INTRODUCTION TO MALAYSIAN
• The structure of Malaysian
• Malaysian Banking System
• Monetary vs Non-monetary
• Non-banks fin intermediaries
• Malaysian financial market
Malaysian financial system can be categorize into 3 broad sectors:
1. Banking Financial Intermediaries
The monetary institutions
Comprising BNM and the commercial banks (now including bank companies).
The banking system is the largest components of the financial system, accounting for about 67% of the
total assets of the financial system.
2. Non-Banking Financial Intermediaries
Carry out financing activities but their resources are not directly obtained from the savers as debt.
Instead, these institutions mobilize the public savings for rendering other financial services. All
such institutions are financial intermediaries and when they lend, they are known as (NBI’s)
Eg. Factoring companies, Insurance Companies, Cagamas Berhad
3. Financial Market
A market for the exchange of capital credit, including the money markets and the capital market.
Eg. Labuan International Offshore Financial Centre, Stock Exchange, Commodity Future Exchange.
• The commercial banks are the largest and most significant providers of funds in the
• There are currently 24 commercial banks (excluding Islamic banks) of which 13 are locally
incorporated foreign banks.
• Required to be licensed under Section 2 6(4) of BAFIA 1989
• Offer both paper based and electronic fund transfer
• Facilities for savings through current, saving and fixed etc
• Facilities to effect payments on behalf of its customers
• Loans and credit facilities
• Financing the government through the purchase of gov. securities and treasury bills
• A wide variety of other banking services such FOREX transaction and internet banking
Commercial banks are also authorized to deal in foreign exchange and are the only financial
institutions allowed to provide current account facilities.
• Offshore banking can only be carried on in Labuan by an offshore company or a foreign
offshore company incorporated or registered for that sole and exclusive purpose by an
office, branch or subsidiary of a licensed Malaysian bank- Commercial Banks
• To apply for an offshore banking license, an application needs to be made to the Labuan
Offshore Financial Service Authority (LOFSA) providing a guarantee and minimum capital
funds of RM10Million.
• Commercial Banks – BIMB, Bank Muamalat
• Introduce in 1983 with the enforcement of the Islamic Banking Act 1983 which
empowers BNM to supervise and regulate Islamic Banks
• Conduct business strictly in line with Syariah Principles
• Serves both muslim and non-muslims customers
• Second most important group of banking institutions in Malaysia
• Functions: Accept Deposits + Provide a range of credit facilities
Other Financial Institutions
• Merchant Banks- Basically involved in providing wholesale finance to corporate customer.
Provides financial service such as corporate advisory services (listing of public companies, the
underwriting of new issues of shares and project finance to the customer)
• Discount House – Specialize in short term money market operations.
Eg. They receive funds mainly from the banks and corporate sector and invest such funds
mainly in Government Securities and T-bills. Banks rely on DH to meet their short-term
• Money Brokers – Involved in brokerage activities in the money and foreign exchange market.
Institutions whose principal liabilities are generally accepted as money.
Eg: BNM – the sole currency issuing authority in the country and commercial
banks that allowed to operate current accounts.
Linked closely to the Monetary Institutions & liabilities generally accepted as
Eg. Investment banks, Finance companies.
Refers to the institutions that
are supervised by various
and agencies except
insurance companies are
supervised by BNM.
Provident and Pension Funds
Housing Credit Institutions
Development and Finance Institutions (DFIs)
Special Investments Agencies
Short-term instruments i.e. T-Bills, MGS
Long-term instruments i.e. Stocks, Bonds
Future/option instruments derive from underlying
securities i.e. KLIBOR future, KLCI future
Foreign Exchange Market
Trade of foreign currency i.e. Spot & Forward contract
1. THE Malaysian Financial System can be divided into three
areas. Name the areas and explain on each area.
2. What does it means by Monetary and Non-monetary