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SCRIPTURE ALONE
WORD OF GOD
All Sufficient
Authentic
Inspired Word of God
Infallible
Inerrant
Complete
Effective
Ultimate Authority
THE ABSOLUTE TRUTH
SCRIPTURE ALONE
Diligently study the Word of God
DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD
COMMITMENT TO SCRIPTURE
Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness,
examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so.
Acts 17:11
You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness
about me,
John 5:39
For Ezra had set his heart to study the Law of the Lord, and to do it and to teach his statutes and rules in Israel.
Ezra 7:10
OLD TESTAMENT REFERENCES
THE LACK OF INTEREST/FAITH/REJECTING THE SCRIPTURE
Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord God, “when I will send a famine on the land— not a famine of
bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord.
Amos 8:11
My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being a
priest to me. And since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.
Hosea 4:6
For the lips of a priest should guard knowledge, and people should seek instruction from his mouth, for he is the
messenger of the Lord of hosts. 8 But you have turned aside from the way. You have caused many to stumble by
your instruction. You have corrupted the covenant of Levi, says the Lord of hosts,
Malachi 2:7-8
NEW TESTAMENT REFERENCES
THE LACK OF INTEREST/FAITH/REJECTING THE SCRIPTURE
Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy of God, we do not lose heart. But we have renounced disgraceful,
underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God’s word, but by the open statement of
the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience in the sight of God.
2 Corinthians 4:1-2
For we are not, like so many, peddlers of God’s word, but as men of sincerity, as commissioned by God, in the
sight of God we speak in Christ.
2 Corinthians 2:17
as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard
to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures.
2 Peter 3:16
DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD
IS HANDLED CASUALLY?
And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth will be blasphemed. 3 And in
their greed they will exploit you with false words. Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their
destruction is not asleep.
2 Peter 2:2-3
and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths.
2 Timothy 4:4
As I urged you when I was going to Macedonia, remain at Ephesus so that you may charge certain persons not
to teach any different doctrine,
1 Timothy 1:3
DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD
IS HANDLED CASUALLY?
I know that after my departure fierce wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock; 30 and from
among your own selves will arise men speaking twisted things, to draw away the disciples after them.
Acts 20:29-30
not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ.
Galatians 1:7
Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 16 You will
recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thorn bushes, or figs from thistles?
Matthew 7:15-16
DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD
IS HANDLED CASUALLY?
Indeed, I consider that I am not in the least inferior to these super-apostles. Even if I am unskilled in
speaking, I am not so in knowledge; indeed, in every way we have made this plain to you in all things.
2 Corinthians 11:5-6
For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14 And no
wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15 So it is no surprise if his servants, also,
disguise themselves as servants of righteousness. Their end will correspond to their deeds.
2 Corinthians 11:13-15
Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to
deceitful spirits and teachings of demons,
1 Timothy 4:1
DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD
IS HANDLED CASUALLY?
so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of
doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.
Ephesians 4:14
I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to
a different gospel
Galatians 1:6
MOTIVE BEHIND FALSE TEACHING
GREED
And in their greed they will exploit you with false words. Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and
their destruction is not asleep.
2 Peter 2:3
For among them are those who creep into households and capture weak women, burdened with sins and led
astray by various passions,
2 Timothy 3:6
FAITH
GOD WANTS MEN OF COURAGE AND FAITH
Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed,
rightly handling the word of truth.
2 Timothy 2:15
but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not to please
man, but to please God who tests our hearts. 5 For we never came with words of flattery, as you
know, nor with a pretext for greed—God is witness. 6 Nor did we seek glory from people, whether
from you or from others, though we could have made demands as apostles of Christ.
