Why is an XML Workflow an Advantage ? It’s all about solving business problems bringing out new products! Bob Kelly – American Physical Society Director Journal Information Systems firstname.lastname@example.orgXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow an 1Advantage?
THE FUTURE OF SCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION: BUILDING THE INFRASTRUCTURE FOR CYBERSCHOLARSHIP (being competitive in the future)) The widespread availability of digital content creates opportunities for new forms of research and scholarship that are qualitatively different from traditional ways of using academic publications and research data. We call this "cyberscholarship”. The widespread availability of content in digital formats provides an infrastructure for novel forms of research. To support cyberscholarship, such content must be captured, managed, and preserved in ways that are significantly different from conventional methods. A report sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Joint Information Systems Committee – April 2007XML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 2Advantage?
Why XML for text, equations and figures Because, with a standardized archival file, you can create other deliverables with out re-creating the source. Supports current and future deliverables and business decisions Multiple Single, standardized production / Product and Business composition / archival process. opportunitiesXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 3Advantage?
Content will be reused! It is a web world! It should only be created once! Multiple readable Multiple system deliverables deliverables Print Secondary Publisher Web Data Base PDF Google Browsers Federated Searching Smart Devices Web 2.0 E-Books Web 3.0 Accessible ReadersXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 4Advantage?
Business and Product Rationale Organizational restructuring Integration with content from Separate formatting from other publishers production Data feed product Multiple formats from single Web 2.0 Products source Web 3.0 products Reusable content Accessible products Automate navigation Interactive products Search index creation On LineXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 5Advantage?
IBM 198o’s Multiple authoring locations Share documentation development across locations. Solution – Generalized Mark Up Language – predecessor to SGML. Separate composition from formatting – use tagging for navigation and formatting. Unexpected Benefit – First electronic deliverable, searchable, navigable, readable, for sighted and for visually impaired with a screen reader – all built from same fileXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 6Advantage?
APS 1995 + Create new products Migrate PRL from manual, past-up process to an “SGML (now XML) first” production process Deliver articles in print and acrobat reader Title, abstracts, authors, references on line and article in pdf. TOC and Front Matter freely available Print and online plus search index all single sourced Unexpected benefit 1998 all APS journals online from single dtd 1998 all journal back files, to 1893, online with front and back matter in SGML/XML 1998 - articles published daily – deconstruct the journal production process Linking to other online journal via doi, part of production processXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 7Advantage?
APS Current New deliverables Exploit common back file XML Source to introduce new deliverables Develop revenue producing products, such as harvesting XML via Open Archive Initiative Protocol RSS - a family Web feed formats used to publish frequently updated works –Tables of Contents, etc. in a standardized format - Wikipedia Microformats – a web-based approach to semantic markup to re-use existing tags to convey metadata and other attributes - Wikipedia MathML- Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) is an application of XML for describing mathematical notations and describing both its structure and content. - WikipediaXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 8Advantage?
APS Near and Not So Near Future RDF – Resource Description Framework a World Wide Web Consortium specification for a metadata model and component in the proposed Semantic Web Wikipedia Personalization SVG for Figures – an XML specifiction and file format for describing two-dimensional vector graphics, both static and dynamic - Wikipedia XML, MathML and SVG to DAISY Readers for Accessibility -project with ViewPlus Technologies to make APS Journals Accessible to people with print disabilities, those who are sight impaired or dyslexic.XML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 9Advantage?
Wrap up Different deliverables based on publisher provided content can provide a sustainable revenue stream – with a focus on science Reusable content saves re-inventing a production process Guarantees consistency of information Multiple Single, standardized production / composition / archival XML process. Product and Business opportunitiesXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 10Advantage?
Thanks Bob Kelly Director Journal Information Systems The American Physical Society email@example.comXML for the Smaller Publisher: The RightChoice? - Why is an XML Workflow and 11Advantage?