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LOST PLACE
Jing Zhao / MFA
LOST PLACE
3 / 762 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
Jing Zhao / MFA
03443477
Landscape Architecture
May 11st, 2015 Presented.
This Book is dedicated to my family with love.
To all the instructors who had taught me in the Academy of Art University : Heather Clendenin / Katharine Anderson / Akiko Ono / Carlisle Becker / Toni Bava / Edwin
Jordan / Evan Elder / Raymond Freeman II / Reed Dillingham / Jane Sedonaen / Brett Marsengill / Ellen Burke / Michael Fotheringham / Ned Smith / Margaret Barnes /
Nicholas Gotthardt / Mary Landible / Chih-Wei G.V.chang / Wright Yang / Mary Scott.
And to you.
5 / 764 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
01 / Thesis Statement
02 / Chinese Civilization
03 / Chinese Agriculture
04 / City Culture
05 / Yellow River
06 / City Data
07 / City Topography
08 / Site History And Development
09 / Site Circulation Development
10 / Preservation
11 / Site Issues
12 / Design Parti
13 / Inspiration
14 / Design Process
15 / Design Response
16 / Design Development
17 / Sustainable Methodology
18 / Proposed Material
19 / Isometric Master Plan
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
30
32
33
34
38
46
64
72
74
00 / Contents
7 / 766 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
01 / Thesis Statement
The goals for this thesis study and the development of
the Lost Place:
To provide an open space design that is inspired by and
rooted in the past history and culture of the region.
To create a place with memories of new and old which
will foster a new sense of self esteem and identity for
the citizens of Zhengzhou.
To revisit the relationships, between culture and history,
people and culture, people and history.
Lost Place
Zhengzhou Henan, China
100 Acres
Project:
Location:
Size:
To maintain a connection to the over-changing, growing network that is life, we must always be moving,
ready to see and respond and evolve. Design is truly a process of discovery.
— Dan Kiley
9 / 768 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
Present
The colors show the physical boundaries of each
dynasty throughout China’s history. Henan Province
has existed since the beginning of Shang Dynasty
(1000 BCE), the first literate dynasty of China.
Chinese civilization has existed in the Henan region
since the Shang Dynasty. The presence of the Yellow
River, fertile soil and other natural resources have
contributed to the Henan region long being a center of
Chinese history and important in the development of
Chinese civilization and culture.
HENAN PROVINCE
02 / Chinese Civilization 350 BCE 210 BCE 100 BCE
265 CE 376 CE 440 CE
1000 BCE
560 CE 581 CE 700 CE 923 CE
1141 1294 1415 1892
262 CE
11 / 7610 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
03 / Chinese Agriculture
Although China’s agricultural output is the largest in
the world, only about 15% of its total land area can be
cultivated. China’s arable land, which represents 10% of
the total arable land in the world, supports over 20% of
the world’s population.
cropland
forest
grassland
water
MAJOR LAND USE CATEGORIES IN CHINA
https://www.history.ubc.ca/faculty/lshin/teaching/320/week1/landuse1.htm
Henan
Heilongjiang
Shandong
Jiangsu
Anhui
Sichuan
Henan
2008 CHINA'S TOP PROVINCES IN AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
HENAN REGION ELEVATION
Geographic Focus
Henan
Shandong
Heilongjiang
Jiangsu
Sichuan
Anhui
Productivity (million tonnes)
53.7
42.6
42.3
31.8
31.4
30.2
http://www.asiape.com/apergc/apergc_issues/apergc1004.html
The middle and lower portions of the Yellow River include
Zhengzhou has abundant rainfall, Song mountain is located
to the west of Zhengzhou. The plain flatlands is located in
east and south good for growing rice, wheat and cotton. This
location is safe, has less natural disasters and is the reason
why the capital cities of the Xia, Shang, Zhou Dynasties were
located in Henan.HENAN REGION ELEVATION
Song Mountain Yellow River
Zhengzhou
0 700 9,800ft (elevation)
13 / 7612 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
Circles show the location of cultural heritage
sites in the city of Zhengzhou. The most sig-
nificant historical places are Shang (1000BCE)
Dynasty defensive walls and Shaolin Temple.
CITY OF ZHENGZHOU (NO SCALE)
04 / City Culture
Zhengzhou (cheng chow) is the capital of the Henan
province in China. The boundary of cities in China
typically are marked by mountains and river.
