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//Initiative OLPC France//
                                               Solutions Linux 2008




Xavier Carcelle, Florian Fainelli, Nicolas Thill - 30.01.2008
OLPC en France
          OLPC Europe
Présentation du projet
          OLPC France
• Historique du projet : Initié en Janvier
  2005 par Nicolas Negroponte au MIT
  Media Lab « un ordinateur par enfant à
  100$ »
• Premier déploiement en 2007
• Création d’OLPC Europe fin 2007
• Janvier 2008 : Initiative OLPC France
Présentation du XO
•   Les spécifications du X0
•   Le matériel du X0
•   Le software du X0
•   Les accessoires du X0
•   Un réseau Mesh de X0
L’écran du XO
• 7.5 inch, 1200×900 pixel, TFT screen
  and self-refreshing display with higher
  resolution (200 DPI)
• the reflective mode consumes a
  miserly 0.2 watts.
• Two display modes are available: a
  transmissive, full-color mode, and a
  reflective, high-resolution black and
  white mode that is sunlight readable
Les dimensions du X0
La carte mère du X0
Les spécifications du X0
•   Approximate dimensions 242mm×228mm×32mm; 2mm plastic box
                  dimensions:
•   Approximate weight 1.45KG with LiFeP battery; 1.58KG with NiMH
                  weight:
    battery;
•   CPU: AMD Geode LX-700@0.8W – 433MHz
    CPU
•   Graphics controller Integrated with Geode CPU; unified memory
               controller:
    architecture;
•   DRAM memory 256 MiB dynamic RAM;
            memory:
•   Data rate: Dual — DDR333 — 166 Mhz;
•   CAFE ASIC (Camera, Flash Enabler chip, provides high-performance
    Camera, NAND FLASH and SD interfaces); Marvell 88ALP01
•   Keyboard layout pictures international, Thai, Arabic, Spanish,
                      pictures:
    Portuguese, West African, Urdu, Mongolian, Cyrillic, Amharic;
•   Wi-Fi : 802.11b/g (2.4GHz) interface; 802.11s (Mesh) networking
    Wi-
    mesh operation when CPU is powered down; Marvell Libertas
    88W8388 controller and 88W8015 radio;
•   USB: Three Type-A USB-2.0 connectors; up to 1A power supplied
Le logiciel du X0
• BIOS/loader : Open Firmware used to
  load the operating system.
• Linux Kernel Linux 2.6.22; Fedora 7
        Kernel:
  base environment.
• Sugar : Gestionnaire d’applications
• Matchbox : Gestionnaire de fenêtres
• Yum : Gestionnaire de packages
(#yum install package)
Les accessoires du X0




                 5Watt/14Volt panel for
                 single laptop charging
Les projets de développements
• Licenses (selon possibilité)
   – GPL, LGPL or the MIT license for software
   – CC-BY, CC-BY-SA, or the GFDL for text and media
• Applications graphiques développées sous matchbox
• 802.11s over Marvell/Libertas driver
  (http://open80211.org)
• Portage debian, OpenWRT sur le X0
• Sugar
• Microkernel de la carte Wi-Fi propriétaire Marvell
• Développement d'une version libre en cours
• Développement du portage Qemu associé
Sugar sur le X0
Le Mesh sur le X0 : pré-802.11s
dev.laptop.org/browse
OLPC toujours en
           développement

• Nouvelles révisions matérielles à venir
  – Version A – Crank…
  – Version B - B4 (présentée)
  – Version C
• Interface graphique Sugar à améliorer
• Portage de votre distribution favorite
OLPC Software Mise à jour
bash-3.2# rsync rsync://updates.laptop.org|sed 's/^build-//'
649
650
653
656
debian
debian-big
frs
joyride-1600
joyride-1601
joyride-1602
joyride-1604
joyride-1605
joyride-1606
joyride-1607
joyride-1608
joyride-1609
joyride-1610
joyride-1611
update.1-670
update.1-690
bash-3.2#olpc-update version
Projets hardware

