Thinking About “Key Policy Questions” POS 252: The Politics of Life & Death SUNYIT ~ Spring 2007 Professor Steven M. Schne...
Key Policy Questions <ul><li>Should the government restrict the actions of individuals? </li></ul><ul><li>Should the gover...
Should the government restrict the actions of individuals? Read the question like this:  Should the government impose rest...
Getting to specifics: restrictions on actions <ul><li>What factors should be taken into consideration when the government ...
person…action pregnant woman  … terminating pregnancies Factors to consider? <ul><li>Amount of time since conception </li>...
person…action individuals … seeking medical assistance when committing suicide?  Factors to consider? <ul><li>Mental compe...
person…action men and/or women … seeking medical assistance when attempting to conceive a child?  Factors to consider? <ul...
person…action men and women … providing gametic material (sperm and eggs) so that embryos will be created?  Factors to con...
person…action doctors …  performing abortions Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of the developing embryo or fet...
person…action doctors … providing medical assistance to individuals committing suicide Factors to consider? <ul><li>Charac...
person…action clinicians … performing laboratory procedures with gametic materials (sperm and eggs), or through cloning, t...
person…action doctors … performing medical procedures to implant embryos Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of i...
Should the government protect the rights of individuals? Should the government be prevented from infringing on the rights ...
What individuals need to have their rights protected? <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who wan...
Getting to specifics: protecting rights <ul><li>What factors should be taken into consideration when the government is ask...
What rights need to be protected? <ul><li>Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to life…the right to be born…the right to s...
Whose right to life needs to be protected? <ul><li>Embryos and developing fetuses not yet born </li></ul><ul><li>(Individu...
Whose right to liberty (Autonomy, Privacy, Bodily Integrity) needs to be protected? <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></...
Whose right to liberty (reproductive) needs to be protected? <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals ...
Whose right to provide informed consent needs to be protected <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals...
Whose right to freedom of movement (work) needs to be protected? <ul><li>Doctors who want to provide medical assistance or...
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POS 252: Key Policy Questions

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Summarizes the key policy questions on the issues being addressed in POS 252.

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POS 252: Key Policy Questions

