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11NOVEMBER 2016
OIL & GAS
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgNOVEMBER 2016
22NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
 Executive Summary……………….….……...3
 Advantage India……………………………...4
 Market Overview and Trends……………….6
 Porter Five Forces Model…….………........28
 Strategies Adopted……………………..…..30
 Growth Drivers……………………….……..33
 Opportunities…………………… .................41
 Success Stories…………………….. ……..44
 Useful Information…………………….……48
OIL & GAS
NOVEMBER 2016
33NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
World’s fourth-largest
energy consumer
• India’s energy demand is expected to double to 1,516 Mtoe by 2035 from 700.50 Mtoe in
2015. Moreover, the country’s share in global primary energy consumption is projected to
increase by two folds by 2035
Fourth-largest
consumer of oil and
petroleum products
• In 2014, India consumed 3.85 mbpd oil, while the consumption is estimated to reach 4.0
mbpd by FY16, expanding at a CAGR of 3.2 per cent during FY08–16F.
• As per IEA estimates as on June 2015, India is expected to overtake Japan to become the
third largest oil consumer in the world by the end of 2015
Fourth-largest LNG
importer in 2015
• LNG imports into the country accounted for about one-fourth of total gas demand, which is
estimated to further increase by two times, over next five years. To meet this rising
demand the country plans to increase its LNG import capacity to 50 million tonnes in the
coming years.
• India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country is the fourth-largest LNG importer in
2015 (As of September 2015) and accounted for 5.68 per cent of global imports
Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Notes: MMTPA - Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, Mtoe – Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent; mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day;
Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
OIL & GAS
Second largest refiner
in Asia
• In FY16, India had 232.1 MMTPA of provisional refining capacity, making it the second
largest refiner in Asia. By 2017, the oil refining capacity of India is expected to rise and
reach more than 310 million tonnes. Private companies own about 38.21 per cent of total
refining capacity
ADVANTAGE INDIA
OIL & GAS
55NOVEMBER 2016
Growing demand
• India is the world’s fourth-largest energy
consumer (2014); oil and gas account
for 37 per cent of total energy
consumption
• Demand for primary energy in India is to
increase threefold by 2035 to 1,516
million tonnes of oil
• Equivalent from 637 million tonnes of oil
equivalent in 2014
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
ADVANTAGE INDIA
Source: Business Monitor International (BMI), World Oil Outlook 2012, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015, TechSci Research
Notes: mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, F – Forecast;
Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
Skilled workforce
• About 136,347 people were employed
in the petroleum industry at the end of
FY13
• The University of Petroleum and
Energy Studies in Dehradun,
Uttarakhand, is Asia’s first and only
energy university
Policy support
• Government has enacted various policies
such as the New Exploration Licensing Policy
(NELP) and Coal Bed Methane (CBM) policy
to encourage investments
• In a new policy in 2013, companies that have
existing petroleum and mining licenses are
allowed to apply for shale oil & gas licences
• New domestic natural gas pricing guidelines
has been enforced on 10th January 2014
Supportive FDI
guidelines
• The government allows 100 per cent Foreign
Direct Investment (FDI) in upstream and
private sector refining projects
• The FDI limit for public sector refining projects
has been raised to 49 per cent without any
disinvestment or dilution of domestic equity in
the existing PSUs
2015
Oil
Consumption:
4 mbpd;
Gas
Consumption:
50.5 bcm
FY16
Oil
Consumption:
4.0 mbpd;
Gas
Consumption:
119.05 bcm
Advantage
India
OIL & GAS
MARKET OVERVIEW AND TRENDS
OIL & GAS
77NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
STATE-OWNED COMPANIES DOMINATE OIL AND GAS IN INDIA
Source: BP Statistical Review 2015, US Energy Information Administration, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Notes: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mmscmd - Million Metric Standard Cubic Metre Per Day,
tcm -- trillions of cubic meters, mmtpa -- million metric tons per annum
ONGC – Oil & Natural Gas Corporation of India, IOCL – Indian Oil Corporation Ltd
India has become the third-largest energy consumer in 2015
In 2015,oil production in the country reached 0.75 mbpd as compared to 0.76 mbpd in 2014. In 2014, country had, 5.7 billion barrels
of proven oil reserves
India had 1.4 tcm of gas proved reserves and produced 33.66 bcm of gas in 2015 which is expected to rise and reach 33.73 bcm in
2016
OIL & GAS
Indian Oil and Gas
sector
Midstream
segment –
storage and
transportation
Downstream
segment –
refining,
processing and
marketing
• IOCL operates a 11,214 km network of crude, gas and product pipelines, with
a capacity of 1.6 mbpd of oil and 10 mmscmd of gas
• This is around 30 per cent of the nation’s total pipeline network
• IOCL is the largest company, controls 10 out of 22 Indian refineries, with a
combined capacity of 1.31 mbpd
• Reliance launched India’s first privately owned refinery in 1999 and has
gained considerable market share (30 per cent)
• Essar’s Vadinar refinery has a capacity of 20 mmtpa, currently accounting for
around 10 per cent of total refining capacity
Upstream
segment -
exploration and
production
• State-owned ONGC dominate the upstream segment
• It is the largest upstream company in the Exploration and Production (E&P)
segment, accounting for approximately 59.43 per cent of the country’s total oil
output (FY15)
88NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Oil consumption in India (2008-16)
Source: Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015
BMI forecasts, TechSci Research
Notes: F – Forecast, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate,
mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mn bbl – Million Barrels,
E- Estimated
Oil consumption is estimated to expand at a CAGR of 3.3
per cent during FY2008–16F to reach 4.0 mbpd by 2016
Due to the expected strong growth in demand, India’s
dependency on oil imports is likely to increase further
Rapid economic growth is leading to greater outputs, which
in turn is increasing the demand of oil for production and
transportation
With rising income levels, demand for automobile is
estimated to increase
OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (1/2)
OIL & GAS
3.08
3.24 3.32
3.49
3.69 3.73 3.85
4.00 4.00
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016E
99NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Imports and domestic oil production in India
Source: Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas, BMI forecasts, TechSci Research
Notes: F – Forecast, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day
In FY16, total crude oil imports were valued at USD64.4
billion as compared to USD112.7 billion in FY15. In FY14,
imports accounted for more than 80 per cent of the
country’s total oil demand
Despite being a net importer of crude oil, India has become
a net exporter of petroleum products by investing in
refineries designed for export, particularly in Gujarat
Backed by new oil fields, domestic oil output is anticipated
to grow to 1.0 mbpd by FY16
OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (2/2)
OIL & GAS
0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
3.20 3.29 3.45
3.71 3.80 3.80
FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15
Oil Production (mbpd) Oil Imports (mbpd)
1010NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Proven reserves and total gas consumption
in the country (bcm)
Source: PPAC, BP Statistical Review 2015, Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas 2014,
TechSci Research
Notes: F – Forecast, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres,
CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate
Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
During 2013-14, 32.56 percent of the natural gas consumed
in the country was used by the fertilizer industry, and 31.02
percent by the power generation sector
With India developing gas-fired power stations,
consumption is up more than 160 per cent since 1995
Demand is not likely to simmer down any time soon, given
strong economic growth and rising urbanisation. Gas
consumption is likely to expand at a CAGR of 2.04 per cent
during 2007–15
GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (1/2)
OIL & GAS
40 42 52 63 64 59 51 51 47
1055 1090 1115 1149
1278 1330 1355
1427
1489
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Gas Consumption Proven Gas Reserves
1111NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Domestic gas production and imports (bcm)
Source: Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas,
BP Statistical Review 2015, TechSci Research
Notes: F – Forecast, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres,
F- provisional number
India had 1.4 trillion cubic meters of proven natural gas
reserves at the beginning of 2014. Approximately 34 per
cent of total reserves are located onshore, while 66 per cent
are offshore
Domestic production accounts for more than three-quarter
of the country’s total gas consumption
Imports constitute the rest; in FY15, imports of LNG stood at
21.66 bcm
India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country was
the fourth-largest LNG importer in 2014, accounting for 5.68
per cent of global imports
Demand is expected to increase due to higher economic
growth, ensure less dependency on imported crude and a
desire to use cleaner fuel
India’s LNG imports are forecasted to increase at a CAGR
of 18.67 per cent during FY2008–FY17
Domestic gas production in India stood at around 51 BCM
in FY16
GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (2/2)
OIL & GAS
32 33
47 52 48 41 35 34
51
64
12 11
13
14 18
18
18 21.66
48
56
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16F FY17F
Gas Production Gas Imports
1212NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Annual crude oil production
(‘’000” Tonnes)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas,
TechSci Research, petroleum.nic.in,
Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, JV – Joint Venture
P - Provisional
In 2014-2015, crude oil production was 38.76 million
tonnes. Total crude oil production in FY14 stood at 37.79
million tonnes
ONGC accounted for 60 per cent of total crude oil
production in India
Onshore crude oil production increased at CAGR of 10.1
per cent between FY09-10 and FY14-15 to 19.1 mmt
In 2015-2016, crude oil production stood at 33 million
tonnes
UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION … (1/2)
OIL & GAS
Crude oil production (‘’000” Tonnes)
24855 24420 23716 22611 22246 23510
18500
3572 2582 3847 3661 3466 3600
3200
5263 9682 10527 11640 12077 11654
11300
FY09-10
FY10-11
FY11-12
FY12-13
FY13-14
FY14-15
FY15-16(P)
ONGC OIL Privatr/JV
11821
16429
18027
19441
19585
19126
17861
21869
21255
20063
18421
18203
19637
19089
FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15 FY15-16
Onshore Offshore
1313NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Annual gas production
(million metric standard cubic meter per day)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; TechSci Research
Notes: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres,
mmscmd-- Million Metric Standard Cubic Meter Per Day,
JV – Joint Venture
Total gas production in FY16 was 32.25 bcm
Contribution from Private/JV in crude oil production
increased over the last from FY14 to FY15 to 0.48 million
barrels
Annual gas production increased between FY09-10 and
FY15-16, reaching 32250 mmscmd
Offshore gas production in FY14-15 stood at 68.2 mmscmd
UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION … (2/2)
OIL & GAS
Annual gas production
(million metric standard cubic meter per day)
24.00
23.80
23.50
24.90
24.30
24.70
23.92
66
106.4
119.6
105.4
87.1
72.3
68.2
FY08-09 FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15
Onshore Offshore
23096 23095 23316 23549 23284 24000 21177
2416 2350 2633 2639 2626 2838
2838
21985 26774 21609
14491
9497 10482
8235
FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15 FY15-16
ONGC OIL Privatr/JV
1414NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
UPSTREAM SEGMENT: EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
Exploration activities (FY15(1))
(‘000 metres)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Note: (1) – Provisional
During FY15(1), 1,352,000 metres of wells were explored and developed in India
During the same period, 637 wells were drilled in the country
State-owned oil companies undertake most of the upstream drilling and exploration work
ONGC, the leader in the upstream segment, accounts for 60 per cent of India’s total crude oil output
Development drilling activities (FY15(1))
(‘000 metres)
OIL & GAS
61
145
180
360
Offshore Onshore
Wells Metreage
62
369
155
658
Offshore Onshore
Wells Metreage
1515NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
PIPELINES: CRUDE PIPELINE NETWORK
Shares in crude pipeline network by length
(out of 9,864 km) (FY16)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Notes: km – Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) Approximate
As on 1st April, 2016, India had a network of 9,864 km of crude pipeline having a capacity of 129.6 mmtpa(1)
In terms of length, IOCL accounts for 49.34 per cent (4,867 km) of India’s crude pipeline network in April 2016. Moreover,
the company has the country’s longest pipelines: Salaya-Mathura-Panipat Pipeline (1,870 km) and Haldia-Barauni/Paradip-
Barauni Pipeline (1,302 km)
In terms of actual capacities, ONGC leads the pack with a share of 44.06 per cent, followed by IOCL at 31.2 per cent
Shares in crude pipeline network by capacity
(out of 129.6 MMTPA) (FY16)
OIL & GAS
44.06%
31.2%
6.5%
18.24%
ONGC
IOC
OIL
Others
4867
1193
1180
2624
IOCL
OIL
ONGC
Others
1616NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Pipelines: Existing Pipelines in India(4)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; TechSci Research
Notes: kms – Kilometres, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum,
(1) Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline, (2) Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore Product Pipeline,
(3) Source: PPAC, (4) Approximately, Data is as on 1st April, 2016
OIL & GAS
IOCL BPCL(1) HPCL(2) OIL ONGC(3) Cairn HMEL
Others
(GAIL and Petr
onet India.)
