In 1905 Charles F Parham taught a Bible study course in Houston. He believed that the church was lacking in a key area of power and authority once held by the church.
William Seymour attend classes taught by Charles Parham
The Gift of Tongues
Fundamentalist The inspiration of the Bible by the Holy Spirit and the inerrancy of Scripture as a result of this. The virgin birth of Christ. The belief that Christs death was the atonement for sin. The bodily resurrection of Christ. The historical reality of Christs miracles.
Evangelical Evangelicalism is a Protestant Christian movement which began in Great Britain in the 1730s. Its key commitments are: The need for personal conversion (or being "born again") Actively expressing and sharing the gospel A high regard for biblical authority especially biblical inerrancy An emphasis on teachings that proclaim the death and resurrection of Jesus.
Holiness Movement The holiness movement seeks to promote a Christianity that is personal, practical, life-changing, and thoroughly revivalistic. The key beliefs of the holiness movement are (1) regeneration by grace through faith, with the assurance of salvation by the witness of the Holy Spirit; (2) entire sanctification as a second definite work of grace, received by faith, through grace, and accomplished by the baptism and power of the Holy Spirit, by which one is enabled to live a holy life.
Pentecostal Neglect not the gift that is in thee, which was given thee by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery. 1 Timothy 4:14
Charles Parham Bible College Professor in Houston. One of the first to believe in the power and authority of the Holy Spirit. First theorized that Glossolalia (speaking in tongues) provided Bible evidence that a Christian was infused with the Holy Ghost.
William Seymour Son of a former slave Blind in one eye by small pox Moved to Los Angeles (Azusa Street) to begin a church
AG vs COGICOctober 1906 – Parham visits Azusa street.Parham attacks “interracial” mixing in churchRevival Ends-African Americans split off and form COGICAssemblies begun as a “network” of churchesAimee MacPherson begins Foursquare Church
Biblical Evidence - OT Isaiah 28:9-13 (King James Version) 9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts. 10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little: 11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. 12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear. 13 But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Biblical Evidence - OT Joel 2:28 (King James Version) 28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
Biblical Evidence - NT1 Corinthians 12:8 For one person is given throughthe Spirit the message of wisdom, and another themessage of knowledge according to the sameSpirit, 9 to another faith by the same Spirit, and toanother gifts of healing by the one Spirit, 10to anotherperformance of miracles, to another prophecy, and toanother discernment of spirits, to another different kindsof tongues, and to another the interpretation oftongues. 11 It is one and the same Spirit, distributingas he decides to each person, who produces all thesethings.
Biblical Evidence - NTMark 16:17 In my name they shall cast out devils;they shall speak with new tongues”
Biblical Evidence - NTWhen the day of Pentecost came, they were all togetherin one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of aviolent wind came from heaven and filled the wholehouse where they were sitting. They saw what seemedto be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest oneach of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spiritand began to speak in other tongues as the Spiritenabled them. (Acts 2:1-4)
Biblical Evidence - NTActs 10:44-47 (King James Version) 44 While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell onall them which heard the word. 45 And they of the circumcision which believed wereastonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on theGentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. 46 For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God.Then answered Peter, 47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not bebaptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?
Biblical Evidence - NTActs 19 1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passedthrough the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, 2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? Andthey said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any HolyGhost. 3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, UntoJohns baptism. 4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, sayingunto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him,that is, on Christ Jesus. 5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them;and they spake with tongues, and prophesied. 7 And all the men were about twelve.
Biblical Evidence - NTActs 8:11-21 (King James Version) 11 And to him they had regard, because that of long time he hadbewitched them with sorceries. 12 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerningthe kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they werebaptized, both men and women. 13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized,he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miraclesand signs which were done. 14 Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard thatSamaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peterand John: 15 Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that theymight receive the Holy Ghost:
Biblical Evidence - NT 16 (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they werebaptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) 17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the HolyGhost. 18 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles handsthe Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money, 19 Saying, Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands,he may receive the Holy Ghost. 20 But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because thouhast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money. 21 Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not rightin the sight of God.
Biblical Evidence - NT1 Corinthians 14 1 Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that yemay prophesy. 2 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not untomen, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in thespirit he speaketh mysteries. 3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, andexhortation, and comfort. 4 He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but hethat prophesieth edifieth the church. 5 I would that ye all spake with tongues but rather that yeprophesied: for greater is he that prophesieth than he thatspeaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church mayreceive edifying.
Biblical Evidence - NT 6 Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall Iprofit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or byknowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine? 7 And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, exceptthey give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is pipedor harped? 8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself tothe battle? 9 So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to beunderstood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speakinto the air. 10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and noneof them is without signification.
Biblical Evidence - NT 11 Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him thatspeaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me. 12 Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye mayexcel to the edifying of the church. 13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he mayinterpret. 14 For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding isunfruitful. 15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understandingalso: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. 16 Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the roomof the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth notwhat thou sayest? 17 For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified. 18 I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all:
Biblical Evidence - NT 19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with myunderstanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, thanten thousand words in an unknown tongue. 20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malicebe ye children, but in understanding be men. 21 In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lipswill I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hearme, saith the Lord. 22 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, butto them that believe not: but prophesying serveth not for themthat believe not, but for them which believe. 23 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place,and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that areunlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?
Biblical Evidence - NT24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, orone unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all: 25 And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and sofalling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God isin you of a truth. 26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one ofyou hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation,hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. 27 If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at themost by three, and that by course; and let one interpret. 28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church;and let him speak to himself, and to God. 29 Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.
Biblical Evidence - NT 30 If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let thefirst hold his peace. 31 For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, andall may be comforted. 32 And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. 33 For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as inall churches of the saints. 34 Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is notpermitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to beunder obedience as also saith the law. 35 And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbandsat home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
Biblical Evidence - NT 36 What? came the word of God out from you? or came itunto you only? 37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual,let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto youare the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant. 39 Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid notto speak with tongues. 40 Let all things be done decently and in order.