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PASSIVE VOICE 4º ESO 2015/16 RAFAEL CANO PÉREZ
A) TURN INTO PASSIVE VOICE: TYPE 1 [SUJ+VERB+OD]
Present simple
1. Thom buys flowers for the flat.
2. Somebody washes the cars every week.
3. Somebody writes a report every Friday.
4. They don’t fix the roads in our country.
5. Somebody builds new houses every year.
6. My cousin sells vegetables in the market.
Past simple
7. Tolstoi wrote ‘War and Peace’ in the XIXth century.
9. Leonardo da Vinci painted The Mona Lisa in Italy.
10. Somebody stole my wallet in the office yesterday.
11. Somebody forgot the papers on the desk.
12. they didn’t close the windows at school last Friday.
Mixed Tenses
1. People speak Portuguese in Brazil.
2. The Government is planning a new road near my house.
3. My grandfather built this house in 1943.
4. Picasso was painting Guernica at that time.
5. The cleaner has cleaned the office.
6. He hasn’t written three books so far.
7. John will bring the project later.
8. Somebody should do the work.
9. They are building a new stadium near the station.
10. The wolf ate the princess.
11. someone was telling a story at six o’clock.
12. Somebody has drunk all the milk!
13. I have cleaned all the windows before the storm.
14. A workman will repair the computer tomorrow.
15. the students are studying the passive voice right now.
16. James can’t cook dinner tonight.
PASSIVE VOICE 4º ESO 2015/16 RAFAEL CANO PÉREZ
A) TURN INTO PASSIVE VOICE: TYPE 2 [SUJ+VERB+OD+OI]
1. John gave a bar of chocolate to Jill yesterday.
a: Jill was given a bar of chocolate by John yesterday // b:A bar of chocolate was given to Jill by John yesterday
2. I lent a pencil to Graham last Friday.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
3. Fiona told me the truth three weeks ago.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
4. They offer the job to Simon.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
5. The boss shows her the new computer.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
6. Julie teaches the grammar to the students at school.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
7. I didn’t send the email to John.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
8. Lucy threw the ball to the child in the gym.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
9. Sophia has sold the car to a doctor.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
10. I will ask him the question tomorrow.
a:________________________________________________________________
b:________________________________________________________________
PASSIVE VOICE 4º ESO 2015/16 RAFAEL CANO PÉREZ
A) TURN INTO PASSIVE VOICE: TYPE 3 REPORTED VERBS [SUJ+VERB+ that …]
If the predicate of the passive sentence is a verb transitive like: believe, think, find, say, report,
consider, understand, acknowledge, expect, tell, know then you can change the active sentence into
passive using two ways. Look at the examples:
a) People say that he is handsome. (present)
∗It is said that he is handsome.
∗He is said to be handsome. (TO INFINITIVE)
b) They knew he had an idea. (past)
∗It was known that he had an idea.
∗He was known to have had an idea. (TO PERFECT INFINITIVE – Have+ Past participle)
These are formal structures. They are often used in news reports and on TV.
1) People think that the prime minister is a good speaker.
a) It
b) The prime minister
2) They report that the suspended gunman is in custody.
a) It
b) The suspended gunman
3) People don't expect that the new party wins the election.
a) It
b) The new party
4) The police say that the thief is in jail.
a) It
b) The thief
5) The detective knows that the robber has some partners in crime.
a) It
b) The robber
1) They said that Charles drank too much at the party.
a) It
b) Charles
2) People said that the robbery lasted half an hour.
a) It
b) The robbery
3) The newspapers reported that he won the jackpot.
a) It
b) He
4) They thought that your cake was too sweet.
a) It
b) Your cake
5) Everybody said that the old bridge collapsed
a) It
b) The old bridge

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PASSIVE VOICE.pdf

  • 1. PASSIVE VOICE 4º ESO 2015/16 RAFAEL CANO PÉREZ A) TURN INTO PASSIVE VOICE: TYPE 1 [SUJ+VERB+OD] Present simple 1. Thom buys flowers for the flat. 2. Somebody washes the cars every week. 3. Somebody writes a report every Friday. 4. They don’t fix the roads in our country. 5. Somebody builds new houses every year. 6. My cousin sells vegetables in the market. Past simple 7. Tolstoi wrote ‘War and Peace’ in the XIXth century. 9. Leonardo da Vinci painted The Mona Lisa in Italy. 10. Somebody stole my wallet in the office yesterday. 11. Somebody forgot the papers on the desk. 12. they didn’t close the windows at school last Friday. Mixed Tenses 1. People speak Portuguese in Brazil. 2. The Government is planning a new road near my house. 3. My grandfather built this house in 1943. 4. Picasso was painting Guernica at that time. 5. The cleaner has cleaned the office. 6. He hasn’t written three books so far. 7. John will bring the project later. 8. Somebody should do the work. 9. They are building a new stadium near the station. 10. The wolf ate the princess. 11. someone was telling a story at six o’clock. 12. Somebody has drunk all the milk! 13. I have cleaned all the windows before the storm. 14. A workman will repair the computer tomorrow. 15. the students are studying the passive voice right now. 16. James can’t cook dinner tonight.
  • 2. PASSIVE VOICE 4º ESO 2015/16 RAFAEL CANO PÉREZ A) TURN INTO PASSIVE VOICE: TYPE 2 [SUJ+VERB+OD+OI] 1. John gave a bar of chocolate to Jill yesterday. a: Jill was given a bar of chocolate by John yesterday // b:A bar of chocolate was given to Jill by John yesterday 2. I lent a pencil to Graham last Friday. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 3. Fiona told me the truth three weeks ago. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 4. They offer the job to Simon. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 5. The boss shows her the new computer. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 6. Julie teaches the grammar to the students at school. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 7. I didn’t send the email to John. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 8. Lucy threw the ball to the child in the gym. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 9. Sophia has sold the car to a doctor. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________ 10. I will ask him the question tomorrow. a:________________________________________________________________ b:________________________________________________________________
  • 3. PASSIVE VOICE 4º ESO 2015/16 RAFAEL CANO PÉREZ A) TURN INTO PASSIVE VOICE: TYPE 3 REPORTED VERBS [SUJ+VERB+ that …] If the predicate of the passive sentence is a verb transitive like: believe, think, find, say, report, consider, understand, acknowledge, expect, tell, know then you can change the active sentence into passive using two ways. Look at the examples: a) People say that he is handsome. (present) ∗It is said that he is handsome. ∗He is said to be handsome. (TO INFINITIVE) b) They knew he had an idea. (past) ∗It was known that he had an idea. ∗He was known to have had an idea. (TO PERFECT INFINITIVE – Have+ Past participle) These are formal structures. They are often used in news reports and on TV. 1) People think that the prime minister is a good speaker. a) It b) The prime minister 2) They report that the suspended gunman is in custody. a) It b) The suspended gunman 3) People don't expect that the new party wins the election. a) It b) The new party 4) The police say that the thief is in jail. a) It b) The thief 5) The detective knows that the robber has some partners in crime. a) It b) The robber 1) They said that Charles drank too much at the party. a) It b) Charles 2) People said that the robbery lasted half an hour. a) It b) The robbery 3) The newspapers reported that he won the jackpot. a) It b) He 4) They thought that your cake was too sweet. a) It b) Your cake 5) Everybody said that the old bridge collapsed a) It b) The old bridge