Total
industry
Length (Kms)
Product
Pipeline
6,739 1,935 2,957 654 - - - 2,687 14,972
Crude oil
Pipeline
4,867 937 - 1,193 1,180 670 1,017 - 9,864
Total 11,606 2,872 2,957 1,847 1,180 670 1,017 2,687 24,836
Capacity of Crude Oil Pipelines (MMTPA)
Product
Pipeline
40.2 14.9 31.6 1.7 - - - 9.3 97.7
Crude oil
Pipeline
40.4 6.0 - 8.4 57.1 8.7 9.0 - 129.6
Total 80.6 20.9 31.6 10.1 57.1 8.7 9.0 9.3 227.3
1717NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
PIPELINES: REFINED PRODUCTS AND LPG PIPELINE NETWORK
Shares in product pipeline network under
operation by length (out of 14972 km, FY16 )
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Notes: km – Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas, IOC - Indian Oil Corporation,
HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd,
OIL - Oil India Limited, (1) Others include GAIL and Petronet India
With 14972 km of refined products pipeline network (capacity of 97.7 mmtpa) in India, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) leads the
segment with more than half of the total length of product pipeline network in 2016
Top three companies IOC, HPCL and BPCL contribute 77.7 per cent of the total length of product pipeline network in the
country in 2016
In 2015, Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) has largest share (87.06 per cent or 2,032 km) of the country’s LPG pipeline
network (2,334 km)
Shares in LPG pipeline network by length
(out of 2,334 km) (FY15)
OIL & GAS
87.06%
11.74%
1.20%
GAIL
IOC
BPCL
45.0%
19.8%
12.9%
4.4%
17.9%
IOC
HPCL
BPCL
OIL
Others⁽¹
⁾
1818NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Refinery crude throughput (mmt)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne
State-controlled entities dominate the downstream segment
as well
India has 19 refineries in the public sector and three in the
private sector
Private companies such as Reliance Industries Limited and
Essar Oil have become major refiners
In FY16, public sector refineries accounted for 54.42 per
cent of total refinery crude throughput
Private sector refineries’ total crude throughput grew at a
CAGR of 9.28 per cent, reaching to 88.7 mmt during FY08-
16
DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE THROUGHPUT… (1/2)
OIL & GAS
112.5 112.2 112.1 115.3 120.9 120.3 119.5 121.4 126.3
43.6 48.6
80.7 81.7 81.2 88.2 88.3 87.8 88.7
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16
Public Sector Private Sector
1919NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Shares in India's total refining capacity (FY16)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, PPAC, TechSci Research
Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne; HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd,
OIL - Oil India Limited, ONGC - Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, IOCL - Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, CPCL - Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited,
Others include: NRIL - Numaligarh Refinery Limited, MRPL - Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited, RPL - Renegade Petroleum Ltd, EOL -
Essar Oil Ltd, ONGC, BORL, HMEL
In FY16, the sector’s total installed provisional refinery capacity was 215.1 mmt
In FY16, IOC emerged as the largest domestic refiner with a capacity of 54.2 mmt
Top three companies RIL, IOC and BPCL contributes around 63 per cent of India's total refining capacity
Total installed capacity FY16 (mmt)
OIL & GAS
DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE THROUGHPUT… (2/2)
135.1
120.1
80.0
80
FY15 FY16
Public Sector Private Sector
27.9%
25.2%10.0%
6.9%
5.3%
24.7%
RIL
IOC
BPCL
HPCL
CPCL
Others
2020NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Petroleum Products-wise Consumption from
crude oil FY15 (mmt)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; TechSci Research
Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne
During FY15, consumption of petroleum products in India stood at 183.5 mmt
Petroleum products derived from crude oil include light distillates such as LPG, naphtha; middle distillates such as
kerosene; and heavy ends such as furnace and lube oils, bitumen, petroleum coke and paraffin wax
Light distillates with the highest growth rate grew at CAGR of 4.09 per cent, while middle distillates and heavy end segment
witnessed a CAGR of 4.02 per cent and 1.78 per cent respectively, during the year FY08-15
During the 12th Five-year Plan period (2012–17), production of petroleum products in India is expected to reach 1195.8 mmt
Production of LPG By Fractionators (mmt)
OIL & GAS
38.40 39.73 39.00 41.44 43.87 46.27 47.58 50.85
62.82 66.38 71.12 75.03 79.42 82.70 81.83 82.78
27.72 27.50 27.69 24.57
24.85
28.08 29.00
31.37
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15
Light Distillates Middle Distillates Heavy Ends
2.19
2.09
2.06
2.16
2.24
2.17
2.21
2.13 2.14
2.18
FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15
2121NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Downstream distribution statistics (MMT)
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Notes: MMT – Million Metric Tonne, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) – Data is as of April 1, 2015
In FY16, total consumption of petroleum products by
companies stood at around 183.5 MMT, higher by 11.2 per
cent in comparison with the previous fiscal year
The total number of retail outlets increased to 56190
(including private) in April 2016 (Provisional) from 53419 in
April 2015
IOC, as of April 1, 2016, (Provisional), owned the maximum
number of retail outlets in the country (45.14 per cent of
total), followed by HPCL (24.56 per cent) and BPCL (23.92
per cent); the remaining being owned by private firms
As of April 1, 2016 (Provisional), there were 17,916 LPG
distributors in India
DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: DISTRIBUTION AND MARKETING
OIL & GAS
Pipeline
Capacity (mmtpa)
As of April 1, 2016
Length (km)
As of April 1, 2016
Product Pipeline 97.7 14972
LPG Pipeline(1)
5.330 2334
36.16
41.85
52.10 55.52 58.98 57.65 59.30 59.83
2.75
3.34
3.50
3.77
3.83 3.63 3.63 3.97
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15
Product Pipeline LPG Pipeline
2222NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Energy consumption pattern in 2014
Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), BP Statistical Review 2015,
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), TechSci Research
Notes: Mtoe – Million Tonne of Oil Equivalent, BTU – British Thermal Unit;
Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available
In 2014, coal accounted for 56.47 per cent of total primary
energy demand
Energy demand in the Asia-Pacific region is estimated to be
around 5,498.5 Mtoe in 2015 and is expected to reach
5,627 Mtoe by 2020 and 6,861 Mtoe by 2035
India’s energy demand is projected to double to 48.7
quadrillion BTU by 2035
The primary energy consumption of India rose by 5.2 per
cent in 2015
In 2015, coal maintained its dominancy and accounted for
58 per cent of total primary energy demand
INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (1/2)
OIL & GAS
56.47%
28.33%
7.14%
4.64%
2.19% 1.23%
Coal
Oil
Natural Gas
Hydro electric
Renewables
Nuclear Energy
2323NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Consumption pattern expected in 2035
Source: International Energy Agency (IEA), TechSci Research
Over the next few years, dependence on gas, hydro power
and nuclear power is expected to increase relative to oil and
coal
The government aims to quadruple India’s nuclear power
generation capacity to 20 GW by 2020; currently, seven
nuclear power reactors of 4,930 MWe capacity are under
construction
In coming decades, a major portion of consumption
dependability of energy mix is expected to shift from coal
and petroleum to other resources like natural gas, solid
biomass & waste and nuclear & other renewable sources
INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (2/2)
OIL & GAS
42%
24%
15%
11%
8% Coal
Petroleum
Solid biomass &
waste
Natural gas
Nuclear & other
renewables
2424NOVEMBER 2016
STATE-WISE CRUDE RESERVE, CAPACITY AND THROUGHPUT
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Notes: Mmt – Million Metric Tonne,
mt – Million Tonne
OIL & GAS
State
Installed capacity,
as of April 2015 (mt)
Crude throughput
for 2015 (mt)
Gujarat 93.7 100.19
Maharashtra 18.5 20.46
Haryana 15.0 15.5
Karnataka 15.0 14.59
Tamil Nadu 11.5 10.6
Kerala 9.5 10.29
Andhra Pradesh 8.37 7.83
Uttar Pradesh 8.0 8.16
West Bengal 7.5 7.95
Assam 7.0 6.38
Bihar 6.0 6.48
Punjab 9.0 9.27
Madhya Pradesh 6.0 5.45
Total 215.07 222.50
State
Balance recoverable
reserves
of crude oil, 2015 (MMT)
Assam 169.42
Gujarat 138.49
Rajasthan 37.33
Andhra Pradesh 1.63
Tamil Nadu 10.80
Arunachal Pradesh 1.63
Nagaland 2.69
Tripura 0.07
Total Onshore 373.61
Western Offshore 333.42
Eastern Offshore 56.42
Total Offshore 389.86
2525NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Source: Bloomberg, TechSci Research
Note: FY – Indian Financial Year, April–March
(1) - Data for half year ended September 2015
(2) - Data for Year ended March 2016
KEY DOMESTIC OIL & GAS COMPANIES
OIL & GAS
Company
Ownership
(per cent) as on
FY14-15
FY16(2) turnover
(USD billion)
Indian Oil Corporation
Limited
68.57%
state-owned
61.04
Reliance Industries Public Listed 45.23
Bharat Petroleum
Corporation Limited
54.93%
state-owned
28.79
Hindustan Petroleum
Corporation Limited
51.1%
state-owned
32.49
ONGC
68.94%
state-owned
20.10
GAIL India Limited
56.11%
state-owned
7.88
Oil India Limited(1) 67.64%
state-owned
1.00
2626NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Source: - Indian counterpart,
Bloomberg; TechSci Research, Company websites
Note: (1)- Data for half year ended September 2015
(2) – Data is for year ended March 2016
KEY INTERNATIONAL OIL & GAS COMPANIES OPERATING IN INDIA
OIL & GAS
Company
Ownership
(per cent)
Global turnover
(FY16)(1) ( USD
billion)
Cairn Energy India Pvt
Ltd(2) Private Sector 1.62
Shell Private Sector 211.98
BG Group Private Sector 121.19
BP Private Sector 55.88
2727NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Coal Bed Methane
(CBM)
• Government approved the CBM policy in 1997 to boost the development of clean and
renewable energy resources
• CBM is an eco-friendly natural gas (methane), which is absorbed in coal and lignite seams
• The CBM policy was designed to be liberal and investor friendly; the first commercial
production of CBM was initiated in July 2007 at about 72,000 cubic metres per day
Underground Coal
Gasification (UCG)
• The technology was first widely used in the US in the 1800s, and in India (Kolkata and
Mumbai) in the early 1900s
• UCG is currently the only feasible technology available to harness energy from deep
unmineable coal seams economically in an eco-friendly manner
• The technology reduces capital outlay, operating costs and output gas expenses by 25–50
per cent vis-à-vis surface gasification
NOTABLE TRENDS IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR
OIL & GAS
Gas hydrates and bio-
fuels
• The government initiated the National Gas Hydrate Programme (NGHP), a consortium of
national E&P companies and research institutions, to map gas hydrates for use as an
alternate source of energy
• Bio-fuels (bio-ethanol and bio-diesel) are alternate sources of energy from domestic
renewable resources; these have lower emissions compared to petroleum or diesel
Open Acreage
Licensing Policy
• The Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OLAP) has been initiated in parallel with NELP to
increase foreign participation by global E&P companies like Shell, BP, Conoco Phillips etc.