  1. 1. Thinking About “Key Policy Questions” POS 252: The Politics of Life & Death SUNYIT ~ Spring 2007 Professor Steven M. Schneider
  2. 2. Key Policy Questions <ul><li>Should the government restrict the actions of individuals? </li></ul><ul><li>Should the government protect the rights of individuals? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the difference between these two questions? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Should the government restrict the actions of individuals? Read the question like this: Should the government impose restrictions on the actions of (certain types of persons) seeking to (do certain things) <ul><li>pregnant woman … terminating pregnancies </li></ul><ul><li>individuals … seeking medical assistance when committing suicide? </li></ul><ul><li>men and/or women … seeking medical assistance when attempting to conceive a child? </li></ul><ul><li>men and women … providing gametic material (sperm and eggs) so that embryos will be created? </li></ul><ul><li>doctors … performing abortions </li></ul><ul><li>doctors … providing medical assistance to individuals committing suicide </li></ul><ul><li>clinicians … performing laboratory procedures with gametic materials (sperm and eggs) to create embryos </li></ul><ul><li>doctors … performing medical procedures to implant embryos </li></ul><ul><li>clinicians … performing laboratory procedures called cloning to create embryos </li></ul>
  4. 4. Getting to specifics: restrictions on actions <ul><li>What factors should be taken into consideration when the government imposes restrictions on the actions of certain types of persons seeking to do certain things? </li></ul>
  5. 5. person…action pregnant woman … terminating pregnancies Factors to consider? <ul><li>Amount of time since conception </li></ul><ul><li>Circumstances of conception </li></ul><ul><li>Prior medical history (number of abortions…) </li></ul><ul><li>Age (under 18…) </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for wanting to terminate pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of developing fetus (gender, medical conditions, number of fetuses) </li></ul>
  6. 6. person…action individuals … seeking medical assistance when committing suicide? Factors to consider? <ul><li>Mental competence of individual seeking assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy of individual seeking assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life of individual seeking assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for wanting to commit suicide </li></ul>
  7. 7. person…action men and/or women … seeking medical assistance when attempting to conceive a child? Factors to consider? <ul><li>Family structure of men and women seeking medical assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic characteristics of men and women seeking medical assistance </li></ul>
  8. 8. person…action men and women … providing gametic material (sperm and eggs) so that embryos will be created? Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of men and women providing gametic material (genetic, medical conditions) </li></ul><ul><li>Terms under which men and women are providing gametic material (expectations of parental responsibility, economic considerations, consent) </li></ul>
  9. 9. person…action doctors … performing abortions Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of the developing embryo or fetus (gender, age, medical conditions, number of fetuses) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of pregnant woman (medical condition, age, reasons for wanting to terminate pregnancy </li></ul>
  10. 10. person…action doctors … providing medical assistance to individuals committing suicide Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of person who will die (mental competence, life expectancy, quality of life, reasons) </li></ul>
  11. 11. person…action clinicians … performing laboratory procedures with gametic materials (sperm and eggs), or through cloning, to create embryos Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of individuals seeking to be parents (family structure, sexual orientation or preference, age, medical condition, reasons for desiring to be parents) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of individuals providing gametic material (relationship to anticipated child to be born, relationship with persons desiring to be parents, </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipated treatment / outcome for embryos </li></ul><ul><li>Means of producing embryos (using sperm to fertilize eggs, cellular cloning) </li></ul>
  12. 12. person…action doctors … performing medical procedures to implant embryos Factors to consider? <ul><li>Characteristics of individuals seeking to be parents (family structure, sexual orientation or preference, age, medical condition, reasons for desiring to be parents) </li></ul><ul><li>Means of producing embryos (using sperm to fertilize eggs, cellular cloning) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Should the government protect the rights of individuals? Should the government be prevented from infringing on the rights of individuals?
  14. 14. What individuals need to have their rights protected? <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to die </li></ul><ul><li>(Individuals who are near death) </li></ul><ul><li>Women who want to become pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to become parents </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to provide gametic material </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors who want to provide medical assistance or perform medical procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Clinicians who want to perform laboratory procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Embryos and developing fetuses not yet born </li></ul>
  15. 15. Getting to specifics: protecting rights <ul><li>What factors should be taken into consideration when the government is asked to protect the rights, or when the government is prevented from infringing on the rights of certain types of persons seeking to do certain things? What rights need to be protected for whom? </li></ul>
  16. 16. What rights need to be protected? <ul><li>Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to life…the right to be born…the right to stay alive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liberty (Autonomy, Privacy, Bodily Integrity) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to make decisions about your own life and body </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liberty (Reproductive) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to make decisions about </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informed Consent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to be fully informed about the consequences of actions about to be performed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to do work in a manner consistent with established rules and regulations </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Whose right to life needs to be protected? <ul><li>Embryos and developing fetuses not yet born </li></ul><ul><li>(Individuals who are near death) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Whose right to liberty (Autonomy, Privacy, Bodily Integrity) needs to be protected? <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to die </li></ul>
  19. 19. Whose right to liberty (reproductive) needs to be protected? <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to become parents </li></ul><ul><li>Women who want to become pregnant </li></ul>
  20. 20. Whose right to provide informed consent needs to be protected <ul><li>Women who are pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to die </li></ul><ul><li>(Individuals who are near death) </li></ul><ul><li>Women who want to become pregnant </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to become parents </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals who want to provide gametic material </li></ul><ul><li>Embryos and developing fetuses not yet born </li></ul>
  21. 21. Whose right to freedom of movement (work) needs to be protected? <ul><li>Doctors who want to provide medical assistance or perform medical procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Clinicians who want to perform laboratory procedures </li></ul>

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