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Spinoff is NASA’s premier annual publication, featuring successfully commercialized NASA technology. For
more than 40 years, NASA has facilitated the transfer of its technology to the private sector. The resulting
commercialization contributes to the development of products and services in the fields of health and medicine,
consumer goods, transportation, public safety, environment and resources management, computer technology,
and industrial productivity.
The following is a list of the top 20 spinoff technologies produced over the past 5 years, based on factors such
as quality of life, economic benefit, and value back to NASA.
•	 A water filtration system providing safe, affordable drinking water throughout
the world is the result of work done by Marshall Space Flight Center engineers
who are creating the Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support
System, a complex system of devices intended to sustain the astronauts living on
the International Space Station. The devices, available through Water Security
Corporation Inc., of Sparks, Nevada, make use of the available resources by turning
wastewater from respiration, sweat, and urine into drinkable water.
•	 Remote-controlled tractors with a margin of error of one centimeter are the result
of work done at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory by scientists working to design
ultra-precise GPS for use on a satellite probe sent into orbit to test two unverified
predictions of Einstein’s theory of relativity. These tractor-steering systems, sold by
Menlo Park, California-based Novariant Corporation, are in use around the world,
and their precision and ability to run unmanned for long stretches of time yield
increased crops, reduced chemical use, and less wasted water. A Small Business
Technology Transfer (STTR) grant through Langley Research Center facilitated the
product’s development.
•	 A bacterial spore-detection system developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
for cleaning Mars-bound spacecraft is now employed by Universal Detection
Technology of Beverly Hills, California, as an anthrax detection system. It requires
very little in the way of operating costs, and has a high reliability factor, with low
susceptibility to false alarms. The Anthrax Smoke Detector is in use worldwide in
government buildings, offices, airports, convention centers, hotels, casinos, and
postal facilities.
•	 Langley Research Center engineers developed a low-cost device that creates electrical
energy out of mechanical energy. It is now in widespread use as a wireless light
switch and contributing to renovation and reconstruction efforts in areas affected
by Hurricane Katrina. Face International Corporation, of Norfolk, Virginia, holds
several of the NASA licenses, and is mass-producing the devices at a new, dedicated
plant in Taiwan.
•	 Advances in space suit design by ILC Dover Inc., of Frederica, Delaware, have
resulted in such widespread applications as therapeutic cooling and heating suits;
safe, efficient pharmaceutical manufacturing; new, simple-to-use, life-saving gas
and chemical masks; and lighter-than-air (LTA) vehicles. Since the early Apollo
contract, ILC Dover, in conjunction with Hamilton Standard, of Windsor Locks,
Connecticut, has designed and produced space suits for Johnson Space Center-
based astronauts.
Top 20 New
NASA Spinoff Technologies
•	 A environmentally friendly remediation solution developed at Kennedy Space
Center to restore grounds contaminated by chemical compounds used during
rocket launches in the early days of the Space Program is now cleaning up areas
around the United States that have been impacted by high concentrations of
harmful chlorinated solvents. Commercially, the remediation solution applies to
contamination sites created by dye and paint manufacturers, dry cleaners, chemical
manufacturers, metal cleaning and degreasing facilities, leather-tanning facilities,
pharmaceutical manufacturers, adhesive and aerosol manufacturers, among others.
The solution was developed with collaborative support from the U.S. Department
of Energy, the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, GeoSyntec Inc., and NASA’s Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR)
Program. It has been licensed to several companies, including Weston Solutions of
West Chester, Pennsylvania, and Toxicological and Environmental Associates, of
Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
•	 Tiny light-emitting diode (LED) chips used to grow plants on the space shuttle
and the International Space Station are lighting the way for wound healing and
chronic pain alleviation on Earth. Developed with Small Business Innovation
Research (SBIR) support from Marshall Space Flight Center, the LED chips have
made their way into a non-invasive, handheld, portable medical device called
WARP-10. This device is intended for the temporary relief of minor muscle and
joint pain, arthritis, stiffness, and muscle spasms, and was initially designed to
provide armed forces personnel with immediate first aid care for minor injuries and
pain. A consumer version sharing the same power and properties of the military
model is also available, from Quantum Devices Inc., of Barneveld, Wisconsin.
