Hydrocarbon E&P processes applications and computer uses

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Petroleum E&P business processes are described. The suite of computer applications used in the technical workflows are introduced. A suitable summary for all readers

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Hydrocarbon E&P processes applications and computer uses

  1. 1. Hydrocarbon Exploration & Production Domain Information Systems Scope of Document : Overview of E&P Technical IS. Nature : Presentation Security : Public Author : G Srikanth Date and Version : 20 October 2010 v1.0Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  2. 2. Structure1. Exploration & Production Paradigms2. Business Processes3. Technical Information Systems – Traits of E&P Technical computation – Usage Mechanism4. Technical Solutions in useReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  3. 3. Hydrocarbon Life-Cycle Living Matter CO2 Maturation Effusion Discovery Accumulation Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  4. 4. Paradigms in Hydrocarbon Life-Cycle1. Time - HC life-cycle works in Geological Time2. Space – HC are generated, migrate and accumulate deep inside earth3. Size – While the Micro-organisms that created HC are tiny, the pore-spaces where it is stored are tiny – The scale of processes and accumulations are Huge. Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  5. 5. Paradigms in Hydrocarbon Life-Cycle1. Uniqueness of every HC pool2. Non-repeatability of events in discovery and production3. Beyond experimental confirmation4. Non-linear and unknown mathematical systemsThese manifest as two dimensions UNCERTAINTY RISK Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  6. 6. Sciences in Petroleum Geoscience1. Mathematics  Fluid dynamics, Digital Signal Processing, Fourier analysis2. Physics  Rock physics (petrophysics), Geophysics – Seismic , Instrumentation3. Geology  Search, Discovery and Characterization4. Geophysics  Seismic, Gravity and Magnetic surveys5. Chemistry  Oil & Gas Composition, Properties, Drilling Mud chemistry, Rock chemistry6. Computer  Fractals, ANN, Fuzzy Sets, Advanced GraphicsReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  7. 7. Technology in Petroleum E&P1. Computer  Array Processors, HPC, Virtual Reality, Petabyte storage2. Chemical  Processing, Extraction, Plant design, Reservoir engineering3. Civil  Drill site preparation, plant sites, Field layout, Structural design of platforms4. Electronics & Communication  Design surveillance and monitoring equipment, Communication, Instrumentation5. Geodetic  Surveying and Positioning6. Environment  Harazad studies, Spill management, Disposal7. Mechanical  Drilling, Heavy Equipment, Plants8. Petroleum  Well-Design, Flow-Networks, Production OptimizationReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  8. 8. Petroleum E&P Business Overview Business Vision  E&D is essentially Centered $ $ around managing information – Quality ~10,000CrIRS – Completeness – Auditability Information  Significant value accretionExecution Valuation E&D is essentially obtaining Auditing “reliable” information on O&GExploration & Technology occurrence and recoverabilityDevelopmentReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  9. 9. E&P Processes Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  10. 10. 1. Acquire Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon1. Strategy2. Intelligence to Locate Opportunities – Compendium Services3. Evaluate Opportunities – Prospect Evaluation – Data rooms, Analysis – Risk Analysis 1. Tellus4. Pursue Opportunities – Economic Evaluation 2. Istore – Bidding – Legal & Contracts 3. IHS energy5. Handover to Exploration – Data Migration & Integration Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  11. 11. 2. Explore Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon1. Data Gathering2. Prospect Maturation3. Resource Assurance4. Optimize and Rank Portfolio5. Prepare for Drilling6. Post-Well Analysis7. Handover to Appraisal Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  12. 12. 2.1a Explore – Data Gathering Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete E&P Asset Life Cycle AbandonReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  13. 13. 2.1b Explore – Data ProcessingEngineering E&P1. Design – AutoCad 1. Design – Forward Model2. Simulation – FEM, CFD 2. Simulation – CFD, DSP, MLM, Stochastic, Dynamic3. Screening – LP, NLP 3. Screening – Visual, Heuristic4. Presentation – Autocad, 3D 4. Presentation – Maps, 3D5. Evaluation – Formal 5. Evaluation – IntuitiveBusiness DP  Largely Numerical1. Largely Transactional  Record-level interdependency2. Records are Independent  One or Many Programs –3. One Program – Algorithm  Each with Many Algorithms  Multiple Users/Usage Few Users4. ERP – Integrates data widely  Data processing is discrete Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  14. 14. 2.2 Exploration – Prospect Maturation Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete1. Basin Analysis E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon – BasinMOD2. Play Analysis – Regional GM – Sequence Strat – Seismic3. Prospect Ident. – Seismic F/I models – Visual assimilation4. Ranking & Optimization5. Resource Assurance6. Prepare for Drilling – Pore-Pressure – Well Design & Plan Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  15. 15. 3. Appraisal Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon1. Appraisal Plan2. Data Gathering3. Develop Asset Model4. Scenarios5. Drill & Validate6. Evaluate Economic Viability7. Optimization8. Conceptual Development Plan9. Hand-over to Development Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  16. 