1
7
3
5
4
6
2
8
Zheng ZhouLuo Yang
Anyang
Kai Feng
The Boundary of
Henan Province
Yellow River
1. Shaolin Temple 5. Shang Defensive Wall3. Shang Dynasty Stone Lion 7. Ancient Cooking Vessel
8. Guandi Temple6. Grottoes Temple4. Yellow River2. Longmen Grottoes
15 / 7614 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
N
05 / Yellow River
Chinese civilization,during the Neolithic era, originated
in various places along both the Yellow River and the
Yangtze River valleys. The Yellow River is said to be the
Cradle of Chinese Civilization.
Henan, a province of the People’s Republic of China,
is located in the central part of the country south of
the Yellow River. The name Henan means “south of the
Yellow River” ( “He” means river, “Nan” means south).
The provincial capital city of Zhengzhou is also located
to the south of the Yellow River.
Beijing
Yellow River
Henan
Shanghai
Yangtze River
Wuhan, Hubei Province
THE YELLOW RIVER AS DEPICTED IN A QING DYNASTY ILLUSTRATED MAP (SECTIONS)
On 9 June 1938, during the Second
Sino-Japanese War, Nationalist troops
under Chiang Kai-Shek, near the village
of Huayuankou in Henan, broke the
levees holding back the Yellow River.
The goal of the operation was to stop
the advancing Japanese troops by
following a strategy of "using water as a
substitute for soldiers" (yishui daibing).
The 1938 flood of an area covering
20,800 sq mi took some 500,000 to
900,000 Chinese lives, along with an
unknown number of Japanese soldiers.
The flood prevented the Japanese Army
from taking Zhengzhou, on the southern
bank of the Yellow River. This did not
stop the Japanese from achieving their
goal of capturing Wuhan, the temporary
seat of the Chinese government located
17 / 7616 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
06 / City Data
CHINA AND ITS MAIN POPULATION REGIONS
http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/regional-geography-of-the-world-globalization-people-and-places/s13-east-asia.html
ZHENG ZHOU
The region of eastern China that is favorable to large
populations is called China Proper. River basins
historically produce abundant food, which in turn leads
to concentrated populations.
Average Temperatures Graph for
Zhengzhou, China.
With a warm temperate continental
climate, the annual average temperature
of Zhengzhou is about 14.3C (57.7F).
Zhengzhou has a comfortable weather
with bright sunshine in summer and
a clear distinction between the four
seasons. The hottest month is July with
an average temperature of about 27.3C
(81.1F). The coldest month is January,
with an average temperature minus
0.2C (31.6F) in Zhengzhou is cold though
seldom snowy. (Travel China Guide)
Zhengzhou Average Rainfall
Zhengzhou Yearly Rainfall: 25.7inches
Summer Rainfall: 12.6 - 15.0inches
Winter Rainfall: 0.79 - 1.18inches
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
50
100
150
Precipitation(mm)
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
50
100
150
Precipitation(mm)
San Francisco Average Rainfall
San Francisco Yearly Rainfall: 21inches
Summer Rainfall: 0.2inches
Winter Rainfall: 12inches
Average Rainfall Days
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
34
69
0
32
37
46
61
70
79 81 79
70
59
46
36
3
8
16
21
26 27 26
21
15
8
2
6
2
6
2
Average Temp (F) Average Temp (C)
19 / 7618 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
07 / City Topography
CHINA TOPOGRAPHY
China has two main physical features. China is a
mountainous country. Hills; mountains and plateaus
cover two-thirds of the country's total area. The
other feature is that the land surface of China slopes
down from west to east in a three-step staircase.
http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/regional-geography-of-the-world-globalization-people-and-places/s13-east-asia.html
ZHENG ZHOU
Project Location
Contoure Orientation
River Flow Orientation
The Hybrid map contains River path, Railrold map and District boundries.
Yellow River
0 800ft
Project Site
Railway
River
Existing Urban Green Space
N
Jinshui River in Zhengzhou City
Site
21 / 7620 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
08 / Site History And Development pre1900-now
Entrance
Cemetery
Memorial Hall
Garden
Woodland
Amusement Park
Office
The first plaza in Zhengzhou
1983
Pre 1900
QING DYNASTY
1928
POST CIVIL WAR
1956
AFTER LIBERATION
1980
REFORM AND OPENING UP ERA
Rose Garden Festival
Restaurant
Youth Center
Performing stage
Noisy
1990
WESTERNIZED
2000
RECENT IMPROVEMENT
2010
EXISTING
after 2015
PROPOSED
23 / 7622 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
09 / Site Circulation Development pre1900-now
Pre 1900
QING DYNASTY
1928
POST CIVIL WAR
1956
AFTER LIBERATION
1980
REFORM AND OPENING UP ERA
Isolated
Isolated
Isolated
Isolated
1990
WESTERNIZED
2000
RECENT IMPROVEMENT
2010
EXISTING
after 2015
PROPOSED
25 / 7624 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
10 / Preservation
Existing vegetation,trees and shrubs, to be preserved.