PORTER FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS
OIL & GAS
2929NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS
OIL & GAS
Source: TechSci Research
Competitive Rivalry
• Competitive rivalry is low as just one-two players operate in Upstream,
Midstream and Downstream segments
• Although a few private operators have entered the industry in the last
couple of years, they do not pose any major threat as of now
Threat of New Entrants Substitute Products
Bargaining Power of Suppliers Bargaining Power of Customers
• Threat of new entrants
continues to be low, due to the
capital intensive nature of the
industry and economies of
scale
• Bargaining power is medium
as despite few players
operating, government at
times delays subsidy payment
to oil companies, thereby
increasing losses
• Customers have low/non
existent bargaining power
• Customers are price-taker not
a price maker
• Threat is low, as other sources
of energy like solar, wind, coal
and hydro electric power are
less developed. Pressure from
alternative sources might rise in
future
Competitive
Rivalry
(Low)
Threat of New
Entrants
(Low)
Substitute
Products
(Low)
Bargaining
Power of
Customers
(Low)
Bargaining
Power of
Suppliers
(Medium)
STRATEGIES ADOPTED
OIL & GAS
3131NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (1/2)
OIL & GAS
Source: TechSci Research
• Companies in India are currently setting up bases in newer geographies like Africa, and
thereby increasing their global footprints. For example, ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL),
which is ONGC’s subsidiary, has acquired significant space in Africa
• As of April 2016, Indian Oil Corporation is estimated to spend USD3.06 billion to expand
its Gujarat refinery. The expansion is anticipated to be commissioned in 2020
• In 2016, Indian Oil Corporation is planning to expand its LPG bottling plant capacity at its
Cherapally plant, from 250 TMT per annum in 2016 to 120 TMT. This project would cost
around USD4.58 million and is expected to be commissioned in March 2017
• They are forming JVs and strategic tie ups with foreign companies to increase their
technical know-how and knowledge base
• Indian Oil Corp plans to make an investment of USD 22.91 billion, including USD 7.64
billion for expanding its existing brownfield refineries, in the next five to seven years
• State run energy firms Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum and Indian Oil Corporation
plan to spend USD 20 billion on refinery expansions to add units, by 2022
• Indian Oil Corporation plans to lay the nation's longest LPG pipeline of 1987 km, from
Gujarat coast to Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh, to cater to growing demand for
cooking gas in the country
• Oil companies are focusing on vertical integration for next stage of growth. For instance,
oil producer Oil India Ltd is planning to build and operate refineries, while Indian Oil is
planning to enter oil & gas exploration
• Companies are diversifying into alternative energies such as wind power, solar and bio-
fuels
Expansions
Diversification
3232NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (2/2)
OIL & GAS
• Indian companies are enhancing production through redevelopment plans to increase
recovery rates of hydrocarbon from oil wells; ONGC in Mumbai High achieved success in
implementing this
• With exploration increasing not only in the country but also in outside geographies,
companies are pumping up R&D to focus on gasification technology and bio energy
• Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) has planned to invest USD1.53 billion during FY17
to enhance and expand its refining capacity
• In recent years, major discoveries in the Barmer basin in Rajasthan and the offshore
Krishna-Godavari basin by smaller companies such as the Gujarat State Petroleum
Corporation and Andhra Pradesh Gas Infrastructure Corporation hold some potential to
diversify the country’s production
Investments to enhance
production
More focus upon small
companies
Source: TechSci Research; (1) -22nd August 2014
Focus on City Gas
Distribution Network
• Government of India has come up with guidelines on allocation of domestic gas for
household and transportation sectors(1) , to boost the demand of natural gas in India
Pilot project Initiated for
Shale Gas Production in
India
• Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) has started Shale Gas exploration by spudding the first
Shale Gas well RNSG-1 in Burdwan District of West Bengal.
• Most Indian companies are now targeting shale gas reserves as a source of energy in
future
• Companies are looking forward to developing JVs and technical partnership with foreign
companies to improve capabilities to develop shale reserves
Move to non-
conventional energy
resources
GROWTH DRIVERS
OIL & GAS
3434NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
PERSISTENT DOMESTIC DEMAND TO DRIVE THE MARKET
OIL & GAS
Growing demand
India, fourth-
largest energy
consumer
Rise in population
and economic
growth to fuel
demand
Increasing
industrialisation
and usage of gas
Policy support
Supportive FDI
policies
Promoting
investments in the
sector
Introducing
policies such as
CBM and NELP
Increasing
investments
Petroleum and
Natural Gas sector
attracted an
cumulative FDI of
USD6,675.76
million during April
2000- March 2016
Huge investments
planned under the
Twelfth Plan
Innovation
Expanding
production and
distribution
facilities in India
Increased R&D
activity
Providing support
to global projects
from India
ResultingDrivingInviting
3535NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Robust domestic
market; expected to
expand
• India is the world’s fourth-largest energy consumer
• Oil consumption is expected to rise by 42.5 per cent during 2010–20
• The country is the fifth-largest importer of LNG
Increasing demand for
natural gas
• Several industries are increasing the usage of natural gas in operations; this has boosted
natural gas demand in India
• Some of the main industries that use natural gas are pulp and paper, metals, chemicals,
glass, plastic and food processing
Abundant raw material
• The nation has large coal, crude oil and natural gas reserves
• Oil reserves amounted to 763.476 MMT in FY15
• Proved reserves of natural gas stood at 1.48 tcm in FY15
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, US Energy Information Administration,
BP Statistical Review of World 2015 Energy, June 2012; BMI, TechSci Research,
Notes: TCM - Trillion Cubic Metres, E&P - Exploration and Production
GROWTH DRIVERS … (1/2)
OIL & GAS
Favourable policies
• The government has allowed 100 per cent FDI in E&P projects/companies; and 49 per
cent in refining under the automatic route from the earlier approval route
• It has also introduced policies to promote investments in the industry such as New
Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) and Coal Bed Methane (CBM)
3636NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Huge investments
• Investments worth USD75 billion is expected across the oil & gas value chain under the
erstwhile 12th Plan (2012–17)
Skilled labour
• The nation offers abundant skilled labour at much competitive wages compared to other
countries
• The University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is Asia’s first
and only energy university
Natural gas discoveries
• Several domestic companies (such as ONGC, Reliance and Gujarat State Petroleum)
have reportedly found natural gas in deep waters
• This offers significant expansion opportunity over the next decade
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, BMI, TechSci Research
Note: Kms- Kilometres
GROWTH DRIVERS … (2/2)
OIL & GAS
Massive gas pipeline
network
• In 2016, country’s natural gas pipeline network spanned over 16,251 km in length and the
proposed expansion of 30,000 kms is envisaged by 2018-19
3737NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (1/2)
OIL & GAS
Pricing of CNG and
PNG by CGD Entities
(2014)
• In 2014, the pricing for CNG (transport) and PNG (domestic) were examined by the
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas while the disclose of prices of the CNG and PNG
commodities were made compulsory
The Policy on Shale
Gas & Oil, 2013
• Allows companies to apply for shale gas and oil rights in their petroleum exploration
licenses and petroleum mining leases
Shale Gas & Oil
Exploration Policy
• Approved in September 2013, it allows companies to explore energy resources trapped
within rocks to meet India’s growing energy needs
The National Biofuel
Policy, 2009
• Promotes bio-fuel usage, the Government of India has provided a 12.36 per cent
concession on excise duty on bio-ethanol and exempted bio-diesel from excise duty
Integrated Energy
Policy (IEP), 2006 • Outlines goals to deal with challenges faced by India’s energy sector
3838NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Petroleum and Natural
Gas Regulatory Board
(PNGRB) Act, 2006
• Regulate refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of
petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas
Auto Fuel Policy, 2003 • Provide a roadmap to comply with various vehicular emission norms and corresponding
fuel quality upgrading requirements over a period of time
Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Note: NELP - New Exploration Licensing Policy
REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (2/2)
OIL & GAS
National Biofuel Policy,
2002 • A 16 per cent concession on the excise duty on bio-ethanol and exemption of bio-diesel
from excise duty to promote bio-fuel usage
Freight Subsidy (for far-
flung areas) Scheme,
2002
• Compensate public sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) for the freight incurred to
distribute subsidised products in far-flung areas
Domestic Natural Gas
Pricing Formula, 2014
• New domestic natural gas pricing formula has been formed, which will be revised on an
half yearly basis.