•	 A Goddard Space Flight Center researcher developed cable-compliant mechanisms
for use in sounding rocket assemblies and robotics which have now been
implemented into an adjustable patient harness system used to treat patients
recovering from traumatic brain injury, stroke, spinal cord injury, and hip or knee
replacement, as well as aid U.S. service personnel with spinal cord or traumatic
brain injuries at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. The
device provides patients with the opportunity to stand and walk in a safe and
controlled environment without constant assistance from a therapist. The product
is available through Enduro Medical Technologies, of East Hartford, Connecticut.
•	 A robotic vision system designed at Goddard Space Flight Center to determine
the position and orientation of bar code targets without the use of lasers led to
the development of sophisticated crash test dummies and computer crash test
models that provide repeatable, computerized evaluations of laceration injuries.
Triangle Research & Development Corporation, of Research Triangle Park,
North Carolina, collaborated with Goddard through a Small Business Innovation
Research Grant (SBIR). These dummies and models are now being used by
automobile and component manufacturers in vehicle testing worldwide.
•	 After a hailstorm damaged the foam insulation covering the external tank on the
space shuttle (while on the launch pad), Kennedy Space Center developed a scaling
and measurement imaging device to determine the exact scale of the damage
incurred. This device, manufactured by Armor Holdings Inc., of Jacksonville,
Florida, is now very helpful in law enforcement, as it is being used to shoot scaled
photos of blood patterns, graffiti, and other criminal evidence.
•	 A mineral identification tool that was developed under a Small Business Innovation
Research (SBIR) grant for NASA’s Mars Rover Technology Development program
is now serving as a powerful tool for U.S. law enforcement agencies and military
personnel to identify suspicious liquid and solid substances. The tool can measure
unknown substances through glass and plastic packaging materials. The device, a
portable Raman spectrometer and fiber-optic probe that could be used on a Mars
exploration rover, was designed by EIC Laboratories Inc. in collaboration with
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The commercial product, the InPhotote, is
manufactured and distributed by InPhotonics Inc., a spinoff company of EIC
Laboratories, co-located in Norwood, Massachusetts.
•	 Marshall Space Flight Center testing of metallic materials in an undercooled
state has contributed to the development of Liquidmetal, a new type of metal
that is twice as strong as titanium but behaves more like a plastic with its flexible,
moldable properties. Liquidmetal is found in many commercial products, including
sporting goods (baseball bats and hockey sticks), jewelry and wristwatches, cell
phones, orthopedic implants, and coatings for industry. Swiss luxury watchmaker
TAG Heuer features the high-performance alloy as the casing of a special edition,
state-of-the-art chronograph timepiece, while Vertu Limited, a luxury personal
communication company, features the alloy in the bezel and battery cover of its
Vertu Ascent phone collection. Liquidmetal is manufactured by Liquidmetal
Technologies Inc., of Lake Forest, California.
•	 A collaborative effort between Langley Research Center, other government
agencies, and private industry resulted in an advancement in aviation safety that
provides pilots with a synthetic vision system. This system provides a real-time,
forward-looking depiction of terrain in 3-D, directly on the primary flight display,
regardless of the time of day or weather conditions. It is sold by Chelton Flight
Systems, of Boise, Idaho, and is flying in hundreds of small planes all over the
United States and abroad.
•	 A geospatial information systems company, NVision Inc., of Stennis Space Center,
Mississippi, harnessed NASA’s remote-sensing satellite information to provide
innovative geospatial solutions for a variety of applications, including: a crop
prescription service for farmers; a disaster management networking tool for local,
state, and Federal governments; and an educational service for young farmers.
•	 A tunable diode laser-based gas sensor developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
to explore the possibility of life-giving elements on Mars is now employed on
flying aircraft as a means to measure water vapor and thus deliver real-time weather
forecasting and help pilots avoid dangerous weather conditions. The sensor,
manufactured by SpectraSensors Inc., of San Dimas, California, is used by major
airlines and is installed on United Parcel Service (UPS) planes, which have been
responsible for providing wind and temperature data to meteorologists since 1994.
•	 A remote command and control system designed by Glenn Research Center
engineers to help NASA run experiments on the International Space Station is
the core technology behind an intelligent oven that consumers can program to
start cooking dinner before they get home, via a cell phone, PDA, or Internet
connection. With combined cooling and heating capabilities, the ConnectIo
stainless-steel professional series oven provides convenience and healthy living
for today’s active lifestyles. The technology, manufactured by TMIO LLC
of Cleveland, Ohio, was recognized as one of TIME magazine’s “Coolest
Inventions” and has made numerous appearances on television programs,
including CNBC’s “Power Lunch,” “Good Morning America,” “The View,”
and ESPN’s “Cold Pizza.”
