MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>The philosophy: </li></ul><ul><li>The arts, humanities and social sciences act as a counterbala...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>History, philosophy and sociology warn that the person with the disease is all too easily reduc...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>'Medical humanities' has been defined as </li></ul><ul><li>an integrated, </li></ul><ul><li>int...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>“ a sustained interdisciplinary enquiry into aspects of medical practice, education and researc...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Includes several fields: </li></ul><ul><li>biomedical, </li></ul><ul><li>philosophical, </li></...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Is concerned with how an understanding of the humanities may provide an insight and understandi...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>The curriculum of medical schools is designed in such a way that disciplines in the humanities ...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Should some kind of subjects in the humanities become part of the curriculum of the colleges of...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Medical humanities have become part of the mainstream in medical education in North America and...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Kirklin D, Meakin R, Lloyd M, et al. Living with and dying from cancer: a humanities special st...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Hampshire AJ, Avery AJ. What can students learn from studying medicine in literature? Medical E...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Canonical texts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sontag S. Illness as Metaphor. New York: Farrar, Straus ...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>General Medical Council. Tomorrow’s doctors. London: GMC, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Meakin R. Edu...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>far from maturity, </li></ul><ul><li>endures the full range of adverse external reactions from ...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>In the matter of research, tensions and irritants of this kind can easily be turned to creative...
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE? <ul><li>First , to enjoy the readings! </li></ul><ul><li>Second , for students to use the readings as...
MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Medical humanities: to cure sometimes, to relieve often, to comfort always </li></ul><ul><li>Ji...
WHAT ARE THE MEDICAL HUMANITIES GOOD FOR? <ul><li>reducing the gap between biomedicine and the human sciences, such as phi...
RECENT MASTER'S THESIS TITLES <ul><li>Medical Errors: An Argument for Voluntary, Non-Punitive Reporting of Errors in Healt...
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Medical Humanities