3939NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
FDI INVESTMENTS IN PETROLEUM AND GAS IN INDIA
FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas
(USD billion)
Source: Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, TechSci Research
Note:FY16* –Up to September 2015, (1) – April 2000 - March 2016
Cumulative FDI inflows in India’s petroleum and natural gas sector stood at USD6.7 billion (2.31 per cent of total FDIs) during
April 2000–March 2016
In Oil & Gas, FDI inflows into the sector totalled USD6.7 billion and USD6.6 billion in FY16 and FY15, respectively
Between FY10 and FY16(1) , FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas sector grew at CAGR 16.06 per cent
FDI inflows into India
(USD billion)
OIL & GAS
CAGR:
16.36%
CAGR:
14.83%
115.7
129.8
170.4
193.4
217.7
248.63 265.26
FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16*
2.7
3.2 3.3
5.4 5.5
6.6 6.7
FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16⁽¹⁾
4040NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
Source: Thomson Banker, TechSci Research
M&A ACTIVITIES IN THE INDIAN OIL AND GAS SECTOR
OIL & GAS
Date announced Acquirer name Target name Value of deal (USD million)
Dec 2015 ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) Vankor oil field 1260
Jan 2015 Bharat Forge Mecanique Generale Langroise 12.82
Jun 2014 Gulf Petrochem Ltd Sah Petroleums Limited 7.13
Mar 2014 IOCL Progress Energy Canada Ltd Not disclosed
Oct 2013 ONGC Videsh Ltd Parque das Conchas, Brazilian Oilfield 529
Jun 2013
ONGC Videsh Ltd (in partnership
with Oil India Ltd)
Rovuma Area 1 Offshore Block 2640
Nov 2012 ONGC Videsh ConocoPhillips (Kashagan Field) 5,000.0
Nov 2012 Inpex Corp
Oil and Natural Gas Corp’s exploration block
KG-DWN-2004/6
Not disclosed
Sep 2012 ONGC Videsh Hess Corp (Azrei oilfield) 1,000.0
Apr 2012 Trafigura Pte Ltd Nagarjuna Oil Co Ltd 130.0
Apr 2011 Sesa Goa Ltd Calm India Ltd 1,492.0
Feb 2011 BP PLC Reliance Industries Ltd 9,000.0
Aug 2010 BPRL EP413 13.4
Aug 2010 Sesa Goa Ltd Cairn India Ltd 1,180.8
Aug 2010 Vedanta Resources PLC Cairn India Ltd 6,568.5
Aug 2010 Reliance Industries Ltd Marcellus Shale Natural Gas 391.6
OPPORTUNITIES
OIL & GAS
4242NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
OPPORTUNITIES
OIL & GAS
Upstream segment Midstream segment Downstream segment
• Locating new fields for exploration: 78
per cent of the country’s sedimentary
area is yet to be explored
• Development of unconventional
resources: CBM fields in the deep sea
• Opportunities for secondary/tertiary oil
producing techniques
• Higher demand for skilled labour and
oilfield services and equipment
• Expansion in the transmission network
of gas pipelines
• LNG imports have increased
significantly; this provides an
opportunity to boost production
capacity
• In light of mounting LNG production,
huge opportunity lies for LNG terminal
operation, engineering, procurement
and construction services
• India is already a refining hub with 21
refineries and expansions planned for
tapping foreign investment in export-
oriented infrastructure, including
product pipelines and export
terminals
• Development of City Gas Distribution
(CGD) networks, which are similar to
Delhi and Mumbai’s CGDs
• Expansion of the country’s petroleum
product distribution network
4343NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
OIL & GAS
• India has technically recoverable shale gas resources of nearly 96 tcf
• The Cambay, Krishna Godavari, Cauvery, and the Damodar Valley are the most prospective sedimentary basins for carrying out
shale gas activities in the country
• Around 20 tcf of gas has been classified as technically recoverable reserves in the Cambay basin in Gujarat (the largest basin in
the country) spread across 20,000 gross square miles with a prospective area of 1,940 square miles
• It is estimated that the Krishna Godavari (KG) basin encloses a series of organically rich shales, containing around 27 tcf of
technically recoverable gas. KG basin, located in Eastern India, holds the country’s largest shale gas reserves, extending over
7,800 gross square miles with a prospective area of around 4,340 square miles
• In April 2013, the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) submitted its policy on exploitation of shale gas to the Ministry of
Petroleum and Natural Gas
• India launched its policy on shale gas exploration to tap the non-conventional energy resource in order to boost output
Source: E&Y; Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research
Note: tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet
SHALE GAS PROSPECTS OF INDIA
SUCCESS STORIES
OIL & GAS
4545NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
ONGC: CONTINUING ON STRONG GROWTH PATH
ONGC’s position in the Indian market
• ONGC is the largest upstream oil company
• It accounts for 59.43 per cent of India’s total crude
oil output and 65.43 per cent of total gas
production (FY15)
ONGC revenue growth (USD billion)
Source: Company reports, TechSci Research
Notes: TOE – Tonne of Oil Equivalent
OIL & GAS
• Registere
d highest-
ever oil
production
• Highest
reserve
accretion
in the last
two
decades
83.5
million toe
• Domest
ic crude
product
ion up
2.1 per
cent
• Reported
net profit
of USD3.9
billion in
2011
• Highest-
ever
dividend
payout of
USD1.6
billion
• Recorded
net profit
of
USD4.5
billion in
2013
• Record
ed net
profit of
USD4.4
billion in
2014
• In the year
2015,
company
produced
25.94
million
tonnes of
crude oil
and 23.52
bcm of gas
24.10 22.90
21.50
25.80
30.80 29.80 28.70
26.39
20.10
FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16
4646NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
IOCL: FLAGSHIP OF INDIAN REFINING
Source: Company reports, TechSci Research
Note: bbl - barrel
Indian Oil Group of Companies owns and operates 10 of India’s 22 refineries with a capacity of 1.30 mbpd
In 2015, Its network of crude oil and product pipelines runs to about 11081 Km
Subsidiary CPCL accounts for 49 per cent of market share in petroleum products
In FY16, the gross refining margin (GRM) was estimated to be 5.06 per bbl as compared to USD0.27 per bbl in FY15
OIL & GAS
FY15
Net profit USD0.8 billion USD1.6 billion
EBITDA USD1.7 billion USD2.7 billion
Turnover USD73.57 billion USD61.04 billion
FY16
• Second-largest player in
India’s petrochemical market
• Has interests in 13 domestic
and 11 overseas blocks
• Foraying into alternative
sources of energy like wind
and solar
4747NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
RELIANCE INDUSTRIES: WELL POSITIONED FOR GROWTH
Source: Company reports, TechSci Research
Note: (1) Revenue fallen due to negative translation effect, Data from April – June 2016
Reliance Industries has the biggest petrochemical refining complex in the world
It contributes 14 per cent to India's exports and is going to invest around USD30 billion to improve its businesses in the next
three years
OIL & GAS
FY15
Net profit
USD3.8
billion
USD4.2
billion
EBITDA
USD6.1
billion
USD7.9
billion
Turnover
USD61.4
billion
USD45.23
billion
FY16
• Exports surged by 4.5 per cent
to USD46 billion
• Record crude throughput at
69.6 million tonnes
• US shale: Shale Gas
Production in FY16 205 Bcf.
• Reliance Industries has entered into JVs with various companies across segments to align growth opportunities; it signed JVs
with Atlas, Pioneer, Carrizo SIBUR, and D.E. Shaw as well as entered into a strategic alliance with BP recently
FY17(1)
USD1.1
billion
USD2.1
billion
USD10.92
billion
USEFUL INFORMATION
OIL & GAS
4949NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS
OIL & GAS
Name Address Contact person Telephone E-mail
Oil Industry Development
Board (OIDB)
301, World Trade Centre, Babar
Road, New Delhi – 110001
Mr T S Balasubramanian,
Financial Adviser and Chief
Accounts Officer
91-11- 23413298
91-11- 23414692
oidb@hotmail.com
Petroleum Conservation
Research Association
(PCRA)
Sanrakshan Bhavan, 10 Bhikaji
Cama Place, New Delhi –
110066
Mr Arun Kumar, ED 91-11- 26198799 Ext.301 pcra@pcra.org
Bureau of Energy
Efficiency (BEE)
Ministry of Power, 4th floor,
SEWA Bhawan, RK Puram,
New Delhi – 110066
Dr Ajay Mathur, Director
General
91-11- 26178316,
91-11- 26179699
dg-bee@nic.in,
amathur@beenet.in
Oil Industry Safety
Directorate
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural
Gas, 7th
floor, “New Delhi
House”, 27 Barakhamba Road,
New Delhi – 110001
Mr J B Verma, ED 91-11- 23316798 verma.jb@gov.in
Petroleum Planning and
Analysis Cell (PPAC)
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural
Gas, 2nd
floor, Core-8, SCOPE
Complex, 7 Institutional Area,
Lodhi Road, New Delhi –
110003
Dr Basudev Mohanty,
Director
91-11- 24362501, 91-
11- 24361380
-
Directorate General of
Hydrocarbons
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural
Gas, C-139, Sector 63, Noida –
201301
Mr S K Srivastava, Director
General
0120 - 4029401 dg@dghindia.org
5050NOVEMBER 2016
GLOSSARY… (1/3)
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
B/D (or bpd): Barrels Per Day
MBPD (or mbpd): Million Barrels Per Day
BCM (or bcm): Billion Cubic Metres
CBM: Coal Bed Methane
CGD: City Gas Distribution
E&P: Exploration and Production
FDI: Foreign Direct Investment
FY: Indian Financial Year (April to March)
So FY12 implies April 2011 to March 2012
GoI: Government of India
INR: Indian Rupee
LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas
OIL & GAS
5151NOVEMBER 2016
GLOSSARY… (2/3)
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
MMT (or mmt): Million Metric Tonne
MMTPA (or mmtpa): Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum
EBITDA: Earning Before Interest Taxes Depreciation Amortisation
NRL: Numaligarh Refinery Limited
CPCL: Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
HPCL: Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
BPCL: Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
IOC: Indian Oil Corporation Ltd
EOL: Essar Oil Ltd
RPL: Reliance Petroleum Limited
MRPL: Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited
PCCK: Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur
PMHB: Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore
OIL & GAS
5252NOVEMBER 2016
GLOSSARY… (3/3)
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
NELP: New Exploration Licensing Policy
TOE (or toe): Tonnes of Oil Equivalent
USD: US Dollar
ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India
IOCL: Indian Oil Corporation Limited
mn bbl: Million Barrels
CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate
JV: Joint Venture
UCG: Underground Coal Gasification
NGL: Natural Gas Liquids
OMCs: Oil Marketing Companies
NHGP: National Gas Hydrate Programme
Wherever applicable, numbers have been rounded off to the nearest whole number
OIL & GAS
5353NOVEMBER 2016
Exchange rates (Fiscal Year)
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
EXCHANGE RATES
Exchange rates (Calendar Year)
OIL & GAS
Year INR equivalent of one USD
2004–05 44.81
2005–06 44.14
2006–07 45.14
2007–08 40.27
2008–09 46.14
2009–10 47.42
2010–11 45.62
2011–12 46.88
2012–13 54.31
2013–14 60.28
2014-15 61.06
2015-16 65.46
2016-2017E 66.95
Source: Reserve bank of India,
Average for the year
Year INR equivalent of one USD
2005 43.98
2006 45.18
2007 41.34
2008 43.62
2009 48.42
2010 45.72
2011 46.85
2012 53.46
2013 58.44
2014 61.03
2015 64.15
2016 (Expected) 67.22
5454NOVEMBER 2016
India Brand Equity Foundation (“IBEF”) engaged TechSci to prepare this presentation and the same has been
prepared by TechSci in consultation with IBEF.
