system*) *There are 27 domestic constituencies and four out-of- country constituencies. Party lists are required to alternate between male and female candidates. Election of the Constituent Assembly The mapping of the five most important votes In Percentage of Votes Cast *sièges = seats *des voix = of voice % Of lower voice no seat % Of upper voice no seat These five teams accumulate 177 seats (82%) and represent almost two thirds of the votes cast. The rest was 14 other political parties and 10 independent
  34. 34. United Arab Emirates
  35. 35. Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Khalifa bin Zayid al-Nuhayyan (Appointed by hereditary state rulers)* Head of Government: Prime Minister Muhammad bin Rashid al-Maktum (Appointed head of government) Assembly: 40 seats unicameral Federal National Council (20 members are appointed to serve 2-year terms and 20 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 2-year terms)** *The president is elected by indirect vote from the Federal Supreme Council (FSC), which is composed of the seven emirate rulers, to serve 5-year terms. There are no term limits for the president. ** 20 members are appointed by the rulers of the constituent emirates and 20 members are elected by indirect vote through local councils. All serve 2-year terms.
  36. 36. Yemen
  37. 37. Description of government structure: Chief of State: President Abd al-Rab Mansur Al-hadi (Elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system for 7-year term) Head of Government: Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawwar (Appointed by the President) Assembly: Bicameral Parliament consisting of : 111 seats Shura Council (Appointed by president) 301 seats House of Representatives (Elected by plurality vote in single- member constituencies to 6-year terms) Location of Houthi (separatist group of Zaidi Shia) Yemeni Oil Fields

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