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Medical Humanities

  1. 1. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>The philosophy: </li></ul><ul><li>The arts, humanities and social sciences act as a counterbalance to the relentless reductionism of the biomedical sciences, which rely on knowledge that enhances the order and predictability of diagnosis, investigation and treatment. </li></ul>
  2. 2. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>History, philosophy and sociology warn that the person with the disease is all too easily reduced to the non-hygienic, non-rational, disordered “other”. </li></ul><ul><li>These are not abstract or outdated notions; we all see doctors who make it quite clear that patients are an irritating obstruction between themselves and the disease. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>'Medical humanities' has been defined as </li></ul><ul><li>an integrated, </li></ul><ul><li>interdisciplinary, </li></ul><ul><li>philosophical approach </li></ul><ul><li>to recording and interpreting human experiences of illness, disability and medical intervention. </li></ul><ul><li>Evans M. (2002). Reflections on the humanities in medical education. Medical Education 36:508-513 </li></ul>
  4. 4. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>“ a sustained interdisciplinary enquiry into aspects of medical practice, education and research expressly concerned with the human side of medicine”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Includes several fields: </li></ul><ul><li>biomedical, </li></ul><ul><li>philosophical, </li></ul><ul><li>historical, </li></ul><ul><li>artistic, </li></ul><ul><li>literary, </li></ul><ul><li>anthropological, </li></ul><ul><li>and sociological </li></ul>
  6. 6. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Is concerned with how an understanding of the humanities may provide an insight and understanding to medical practice that is qualitatively different to a scientific view point. </li></ul><ul><li>Science: cold, unfeeling, and sometimes dangerous. </li></ul><ul><li>Humanities: warm-hearted and well-intentioned, but possibly less “scientific” </li></ul>
  7. 7. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>The curriculum of medical schools is designed in such a way that disciplines in the humanities are not included thereby preventing most medical practitioners from having an understanding of the beliefs and culture of their patients with regard to the notion of health, sicknesses and their cure. </li></ul>
  8. 8. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Should some kind of subjects in the humanities become part of the curriculum of the colleges of medicine? </li></ul><ul><li>And should Literature be used in patient care? </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need for doctors to have greater understanding of their profession and be well groomed right from school to be able to respond effectively to the variety of emotions that may be displayed by patients. </li></ul>
  9. 9. MEDICAL HUMANITIES
  10. 10. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Medical humanities have become part of the mainstream in medical education in North America and the United Kingdom, and are now integrated into many medical curricula in Australia. </li></ul>
  11. 11. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Kirklin D, Meakin R, Lloyd M, et al. Living with and dying from cancer: a humanities special study module. J Med Ethics: Medical Humanities 2000;26:51–4. </li></ul><ul><li>Macnaughton J. The humanities in medical education: context, outcomes, and structures. J Med Ethics: Medical Humanities 2000;26:23–30. </li></ul>
  12. 12. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Hampshire AJ, Avery AJ. What can students learn from studying medicine in literature? Medical Education 2001;35:687–90. </li></ul><ul><li>Glasser B. From Kafka to Casualty: doctors and medicine in popular culture and the arts—a special studies module. J Med Ethics: Medical Humanities 2001;27:99–101. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant VJ. Making room for medical humanities. J Med Ethics: Medical Humanities 2002;28:45-8. </li></ul>
  13. 13. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Canonical texts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sontag S. Illness as Metaphor. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1977. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berger J, Mohr J. A Fortunate Man. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1967. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mann T. The Magic Mountain (tr. H.T. Lowe-Porter). Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1960. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>General Medical Council. Tomorrow’s doctors. London: GMC, 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Meakin R. Education and debate: medical humanities in undergraduate medical education—moving on. J Med Ethics: Medical Humanities 2002;28:32. </li></ul>
  15. 15. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>far from maturity, </li></ul><ul><li>endures the full range of adverse external reactions from the bemusedly bored to the scathingly hostile, </li></ul><ul><li>and is prone to disagreement about its nature, extent, goals and methods even amongst those seeking to be its practitioners. </li></ul>
  16. 16. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>In the matter of research, tensions and irritants of this kind can easily be turned to creative purpose; </li></ul><ul><li>in the humanities and social sciences routinely, and in the natural sciences occasionally, whole research careers are founded on the virtues of controversy. </li></ul>
  17. 17. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE? <ul><li>First , to enjoy the readings! </li></ul><ul><li>Second , for students to use the readings as a tool to prepare for and process their clinical experiences, and to approach their development as people and as physicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Third , to interact with other students and faculty in a venue that is open and informal. </li></ul>
  18. 18. MEDICAL HUMANITIES <ul><li>Medical humanities: to cure sometimes, to relieve often, to comfort always </li></ul><ul><li>Jill Gordon. MJA 2005;182(1):5-8. </li></ul>
  19. 19. WHAT ARE THE MEDICAL HUMANITIES GOOD FOR? <ul><li>reducing the gap between biomedicine and the human sciences, such as philosophy, history, sociology and anthropology; </li></ul><ul><li>facilitating interdisciplinary teaching and research; </li></ul><ul><li>promoting a patient-centered approach to medical care; </li></ul><ul><li>counteracting professional burnout; </li></ul><ul><li>reducing biomedical hubris; and </li></ul><ul><li>equipping doctors to meet moral challenges not “covered” by biomedicine. </li></ul>
  20. 20. RECENT MASTER'S THESIS TITLES <ul><li>Medical Errors: An Argument for Voluntary, Non-Punitive Reporting of Errors in Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Stress and the Emergency Service Professional </li></ul><ul><li>The Ethical Considerations of the Physician-Pharmaceutical Company Relationship: Is there a conflict of interest? </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Medical Intervention in Haiti: A Moral Imperative </li></ul><ul><li>The Doctor Patient Relationship: An Examination of the Tension Between Autonomy and Paternalism </li></ul>

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