Survey Presentation Final 4 09


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Survey Presentation Final 4 09

  1. 1. Environmental Management of Chemical Vector Control Process Survey to Review PMI Program Opportunities and Needs EMCAB Project
  2. 2. <ul><li>What is the purpose of this Survey Monkey Exercise for EMCAB? </li></ul><ul><li>Through this survey, we will identify: </li></ul><ul><li>What PMI implementers believe are the main constraints to appropriate environmental practices in Chemical Mosquito Vector Control Practices, particularly indoor residual spraying. </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance needed to ensure compliance with applicable Regulation 216 requirements including implementing the provisions recommended in PERSUAP and other programmatic reviews. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical assistance and training needs of various USAID operating units, missions, implementing partners and host country counterparts to improve effectiveness of environmental protection efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing sources of environmental best practices throughout the various programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Highest priorities for best practices throughout the Chemical Vector Control lifecycle. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific problems or concerns about DDT control. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is Being Surveyed? </li></ul><ul><li>USAID and CDC PMI officers in the Missions, Mission Environmental Officers, Regional Environmental Officers, and key members of the PMI team in USAID Headquarters. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional survey information may be sought for other operating units and USAID implementing partners and will be factored into additional report products. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey may be used as part of ongoing profile of PMI environmental areas of interest through registration to the EMCAB wiki which will be used to develop and promote best practices and environmental management lessons learned. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Instructions and Timing </li></ul><ul><li>This survey will be launched on April 20, 2009 and data will be collected through May 4, 2009. You will receive a reminder approximately half way the survey period. </li></ul><ul><li>Information is being collected through Survey Monkey, a private provider of data services. </li></ul><ul><li>IRG will summarize the survey results and provide reports back to the respondents on the survey findings – we will advise of preliminary findings as soon as possible before any final report. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey results will also be posted on the EMCAB wiki for which you will be automatically registered for this inaugural survey. </li></ul>EMCAB Presentation follows
  3. 4. <ul><li>About PMI </li></ul><ul><li>PMI Implemented by USAID and CDC </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on 15 target countries </li></ul><ul><li>Originally authorized in 2005 as 5-year, $1.2 billion </li></ul><ul><li>initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Goal is to reduce malaria-related mortality by 50% in </li></ul><ul><li>selected countries – </li></ul><ul><li>achieve 85% coverage of vulnerable groups (children </li></ul><ul><li>under 5 and pregnant women) Implement programs using the following interventions: Medical Treatment of Patient </li></ul><ul><li>combination treatment within 24 hrs (ACTs) </li></ul><ul><li>intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) Chemical Vector Control </li></ul><ul><li>insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) </li></ul><ul><li>indoor residual spraying (IRS) </li></ul>PMI Environmental Management and Capacity Support Activities Available to Missions through EMCAB Activity 1. Provide technical support to USAID operating units in environmental compliance assurance of indoor residential spraying (IRS) activities Activity 2. Provide technical support to USAID operating units in environmental compliance assurance of ITNs Activity 3. Monitor additional environmental mitigation measures when DDT is procured and/or used for IRS Activity 4. Examine evidence of non-compliance Activity 5. Under the direction of PMI team members, facilitate collaboration with communities and relevant Ministries (Environment, Health, Agriculture, and others as appropriate in the host country), and ensure compliance with host-country environmental regulations Activity 6. Perform periodic review of implementation of IRS operations
  4. 6. <ul><li>IRS roles vary from country depending on need, funding and operations plan decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Follow WHO IRS protocol and overall management elements of IRS lifecycle </li></ul><ul><li>EMCAB will fully utilize lessons learned from Past and Ongoing PMI IRS programming </li></ul><ul><li>EMCAB will focus on adding value to existing IRS programs supported by USAID </li></ul><ul><li>EMCAB will identify practical opportunities and approaches for mitigating potential risks </li></ul>Photo by Autman Tembo, RTI Photo by Autman Tembo, RTI Photo by Marshall Fischer, IRG Photo by Marshall Fischer, IRG Photo by Marshall Fischer, IRG Photo by Marshall Fischer, IRG IRS Programs have been Implemented by PMI Partners in some Target Countries for over Two Years