16. 3.3 Appraisal – Develop Asset Model & Scenarios Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon1. Development Plan – Design – EPC2. Well Completion Engineering – Drill & Complete wells3. Reservoir Capacity & Production Plan – Testing – Production Profiles – Production Scenarios4. Startup5. Ramp-up6. Steady-State Depletion Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  17. 17. 3.3 Appraisal – Develop Asset Model & Scenarios Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete1. Subsurface Deplete Guidance E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon – Allocation – Reservoir Management – Characterization – Feed-back Planning2. Production Management – Production Opt – O&M – Production accounting3. HC storage & transportation4. HC accounting – Nomination –to- Cash5. Demand Management – Forecasting Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  18. 18. E&P Asset Life cycle – IS features Acquire Explore Appraise Develop Deplete E&P Asset Life Cycle Abandon1. Data Acquisition {Plan, Execute, Collect}2. Data Processing {Basic, Advanced}3. Data Interpretation {Numerical, Graphic, Visual}4. Data Enhancement {Single/Multi variable models}5. Data Consolidation6. Data Management7. Results Management Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  19. 19. Typical Data Processing objectives Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  20. 20. Application Inventory – Seismic &Petrophysics 1. MESA 7 Petrophysics 116 2. ProMAGIC® Server 9 53. Geolog 116 3. Promagic Viz 12 54. GeoFrame/Elan + 118 4. Promax 3D 13 55. PetroWorks 120 5. Promax VSP 16 6. Geocluster 18 7. Geovista 20 8. Stratavista 21 9. Nucleus & Norsar 22 Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  21. 21. Application Inventory – Reservoir Engg.64. Eclipse 100 (incl.Pseudo, VFP, GRAF) 13765. Eclipse Schedule 13966. Floviz / RT View 14067. Eclipse Office 14168. Eclipse Local Grid Refinement 14269. Eclipse Gas Lift Optimisation 14370. Eclipse Flux Boundary 14471. Eclipse Gas Field Operations 14572. Eclipse Coal Bed Methane 14673. Eclipse Multi-Segmented Wells 14774. Eclipse Flogrid 14875. Eclipse Reservoir Coupling 15076. Eclipse Networks 15177. Eclipse SimOpt 152 Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  22. 22. E&P Asset Life cycle – IS features Acquire Explore Develop Produce Abandon E&P Asset Life Cycle1. High Compute Capability2. Diverse Application Portfolio for every function3. High Data & Information Costs4. Large data volumes5. Complex Integration of wide range of data classes6. Information Uncertainty needing multiple analysis and processes7. World-wide operations and standard service requirements8. Remote and hazardous work areas9. Auditors, Certifiers, Collaborators and Regulators10. High business Impact IT Components in E&P technical areas are unique to the businessReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  23. 23. E&P – Compute Capability CharacteristicsSystems1. Teraflop processing power needed in many areas of work2. Very high memory capacity > 64GB needed in many applications3. Imaging Systems – very high end graphics4. Huge Data sizesApplications1. Specialized and very proprietary2. Bought-in – Seldom developed3. Multiplicity of Applications for same/similar functionality4. Proprietary data structures and models5. Long cycle times for expertiseReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  24. 24. Technical Data flow Seismic data Drilling data PDBStudies are carried out in StandardProject DataBases. These Data setsare organised by block andinterpretation Project Production Seismic Approved Data Apps Data sets Geological Apps Petrophys. Manual Apps Reservoir input Master data Integrated Data Apps Data groups include: CDB Externally • SeismicTechnical applications Prepared Corporate data • Geology data • Petrophysics • Reservoir A Corporate DataBase • Production Tape Library-2 Pbytes • Drilling is the repository of all Business • Culture approved technical data Management • Assets • Documents Reliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  25. 25. E&P - Information Characteristics1. High Information Costs2. Complex data models – Structure and Semantics3. Analytical complexity4. Information Uncertainty5. Large RiskReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  26. 26. Is Time an Illusion? The concepts of time and change may emerge from a universe that, at root, is utterly static By Craig Callender June, 2010 {Scientific American} Time is an especially hot topic right now in physics. The search for a unified theory is forcing physicists to reexamine very basic assumptions, and few things are more basic than time. Some physicists argue that there is no such thing as time. Others think time ought to be promoted rather than demoted. In between these two positions is the fascinating idea that time exists but is not fundamental. A static world somehow gives rise to the time we perceive. Philosophers have debated such ideas since before the time of Socrates, but physicists are now making them concrete. According to one, time may arise from the way that the universe is partitioned; what we perceive as time reflects the relations among its piecesReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008
  27. 27. The Charm of Successful E&P • Extensive Diversity for Thought • Opportunity to be thinking beyond ordinaryReliance Industries Ltd. Exploration & Production Business. India. 17-September-2008

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