•	 A low-cost, lightweight parachute developed with Small Business Innovation
Research (SBIR) assistance from Langley Research Center is being used to lower
small airplanes safely to the ground in emergency situations. Manufactured by
Ballistic Recovery Systems Inc., of St. Paul, Minnesota, the parachute has helped
save many lives, according to the company’s Website.
•	 A Mars Exploration Rover prototype robot and an autonomous stair-climbing
robot created at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have been further developed into
commercial tactical reconnaissance robots that are being used in Afghanistan
and Iraq to help U.S. troops clear caves and bunkers, search buildings, cross
live antipersonnel mine fields, and deal with the dangers posed by improvised
explosive devices. Several systems have been damaged or completely destroyed
in seeking out improvised explosive devices in Iraq, but have been credited with
saving lives in doing so. The commercial offspring, known as the PackBot Tactical
Mobile Robot, is manufactured by iRobot Inc., of Burlington, Massachusetts.
•	 A Johnson Space Center-private industry Small Business Innovation Research
(SBIR) partnership to develop technology for autonomous rendezvous and
docking of space vehicles to service satellites has resulted in a new eye-tracking
device for LASIK surgery, called LADARTracker. Eye-tracking devices must
be able to sample the eye’s position at a rate of at least 1,000 times per second
to keep up with saccadic movements, which do not stop during LASIK
surgery. LADARTracker measures eye movements at a rate of 4,000 times per
second, 4 times the established safety margin. The device is manufactured by
Alcon Laboratories, of Fort Worth, Texas, and is used in conjunction with the
company’s LADARVision 4000 system for LASIK surgery, which is being used by
eye surgeons across the country.
•	 Supercomputer experts from Ames Research Center and engineers from Johnson
Space Center teamed up with famed cardiologist Dr. Michael DeBakey to
develop a ventricular assist device that functions as a “bridge to heart transplant”
by pumping blood throughout the body to keep critically ill patients alive until a
donor heart is available. The consortium analyzed blood flow through the battery-
powered heart pump using NASA supercomputers and the same methodologies
used to analyze fuel and oxidizer flow through rocket engines. NASA patented
the heart pump and licensed it exclusively to MicroMed Technology Inc., of
Houston, Texas. The 400th patient implant was performed on October 20, 2006,
by Dr. Matthias Loebe of Methodist Hospital in Houston.

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nasa top 20 inventions

  • 1. Spinoff is NASA’s premier annual publication, featuring successfully commercialized NASA technology. For more than 40 years, NASA has facilitated the transfer of its technology to the private sector. The resulting commercialization contributes to the development of products and services in the fields of health and medicine, consumer goods, transportation, public safety, environment and resources management, computer technology, and industrial productivity. The following is a list of the top 20 spinoff technologies produced over the past 5 years, based on factors such as quality of life, economic benefit, and value back to NASA. • A water filtration system providing safe, affordable drinking water throughout the world is the result of work done by Marshall Space Flight Center engineers who are creating the Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System, a complex system of devices intended to sustain the astronauts living on the International Space Station. The devices, available through Water Security Corporation Inc., of Sparks, Nevada, make use of the available resources by turning wastewater from respiration, sweat, and urine into drinkable water. • Remote-controlled tractors with a margin of error of one centimeter are the result of work done at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory by scientists working to design ultra-precise GPS for use on a satellite probe sent into orbit to test two unverified predictions of Einstein’s theory of relativity. These tractor-steering systems, sold by Menlo Park, California-based Novariant Corporation, are in use around the world, and their precision and ability to run unmanned for long stretches of time yield increased crops, reduced chemical use, and less wasted water. A Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) grant through Langley Research Center facilitated the product’s development. • A bacterial spore-detection system developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for cleaning Mars-bound spacecraft is now employed by Universal Detection Technology of Beverly Hills, California, as an anthrax detection system. It requires very little in the way of operating costs, and has a high reliability factor, with low susceptibility to false alarms. The Anthrax Smoke Detector is in use worldwide in government buildings, offices, airports, convention centers, hotels, casinos, and postal facilities. • Langley Research Center engineers developed a low-cost device that creates electrical energy out of mechanical energy. It is now in widespread use as a wireless light switch and contributing to renovation and reconstruction efforts in areas affected by Hurricane Katrina. Face International Corporation, of Norfolk, Virginia, holds several of the NASA licenses, and is mass-producing the devices at a new, dedicated plant in Taiwan. • Advances in space suit design by ILC Dover Inc., of Frederica, Delaware, have resulted in such widespread applications as therapeutic cooling and heating suits; safe, efficient pharmaceutical manufacturing; new, simple-to-use, life-saving gas and chemical masks; and lighter-than-air (LTA) vehicles. Since the early Apollo contract, ILC Dover, in conjunction with Hamilton Standard, of Windsor Locks, Connecticut, has designed and produced space suits for Johnson Space Center- based astronauts. Top 20 New NASA Spinoff Technologies
  • 2. • A environmentally friendly remediation solution developed at Kennedy Space Center to restore grounds contaminated by chemical compounds used during rocket launches in the early days of the Space Program is now cleaning up areas around the United States that have been impacted by high concentrations of harmful chlorinated solvents. Commercially, the remediation solution applies to contamination sites created by dye and paint manufacturers, dry cleaners, chemical manufacturers, metal cleaning and degreasing facilities, leather-tanning facilities, pharmaceutical manufacturers, adhesive and aerosol manufacturers, among others. The solution was developed with collaborative support from the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, GeoSyntec Inc., and NASA’s Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program. It has been licensed to several companies, including Weston Solutions of West Chester, Pennsylvania, and Toxicological and Environmental Associates, of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. • Tiny light-emitting diode (LED) chips used to grow plants on the space shuttle and the International Space Station are lighting the way for wound healing and chronic pain alleviation on Earth. Developed with Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) support from Marshall Space Flight Center, the LED chips have made their way into a non-invasive, handheld, portable medical device called WARP-10. This device is intended for the temporary relief of minor muscle and joint pain, arthritis, stiffness, and muscle spasms, and was initially designed to provide armed forces personnel with immediate first aid care for minor injuries and pain. A consumer version sharing the same power and properties of the military model is also available, from Quantum Devices Inc., of Barneveld, Wisconsin. • A Goddard Space Flight Center researcher developed cable-compliant mechanisms for use in sounding rocket assemblies and robotics which have now been implemented into an adjustable patient harness system used to treat patients recovering from traumatic brain injury, stroke, spinal cord injury, and hip or knee replacement, as well as aid U.S. service personnel with spinal cord or traumatic brain injuries at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. The device provides patients with the opportunity to stand and walk in a safe and controlled environment without constant assistance from a therapist. The product is available through Enduro Medical Technologies, of East Hartford, Connecticut. • A robotic vision system designed at Goddard Space Flight Center to determine the position and orientation of bar code targets without the use of lasers led to the development of sophisticated crash test dummies and computer crash test models that provide repeatable, computerized evaluations of laceration injuries. Triangle Research & Development Corporation, of Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, collaborated with Goddard through a Small Business Innovation Research Grant (SBIR). These dummies and models are now being used by automobile and component manufacturers in vehicle testing worldwide.
