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What the New Healthcare Law Means for Your Georgia Small Business


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Hosted by the United States Department of Health and Human Services and Small Business Majority. This webinar focused on what the new healthcare law, the Affordable Care Act, means for Georgia small businesses. It focused on both federal and state provisions to help local small business owners understand how the law will affect them.

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What the New Healthcare Law Means for Your Georgia Small Business

  1. 1. Your Bottom Line: What the Affordable Care Act Means For Your Georgia Small Business Grant Lahmann Outreach Manager, Southern States Small Business Majority June 2013
  2. 2. Dr. Pamela Roshell, Regional Director Department of Health and Human Services Region IV
  3. 3. About Small Business Majority •  Small business advocacy organization – founded and run by small business owners •  National – offices in Washington, DC, Virginia, Ohio, Colorado, Missouri, New York and California •  Research and advocacy on issues of top importance to small businesses (<100 employees) and the self-employed, including healthcare, access to credit and clean energy •  Very focused on outreach to and education of small business owners across the country
  4. 4. Small businesses struggling with costs " Soaring cost of insurance – especially for small businesses – 25% of small business owners are uninsured (2012 Kaiser study) " 28% self-employed: not covered " Small firms pay 18% more than large businesses Our national study: Small business health costs would more than double by 2018 to $2.4 trillion without reform
  5. 5. Small businesses struggling with costs Our most recent opinion survey: Small employers who don’t offer coverage say lack of affordability is the biggest reason (70%) 70% 32% 16% 9% 5% 2% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% My business cannot afford it My employees get coverage elsewhere I do not believe it is the responsibility of my business to provide health insurance Waiting to see what happens with the federal health care reform law Too much paperwork and administration Choosing the right insurance plan is too complicated Which one or two of the following best describes the reasons you do not provide health benefits?
  6. 6. Small businesses struggling with costs Small Business Majority opinion poll: 72% of those who do offer say they are struggling to do so 72% 28% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% My business is really struggling to afford the cost of health coverage. (Asked of those who do provide coverage)
  7. 7. The Affordable Care Act •  Builds on existing healthcare system •  Aims to rein in healthcare costs •  Upheld by U.S. Supreme Court •  Implementation primarily the responsibility of the states (small business input essential) •  Some important benefits went into effect immediately •  Others implemented from 2010-2014
  8. 8. Immediate consumer protections •  Insurers will no longer be able to deny coverage for patients with pre-existing conditions (2010 for kids, 2014 for adults) •  Ban on lifetime caps that set lifetime limits on coverage (Sept. 23, 2010) •  Already, 3,317,000 Georgia residents, including 1,256,000 women and 916,000 children, will not have to worry about hitting those limits. •  Adult children under 26 can stay on their parents’ plan (Sept. 23, 2010) •  As of December 2011, 3.1M nationwide and 123,000 young adults in Georgia have been able to keep their insurance.
  9. 9. Immediate consumer protections •  Health plans can’t drop coverage when someone gets sick, or if a mistake is made on their paperwork •  First-dollar coverage for preventive care for all new plans •  In 2011 and 2012 over 2.2 million people in Georgia, and 71 million Americans, with private health insurance gained preventative service coverage with no cost sharing. •  Increased access to care: community health centers •  In Georgia, 29 health centers operating 165 sites serving over 317,000 people have received an additional $71 million in support from the ACA to expand access to basic healthcare.
  10. 10. Key provisions for small businesses •  Immediate tax credits for most small businesses •  2010-2013- Preexisting Condition Insurance Plan for self-employed; pre-existing conditions no longer a barrier for coverage beginning Jan. 1, 2014 •  Establishes competitive marketplace for small businesses (SHOP) and self-employed (individual)
  11. 11. Small business tax credits •  Available to businesses with employees •  Available now (took effect tax year 2010) •  Which businesses are eligible? þ  Fewer than 25 full-time employees þ  Average annual wages <$50,000 þ  Employer pays at least 50% of the premium cost
  12. 12. Small business tax credits Our report: 120,300 Georgia small businesses are eligible (84% of all businesses); 37,500 businesses eligible for the maximum credit
  13. 13. Small business tax credits •  2 in 5 business owners who qualify eligible for max •  19.3M employees work for eligible businesses •  Total value of the credit for tax year 2011:$15.4B ¡  An average of $800 in savings per employee
  14. 14. Small business tax credits •  Tax credits on a sliding scale: o  Up to 35% 2010–13 o  Up to 50% any two years beginning in 2014 •  Premium expenses: comprehensive medical coverage, incl. dental, vision, long-term care •  Tax credits do not cover premium expenses of owners or their families •  Can amend your taxes for past years