• Microkernel de la carte Wi-Fi
  propriétaire
• Développement d'une version libre +
  émulateur
• Passerelle flexible pour les réseaux
  maillés OLPC
• OpenPattern box pour l’infrastructure
  OLPC (http://openpattern.org)
OLPC en action
• http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Current_event
  s
• Uruguay : 100k XO déployés pour
  enfants entre 6 et 12 ans
• Mongolie : autonomie des batterie en
  haute altitude
• Mesh de 500 X0s
• OLPC Vs Satellite 2008 Conference
OLPC en 2006
•   Dec. 2006 Uruguay announced its participation in the project.
•   Nov. 2006 First B1 machines are built; IDB and OLPC formalize an
    agreement regarding Latin American and Caribbean education.
•   Oct. 2006 B-test boards become available; Libya announces plans for
    one laptop for every child.
•   Sep. 2006 UI designs presented; integrated software build released;
    SES-Astra joins OLPC
•   Aug. 2006 Working prototype of the dual-mode display
•   Jun. 2006 500 developer boards are shipped worldwide; WiFi
    operational; Csound demonstrated over the mesh network
    First video with working prototype [1]
•   May 2006 eBay joins OLPC; display specs set; A-test boards become
    available; $100 Server is announced
•   Apr. 2006 Pre-A test board boots; Squid and FreePlay present first
    human-power systems Mar. 2006 Yves Behar and FuseProject are
    selected as industry designers
•   Feb. 2006 Marvell joins OLPC and continues to partner on network
    hardware
•   Jan. 2006 World Economic Forum, Switzerland
    UNDP and OLPC Sign Partnership Agreement
OLPC en action 2007
• Nov. 2007 Mass Production has started.
• July. 2007 One Laptop per Child Announces
  Final Beta Version of its Revolutionary XO
  Laptop.
• Apr. 2007 First pre-B3 machines built.
• Mar. 2007 First mesh network deployment.
• Feb. 2007 B2-test machines become available
  and are shipped to developers and the launch
  countries.
• Jan. 2007 Rwanda announced its participation in
  the project.
Le programme G1G1
• « Give 1, Get 1 » : Un XO est donné
  pour un X0 acheté
• http://www.laptopgiving.org/
• Possibilité de dons
• Possibilité de dons multiples : give
  100+, 1000+, 10000+
La branche France d’OLPC
• Membre d’OLPC Europe (OLPC Austria,
  OLPC Germany, OLPC Nederlands)
• Relais de l’équipe OLPC-MIT pour
  communication, suivi des devs, fourniture
  des X0
• Coquille pour les initiatives OLPC en France
  (éducatifs, recherche, développement)
• Possibilité de lancement de projets en
  Écoles dès maintenant
Participez à OLPC France
• Nous contacter
• Monter un projet local, régional ou
  national
• Contribuer sur les projets de
  développement français (usb2vga,
  OpenWRT, traductions, …)
• Possibilité de relais local d’OLPC
• Testeur de X0s
Contacts OLPC France
•   http://olpcfrance.org
•   contact@olpcfrance.org
•   Xavier Carcelle – carcelle@free.fr
•   Florian Fainelli – florian@openwrt.org
•   Nicolas Thill – nico@openwrt.org

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Olpc France Presentation Sl2008

