Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. Monitoring Governance in REDD Rosalind Reeve Forest Campaign Manager Global Witness Peter Holmgren Director Climate, Energy & Tenure Food and Agriculture Organization
  2. 2. Outline 1. Where are we? 2. A framework for REDD Monitoring 3. Review of governance monitoring initiatives 4. A vision for governance monitoring 5. What next?
  3. 3. Business climate in 40 countries in UN-REDD and FCPF • 80% of 40 REDD countries in FCPF and UN-REDD rated at B or below B = unstable, largely inefficient, company transactions run appreciable risks • 33% of countries rated at D D = highly risky, company transactions very difficult to manage
  4. 4. UNFCCC REDD Text Safeguards on Governance Safeguards to be [promoted] [and] [supported]: • Transparent and effective national forest governance structures, taking into account national legislation and sovereignty • Full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, including in particular indigenous peoples and local communities
  5. 5. Monitoring Safeguards • requests that a developing country Party aiming to undertake activities referred to in paragraph 3….develop: • [A robust and transparent national forest monitoring system for the monitoring and reporting of the activities referred to in paragraph 3 above [, and the safeguards referred to in paragraph 2 above]….]
  6. 6. FCPF R-PP Template • How will the monitoring system address key governance factors? • How will it monitor social and environmental impacts? • How does it provide for establishing independent monitoring and review, involving civil society and other stakeholders?
  7. 7. A monitoring framework Emissions Safeguards National Reporting In-country Implementation
  8. 8. A monitoring framework – what? Emissions Safeguards Consistent National Deforestation Transparent & Effective Reporting Forest Degradation Governance Rights of Communities Conservation Stakeholder Participation Sustainable management In-country Enhancement Conservation Reversals Implementation Displacement
  9. 9. A monitoring framework – how? Emissions Safeguards National Reporting ?? In-country Implementation
  10. 10. A monitoring framework – approaches Emissions Safeguards National National level National Forest Inventory Governance Reporting ???????? Remote In-country Sensing Implementation Monitoring Independent Monitoring
  11. 11. Governance Monitoring Initiatives • Forest management, logging and timber trade • REDD
  12. 12. Forest management, logging & timber trade • Independent Forest Monitoring (IFM) – REM, Global Witness, CONADEH, SGS, Imazon (1999) • Illegal logging indicators – Chatham House (2006) • Forest Transparency Report Card – Global Witness (2008) • Forest Governance Integrity Programme – corruption monitoring tool - Transparency International (2009) • Analytical Framework for Governance Reforms – World Bank (2009)
  13. 13. REDD • Governance of Forests Initiative – WRI • Country-led governance assessments – UN-REDD • IM-REDD – Global Witness • Global Comparative Study on REDD - CIFOR • REDD+ Social & Environmental Standards – CCBA / CARE
  14. 14. IFM Country Programmes Cambodia Cameroon 1999 – 2005 2000 – Global Witness Global Witness SGS REM Honduras 2005 – Congo Global Witness / CONADEH 2006 – CONADEH REM (IM-FLEG) Nicaragua Brazil 2006 – Imazon Global Witness
  15. 15. Applied 10 years experience to REDD
  16. 16. IM-REDD What needs to be monitored independently? Transparency Policy Engagement Enforcement Regulations Accountability Goods & Services Revenue Quality of results of Benefit distribution C-MRV Rights
  17. 17. What happens if we don’t do IM-REDD?
  18. 18. Country-led Governance Assessments for REDD + Preparation Identify key Establish Identify national REDD+ Steering institutions or stakeholders committee CSOs to host the initiative Steps may have already been undertaken in UN-REDD quick start countries or countries with an R-PP Assessment Conduct multi- Organize Conduct stakeholder assessment, assessment and dialogue on framework and analyze the governance indicators results priorities Disseminate Conduct multi- Uptake results stakeholder consultation Informed by framework of indicators Develop policy Conduct policy Institutionalize the recommendations reform based on assessment to Use evidence conduct at regular intervals
  19. 19. A governance monitoring vision • Common base for governance monitoring – across purposes, policies, regions and scales – avoid complexity – avoid fragmentation (cf biodiversity..) • Context specific adaptation of methods and indicators • Ability to measure Change & Performance • Integrated with overall MRV system
  20. 20. Three elements to measure change and performance in governance? 1. Stakeholder participation 2. Legislation, implementation & enforcement 3. Accountability & Transparency
  21. 21. What next? • Process to achieve convergence and standards • Expand forest governance reporting in FAO Forest Resources Assessment • The bigger picture beyond REDD • Window of opportunity