PRESERVATION PLANTING PLAN
S1
S4
S3
S6
S7
S8
S9
S14
S13
S15
S16
S17
S12
S11
S10
Platanus × acerifolia
P. vulgaris.
Cedrus deodara
Cypress
Wertand Park
27 / 7626 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
EXISTING SHRUBS
Each of the shrubs are shown on the Preservation Of Existing Vegetation Plan on page 25.
S1 S4S3
S6 S7 S8 S9
S10
S14
S11
S15
S12
S16
S13
S17
S2
Platanus × acerifolia
P. vulgaris.
Cedrus deodara
Cypress
Wetland Park
EXISTING TREES
Each of the trees are shown on the preservation planting plan on page 25.
29 / 7628 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
PRESERVATION OF EXISTING HISTORICAL ELEMENTS
1
2
3
4
6
8
9
7
5
44
1111111
77
11
4
6
5555
6
555555555
7
4
6
HISTORICAL ELEMENTS
The historical elements are shown on the plan on page 28.
1
3 4
6
8 9
5
7
2
31 / 7630 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
11 / Site Issues, Hypothesis
ISSUES:
1. Without Coordinate Over The Time.
2. Programs Dated
3. Indistinct Hierarchiy of Circulation
HYPOTHESIS:
Start to target the potential replacement and improvement
to accomandate for the future change.
1. Commercial In Site 3. Vendors On The Bridge 5. Dated Fountain Retaining Wall 7. Spontaneous Concert
2. Giant Plaza Near Residential
Area Without People.
4. Dancing People 6. Undesirable View 8. Unengaing Event Without Manage
33 / 7632 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
12 / Design Parti
Development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generation
to meet their own needs.
Our common future: The world commising on
environmental and development
--- Brudtland et al. 1987
13 / Inspiration
Memory / is an unique scenery in the life.
River / loaded with tons of lives, carrying the hopes to life.
Place / there's a hunger for pedestrian life.
Identity / create our own sense of belonging,
making this great city our own.
Drawn By Wu Guanzhong "Ji" Drawn By Wu GuanzhongChinese Architecture
Yellow River http://www.visitourchina.com/aba/photo/the-first-bend-of-yellow-river.html
35 / 7634 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
14 / Design Process
NORTHERN ENTRANCE SEASONAL GARDEN.
EXISTING TREES CANOPY PROPORTION 1994—2004.
Hand drawing is a thinking process. which
I also use as inspiration for design and
design refinement.
37 / 7636 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
This is midterm pin up presentation, Fall semester 2014. Here, I am
presenting different design schemes for my thesis project. SCALE: 1” = 200’-0” HAND DRAWING MASTER PLAN
N
0 200 400ft
39 / 7638 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
15 / Design Response
Surrounding Landmark
Land Use Plan
Vehicular And Pedestrian Circulations
Opportunity And Constraints
Page 39
Page 40
Page 42
Page 43
SURROUNDING LANDMARKS
• In 2020, the City Planning Department is planning to move the City Hall to a new office
building in east of Zhengzhou city.
• The technology museum and history museum are landmark in the city.
• The Public library is moving to the new town near Zhengzhou city. My design propose
build a library on the site near the Garden Restaurant.
3,600 ft 2,600 ft
900 ft
1,500 ft
1,500 ft
Bishagang Park
70 Acre
Green City Plaza
30 AcreCity Hall
Technology and History Museums
Garden Restaurant
Public LibraryN
41 / 7640 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
LAND USE PLAN
Future Land Use Commercial Area - Retail
Parking Area Commercial
Residential Area Government Office
N N
THE MAJORITY USERS FROM NEIGHBORS
43 / 7642 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
Proposed Pedestrian Entrance
arterial traffic
collector street
PROPOSED ENTRANCE, TRAFFIC AND PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATIONS
N
Two way: 2 lanes
Two way: 2 lanes
One way: 2 lanes
Two way: 4 lanes
Songshan Ave: Two way - 6 lanes
Bridge
Bridge
Pedestrian Crossing
Existing Entrance
Arterial Traffic
Collector StreetPedestrian Circulation
VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION
Jianshe Street: Two way - 6 lanes
Zhongyuan Ave: Two way - 8 lanes
N
45 / 7644 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
TUNNEL
EXISTING Currently, a major road, Zhongyuan road,
bisects the two main areas of the project
area. The design intent is to connect the
two areas. Therefore an underground
tunnel is proposed.