  5. 7. Presented by Prizim Environmental at Environmental Executive East-West Conference <ul><li>Environmental Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>We have control over: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What we apply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When we apply it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we apply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we store it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How we dispose of it </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Avoiding Environmental Issues when Using Pesticides Illustrative Areas for Possible Best Practices <ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Quantification of pesticides to support IRS campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-jurisdictional (ministerial) coordination agreements </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>  MSDS Guidance – (Model after ANSI MSDS Guidance) – Assure full disclosure of critical information on storage, clean-up, disposal, etc. from manufacture. </li></ul><ul><li>Product packaging requirements to improve inventory management/ accounting and to minimize waste generation </li></ul><ul><li>Product testing protocols to verify chemical quality – prevent substandard product shipped and becoming waste </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical inventory practices </li></ul><ul><li>Use manifest for chemical transfers – prevent leakage to non target sector (e.g., leakage to agriculture sector) </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance on any intermediary formulation of IRS chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Storage and Security </li></ul><ul><li>  Warehousing and fire safety (e.g., NFPA Standard 434) </li></ul><ul><li>Signage </li></ul><ul><li>Use of proper PPE and emergency response procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>  Development of video training aids </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancements to applicator training </li></ul><ul><li>Drift recognition and management issues </li></ul><ul><li>Use of countercurrent rinse systems to minimize waste water generation </li></ul><ul><li>Improved management of PPE and uniform cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>Design considerations for effective evaporation basin operations </li></ul><ul><li>Collection, storage and disposal of highly contaminated waste </li></ul><ul><li>Collection, storage and disposal of low level contaminated wastes </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Characterization of waste types generated by the IRS process </li></ul><ul><li>Corrective measures </li></ul><ul><li>Removal and disposal of contaminated soils </li></ul><ul><li>Oversight Management </li></ul><ul><li>General Role of Environmental Jurisdictions in IRS processes </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>International Agreements in which PMI </li></ul><ul><li>Countries Actively Participate </li></ul><ul><li>Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa </li></ul><ul><li>US Statues defining requirements for US Best Practice </li></ul><ul><li>The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide </li></ul><ul><li>Act (FIFRA) </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know </li></ul><ul><li>Act (EPCRA) </li></ul><ul><li>The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act </li></ul><ul><li>(RCRA) as amended </li></ul><ul><li>US Regulatory Approach to Pesticide Management </li></ul><ul><li>EPA regulates the use of pesticides under the authority of two federal statutes: the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). Some key elements of FIFRA include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>registration before manufacture, transport, and/or sale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>registration based on a risk/benefit standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lifecycle information on pesticide manufacture, sale, use, and clean-up and disposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focus on labeling, packaging, composition, and disposal performance requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>time-limited, emergency exemption authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ability to cancel a product registration </li></ul></ul>Regulatory Guidelines Relevant to Pesticides Management
  8. 10. <ul><li>With significant and rapid expansion of the PMI program from coverage of 2 million people in 2006 to 17 million in 2007, there will be a need to apply lessons learned and best practices from the existing program to the expanded program. This is a field in which IRG excels and on which we have worked very closely with USAID in the environment and economic growth fields. </li></ul><ul><li>The IRG Team </li></ul><ul><li>Core Team </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International Resources Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marshall Fischer , Chief of Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alan Schroeder, Pesticide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Management Specialist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Tarrant , HO Project Manager </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Subcontractor(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TRG Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rene Bernier, Project Manager </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Elements of Our Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative work plan development with USAID/GH and missions </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and specifically-designed teams to meet the needs of individual missions and host countries </li></ul><ul><li>Robust KM system to archive databases and documents and permit ready access to them by stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-sectoral approach to policy and institutional reform based on proven approaches </li></ul><ul><li>IRG brings an integrated and highly participatory approach to environmental monitoring and capacity building for malaria vector control interventions. Having worked on the Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) Integrated Vector Management programs, we are very familiar with the technical requirements for field monitoring and documentation on compliance with the actions plans of the PERSUAPS of each country’s program as well as the need for capacity building at both the USAID Mission and host country institution level to achieve long-term sustainability. </li></ul>