  15. 15. Nonprofits also eligible •  Tax credits on a sliding scale: o Up to 25% 2010–13 o Up to 35% any two years (2014) •  Include amount on line 44f of Form 990-T •  Does not have to be publicly reported •  Refund for tax-exempt employers
  16. 16. Auto repair shop with 10 employees Wages: $250K or $25K per worker Healthcare costs: $70K $24,500 (35% credit 2010-2013) $35K (50% credit 2014) Example: Main Street mechanic
  17. 17. Restaurant with 40 part-time employees 20 full-time-equivalent workers Wages: $500K or $25K per FTE Healthcare costs: $240K $28K (11.7% credit phased out 2010-2013) $40K (16.7% credit phased out 2014) Example: Downtown Diner
  18. 18. Healthcare tax credits help small business owners •  Mark Hodesh, owner Downtown Home & Garden Ann Arbor, MI •  Pays 75% of employees healthcare premiums ($60K/yr) = $15,000 credit in 2010. “This is finally a chance to get some money back and I put it into the business."
  19. 19. How to claim the small business tax credit •  Small employers (businesses or tax-exempt) use Form 8941, available on •  Include amount of credit as part of general business credit on income tax returns •  Can be reflected in determining estimated tax payments for a year •  Applies toward income tax, not employment tax
  20. 20. Wellness programs Wellness programs affect plans starting on Jan. 1, 2014 •  Two types of wellness programs: 1. Participatory wellness programs- Do not provide reward OR do not include conditions for obtaining a reward that are based on an individual satisfying a standard related to a health factor. 2. Health-contingent wellness program- Require individuals to meet a specific standard related to their health obtain a reward (namely a specified % of the cost of health coverage)
  21. 21. Medical Loss Ratio: “80/20 rule” •  80% of premium on medical claims & quality improvement •  20% on administrative & profits •  Rebates sent to customers if 20% is exceeded •  Estimated $1.1B given back in 2012; $321m in the small group market •  Over 240,000 families in Georgia will receive rebates this year, average of $134 per rebate •  National average rebate per enrollee in small group plan: $174
  22. 22. Rate review •  Insurance companies required to: o  Publicly disclose and justify rate increases of 10% + o  Explain increase on; each state’s rate review program will give customers a chance to comment •  State can approve or reject unreasonable or excessive increase if has its own law •  Georgia’s Insurance Department has been approved to review rates, and began doing so in 2012
  23. 23. State health insurance exchanges: coming in 2014 •  Large marketplace to shop for health coverage •  Private insurance plans will compete •  RAND study: Expand coverage to 85.9% of small business employees (60.4% today); an increase of 10.5 million workers
  24. 24. State health insurance exchange •  One-stop shop web portal Small Business Exchange INSURANCE PLANS EXCHANGE Choice Comparison Billing Tax Credits SMALL BUSINESSES o Compare plans and get detailed information about price, quality and service o Plans organized by category: bronze, silver, gold, platinum o Calculator to compare costs across plan options o Streamlined billing process
  25. 25. State insurance exchange •  Small business workers and self-employed receive affordability tax credits (up to 400% of federal poverty level—appx $90,000 for family of four) •  Ensure more $$ to medical care – reduced administrative costs •  Incentives for administrative efficiency and modernization •  Reduce hidden tax
  26. 26. State insurance exchange •  Insurance will still be sold outside exchange •  Members of Congress must use the exchange
  27. 27. •  Businesses with fewer than 50 full-time workers – 96% of all businesses – are exempt from any requirement to offer insurance Shared & individual responsibility
  28. 28. Size of American businesses •  Kaiser Family Foundation: o  4.8M businesses with fewer than 50 employees (35.7%) offer health insurance o  1.7M businesses with 50 or more employees (95.7%) offer health insurance. Small Business Majority and Kaiser Permanente poll: After learning about features in the exchange, percentage of California small business owners who said they’d be likely to offer insurance jumped from 32% offering to 42%
  29. 29. For larger employers •  Am I above or below 50 full-time employees? –  At least 50 full-time employees or combination of full-time/ part-time employees equivalent to 50 full-time employees –  Full-time employees: at least 30 hours per week –  Part-time employees: at least 15 hours a week –  Seasonal employees (≤120 days per year) •  Size determined annually •  Amount owed determined monthly
  30. 30. For larger employers •  Potential requirements for larger employers (those with more than 50 employees): –  Failing to offer coverage- $2,000 for each full-time employee per year, excluding the first 30 full-time employees –  Failing to offer affordable coverage- $3,000 per year for each full-time employee receiving federal financial assistance in exchange •  What does it mean to be affordable? •  Affordability penalty cannot exceed that of failing to offer coverage. Business will pay lesser of the two
  31. 31. The new
  32. 32. Resources •  National HHS website: •  SBM Coverage Guide: Summer 2013 •  Our website: o  “What’s in Healthcare Reform for Small Businesses” o  Healthcare Policy Page o  Detailed FAQ o  Tax credit calculator
  33. 33. Join our network •  Emma Hollister, Network Coordinator •  Email: •  Direct: (202) 828-8357 Connect with us! @SmlBizMajority Small Business Majority Ways to get involved: Contact •  Receive a monthly newsletter •  Share your story for media requests •  Letters to the editor/Op-eds •  State events/Roundtables •  Fly-ins •  Webinars for business organizations