PROPOSED
Case Study: Queensway in Birmingham
EXISTING
OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS
1. City Hall is not allowed the people who
are not work in government come in.
2. The areas surrounding the Lost Place
site area are dense residential districts.
3. The museum and public library are lo-
cated in the Civic Center. There is no pub-
lic open space provided.
4. No access to Bishagang park from east
of neighborhood.
Both of theses open spaces have the po-
tential to be developed to better serve the
needs of the surrounding neighborhoods.
To develop a green system coming across
from Bishagang Park to Green City Plaza
is an opportunity to enhance the entire
city’s green structure.
5mins15mins25mins
by walk
0 400ft
N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
7
CONSTRAINTSOPPORTUNITIES
5. No pedestrian access from Bishagang
Park to Green City Plaza.
47 / 7646 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
16 / Design Development
Master Plan
Proposed Pedestrian And Vehicular Circulation
Program Statement
Page 47
Page 48
Page 51
49 / 7648 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
Cultural Walkway
Natural Walkway
Existing Strolling Path
Vehicular Circulation
PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN AND VEHICULAR CIRCULATION
Education Center
Plaza
A Bridge Cross Rain Garden
Self- Identity Plaza
CONCEPT MODEL
51 / 7650 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
A
Rose Garden
Seasonal Garden
Children's Fairy Land
B
Rose Hill
Library Garden
Wedding Garden
Restaurant
Parking Lot
C
Outdoor Gallery
Education Center
Strolling Garden
Chinese Pavilion
Seating Area
D
Orchard Garden
Strolling Garden
Senior Center
Community Park
Dancing Plaza
Interactive Boulevard
Farming Park
F
Amphitheater
Performing Center
Flowering Garden
Self- Indentity Central Plaza
Sunken Sports Area
E
Historic Natural Walkway
Historic Trees Preservation
Wetland Park
Rain Garden
Open Lawn
Program Statement
A
B
D
F
C
E
PROGRAMMING DIAGRAM
53 / 7652 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
PLANTING PLAN
Tulipa Gesneriana
Rosa Chinensis
Paulowniaceae
Chimonanthus Praecox (Linn.)
Pinus tabuliformis Carrière
Betula papyrifera
clonally propagated apple
Platanus orientalis
EROSIONAL ROSE HILL WITH LUCKY COW SCULPTURE
EXISTING
55 / 7654 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
EDUCATION CENTER OUTDOOR VINE PATHWAY
EXISTING
WINDOW DISPLAY IN EDUCATION CENTER
57 / 7656 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
EXISTING
OUTDOOR SENIOR ACTIVITY PARK
EXISTING
DANCING PLAZA
59 / 7658 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
EXISTING
TOP OF THE TUNNEL: INTERACTIVE PLAZA
EXISTING
FARMING PARK
61 / 7660 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
PLAN
CASE STUDY/REFERENCE: Toyota's giant solar flowers popping up across US to bring good will, free WiFi, and charging stations.
This is a case study of how to use solor pannel
trasforming to electricity and producing wifi for public
users. I am proposed the functional plaza near farming
park.