All rights reserved. All copyright in this presentation and related works is solely and exclusively owned by IBEF. The
same may not be reproduced, wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any
medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this presentation),
modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval of IBEF.
This presentation is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this
presentation to ensure that the information is accurate to the best of TechSci and IBEF’s knowledge and belief, the
content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a substitute for professional advice.
TechSci and IBEF neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in
this presentation and nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of
any reliance placed on this presentation.
Neither TechSci nor IBEF shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission
on the part of the user due to any reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this presentation.
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org
DISCLAIMER
OIL & GAS

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Oil & Gas Sectore Report - November 2016

  • 1. 11NOVEMBER 2016 OIL & GAS For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgNOVEMBER 2016
  • 2. 22NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org  Executive Summary……………….….……...3  Advantage India……………………………...4  Market Overview and Trends……………….6  Porter Five Forces Model…….………........28  Strategies Adopted……………………..…..30  Growth Drivers……………………….……..33  Opportunities…………………… .................41  Success Stories…………………….. ……..44  Useful Information…………………….……48 OIL & GAS NOVEMBER 2016
  • 3. 33NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org World’s fourth-largest energy consumer • India’s energy demand is expected to double to 1,516 Mtoe by 2035 from 700.50 Mtoe in 2015. Moreover, the country’s share in global primary energy consumption is projected to increase by two folds by 2035 Fourth-largest consumer of oil and petroleum products • In 2014, India consumed 3.85 mbpd oil, while the consumption is estimated to reach 4.0 mbpd by FY16, expanding at a CAGR of 3.2 per cent during FY08–16F. • As per IEA estimates as on June 2015, India is expected to overtake Japan to become the third largest oil consumer in the world by the end of 2015 Fourth-largest LNG importer in 2015 • LNG imports into the country accounted for about one-fourth of total gas demand, which is estimated to further increase by two times, over next five years. To meet this rising demand the country plans to increase its LNG import capacity to 50 million tonnes in the coming years. • India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country is the fourth-largest LNG importer in 2015 (As of September 2015) and accounted for 5.68 per cent of global imports Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Notes: MMTPA - Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, Mtoe – Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent; mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OIL & GAS Second largest refiner in Asia • In FY16, India had 232.1 MMTPA of provisional refining capacity, making it the second largest refiner in Asia. By 2017, the oil refining capacity of India is expected to rise and reach more than 310 million tonnes. Private companies own about 38.21 per cent of total refining capacity
  • 5. 55NOVEMBER 2016 Growing demand • India is the world’s fourth-largest energy consumer (2014); oil and gas account for 37 per cent of total energy consumption • Demand for primary energy in India is to increase threefold by 2035 to 1,516 million tonnes of oil • Equivalent from 637 million tonnes of oil equivalent in 2014 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org ADVANTAGE INDIA Source: Business Monitor International (BMI), World Oil Outlook 2012, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015, TechSci Research Notes: mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, F – Forecast; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available Skilled workforce • About 136,347 people were employed in the petroleum industry at the end of FY13 • The University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is Asia’s first and only energy university Policy support • Government has enacted various policies such as the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) and Coal Bed Methane (CBM) policy to encourage investments • In a new policy in 2013, companies that have existing petroleum and mining licenses are allowed to apply for shale oil & gas licences • New domestic natural gas pricing guidelines has been enforced on 10th January 2014 Supportive FDI guidelines • The government allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in upstream and private sector refining projects • The FDI limit for public sector refining projects has been raised to 49 per cent without any disinvestment or dilution of domestic equity in the existing PSUs 2015 Oil Consumption: 4 mbpd; Gas Consumption: 50.5 bcm FY16 Oil Consumption: 4.0 mbpd; Gas Consumption: 119.05 bcm Advantage India OIL & GAS
  • 6. MARKET OVERVIEW AND TRENDS OIL & GAS
  • 7. 77NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org STATE-OWNED COMPANIES DOMINATE OIL AND GAS IN INDIA Source: BP Statistical Review 2015, US Energy Information Administration, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Notes: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mmscmd - Million Metric Standard Cubic Metre Per Day, tcm -- trillions of cubic meters, mmtpa -- million metric tons per annum ONGC – Oil & Natural Gas Corporation of India, IOCL – Indian Oil Corporation Ltd India has become the third-largest energy consumer in 2015 In 2015,oil production in the country reached 0.75 mbpd as compared to 0.76 mbpd in 2014. In 2014, country had, 5.7 billion barrels of proven oil reserves India had 1.4 tcm of gas proved reserves and produced 33.66 bcm of gas in 2015 which is expected to rise and reach 33.73 bcm in 2016 OIL & GAS Indian Oil and Gas sector Midstream segment – storage and transportation Downstream segment – refining, processing and marketing • IOCL operates a 11,214 km network of crude, gas and product pipelines, with a capacity of 1.6 mbpd of oil and 10 mmscmd of gas • This is around 30 per cent of the nation’s total pipeline network • IOCL is the largest company, controls 10 out of 22 Indian refineries, with a combined capacity of 1.31 mbpd • Reliance launched India’s first privately owned refinery in 1999 and has gained considerable market share (30 per cent) • Essar’s Vadinar refinery has a capacity of 20 mmtpa, currently accounting for around 10 per cent of total refining capacity Upstream segment - exploration and production • State-owned ONGC dominate the upstream segment • It is the largest upstream company in the Exploration and Production (E&P) segment, accounting for approximately 59.43 per cent of the country’s total oil output (FY15)
  • 8. 88NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Oil consumption in India (2008-16) Source: Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015 BMI forecasts, TechSci Research Notes: F – Forecast, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day, mn bbl – Million Barrels, E- Estimated Oil consumption is estimated to expand at a CAGR of 3.3 per cent during FY2008–16F to reach 4.0 mbpd by 2016 Due to the expected strong growth in demand, India’s dependency on oil imports is likely to increase further Rapid economic growth is leading to greater outputs, which in turn is increasing the demand of oil for production and transportation With rising income levels, demand for automobile is estimated to increase OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (1/2) OIL & GAS 3.08 3.24 3.32 3.49 3.69 3.73 3.85 4.00 4.00 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016E
  • 9. 99NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Imports and domestic oil production in India Source: Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas, BMI forecasts, TechSci Research Notes: F – Forecast, mbpd – Million Barrels Per Day In FY16, total crude oil imports were valued at USD64.4 billion as compared to USD112.7 billion in FY15. In FY14, imports accounted for more than 80 per cent of the country’s total oil demand Despite being a net importer of crude oil, India has become a net exporter of petroleum products by investing in refineries designed for export, particularly in Gujarat Backed by new oil fields, domestic oil output is anticipated to grow to 1.0 mbpd by FY16 OIL SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (2/2) OIL & GAS 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.20 3.29 3.45 3.71 3.80 3.80 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 Oil Production (mbpd) Oil Imports (mbpd)
  • 10. 1010NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Proven reserves and total gas consumption in the country (bcm) Source: PPAC, BP Statistical Review 2015, Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas 2014, TechSci Research Notes: F – Forecast, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available During 2013-14, 32.56 percent of the natural gas consumed in the country was used by the fertilizer industry, and 31.02 percent by the power generation sector With India developing gas-fired power stations, consumption is up more than 160 per cent since 1995 Demand is not likely to simmer down any time soon, given strong economic growth and rising urbanisation. Gas consumption is likely to expand at a CAGR of 2.04 per cent during 2007–15 GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (1/2) OIL & GAS 40 42 52 63 64 59 51 51 47 1055 1090 1115 1149 1278 1330 1355 1427 1489 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Gas Consumption Proven Gas Reserves
  • 11. 1111NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Domestic gas production and imports (bcm) Source: Ministry of Oil & Natural Gas, BP Statistical Review 2015, TechSci Research Notes: F – Forecast, bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, F- provisional number India had 1.4 trillion cubic meters of proven natural gas reserves at the beginning of 2014. Approximately 34 per cent of total reserves are located onshore, while 66 per cent are offshore Domestic production accounts for more than three-quarter of the country’s total gas consumption Imports constitute the rest; in FY15, imports of LNG stood at 21.66 bcm India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country was the fourth-largest LNG importer in 2014, accounting for 5.68 per cent of global imports Demand is expected to increase due to higher economic growth, ensure less dependency on imported crude and a desire to use cleaner fuel India’s LNG imports are forecasted to increase at a CAGR of 18.67 per cent during FY2008–FY17 Domestic gas production in India stood at around 51 BCM in FY16 GAS SUPPLY AND DEMAND IN INDIA … (2/2) OIL & GAS 32 33 47 52 48 41 35 34 51 64 12 11 13 14 18 18 18 21.66 48 56 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16F FY17F Gas Production Gas Imports
  • 12. 1212NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Annual crude oil production (‘’000” Tonnes) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research, petroleum.nic.in, Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne, JV – Joint Venture P - Provisional In 2014-2015, crude oil production was 38.76 million tonnes. Total crude oil production in FY14 stood at 37.79 million tonnes ONGC accounted for 60 per cent of total crude oil production in India Onshore crude oil production increased at CAGR of 10.1 per cent between FY09-10 and FY14-15 to 19.1 mmt In 2015-2016, crude oil production stood at 33 million tonnes UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION … (1/2) OIL & GAS Crude oil production (‘’000” Tonnes) 24855 24420 23716 22611 22246 23510 18500 3572 2582 3847 3661 3466 3600 3200 5263 9682 10527 11640 12077 11654 11300 FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15 FY15-16(P) ONGC OIL Privatr/JV 11821 16429 18027 19441 19585 19126 17861 21869 21255 20063 18421 18203 19637 19089 FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15 FY15-16 Onshore Offshore
  • 13. 1313NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Annual gas production (million metric standard cubic meter per day) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; TechSci Research Notes: bcm – Billion Cubic Metres, mmscmd-- Million Metric Standard Cubic Meter Per Day, JV – Joint Venture Total gas production in FY16 was 32.25 bcm Contribution from Private/JV in crude oil production increased over the last from FY14 to FY15 to 0.48 million barrels Annual gas production increased between FY09-10 and FY15-16, reaching 32250 mmscmd Offshore gas production in FY14-15 stood at 68.2 mmscmd UPSTREAM SEGMENT: CRUDE OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION … (2/2) OIL & GAS Annual gas production (million metric standard cubic meter per day) 24.00 23.80 23.50 24.90 24.30 24.70 23.92 66 106.4 119.6 105.4 87.1 72.3 68.2 FY08-09 FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15 Onshore Offshore 23096 23095 23316 23549 23284 24000 21177 2416 2350 2633 2639 2626 2838 2838 21985 26774 21609 14491 9497 10482 8235 FY09-10 FY10-11 FY11-12 FY12-13 FY13-14 FY14-15 FY15-16 ONGC OIL Privatr/JV
