THE PASSIVEWhen we do not know who did it, or we do not want to tell
WHY DO W E USE THE PASSIVE ? We use the passive because we do not know who performed theaction. Ex: Mr Jones has been killed. We use the passive because we do not want to say who performedthe action. Ex: The pizza was eaten last night. We also use it when we think what happened is more importantthan who performed the action. Ex: The treasure was found.
THE AGE NT COMPL E ME NT ( MR. BY) When we want to mentionthe performer of the action, weuse the agent complement at theend of the sentence, alwaysintroduced by the preposition“by” Ex: My brother was killed byhis wife.
HOW IS THE PASSIVE ? The form of the passive is:• The verb to be in thecorresponding tense +• The past participle of thecontent/action verb.Ex: is/are (present simple of “tobe”) used (past participle)
FORM OF THE PASSIVE-1 PRESENT SIMPLE: is/are + past participle. PRESENT CONTINUOUS: is/are being + past participle. SIMPLE PAST: was/were + past participle. PAST CONTINUOUS: was/were being + past participle. PRESENT PERFECT: has been + past participle. PAST PERFECT: had been+ past participle. FUTURE: will be + past participle. CONDITIONAL: would be + past participle.
FORM OF THE PASSIVE-2 PERFECT CONDITIONAL: would have been + past participle. PRESENT INFINITIVE: to be + past participle. PERFECT INFINITIVE: to have been + past participle. PRESENT PARTICIPLE/GERUND: being + past participle. PERFECT PARTICIPLE: having been + past participle.
EXAMPLES Exercises are used to learn. My brother is being rescued at this moment. Mary was found yesterday. The doctors were being asked at the same time. The goal has been achieved. The mystery had been solved before you arrived. The answer will be known in ten years approximately. He told me the mystery would be solved at the end of the class.
EXERCISES From active to passive:• Aprender inglés fácil• Saber inglés• Better English Other exercises:• Geneva Upper High School• Tolearnenglish.com