1 Thessalonians 2:4-6
FAITH
GOD WANTS MEN OF COURAGE AND FAITH
This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be considered
worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering— 6 since indeed
God considers it just to repay with affliction those who afflict you
2 Thessalonians 1:5-6
But we have renounced disgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with
God’s word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience
in the sight of God. 3 And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. 4 In their case
the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the
gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
2 Corinthians 4:2-4
EARLY CHURCH
HISTORY
Alexandrian School
 The Alexandrian school of hermeneutics was
called “medieval quadriga”
 Greek background
 Influenced by philosophers
 Septuagint (The Greek Old Testament, or
Septuagint, is the earliest extant Koine Greek
translation of books from the Hebrew Bible)
 Medieval Rabbinic Teachings
– Literal meaning
– Moral meaning
– Allegoric (mystical) meaning
– Futuristic hope
Antiochian School
 Literal hermeneutics
 Literalist
 Bible exegesis (faithfully interpreting the
Scripture)
 John Calvin: Literal interpretation
 Analogy of faith  scripture interprets scripture
TYPES OF SPEECH
UNDERSTAND TEXT IN THE PROPER LITERAL CONTEXT
 Narrative
 Poetry
 Parable
 Simili
 Metaphor
 Allegory
 Hyperbole (exaggeration of truth)
 Idiom
 Figure of speech

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Scripture Alone

  • 2. All Sufficient Authentic Inspired Word of God Infallible Inerrant Complete Effective Ultimate Authority THE ABSOLUTE TRUTH SCRIPTURE ALONE Diligently study the Word of God
  • 3. DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD COMMITMENT TO SCRIPTURE Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so. Acts 17:11 You search the Scriptures because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is they that bear witness about me, John 5:39 For Ezra had set his heart to study the Law of the Lord, and to do it and to teach his statutes and rules in Israel. Ezra 7:10
  • 4. OLD TESTAMENT REFERENCES THE LACK OF INTEREST/FAITH/REJECTING THE SCRIPTURE Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord God, “when I will send a famine on the land— not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the Lord. Amos 8:11 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being a priest to me. And since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children. Hosea 4:6 For the lips of a priest should guard knowledge, and people should seek instruction from his mouth, for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts. 8 But you have turned aside from the way. You have caused many to stumble by your instruction. You have corrupted the covenant of Levi, says the Lord of hosts, Malachi 2:7-8
  • 5. NEW TESTAMENT REFERENCES THE LACK OF INTEREST/FAITH/REJECTING THE SCRIPTURE Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy of God, we do not lose heart. But we have renounced disgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God’s word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience in the sight of God. 2 Corinthians 4:1-2 For we are not, like so many, peddlers of God’s word, but as men of sincerity, as commissioned by God, in the sight of God we speak in Christ. 2 Corinthians 2:17 as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures. 2 Peter 3:16
  • 6. DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD IS HANDLED CASUALLY? And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth will be blasphemed. 3 And in their greed they will exploit you with false words. Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep. 2 Peter 2:2-3 and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths. 2 Timothy 4:4 As I urged you when I was going to Macedonia, remain at Ephesus so that you may charge certain persons not to teach any different doctrine, 1 Timothy 1:3
  • 7. DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD IS HANDLED CASUALLY? I know that after my departure fierce wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock; 30 and from among your own selves will arise men speaking twisted things, to draw away the disciples after them. Acts 20:29-30 not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. Galatians 1:7 Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 16 You will recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thorn bushes, or figs from thistles? Matthew 7:15-16
  • 8. DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD IS HANDLED CASUALLY? Indeed, I consider that I am not in the least inferior to these super-apostles. Even if I am unskilled in speaking, I am not so in knowledge; indeed, in every way we have made this plain to you in all things. 2 Corinthians 11:5-6 For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15 So it is no surprise if his servants, also, disguise themselves as servants of righteousness. Their end will correspond to their deeds. 2 Corinthians 11:13-15 Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, 1 Timothy 4:1
  • 9. DILIGENTLY STUDY WORD OF GOD WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WORD OF GOD IS HANDLED CASUALLY? so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes. Ephesians 4:14 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel Galatians 1:6
  • 10. MOTIVE BEHIND FALSE TEACHING GREED And in their greed they will exploit you with false words. Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep. 2 Peter 2:3 For among them are those who creep into households and capture weak women, burdened with sins and led astray by various passions, 2 Timothy 3:6
  • 11. FAITH GOD WANTS MEN OF COURAGE AND FAITH Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth. 2 Timothy 2:15 but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not to please man, but to please God who tests our hearts. 5 For we never came with words of flattery, as you know, nor with a pretext for greed—God is witness. 6 Nor did we seek glory from people, whether from you or from others, though we could have made demands as apostles of Christ. 1 Thessalonians 2:4-6
  • 12. FAITH GOD WANTS MEN OF COURAGE AND FAITH This is evidence of the righteous judgment of God, that you may be considered worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are also suffering— 6 since indeed God considers it just to repay with affliction those who afflict you 2 Thessalonians 1:5-6 But we have renounced disgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God’s word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience in the sight of God. 3 And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. 4 In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. 2 Corinthians 4:2-4
  • 13. EARLY CHURCH HISTORY Alexandrian School  The Alexandrian school of hermeneutics was called “medieval quadriga”  Greek background  Influenced by philosophers  Septuagint (The Greek Old Testament, or Septuagint, is the earliest extant Koine Greek translation of books from the Hebrew Bible)  Medieval Rabbinic Teachings – Literal meaning – Moral meaning – Allegoric (mystical) meaning – Futuristic hope Antiochian School  Literal hermeneutics  Literalist  Bible exegesis (faithfully interpreting the Scripture)  John Calvin: Literal interpretation  Analogy of faith  scripture interprets scripture
  • 14. TYPES OF SPEECH UNDERSTAND TEXT IN THE PROPER LITERAL CONTEXT  Narrative  Poetry  Parable  Simili  Metaphor  Allegory  Hyperbole (exaggeration of truth)  Idiom  Figure of speech