  • 1. //Initiative OLPC France// Solutions Linux 2008 Xavier Carcelle, Florian Fainelli, Nicolas Thill - 30.01.2008
  • 2. OLPC en France OLPC Europe
  • 3. Présentation du projet OLPC France • Historique du projet : Initié en Janvier 2005 par Nicolas Negroponte au MIT Media Lab « un ordinateur par enfant à 100$ » • Premier déploiement en 2007 • Création d’OLPC Europe fin 2007 • Janvier 2008 : Initiative OLPC France
  • 4. Présentation du XO • Les spécifications du X0 • Le matériel du X0 • Le software du X0 • Les accessoires du X0 • Un réseau Mesh de X0
  • 5. L’écran du XO • 7.5 inch, 1200×900 pixel, TFT screen and self-refreshing display with higher resolution (200 DPI) • the reflective mode consumes a miserly 0.2 watts. • Two display modes are available: a transmissive, full-color mode, and a reflective, high-resolution black and white mode that is sunlight readable
  • 8. Les spécifications du X0 • Approximate dimensions 242mm×228mm×32mm; 2mm plastic box dimensions: • Approximate weight 1.45KG with LiFeP battery; 1.58KG with NiMH weight: battery; • CPU: AMD Geode LX-700@0.8W – 433MHz CPU • Graphics controller Integrated with Geode CPU; unified memory controller: architecture; • DRAM memory 256 MiB dynamic RAM; memory: • Data rate: Dual — DDR333 — 166 Mhz; • CAFE ASIC (Camera, Flash Enabler chip, provides high-performance Camera, NAND FLASH and SD interfaces); Marvell 88ALP01 • Keyboard layout pictures international, Thai, Arabic, Spanish, pictures: Portuguese, West African, Urdu, Mongolian, Cyrillic, Amharic; • Wi-Fi : 802.11b/g (2.4GHz) interface; 802.11s (Mesh) networking Wi- mesh operation when CPU is powered down; Marvell Libertas 88W8388 controller and 88W8015 radio; • USB: Three Type-A USB-2.0 connectors; up to 1A power supplied
  • 9. Le logiciel du X0 • BIOS/loader : Open Firmware used to load the operating system. • Linux Kernel Linux 2.6.22; Fedora 7 Kernel: base environment. • Sugar : Gestionnaire d’applications • Matchbox : Gestionnaire de fenêtres • Yum : Gestionnaire de packages (#yum install package)
  • 10. Les accessoires du X0 5Watt/14Volt panel for single laptop charging
  • 11. Les projets de développements • Licenses (selon possibilité) – GPL, LGPL or the MIT license for software – CC-BY, CC-BY-SA, or the GFDL for text and media • Applications graphiques développées sous matchbox • 802.11s over Marvell/Libertas driver (http://open80211.org) • Portage debian, OpenWRT sur le X0 • Sugar • Microkernel de la carte Wi-Fi propriétaire Marvell • Développement d'une version libre en cours • Développement du portage Qemu associé
  • 13. Le Mesh sur le X0 : pré-802.11s
  • 15. OLPC toujours en développement • Nouvelles révisions matérielles à venir – Version A – Crank… – Version B - B4 (présentée) – Version C • Interface graphique Sugar à améliorer • Portage de votre distribution favorite
  • 16. OLPC Software Mise à jour bash-3.2# rsync rsync://updates.laptop.org|sed 's/^build-//' 649 650 653 656 debian debian-big frs joyride-1600 joyride-1601 joyride-1602 joyride-1604 joyride-1605 joyride-1606 joyride-1607 joyride-1608 joyride-1609 joyride-1610 joyride-1611 update.1-670 update.1-690 bash-3.2#olpc-update version
  • 17. Projets hardware • Microkernel de la carte Wi-Fi propriétaire • Développement d'une version libre + émulateur • Passerelle flexible pour les réseaux maillés OLPC • OpenPattern box pour l’infrastructure OLPC (http://openpattern.org)
  • 18. OLPC en action • http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Current_event s • Uruguay : 100k XO déployés pour enfants entre 6 et 12 ans • Mongolie : autonomie des batterie en haute altitude • Mesh de 500 X0s • OLPC Vs Satellite 2008 Conference
  • 19. OLPC en 2006 • Dec. 2006 Uruguay announced its participation in the project. • Nov. 2006 First B1 machines are built; IDB and OLPC formalize an agreement regarding Latin American and Caribbean education. • Oct. 2006 B-test boards become available; Libya announces plans for one laptop for every child. • Sep. 2006 UI designs presented; integrated software build released; SES-Astra joins OLPC • Aug. 2006 Working prototype of the dual-mode display • Jun. 2006 500 developer boards are shipped worldwide; WiFi operational; Csound demonstrated over the mesh network First video with working prototype [1] • May 2006 eBay joins OLPC; display specs set; A-test boards become available; $100 Server is announced • Apr. 2006 Pre-A test board boots; Squid and FreePlay present first human-power systems Mar. 2006 Yves Behar and FuseProject are selected as industry designers • Feb. 2006 Marvell joins OLPC and continues to partner on network hardware • Jan. 2006 World Economic Forum, Switzerland UNDP and OLPC Sign Partnership Agreement
  • 20. OLPC en action 2007 • Nov. 2007 Mass Production has started. • July. 2007 One Laptop per Child Announces Final Beta Version of its Revolutionary XO Laptop. • Apr. 2007 First pre-B3 machines built. • Mar. 2007 First mesh network deployment. • Feb. 2007 B2-test machines become available and are shipped to developers and the launch countries. • Jan. 2007 Rwanda announced its participation in the project.
  • 21. Le programme G1G1 • « Give 1, Get 1 » : Un XO est donné pour un X0 acheté • http://www.laptopgiving.org/ • Possibilité de dons • Possibilité de dons multiples : give 100+, 1000+, 10000+
  • 22. La branche France d’OLPC • Membre d’OLPC Europe (OLPC Austria, OLPC Germany, OLPC Nederlands) • Relais de l’équipe OLPC-MIT pour communication, suivi des devs, fourniture des X0 • Coquille pour les initiatives OLPC en France (éducatifs, recherche, développement) • Possibilité de lancement de projets en Écoles dès maintenant
  • 23. Participez à OLPC France • Nous contacter • Monter un projet local, régional ou national • Contribuer sur les projets de développement français (usb2vga, OpenWRT, traductions, …) • Possibilité de relais local d’OLPC • Testeur de X0s
  • 24. Contacts OLPC France • http://olpcfrance.org • contact@olpcfrance.org • Xavier Carcelle – carcelle@free.fr • Florian Fainelli – florian@openwrt.org • Nicolas Thill – nico@openwrt.org