  • 3. • After a hailstorm damaged the foam insulation covering the external tank on the space shuttle (while on the launch pad), Kennedy Space Center developed a scaling and measurement imaging device to determine the exact scale of the damage incurred. This device, manufactured by Armor Holdings Inc., of Jacksonville, Florida, is now very helpful in law enforcement, as it is being used to shoot scaled photos of blood patterns, graffiti, and other criminal evidence. • A mineral identification tool that was developed under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant for NASA’s Mars Rover Technology Development program is now serving as a powerful tool for U.S. law enforcement agencies and military personnel to identify suspicious liquid and solid substances. The tool can measure unknown substances through glass and plastic packaging materials. The device, a portable Raman spectrometer and fiber-optic probe that could be used on a Mars exploration rover, was designed by EIC Laboratories Inc. in collaboration with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The commercial product, the InPhotote, is manufactured and distributed by InPhotonics Inc., a spinoff company of EIC Laboratories, co-located in Norwood, Massachusetts. • Marshall Space Flight Center testing of metallic materials in an undercooled state has contributed to the development of Liquidmetal, a new type of metal that is twice as strong as titanium but behaves more like a plastic with its flexible, moldable properties. Liquidmetal is found in many commercial products, including sporting goods (baseball bats and hockey sticks), jewelry and wristwatches, cell phones, orthopedic implants, and coatings for industry. Swiss luxury watchmaker TAG Heuer features the high-performance alloy as the casing of a special edition, state-of-the-art chronograph timepiece, while Vertu Limited, a luxury personal communication company, features the alloy in the bezel and battery cover of its Vertu Ascent phone collection. Liquidmetal is manufactured by Liquidmetal Technologies Inc., of Lake Forest, California. • A collaborative effort between Langley Research Center, other government agencies, and private industry resulted in an advancement in aviation safety that provides pilots with a synthetic vision system. This system provides a real-time, forward-looking depiction of terrain in 3-D, directly on the primary flight display, regardless of the time of day or weather conditions. It is sold by Chelton Flight Systems, of Boise, Idaho, and is flying in hundreds of small planes all over the United States and abroad. • A geospatial information systems company, NVision Inc., of Stennis Space Center, Mississippi, harnessed NASA’s remote-sensing satellite information to provide innovative geospatial solutions for a variety of applications, including: a crop prescription service for farmers; a disaster management networking tool for local, state, and Federal governments; and an educational service for young farmers. • A tunable diode laser-based gas sensor developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to explore the possibility of life-giving elements on Mars is now employed on flying aircraft as a means to measure water vapor and thus deliver real-time weather forecasting and help pilots avoid dangerous weather conditions. The sensor, manufactured by SpectraSensors Inc., of San Dimas, California, is used by major airlines and is installed on United Parcel Service (UPS) planes, which have been responsible for providing wind and temperature data to meteorologists since 1994.
  • 4. • A remote command and control system designed by Glenn Research Center engineers to help NASA run experiments on the International Space Station is the core technology behind an intelligent oven that consumers can program to start cooking dinner before they get home, via a cell phone, PDA, or Internet connection. With combined cooling and heating capabilities, the ConnectIo stainless-steel professional series oven provides convenience and healthy living for today’s active lifestyles. The technology, manufactured by TMIO LLC of Cleveland, Ohio, was recognized as one of TIME magazine’s “Coolest Inventions” and has made numerous appearances on television programs, including CNBC’s “Power Lunch,” “Good Morning America,” “The View,” and ESPN’s “Cold Pizza.” • A low-cost, lightweight parachute developed with Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) assistance from Langley Research Center is being used to lower small airplanes safely to the ground in emergency situations. Manufactured by Ballistic Recovery Systems Inc., of St. Paul, Minnesota, the parachute has helped save many lives, according to the company’s Website. • A Mars Exploration Rover prototype robot and an autonomous stair-climbing robot created at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory have been further developed into commercial tactical reconnaissance robots that are being used in Afghanistan and Iraq to help U.S. troops clear caves and bunkers, search buildings, cross live antipersonnel mine fields, and deal with the dangers posed by improvised explosive devices. Several systems have been damaged or completely destroyed in seeking out improvised explosive devices in Iraq, but have been credited with saving lives in doing so. The commercial offspring, known as the PackBot Tactical Mobile Robot, is manufactured by iRobot Inc., of Burlington, Massachusetts. • A Johnson Space Center-private industry Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) partnership to develop technology for autonomous rendezvous and docking of space vehicles to service satellites has resulted in a new eye-tracking device for LASIK surgery, called LADARTracker. Eye-tracking devices must be able to sample the eye’s position at a rate of at least 1,000 times per second to keep up with saccadic movements, which do not stop during LASIK surgery. LADARTracker measures eye movements at a rate of 4,000 times per second, 4 times the established safety margin. The device is manufactured by Alcon Laboratories, of Fort Worth, Texas, and is used in conjunction with the company’s LADARVision 4000 system for LASIK surgery, which is being used by eye surgeons across the country. • Supercomputer experts from Ames Research Center and engineers from Johnson Space Center teamed up with famed cardiologist Dr. Michael DeBakey to develop a ventricular assist device that functions as a “bridge to heart transplant” by pumping blood throughout the body to keep critically ill patients alive until a donor heart is available. The consortium analyzed blood flow through the battery- powered heart pump using NASA supercomputers and the same methodologies used to analyze fuel and oxidizer flow through rocket engines. NASA patented the heart pump and licensed it exclusively to MicroMed Technology Inc., of Houston, Texas. The 400th patient implant was performed on October 20, 2006, by Dr. Matthias Loebe of Methodist Hospital in Houston.