  • 14. 1414NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org UPSTREAM SEGMENT: EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES Exploration activities (FY15(1)) (‘000 metres) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Note: (1) – Provisional During FY15(1), 1,352,000 metres of wells were explored and developed in India During the same period, 637 wells were drilled in the country State-owned oil companies undertake most of the upstream drilling and exploration work ONGC, the leader in the upstream segment, accounts for 60 per cent of India’s total crude oil output Development drilling activities (FY15(1)) (‘000 metres) OIL & GAS 61 145 180 360 Offshore Onshore Wells Metreage 62 369 155 658 Offshore Onshore Wells Metreage
  • 15. 1515NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org PIPELINES: CRUDE PIPELINE NETWORK Shares in crude pipeline network by length (out of 9,864 km) (FY16) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Notes: km – Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) Approximate As on 1st April, 2016, India had a network of 9,864 km of crude pipeline having a capacity of 129.6 mmtpa(1) In terms of length, IOCL accounts for 49.34 per cent (4,867 km) of India’s crude pipeline network in April 2016. Moreover, the company has the country’s longest pipelines: Salaya-Mathura-Panipat Pipeline (1,870 km) and Haldia-Barauni/Paradip- Barauni Pipeline (1,302 km) In terms of actual capacities, ONGC leads the pack with a share of 44.06 per cent, followed by IOCL at 31.2 per cent Shares in crude pipeline network by capacity (out of 129.6 MMTPA) (FY16) OIL & GAS 44.06% 31.2% 6.5% 18.24% ONGC IOC OIL Others 4867 1193 1180 2624 IOCL OIL ONGC Others
  • 16. 1616NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Pipelines: Existing Pipelines in India(4) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; TechSci Research Notes: kms – Kilometres, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) Includes Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur Product pipeline, (2) Includes Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore Product Pipeline, (3) Source: PPAC, (4) Approximately, Data is as on 1st April, 2016 OIL & GAS IOCL BPCL(1) HPCL(2) OIL ONGC(3) Cairn HMEL Others (GAIL and Petr onet India.) Total industry Length (Kms) Product Pipeline 6,739 1,935 2,957 654 - - - 2,687 14,972 Crude oil Pipeline 4,867 937 - 1,193 1,180 670 1,017 - 9,864 Total 11,606 2,872 2,957 1,847 1,180 670 1,017 2,687 24,836 Capacity of Crude Oil Pipelines (MMTPA) Product Pipeline 40.2 14.9 31.6 1.7 - - - 9.3 97.7 Crude oil Pipeline 40.4 6.0 - 8.4 57.1 8.7 9.0 - 129.6 Total 80.6 20.9 31.6 10.1 57.1 8.7 9.0 9.3 227.3
  • 17. 1717NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org PIPELINES: REFINED PRODUCTS AND LPG PIPELINE NETWORK Shares in product pipeline network under operation by length (out of 14972 km, FY16 ) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Notes: km – Kilometre, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas, IOC - Indian Oil Corporation, HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, OIL - Oil India Limited, (1) Others include GAIL and Petronet India With 14972 km of refined products pipeline network (capacity of 97.7 mmtpa) in India, Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) leads the segment with more than half of the total length of product pipeline network in 2016 Top three companies IOC, HPCL and BPCL contribute 77.7 per cent of the total length of product pipeline network in the country in 2016 In 2015, Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL) has largest share (87.06 per cent or 2,032 km) of the country’s LPG pipeline network (2,334 km) Shares in LPG pipeline network by length (out of 2,334 km) (FY15) OIL & GAS 87.06% 11.74% 1.20% GAIL IOC BPCL 45.0% 19.8% 12.9% 4.4% 17.9% IOC HPCL BPCL OIL Others⁽¹ ⁾
  • 18. 1818NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Refinery crude throughput (mmt) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Note: mmt – Million Metric Tonne State-controlled entities dominate the downstream segment as well India has 19 refineries in the public sector and three in the private sector Private companies such as Reliance Industries Limited and Essar Oil have become major refiners In FY16, public sector refineries accounted for 54.42 per cent of total refinery crude throughput Private sector refineries’ total crude throughput grew at a CAGR of 9.28 per cent, reaching to 88.7 mmt during FY08- 16 DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE THROUGHPUT… (1/2) OIL & GAS 112.5 112.2 112.1 115.3 120.9 120.3 119.5 121.4 126.3 43.6 48.6 80.7 81.7 81.2 88.2 88.3 87.8 88.7 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 Public Sector Private Sector
  • 19. 1919NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Shares in India's total refining capacity (FY16) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, PPAC, TechSci Research Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne; HPCL - Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, BPCL - Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd, OIL - Oil India Limited, ONGC - Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, IOCL - Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, CPCL - Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Others include: NRIL - Numaligarh Refinery Limited, MRPL - Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited, RPL - Renegade Petroleum Ltd, EOL - Essar Oil Ltd, ONGC, BORL, HMEL In FY16, the sector’s total installed provisional refinery capacity was 215.1 mmt In FY16, IOC emerged as the largest domestic refiner with a capacity of 54.2 mmt Top three companies RIL, IOC and BPCL contributes around 63 per cent of India's total refining capacity Total installed capacity FY16 (mmt) OIL & GAS DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: REFINERY CRUDE THROUGHPUT… (2/2) 135.1 120.1 80.0 80 FY15 FY16 Public Sector Private Sector 27.9% 25.2%10.0% 6.9% 5.3% 24.7% RIL IOC BPCL HPCL CPCL Others
  • 20. 2020NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Petroleum Products-wise Consumption from crude oil FY15 (mmt) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; TechSci Research Notes: mmt – Million Metric Tonne During FY15, consumption of petroleum products in India stood at 183.5 mmt Petroleum products derived from crude oil include light distillates such as LPG, naphtha; middle distillates such as kerosene; and heavy ends such as furnace and lube oils, bitumen, petroleum coke and paraffin wax Light distillates with the highest growth rate grew at CAGR of 4.09 per cent, while middle distillates and heavy end segment witnessed a CAGR of 4.02 per cent and 1.78 per cent respectively, during the year FY08-15 During the 12th Five-year Plan period (2012–17), production of petroleum products in India is expected to reach 1195.8 mmt Production of LPG By Fractionators (mmt) OIL & GAS 38.40 39.73 39.00 41.44 43.87 46.27 47.58 50.85 62.82 66.38 71.12 75.03 79.42 82.70 81.83 82.78 27.72 27.50 27.69 24.57 24.85 28.08 29.00 31.37 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 Light Distillates Middle Distillates Heavy Ends 2.19 2.09 2.06 2.16 2.24 2.17 2.21 2.13 2.14 2.18 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15
  • 21. 2121NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Downstream distribution statistics (MMT) Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Notes: MMT – Million Metric Tonne, mmtpa – Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum, (1) – Data is as of April 1, 2015 In FY16, total consumption of petroleum products by companies stood at around 183.5 MMT, higher by 11.2 per cent in comparison with the previous fiscal year The total number of retail outlets increased to 56190 (including private) in April 2016 (Provisional) from 53419 in April 2015 IOC, as of April 1, 2016, (Provisional), owned the maximum number of retail outlets in the country (45.14 per cent of total), followed by HPCL (24.56 per cent) and BPCL (23.92 per cent); the remaining being owned by private firms As of April 1, 2016 (Provisional), there were 17,916 LPG distributors in India DOWNSTREAM SEGMENT: DISTRIBUTION AND MARKETING OIL & GAS Pipeline Capacity (mmtpa) As of April 1, 2016 Length (km) As of April 1, 2016 Product Pipeline 97.7 14972 LPG Pipeline(1) 5.330 2334 36.16 41.85 52.10 55.52 58.98 57.65 59.30 59.83 2.75 3.34 3.50 3.77 3.83 3.63 3.63 3.97 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 Product Pipeline LPG Pipeline
  • 22. 2222NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Energy consumption pattern in 2014 Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA), BP Statistical Review 2015, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), TechSci Research Notes: Mtoe – Million Tonne of Oil Equivalent, BTU – British Thermal Unit; Figures mentioned in this slide is as per latest data available In 2014, coal accounted for 56.47 per cent of total primary energy demand Energy demand in the Asia-Pacific region is estimated to be around 5,498.5 Mtoe in 2015 and is expected to reach 5,627 Mtoe by 2020 and 6,861 Mtoe by 2035 India’s energy demand is projected to double to 48.7 quadrillion BTU by 2035 The primary energy consumption of India rose by 5.2 per cent in 2015 In 2015, coal maintained its dominancy and accounted for 58 per cent of total primary energy demand INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (1/2) OIL & GAS 56.47% 28.33% 7.14% 4.64% 2.19% 1.23% Coal Oil Natural Gas Hydro electric Renewables Nuclear Energy
  • 23. 2323NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Consumption pattern expected in 2035 Source: International Energy Agency (IEA), TechSci Research Over the next few years, dependence on gas, hydro power and nuclear power is expected to increase relative to oil and coal The government aims to quadruple India’s nuclear power generation capacity to 20 GW by 2020; currently, seven nuclear power reactors of 4,930 MWe capacity are under construction In coming decades, a major portion of consumption dependability of energy mix is expected to shift from coal and petroleum to other resources like natural gas, solid biomass & waste and nuclear & other renewable sources INDIA’S ENERGY CONSUMPTION MIX … (2/2) OIL & GAS 42% 24% 15% 11% 8% Coal Petroleum Solid biomass & waste Natural gas Nuclear & other renewables
  • 24. 2424NOVEMBER 2016 STATE-WISE CRUDE RESERVE, CAPACITY AND THROUGHPUT For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Notes: Mmt – Million Metric Tonne, mt – Million Tonne OIL & GAS State Installed capacity, as of April 2015 (mt) Crude throughput for 2015 (mt) Gujarat 93.7 100.19 Maharashtra 18.5 20.46 Haryana 15.0 15.5 Karnataka 15.0 14.59 Tamil Nadu 11.5 10.6 Kerala 9.5 10.29 Andhra Pradesh 8.37 7.83 Uttar Pradesh 8.0 8.16 West Bengal 7.5 7.95 Assam 7.0 6.38 Bihar 6.0 6.48 Punjab 9.0 9.27 Madhya Pradesh 6.0 5.45 Total 215.07 222.50 State Balance recoverable reserves of crude oil, 2015 (MMT) Assam 169.42 Gujarat 138.49 Rajasthan 37.33 Andhra Pradesh 1.63 Tamil Nadu 10.80 Arunachal Pradesh 1.63 Nagaland 2.69 Tripura 0.07 Total Onshore 373.61 Western Offshore 333.42 Eastern Offshore 56.42 Total Offshore 389.86
  • 25. 2525NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Source: Bloomberg, TechSci Research Note: FY – Indian Financial Year, April–March (1) - Data for half year ended September 2015 (2) - Data for Year ended March 2016 KEY DOMESTIC OIL & GAS COMPANIES OIL & GAS Company Ownership (per cent) as on FY14-15 FY16(2) turnover (USD billion) Indian Oil Corporation Limited 68.57% state-owned 61.04 Reliance Industries Public Listed 45.23 Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited 54.93% state-owned 28.79 Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited 51.1% state-owned 32.49 ONGC 68.94% state-owned 20.10 GAIL India Limited 56.11% state-owned 7.88 Oil India Limited(1) 67.64% state-owned 1.00
  • 26. 2626NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Source: - Indian counterpart, Bloomberg; TechSci Research, Company websites Note: (1)- Data for half year ended September 2015 (2) – Data is for year ended March 2016 KEY INTERNATIONAL OIL & GAS COMPANIES OPERATING IN INDIA OIL & GAS Company Ownership (per cent) Global turnover (FY16)(1) ( USD billion) Cairn Energy India Pvt Ltd(2) Private Sector 1.62 Shell Private Sector 211.98 BG Group Private Sector 121.19 BP Private Sector 55.88
  • 27. 2727NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Coal Bed Methane (CBM) • Government approved the CBM policy in 1997 to boost the development of clean and renewable energy resources • CBM is an eco-friendly natural gas (methane), which is absorbed in coal and lignite seams • The CBM policy was designed to be liberal and investor friendly; the first commercial production of CBM was initiated in July 2007 at about 72,000 cubic metres per day Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) • The technology was first widely used in the US in the 1800s, and in India (Kolkata and Mumbai) in the early 1900s • UCG is currently the only feasible technology available to harness energy from deep unmineable coal seams economically in an eco-friendly manner • The technology reduces capital outlay, operating costs and output gas expenses by 25–50 per cent vis-à-vis surface gasification NOTABLE TRENDS IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR OIL & GAS Gas hydrates and bio- fuels • The government initiated the National Gas Hydrate Programme (NGHP), a consortium of national E&P companies and research institutions, to map gas hydrates for use as an alternate source of energy • Bio-fuels (bio-ethanol and bio-diesel) are alternate sources of energy from domestic renewable resources; these have lower emissions compared to petroleum or diesel Open Acreage Licensing Policy • The Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OLAP) has been initiated in parallel with NELP to increase foreign participation by global E&P companies like Shell, BP, Conoco Phillips etc.
