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AP Lit Shakespeare Notes and Video Links

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AP Lit Shakespeare Notes and Video Links

  1. 1. February 2, 2011<br />Bellwork- Write at least three things you know (or think you know) about William Shakespeare. <br />Agenda: <br />Pray (Prayer Group @ 7:25 tomorrow)<br />Turn in BEST LOTF AP Practice (single sheet) for a grade <br />Notes on William Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era<br />REMINDERS: <br />Thursday- Bring King Lear and Perrine book. <br />Friday- Shakespeare Quiz; LOTF Final Essay<br />Monday- King Lear Act I; Poetry Response on Romeo and Juliet sonnet<br />
  2. 2. William Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Era<br />
  3. 3. Shakespeare’s Life<br />Born in April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon in England<br />Married Anne Hathaway (1582) when he was 18 and she was 26 (and pregnant- gasp!). <br />Had three children (a daughter and a set of fraternal twins, one of whom died at age 11)<br />Shakespeare was a successful member of Lord Chamberlain’s theater company<br />Become part owner of Globe Theatre in 1599 (Globe burns down in 1613)<br />Died on his birthday in 1616 at age 52. <br />The Early Years<br />The Globe Theatre<br />
  4. 4. Elizabethan World Picture<br />Queen Elizabeth and Shakespeare<br />
  5. 5. The Six Hierarchies <br />Macrocosm (Scientific)<br />Earth is center of universe<br />The Fall explained deficient universe<br />Superlunary (above moon, perfect, unchanging)<br />Sublunary (below moon, imperfect, disease, death) <br />
  6. 6. The Six Hierarchies <br />The Great Chain of Being (Philosophical)- OVERHEAD<br />Shakespeare uses primates to elevate characters<br />Humans link between angels (pure reason) and animals (pure “passion”)<br />Humans have three souls<br />Vegetative (liver)<br />Animal (heart)<br />Rational (brain)<br />
  7. 7. The Six Hierarchies <br />Political<br />King<br />Nobles<br />Aristocrats<br />Citizens<br />Social<br />Father<br />Mother<br />Children<br />Patriarchal nuclear family (woman belonged to father then husband)<br />Shakespeare sympathetic with rebellious children and assertive women <br />
  8. 8. The Six Hierarchies <br />Microcosm (Psychological)<br />Human being/individual<br />Disorder in microcosm leads to disorder in macrocosm<br />Rational soul rules microcosm <br />
  9. 9. The Six Hierarchies <br />Theory of Humors (Medical)<br />All humans contain the four humors in their blood<br />Predominance of one humor = personality type<br />Black bile = melancholy<br />Phlegm = apathetic, lethargic<br />Blood = sanguine (cheerful, optimistic)<br />Yellow bile = choleric (hot-tempered, ambitious) <br />
  10. 10. Quiz Friday <br />Know biographical info on WS<br />Basic info on the Globe Theatre<br />Know the six hierarchies (be able to match each one to its “type” and to describe Great Chain of Being and Theory of Humors) <br />Basic info on Queen Elizabeth<br />
  11. 11. Shakespearean Sonnets<br />14-line poem, usually focused on love, time, beauty<br />3 quatrains, 1 couplet<br />Often there is a shift in the third quatrain<br />Rhyme scheme: <br />ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG<br />Rhymed iambic pentameter<br />Five “feet” of unstressed-stressed meter<br />
  12. 12. The Palmer’s Sonnet from R & J<br />T (Title)<br />P (Paraphrase)<br />C (Connotation): Focus on sonnet form, extended metaphor (conceit- An elaborate or unusual comparison), diction<br />A (Attitude)<br />S (Shift) <br />T (Title)<br />T (Theme)<br />
  13. 13. Review of Aristotle’s Tragedy<br />Plot<br />whole (beginning, middle, end)<br />structurally self-contained<br />of a certain magnitude<br />peripeteia and anagnorisis<br />Character<br />nobility<br />hamartia<br />hubris<br />fall of great person from fortune to misfortune- sudden and ends in death<br />
  14. 14. Tragedy cont.<br />World<br />Universe is in disorder<br />Balance between belief in order and belief that world is absurd produces great tragedy<br />Audience Response<br />arouses pity/terror<br />sense of sympathy for tragic figure<br />

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