IIEF Occupational Pensions Nov 2009


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IIEF Occupational Pensions Nov 2009

  1. 1. Providing an equitable opportunity to Organized Sector workers to maximize their retirement savings 9th Annual IIEF Pension Policy Conference New Delhi Nov 9, 2009
  2. 2. Background •MANDATORY – Provident Fund 15.67% of salary – EPS 8.33% of salary – EDLI 0.55% of salary – Gratuity 4.16% of salary – EPFO Costs 4.58% of contribution • VOLUNTARY – Voluntary Provident Fund – Superannuation 15% of salary
  3. 3. Ideal Employer Pensions Policy Perspective Myopia Sustainable; protection; design abuse defaults, leaks Incentivized Coverage %; Voluntary top-ups; Random caps, VPF, SA exemptions Competition/ Regulation & Costs; Supervision; EPFO dual role funded plans Portability; Dormant accounts
  4. 4. Ideal Employer Pensions Employer Perspective Crystallized CTC Liability; DC perspective Transparent/ Costs; level, Consistent bearer Regulations Registration/ Competition; Compliance choice Value for Money
  5. 5. Ideal Employer Pensions Employee Perspective Moderate Portability Mandatory Deduction Trusteeship & Investment Returns Sustainability; EPS Asset Allocation Tax Flexibility Efficient Access/ Service
  6. 6. Change Agenda • First presentation in 1997; status quo, tree • Transmission losses, Holistic perspective • Issue is a priority; kingdom expansion, obesity • Default by EPS: birth defect, no capital return, no commutation, higher early penalty • Philosophy and Plumbing • Woody Allen
  7. 7. Philosophy Changes • Unbundle Investment, Regulatory and Admn roles • Allow NPS alternative to employers for EPFO payments; Enforcement • Eliminate loans and withdrawals but lower total contribution • Make a call on EPS • Regulate Superannuation and gratuity trusts • Superannuation policy orphan because elitist; non-discrimination clause • Eliminate arbitrage (tax, costs, etc) between trusts/ unexempt / unfunded • Convert Gratuity to DC, Merge with PF
  8. 8. Plumbing Changes • Code number allotment: Use PAN • SBI remittances: branches, jurisdiction, other banks • Window of Exemption for 3-6 months; no EPS or exempt, NCEUS • Filing of compliance: simplify returns, e-filing • Settlements and Workflow: simplify, no individual accounts, slips, SLA • Exemptions • Outsourcing legitimacy: TPA
  9. 9. Closing Thoughts • Benefits Regime vs Labour Markets – Unorganized vs. Organized employment; slavery of 21st century – Direct consequences for firm and individual level choices; TL – Need Backpack Benefits – Need diversity; assumptions invalid e.g. TL, Middle of Road – EPFO not service organization; no clients, investment hijack – Next phase of reform is life in 4th decimal place; contracting, SLAs, RAs for IT, CRM • Way forward – Unique Time in India – Missed tryst with destiny; 300 million – Biggest lesson of 18 years of reform; 3Es – Unintended labour market consequences; geography, architecture – Need open architecture, Competition, Portability, Diversity
  10. 10. Providing an equitable opportunity to Organized Sector workers to maximize their retirement savings 9th Annual IIEF Pension Policy Conference New Delhi Nov 9, 2009