  • 28. PORTER FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS OIL & GAS
  • 29. 2929NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS OIL & GAS Source: TechSci Research Competitive Rivalry • Competitive rivalry is low as just one-two players operate in Upstream, Midstream and Downstream segments • Although a few private operators have entered the industry in the last couple of years, they do not pose any major threat as of now Threat of New Entrants Substitute Products Bargaining Power of Suppliers Bargaining Power of Customers • Threat of new entrants continues to be low, due to the capital intensive nature of the industry and economies of scale • Bargaining power is medium as despite few players operating, government at times delays subsidy payment to oil companies, thereby increasing losses • Customers have low/non existent bargaining power • Customers are price-taker not a price maker • Threat is low, as other sources of energy like solar, wind, coal and hydro electric power are less developed. Pressure from alternative sources might rise in future Competitive Rivalry (Low) Threat of New Entrants (Low) Substitute Products (Low) Bargaining Power of Customers (Low) Bargaining Power of Suppliers (Medium)
  • 31. 3131NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (1/2) OIL & GAS Source: TechSci Research • Companies in India are currently setting up bases in newer geographies like Africa, and thereby increasing their global footprints. For example, ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL), which is ONGC’s subsidiary, has acquired significant space in Africa • As of April 2016, Indian Oil Corporation is estimated to spend USD3.06 billion to expand its Gujarat refinery. The expansion is anticipated to be commissioned in 2020 • In 2016, Indian Oil Corporation is planning to expand its LPG bottling plant capacity at its Cherapally plant, from 250 TMT per annum in 2016 to 120 TMT. This project would cost around USD4.58 million and is expected to be commissioned in March 2017 • They are forming JVs and strategic tie ups with foreign companies to increase their technical know-how and knowledge base • Indian Oil Corp plans to make an investment of USD 22.91 billion, including USD 7.64 billion for expanding its existing brownfield refineries, in the next five to seven years • State run energy firms Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum and Indian Oil Corporation plan to spend USD 20 billion on refinery expansions to add units, by 2022 • Indian Oil Corporation plans to lay the nation's longest LPG pipeline of 1987 km, from Gujarat coast to Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh, to cater to growing demand for cooking gas in the country • Oil companies are focusing on vertical integration for next stage of growth. For instance, oil producer Oil India Ltd is planning to build and operate refineries, while Indian Oil is planning to enter oil & gas exploration • Companies are diversifying into alternative energies such as wind power, solar and bio- fuels Expansions Diversification
  • 32. 3232NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org STRATEGIES ADOPTED … (2/2) OIL & GAS • Indian companies are enhancing production through redevelopment plans to increase recovery rates of hydrocarbon from oil wells; ONGC in Mumbai High achieved success in implementing this • With exploration increasing not only in the country but also in outside geographies, companies are pumping up R&D to focus on gasification technology and bio energy • Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) has planned to invest USD1.53 billion during FY17 to enhance and expand its refining capacity • In recent years, major discoveries in the Barmer basin in Rajasthan and the offshore Krishna-Godavari basin by smaller companies such as the Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation and Andhra Pradesh Gas Infrastructure Corporation hold some potential to diversify the country’s production Investments to enhance production More focus upon small companies Source: TechSci Research; (1) -22nd August 2014 Focus on City Gas Distribution Network • Government of India has come up with guidelines on allocation of domestic gas for household and transportation sectors(1) , to boost the demand of natural gas in India Pilot project Initiated for Shale Gas Production in India • Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) has started Shale Gas exploration by spudding the first Shale Gas well RNSG-1 in Burdwan District of West Bengal. • Most Indian companies are now targeting shale gas reserves as a source of energy in future • Companies are looking forward to developing JVs and technical partnership with foreign companies to improve capabilities to develop shale reserves Move to non- conventional energy resources
  • 34. 3434NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research PERSISTENT DOMESTIC DEMAND TO DRIVE THE MARKET OIL & GAS Growing demand India, fourth- largest energy consumer Rise in population and economic growth to fuel demand Increasing industrialisation and usage of gas Policy support Supportive FDI policies Promoting investments in the sector Introducing policies such as CBM and NELP Increasing investments Petroleum and Natural Gas sector attracted an cumulative FDI of USD6,675.76 million during April 2000- March 2016 Huge investments planned under the Twelfth Plan Innovation Expanding production and distribution facilities in India Increased R&D activity Providing support to global projects from India ResultingDrivingInviting
  • 35. 3535NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Robust domestic market; expected to expand • India is the world’s fourth-largest energy consumer • Oil consumption is expected to rise by 42.5 per cent during 2010–20 • The country is the fifth-largest importer of LNG Increasing demand for natural gas • Several industries are increasing the usage of natural gas in operations; this has boosted natural gas demand in India • Some of the main industries that use natural gas are pulp and paper, metals, chemicals, glass, plastic and food processing Abundant raw material • The nation has large coal, crude oil and natural gas reserves • Oil reserves amounted to 763.476 MMT in FY15 • Proved reserves of natural gas stood at 1.48 tcm in FY15 Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, US Energy Information Administration, BP Statistical Review of World 2015 Energy, June 2012; BMI, TechSci Research, Notes: TCM - Trillion Cubic Metres, E&P - Exploration and Production GROWTH DRIVERS … (1/2) OIL & GAS Favourable policies • The government has allowed 100 per cent FDI in E&P projects/companies; and 49 per cent in refining under the automatic route from the earlier approval route • It has also introduced policies to promote investments in the industry such as New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) and Coal Bed Methane (CBM)
  • 36. 3636NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Huge investments • Investments worth USD75 billion is expected across the oil & gas value chain under the erstwhile 12th Plan (2012–17) Skilled labour • The nation offers abundant skilled labour at much competitive wages compared to other countries • The University of Petroleum and Energy Studies in Dehradun, Uttarakhand, is Asia’s first and only energy university Natural gas discoveries • Several domestic companies (such as ONGC, Reliance and Gujarat State Petroleum) have reportedly found natural gas in deep waters • This offers significant expansion opportunity over the next decade Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, BMI, TechSci Research Note: Kms- Kilometres GROWTH DRIVERS … (2/2) OIL & GAS Massive gas pipeline network • In 2016, country’s natural gas pipeline network spanned over 16,251 km in length and the proposed expansion of 30,000 kms is envisaged by 2018-19
  • 37. 3737NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (1/2) OIL & GAS Pricing of CNG and PNG by CGD Entities (2014) • In 2014, the pricing for CNG (transport) and PNG (domestic) were examined by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas while the disclose of prices of the CNG and PNG commodities were made compulsory The Policy on Shale Gas & Oil, 2013 • Allows companies to apply for shale gas and oil rights in their petroleum exploration licenses and petroleum mining leases Shale Gas & Oil Exploration Policy • Approved in September 2013, it allows companies to explore energy resources trapped within rocks to meet India’s growing energy needs The National Biofuel Policy, 2009 • Promotes bio-fuel usage, the Government of India has provided a 12.36 per cent concession on excise duty on bio-ethanol and exempted bio-diesel from excise duty Integrated Energy Policy (IEP), 2006 • Outlines goals to deal with challenges faced by India’s energy sector
  • 38. 3838NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB) Act, 2006 • Regulate refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas Auto Fuel Policy, 2003 • Provide a roadmap to comply with various vehicular emission norms and corresponding fuel quality upgrading requirements over a period of time Source: Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Note: NELP - New Exploration Licensing Policy REGULATORY OVERVIEW OF THE INDUSTRY… (2/2) OIL & GAS National Biofuel Policy, 2002 • A 16 per cent concession on the excise duty on bio-ethanol and exemption of bio-diesel from excise duty to promote bio-fuel usage Freight Subsidy (for far- flung areas) Scheme, 2002 • Compensate public sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) for the freight incurred to distribute subsidised products in far-flung areas Domestic Natural Gas Pricing Formula, 2014 • New domestic natural gas pricing formula has been formed, which will be revised on an half yearly basis.
