Librarians Presentation


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Librarians Presentation

  1. 1. Librarians’ Presentation Pioneer High School Public Health Elective
  2. 2. From Merle [email_address] Anna [email_address] We Are
  3. 3. Tips For Designing A Research Project
  4. 4. Research Process <ul><li>The research process is a step-by-step process of developing a research topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Some times it is necessary to backup, revise, add additional material or even change your topic completely. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many reasons for adjusting your topic. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Things To Consider <ul><li>Select a topic you are interested in or care about. </li></ul><ul><li>The topic should not be too broad or too narrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Can the topic be researched? </li></ul><ul><li>Ask someone (teacher or subject specialist) to review your topic. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Think Three Bears
  7. 7. Topic Is Too Broad <ul><li>If you find yourself standing in the library staring at a shelf full of books that could all work as references for your topic, your topic is too broad. </li></ul><ul><li>Too many different ideas about that topic. </li></ul><ul><li>A good topic addresses a specific question or problem. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Topic Is Too Narrow <ul><li>If you can't find any information about it in </li></ul><ul><li>the library, electronic resources or the Internet. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Topic Is Just Right <ul><li>A good research project must be narrowed down in order to be meaningful and manageable . </li></ul><ul><li>The best way to narrow your topic is to apply a few words, like who , what , where , when , why , and how . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Topic: juvenile delinquency <ul><li>What can we do to reduce juvenile delinquency in the U.S.? </li></ul><ul><li>Does education play a role in reducing juvenile delinquents' return to crime? </li></ul>
  11. 11. More On Selecting A Research Topic <ul><li>Appropriate for the assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to research and write about. </li></ul><ul><li>Something you know enough about to write about comfortably. </li></ul><ul><li>Not be too broad. </li></ul><ul><li>Not too narrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting and important to you (or else you're going to get very bored). </li></ul><ul><li>Creative, teachers hate tired topics that everybody writes and speaks about. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Researching The Literature <ul><li>Longer lag between an event or discovery and a book's publication. </li></ul><ul><li>More cumulative coverage of a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Book publishing process : 1. A formal book proposal. 2. A publishing contract and target date for completion are set. 3. Editor is assigned to edit the book. 4. Editing is completed. 5. Designers, graphic artists, and proofreaders work to turn an edited manuscript into a published book. </li></ul><ul><li>Cover recent developments and events with little time lapse. </li></ul><ul><li>Report fast-paced, competitive or time-sensitive research. </li></ul><ul><li>Original research and focus on one experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed or Refereed process : Many scholarly journals use a process of peer review prior to publishing an article, (scholars in field or specialty critically review a draft of the article). The review process helps ensure that the published articles reflect solid scholarship in a fields. </li></ul>Books Journals
  13. 13. Public Health <ul><li>What is Public Health? </li></ul><ul><li>Landmarks in Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Careers in Public Health. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Differences Between Public Health and Clinical Health Professions <ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention & Health Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical Health (medicine, nursing) </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis & Treatment </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is Public Health? <ul><li>Focus-protecting and improving the health of communities through:  education  promotion of healthy lifestyles  promoting research for disease & injury prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Develop programs that protect the health of:  the family  the community  the nation  the world </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Field of Public Health <ul><li>Environmental Health </li></ul><ul><li>Biostatistics </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Science/Health Education </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemiology </li></ul><ul><li>Health Services Administration/Management </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal and Child Health </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>International/Global Health </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Laboratory Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Practice </li></ul>
  17. 17. The 20th Century's Ten Great Public Health Achievements in the United States* *From Centers for Disease Control
  18. 18. Smallpox Eradication A Public Health Success Story
  19. 19. Smallpox Eradication Timeline <ul><li>400 AD Written descriptions occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>1796 The first smallpox vaccine was developed by Edward Jenner. </li></ul><ul><li>After WWI Most of Europe smallpox-free. </li></ul><ul><li>After WWII Transmission interrupted in Europe and North America. </li></ul><ul><li>1950 A program to eradicate smallpox in the Western Hemisphere. </li></ul><ul><li>1958 Proposal to eradicate the disease globally. </li></ul><ul><li>1966 Budget of $2.4 million allocated to eradication program. </li></ul><ul><li>1967 The Intensified Global Eradication program began. </li></ul><ul><li>December 9, 1979 World Health Organization officially certified that smallpox had been eradicated. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Smallpox Eradication Cause for Concern * <ul><li>“ As global smallpox immunization programs were phased out because of their success, monkeypox moved in and is on the rise.” </li></ul><ul><li>About: First found in 1958 in laboratory monkeys. </li></ul><ul><li>Reported in humans for the first time in 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs mostly in central and western Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>In early June 2003, monkeypox was reported among several people in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of death from monkeypox is low in the U.S. due to good nutrition and access to medical care. </li></ul>*National Institutes of Health Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institutes of Child Health & Human Development
  21. 21. Some of the Top Public Health Issues * <ul><li>Consumer & Food Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Global Health Programs (H1N1 Virus & Seasonal Flu) </li></ul><ul><li>Bioterrorism </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/Aids </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Health </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Health </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition (Obesity & Prevention) </li></ul><ul><li>Reproductive & Sexual Health </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Preparedness & Disaster Response </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminating Health Disparities (racial and ethnic minorities experience a lower quality of health services) </li></ul>* Harvard School of Public Health World Health News