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Smart Devices in Medical Field.pptx

Smart Devices in Medical Field * Epipen * How to use Eppen * Side Efffects of Epipen * Intelligent Pills * Use and how it works * Lab on Chip * Medical Applications * Functioning * Challenges * Examples of Lab on Chip

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SMART DEVICES FOR
MEDICAL FIELD
By - Vinit Chauhan (221255)
Vivek Singh (221256)
EPIPEN
• An EpiPen is a brand name for an
auto-injectable device that contains
epinephrine, also known as
adrenaline.
• It is used in emergency situations to
treat severe allergic reactions, such
as anaphylaxis.
• It is typically prescribed to
individuals who have known severe
allergies and are at risk of
experiencing anaphylactic reactions.
• In case of an allergic reaction, the
person or a caregiver can use the
EpiPen to inject epinephrine into the
thigh muscle. Epinephrine helps to
counteract the symptoms of
anaphylaxis by narrowing blood
vessels and opening airways.
How to use an Epipen ?
 Remove the EpiPen from its protective case.
 Check the medication for clarity and
particles.
 Hold the EpiPen firmly with the orange tip
pointing downward.
 Remove the safety cap.
 Administer the injection by firmly pushing the
orange tip into the middle of the outer thigh.
 Hold in place for 3-5 seconds.
 Remove the EpiPen.
EPIPEN Side Effects ?
BREATHING
PROBLEMS.
FAST, IRREGULAR, OR
POUNDING
HEARTBEATS.
PALE SKIN, SWEATING. WEAKNESS OR
TREMORS.
HEADACHE FEELING RESTLESS,
FEARFUL, NERVOUS,
ANXIOUS, OR EXCITED.
INTELLIGENT
PILLS ( Smart Pills )
• Intelligent pills, also known as "smart
pills" or "digital pills," are innovative
medical devices that incorporate
technology to enhance medication
adherence, monitor patient health,
and improve treatment outcomes.

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Smart Devices in Medical Field.pptx

  • 1. SMART DEVICES FOR MEDICAL FIELD By - Vinit Chauhan (221255) Vivek Singh (221256)
  • 2. EPIPEN • An EpiPen is a brand name for an auto-injectable device that contains epinephrine, also known as adrenaline. • It is used in emergency situations to treat severe allergic reactions, such as anaphylaxis.
  • 3. • It is typically prescribed to individuals who have known severe allergies and are at risk of experiencing anaphylactic reactions. • In case of an allergic reaction, the person or a caregiver can use the EpiPen to inject epinephrine into the thigh muscle. Epinephrine helps to counteract the symptoms of anaphylaxis by narrowing blood vessels and opening airways.
  • 4. How to use an Epipen ?  Remove the EpiPen from its protective case.  Check the medication for clarity and particles.  Hold the EpiPen firmly with the orange tip pointing downward.  Remove the safety cap.  Administer the injection by firmly pushing the orange tip into the middle of the outer thigh.  Hold in place for 3-5 seconds.  Remove the EpiPen.
  • 5. EPIPEN Side Effects ? BREATHING PROBLEMS. FAST, IRREGULAR, OR POUNDING HEARTBEATS. PALE SKIN, SWEATING. WEAKNESS OR TREMORS. HEADACHE FEELING RESTLESS, FEARFUL, NERVOUS, ANXIOUS, OR EXCITED.
  • 6. INTELLIGENT PILLS ( Smart Pills ) • Intelligent pills, also known as "smart pills" or "digital pills," are innovative medical devices that incorporate technology to enhance medication adherence, monitor patient health, and improve treatment outcomes.
  • 7. • Intelligent pills are designed to monitor when the patient ingests the medication. • Intelligent pills often come with companion apps that provide patients with reminders to take their medication. • Some intelligent pills are designed to monitor specific health parameters beyond medication adherence.
  • 8. Medical Applications : • Medication Adherence: Intelligent pills help ensure that patients take their medications as prescribed, reducing the risk of missed doses and improving treatment efficacy. • Remote Monitoring: Healthcare providers can remotely monitor patients' medication adherence and treatment response, making it easier to adjust treatment plans as needed. • Clinical Trials: Intelligent pills are used in clinical research to monitor drug effectiveness and patient compliance during trials. • Chronic Disease Management: These pills are beneficial for patients with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, where medication adherence is critical.
  • 9. LAB ON CHIP • Miniaturization: One of the central features of lab-on-a-chip technology is the miniaturization of traditional laboratory processes. Complex experiments and analyses are reduced to fit on a small chip, often just a few square centimeters in size. • Microfluidics: Microfluidics is a key component of lab-on-a-chip technology. It involves the precise control and manipulation of very small volumes of fluids, typically on the microliter or nanoliter scale. Microfluidic channels and chambers on the chip allow for the transport and mixing of liquids, as well as the handling of biological samples.
  • 10. • A lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is a miniaturized platform that integrates various laboratory functions and processes onto a single microchip-sized device. It is a transformative concept that has gained significant attention in the fields of biology, chemistry, and medical diagnostics. The lab-on-a-chip concept is also known as microfluidics, micrototal analysis systems (µTAS), and micro- electromechanical systems (MEMS).
  • 11. APPLICATIONS Lab-on-a-chip technology has applications in various fields, including: Medical diagnostics: For point-of-care testing, disease detection, and monitoring. Environmental monitoring: To analyze water quality, detect contaminants, and study environmental samples. Pharmaceutical research: For drug discovery, pharmacokinetics studies, and high- throughput screening. Genomics and proteomics: To perform DNA sequencing, gene expression analysis, and protein profiling. Chemical analysis: For rapid and precise chemical analysis, such as in chromatography or spectroscopy.
  • 12. BENEFITS Reduced sample and reagent consumption. Faster analysis and results. Enhanced sensitivity and specificity. Portability and potential for field applications. Automation and reduced human error. Cost savings in terms of materials and labor.
  • 14. CHALLENGES • Fabrication complexity: Developing the microfluidic structures can be technically challenging. • Materials compatibility: Selecting materials that are biocompatible and chemically inert is crucial. • Integration of multiple functions: Coordinating different processes on a single chip can be intricate. • Scalability: Some lab-on-a-chip systems are not easily scalable to high-throughput applications.
  • 15. EXAMPLES OF LAB-ON-A-CHIP • Devices: Some well-known lab-on-a-chip devices include microfluidic chips for • polymerase chain reaction (PCR) • blood glucose testing • cell sorting • Flow Cytometer

Editor's Notes

  1. * Anaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening condition that can occur in response to allergens like insect stings, food , medications, or other triggers. * It constricts the blood vessels, leading to increased blood pressure, and decreased swelling. This allows the muscles around the airways to relax, causing the lungs to open. Epinephrine also prevents the release of more allergic chemicals, which stops the progression of the allergic response.
  2. * The distinguishing feature of intelligent pills is the presence of sensors or electronic components. These sensors can be tiny, ingestible devices that are integrated into the pill or a separate device paired with the medication. The sensors are usually made of materials that are safe for ingestion.
  3. The sensors may record the time the pill is taken and transmit this information to a companion app or a receiver device. These reminders can help improve adherence, especially for individuals with complex medication regimens. For example, they might track body temperature, pH levels, or other physiological data.