  • 39. 3939NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org FDI INVESTMENTS IN PETROLEUM AND GAS IN INDIA FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas (USD billion) Source: Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, TechSci Research Note:FY16* –Up to September 2015, (1) – April 2000 - March 2016 Cumulative FDI inflows in India’s petroleum and natural gas sector stood at USD6.7 billion (2.31 per cent of total FDIs) during April 2000–March 2016 In Oil & Gas, FDI inflows into the sector totalled USD6.7 billion and USD6.6 billion in FY16 and FY15, respectively Between FY10 and FY16(1) , FDI inflows into petroleum and natural gas sector grew at CAGR 16.06 per cent FDI inflows into India (USD billion) OIL & GAS CAGR: 16.36% CAGR: 14.83% 115.7 129.8 170.4 193.4 217.7 248.63 265.26 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16* 2.7 3.2 3.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 6.7 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16⁽¹⁾
  • 40. 4040NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Source: Thomson Banker, TechSci Research M&A ACTIVITIES IN THE INDIAN OIL AND GAS SECTOR OIL & GAS Date announced Acquirer name Target name Value of deal (USD million) Dec 2015 ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL) Vankor oil field 1260 Jan 2015 Bharat Forge Mecanique Generale Langroise 12.82 Jun 2014 Gulf Petrochem Ltd Sah Petroleums Limited 7.13 Mar 2014 IOCL Progress Energy Canada Ltd Not disclosed Oct 2013 ONGC Videsh Ltd Parque das Conchas, Brazilian Oilfield 529 Jun 2013 ONGC Videsh Ltd (in partnership with Oil India Ltd) Rovuma Area 1 Offshore Block 2640 Nov 2012 ONGC Videsh ConocoPhillips (Kashagan Field) 5,000.0 Nov 2012 Inpex Corp Oil and Natural Gas Corp’s exploration block KG-DWN-2004/6 Not disclosed Sep 2012 ONGC Videsh Hess Corp (Azrei oilfield) 1,000.0 Apr 2012 Trafigura Pte Ltd Nagarjuna Oil Co Ltd 130.0 Apr 2011 Sesa Goa Ltd Calm India Ltd 1,492.0 Feb 2011 BP PLC Reliance Industries Ltd 9,000.0 Aug 2010 BPRL EP413 13.4 Aug 2010 Sesa Goa Ltd Cairn India Ltd 1,180.8 Aug 2010 Vedanta Resources PLC Cairn India Ltd 6,568.5 Aug 2010 Reliance Industries Ltd Marcellus Shale Natural Gas 391.6
  • 42. 4242NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org OPPORTUNITIES OIL & GAS Upstream segment Midstream segment Downstream segment • Locating new fields for exploration: 78 per cent of the country’s sedimentary area is yet to be explored • Development of unconventional resources: CBM fields in the deep sea • Opportunities for secondary/tertiary oil producing techniques • Higher demand for skilled labour and oilfield services and equipment • Expansion in the transmission network of gas pipelines • LNG imports have increased significantly; this provides an opportunity to boost production capacity • In light of mounting LNG production, huge opportunity lies for LNG terminal operation, engineering, procurement and construction services • India is already a refining hub with 21 refineries and expansions planned for tapping foreign investment in export- oriented infrastructure, including product pipelines and export terminals • Development of City Gas Distribution (CGD) networks, which are similar to Delhi and Mumbai’s CGDs • Expansion of the country’s petroleum product distribution network
  • 43. 4343NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org OIL & GAS • India has technically recoverable shale gas resources of nearly 96 tcf • The Cambay, Krishna Godavari, Cauvery, and the Damodar Valley are the most prospective sedimentary basins for carrying out shale gas activities in the country • Around 20 tcf of gas has been classified as technically recoverable reserves in the Cambay basin in Gujarat (the largest basin in the country) spread across 20,000 gross square miles with a prospective area of 1,940 square miles • It is estimated that the Krishna Godavari (KG) basin encloses a series of organically rich shales, containing around 27 tcf of technically recoverable gas. KG basin, located in Eastern India, holds the country’s largest shale gas reserves, extending over 7,800 gross square miles with a prospective area of around 4,340 square miles • In April 2013, the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) submitted its policy on exploitation of shale gas to the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas • India launched its policy on shale gas exploration to tap the non-conventional energy resource in order to boost output Source: E&Y; Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, TechSci Research Note: tcf – Trillion Cubic Feet SHALE GAS PROSPECTS OF INDIA
  • 45. 4545NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org ONGC: CONTINUING ON STRONG GROWTH PATH ONGC’s position in the Indian market • ONGC is the largest upstream oil company • It accounts for 59.43 per cent of India’s total crude oil output and 65.43 per cent of total gas production (FY15) ONGC revenue growth (USD billion) Source: Company reports, TechSci Research Notes: TOE – Tonne of Oil Equivalent OIL & GAS • Registere d highest- ever oil production • Highest reserve accretion in the last two decades 83.5 million toe • Domest ic crude product ion up 2.1 per cent • Reported net profit of USD3.9 billion in 2011 • Highest- ever dividend payout of USD1.6 billion • Recorded net profit of USD4.5 billion in 2013 • Record ed net profit of USD4.4 billion in 2014 • In the year 2015, company produced 25.94 million tonnes of crude oil and 23.52 bcm of gas 24.10 22.90 21.50 25.80 30.80 29.80 28.70 26.39 20.10 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16
  • 46. 4646NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org IOCL: FLAGSHIP OF INDIAN REFINING Source: Company reports, TechSci Research Note: bbl - barrel Indian Oil Group of Companies owns and operates 10 of India’s 22 refineries with a capacity of 1.30 mbpd In 2015, Its network of crude oil and product pipelines runs to about 11081 Km Subsidiary CPCL accounts for 49 per cent of market share in petroleum products In FY16, the gross refining margin (GRM) was estimated to be 5.06 per bbl as compared to USD0.27 per bbl in FY15 OIL & GAS FY15 Net profit USD0.8 billion USD1.6 billion EBITDA USD1.7 billion USD2.7 billion Turnover USD73.57 billion USD61.04 billion FY16 • Second-largest player in India’s petrochemical market • Has interests in 13 domestic and 11 overseas blocks • Foraying into alternative sources of energy like wind and solar
  • 47. 4747NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org RELIANCE INDUSTRIES: WELL POSITIONED FOR GROWTH Source: Company reports, TechSci Research Note: (1) Revenue fallen due to negative translation effect, Data from April – June 2016 Reliance Industries has the biggest petrochemical refining complex in the world It contributes 14 per cent to India's exports and is going to invest around USD30 billion to improve its businesses in the next three years OIL & GAS FY15 Net profit USD3.8 billion USD4.2 billion EBITDA USD6.1 billion USD7.9 billion Turnover USD61.4 billion USD45.23 billion FY16 • Exports surged by 4.5 per cent to USD46 billion • Record crude throughput at 69.6 million tonnes • US shale: Shale Gas Production in FY16 205 Bcf. • Reliance Industries has entered into JVs with various companies across segments to align growth opportunities; it signed JVs with Atlas, Pioneer, Carrizo SIBUR, and D.E. Shaw as well as entered into a strategic alliance with BP recently FY17(1) USD1.1 billion USD2.1 billion USD10.92 billion
  • 49. 4949NOVEMBER 2016 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS OIL & GAS Name Address Contact person Telephone E-mail Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB) 301, World Trade Centre, Babar Road, New Delhi – 110001 Mr T S Balasubramanian, Financial Adviser and Chief Accounts Officer 91-11- 23413298 91-11- 23414692 oidb@hotmail.com Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) Sanrakshan Bhavan, 10 Bhikaji Cama Place, New Delhi – 110066 Mr Arun Kumar, ED 91-11- 26198799 Ext.301 pcra@pcra.org Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) Ministry of Power, 4th floor, SEWA Bhawan, RK Puram, New Delhi – 110066 Dr Ajay Mathur, Director General 91-11- 26178316, 91-11- 26179699 dg-bee@nic.in, amathur@beenet.in Oil Industry Safety Directorate Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, 7th floor, “New Delhi House”, 27 Barakhamba Road, New Delhi – 110001 Mr J B Verma, ED 91-11- 23316798 verma.jb@gov.in Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC) Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, 2nd floor, Core-8, SCOPE Complex, 7 Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi – 110003 Dr Basudev Mohanty, Director 91-11- 24362501, 91- 11- 24361380 - Directorate General of Hydrocarbons Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, C-139, Sector 63, Noida – 201301 Mr S K Srivastava, Director General 0120 - 4029401 dg@dghindia.org
  • 50. 5050NOVEMBER 2016 GLOSSARY… (1/3) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org B/D (or bpd): Barrels Per Day MBPD (or mbpd): Million Barrels Per Day BCM (or bcm): Billion Cubic Metres CBM: Coal Bed Methane CGD: City Gas Distribution E&P: Exploration and Production FDI: Foreign Direct Investment FY: Indian Financial Year (April to March) So FY12 implies April 2011 to March 2012 GoI: Government of India INR: Indian Rupee LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas OIL & GAS
  • 51. 5151NOVEMBER 2016 GLOSSARY… (2/3) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org MMT (or mmt): Million Metric Tonne MMTPA (or mmtpa): Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum EBITDA: Earning Before Interest Taxes Depreciation Amortisation NRL: Numaligarh Refinery Limited CPCL: Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited HPCL: Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited BPCL: Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited IOC: Indian Oil Corporation Ltd EOL: Essar Oil Ltd RPL: Reliance Petroleum Limited MRPL: Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited PCCK: Petronet Cochin-Coimbatore-Karur PMHB: Petronet Mangalore-Hassan-Bangalore OIL & GAS
  • 52. 5252NOVEMBER 2016 GLOSSARY… (3/3) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org NELP: New Exploration Licensing Policy TOE (or toe): Tonnes of Oil Equivalent USD: US Dollar ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India IOCL: Indian Oil Corporation Limited mn bbl: Million Barrels CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate JV: Joint Venture UCG: Underground Coal Gasification NGL: Natural Gas Liquids OMCs: Oil Marketing Companies NHGP: National Gas Hydrate Programme Wherever applicable, numbers have been rounded off to the nearest whole number OIL & GAS
  • 53. 5353NOVEMBER 2016 Exchange rates (Fiscal Year) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org EXCHANGE RATES Exchange rates (Calendar Year) OIL & GAS Year INR equivalent of one USD 2004–05 44.81 2005–06 44.14 2006–07 45.14 2007–08 40.27 2008–09 46.14 2009–10 47.42 2010–11 45.62 2011–12 46.88 2012–13 54.31 2013–14 60.28 2014-15 61.06 2015-16 65.46 2016-2017E 66.95 Source: Reserve bank of India, Average for the year Year INR equivalent of one USD 2005 43.98 2006 45.18 2007 41.34 2008 43.62 2009 48.42 2010 45.72 2011 46.85 2012 53.46 2013 58.44 2014 61.03 2015 64.15 2016 (Expected) 67.22
  • 54. 5454NOVEMBER 2016 India Brand Equity Foundation (“IBEF”) engaged TechSci to prepare this presentation and the same has been prepared by TechSci in consultation with IBEF. All rights reserved. All copyright in this presentation and related works is solely and exclusively owned by IBEF. The same may not be reproduced, wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this presentation), modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval of IBEF. This presentation is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this presentation to ensure that the information is accurate to the best of TechSci and IBEF’s knowledge and belief, the content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a substitute for professional advice. TechSci and IBEF neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in this presentation and nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of any reliance placed on this presentation. Neither TechSci nor IBEF shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission on the part of the user due to any reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this presentation. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org DISCLAIMER OIL & GAS