Isfd 41 lee3-main features in gothic literature


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Isfd 41 lee3-main features in gothic literature

  1. 1. GothicLiterature
  2. 2. Gothic is not synonymouswith Horror. Though Gothicfiction may have somehorrific elements, there is asurprising lack of the kind ofgore that is a trademark ofHorror.
  3. 3. Gothic often relies in heavily on literature the disturbing power of the unseen as opposed to the seen, and it taps into the primitive and deeply psychological to genuinely disturb the readerinstead of just going for the cheap thrill.
  4. 4. GothicFiction was abranch of thelargerRomanticmovementthat sought tostimulatestrongemotions inthe
  5. 5. The Gothictradition had itsorigins in 1764 withthe publication ofHoraceWalpoles TheCastle of Otranto.The Castle of Otranto (1764) contained all of the elementsthat constitute the genre. It is usually regarded as the firstGothic novel.
  6. 6. Horace Walpole by extension is arguably theforerunner to such authors as:
  7. 7. Ann Radcliffe (1764-1823)
  8. 8. Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)
  9. 9. Bram Stocker (1847-1912)
  10. 10. Mary Shelley (1797- 1851)
  11. 11. Criteria for Gothic Fiction
  12. 12. Narrative Devices
  13. 13. There are different resourses in order not to make your Gothic story boring to the reader • Use accurate vocabulary to make it more vivid. E.g: crackle, rumble, wail, howls,etc.• Use a wide range of adjectives, not only the common ones. E.g: grim, gloomy, decrepit, creepy, spooky, etc.• The use of commas is also important to change the dynamic of the story.
  14. 14. How to create Suspense or Tensiongood writers should:• describe things in a way that worry us• make us care about the characters• make a character sound foolishly unaware of danger• make us expect terrible things to happen• use a variety of sentences to vary the speed of the story
  15. 15. How to create expectation• include phrases and words that call reader’s attention• characters must be developed as interesting ones• include adjectives that make the reader visualize them better• Use comas in its different usages, for providing a dramatic pause, adding extra information, or separating items on a list
  16. 16. Setting & Atmosphere
  17. 17. The name of Gothic genre comes from medieval architecture, because it often harks to medieval era in spirit and subject matter and also uses Gothic buildings as settingsThis style of fiction places heavy emphasis on atmosphere, using setting and diction to build suspense and a sense of unease in the reader.
  18. 18. It has several characteristics that distinguish it from other types of writing....• medieval or medieval-type • omens, portents, visions—often setting the story is based on a• gloomy and very strong prophecy architecture • evokes terror through the• woman in distress needing to depiction of physical and, more be rescued often, psychological violence• bad, nasty, evil, controlling, do • explores the nightmares under minating, lustful villain who has the surface of the “civilized” the power, as king, lord of the mind and/or aberrant manor, father, or guardian, to psychological states. demand that one or more of the female characters do something intolerable.• apparently supernatural events
  19. 19. Gothic Settings•Unnaturally still andquiet Unusual•Dark and gloomy•Wide,remoteanddesolated• Spooky places•Exotic locations•Secret passages•Cold• Odd
  20. 20. Closer to the construction of Setting, it is the presence of certain animals in this type of genre. which are They are animals common in such places as Castles, Abandonedhouses, Woods, Basements, etc.
  21. 21. ANIMALS IN GOTHIC LITERATURE In the gothic genre, which is well known for being a branch of the romantic movement, nature is always present, and so do animals. But not any animals can be found in gothic stories. They usually are:• black cats• crows• bats• Frogs• Owls...And they share certain characteristics; they are most commonly nocturnal, of bad omen and some are ugly.
  22. 22. Crows."Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy intosmiling,By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance itwore,`Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou, Isaid, `art sure no craven.Ghastly grim and ancient raven wandering from thenightly shore -Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Nights Plutonianshore!
  23. 23. Black Cats“…Pluto - this was the cats name – was a remarkably large and beautiful animal, entirely black, and sagacious to an astonishing degree. In speaking of his intelligence, my wife, who at heart was not a little tinctured with superstition, made frequent allusion to the ancient popular notion, which regarded all black cats as witches in disguise…”("The black cat")
  24. 24. BatsIt was not until Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula thatvampires actually transformed themselves into bats. In the story, Dracula rules bats. He often assumes bat-like characteristics and his presence at night isoften signified by a bat hovering outside a potential victim’s window.
  25. 25. We achieve the Gothic Criteria through the use of…
  26. 26. Descriptions• Make an appropriated choice of words• Catch readers attention, produce impact• Describe characters and places in detail Using adjectives to cause sense of fear , horror• Try to make the readers worry and care about them• Create suspense, intrigue...
  27. 27. Characters • DOLEFULL, LOOKI NG SAD, DEPRESSING, AFLICTED, LAMENT ABLE...Symbolicsignificance ofinteractionsbetween the •Spooky,eerie,natural and thesupernatural mysterious, stra nge, spectral...
  28. 28. Beginnings & Endings
  29. 29. IF WE THINK ABOUT BEGINNINGS… There are many things to take into account:• the writer should grab the reader’s attention by- using rhetorical questions, and- addressing the reader directly• the beginning should tells us what the rest of the story would be about• the mood used in the opening should be different from the mood of the ending
  30. 30. ONCE WE DEALT WITH ALL THAT,the ending should be well developedand every mentioned thing must be clarified at the end of the story.
  31. 31. High School Gothic Literature
  32. 32. The Gothic in Architecture, Art, andLiterature
  33. 33. Sources*Charles, A; Durant, R; Grant, D; Menon, E & Turner, B. (2008). "Building Skillsin English" . United Kingdom: Heinemann*Meyers Spacks, P. (2006). Novel Beginnings. Experiments in Eighteenth-Century Fiction. Chapter 7 Gothic Fiction. United Kingdom: Yale UniversityPress New Haven & London*Foster, N. (2012) "What characterizes Gothic Fiction?"*The Castle of Otranto. (2010). In Wikisource, The Free Library.http//*MacLeod, K. Incompetech. Royalty Free Music.*You tube, Broadcast Yourself.*You tube, Broadcast Yourself.