EXISTING
AMPHITHEATER VIEW
63 / 7662 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
Stormwater Management
DETENSION POND UNDERGROUND WATER STORAGEUNDERGROUND TANK
http://imgarcade.com/1/underground-rainwater-storage-
tanks/
STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
+High Point
-Lowest Point
65 / 7664 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
17 / Sustainable Methodology
Greenroof
Surface Sand Filter
Underground Detention
Rain Garden System
67 / 7666 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
SECTION A: RAIN GARDEN
DETAIL A
DETAIL A
Rain Garden Section A
EXISTING
RAIN GARDEN
69 / 7668 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
amended soil mix
vegetation (wet tolerant)
perforated underdrain
3/4” gravel base
4” to 8” deep berm
50 - 500 sqft area
RAIN GARDEN DETAIL SECTION
Muscari cv. Variegata
Clethra Alnifolia
New England Aster
Azalea Viscosum
Potentilla
Cornus Alba And Cultivars
Aesculus Pavia
Stellaria Alsine
Yellow Iris
PLANTS FOR RAIN GARDEN
71 / 7670 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
GREENROOF ANALYSIS
Vegetation
Soil 2-6”
Drainage system
Root barrier
Roof structure
Outlet to non-po-
table source
Growing media
Filter layer
Protection fabric
Frainage layer
Roof barrier
Insulation
Waterproofing membrane
Roof deck
Roof Garden Material Analysis and
Surface Sand Filter
Perforated underdrain
sand filter bed 18-36” deep
Fine sand
Filter fabricCoares Sand
SURFACE SAND FILTER
EXISTING
73 / 7672 / 76
JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
18 / Proposed Material
CobbleGrey Brick - narrow module Brick
Grey Brick
Stone
Precast Paving
Deconposed Granite
Unit Pavers
Wood Decking
74 / 76
JING ZHAO MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE
19 / Isometric Master Pan
MFA THESIS / LOST PLACEJING ZHAO
Thank You And Enjoy.

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Jing Zhao_Thesis Project Lost Place_spread_2015.pdf_final_loww

  • 1. LOST PLACE Jing Zhao / MFA LOST PLACE
  • 2. 3 / 762 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE Jing Zhao / MFA 03443477 Landscape Architecture May 11st, 2015 Presented. This Book is dedicated to my family with love. To all the instructors who had taught me in the Academy of Art University : Heather Clendenin / Katharine Anderson / Akiko Ono / Carlisle Becker / Toni Bava / Edwin Jordan / Evan Elder / Raymond Freeman II / Reed Dillingham / Jane Sedonaen / Brett Marsengill / Ellen Burke / Michael Fotheringham / Ned Smith / Margaret Barnes / Nicholas Gotthardt / Mary Landible / Chih-Wei G.V.chang / Wright Yang / Mary Scott. And to you.
  • 3. 5 / 764 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 01 / Thesis Statement 02 / Chinese Civilization 03 / Chinese Agriculture 04 / City Culture 05 / Yellow River 06 / City Data 07 / City Topography 08 / Site History And Development 09 / Site Circulation Development 10 / Preservation 11 / Site Issues 12 / Design Parti 13 / Inspiration 14 / Design Process 15 / Design Response 16 / Design Development 17 / Sustainable Methodology 18 / Proposed Material 19 / Isometric Master Plan 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 30 32 33 34 38 46 64 72 74 00 / Contents
  • 4. 7 / 766 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 01 / Thesis Statement The goals for this thesis study and the development of the Lost Place: To provide an open space design that is inspired by and rooted in the past history and culture of the region. To create a place with memories of new and old which will foster a new sense of self esteem and identity for the citizens of Zhengzhou. To revisit the relationships, between culture and history, people and culture, people and history. Lost Place Zhengzhou Henan, China 100 Acres Project: Location: Size: To maintain a connection to the over-changing, growing network that is life, we must always be moving, ready to see and respond and evolve. Design is truly a process of discovery. — Dan Kiley
  • 5. 9 / 768 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE Present The colors show the physical boundaries of each dynasty throughout China’s history. Henan Province has existed since the beginning of Shang Dynasty (1000 BCE), the first literate dynasty of China. Chinese civilization has existed in the Henan region since the Shang Dynasty. The presence of the Yellow River, fertile soil and other natural resources have contributed to the Henan region long being a center of Chinese history and important in the development of Chinese civilization and culture. HENAN PROVINCE 02 / Chinese Civilization 350 BCE 210 BCE 100 BCE 265 CE 376 CE 440 CE 1000 BCE 560 CE 581 CE 700 CE 923 CE 1141 1294 1415 1892 262 CE
  • 6. 11 / 7610 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 03 / Chinese Agriculture Although China’s agricultural output is the largest in the world, only about 15% of its total land area can be cultivated. China’s arable land, which represents 10% of the total arable land in the world, supports over 20% of the world’s population. cropland forest grassland water MAJOR LAND USE CATEGORIES IN CHINA https://www.history.ubc.ca/faculty/lshin/teaching/320/week1/landuse1.htm Henan Heilongjiang Shandong Jiangsu Anhui Sichuan Henan 2008 CHINA'S TOP PROVINCES IN AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT HENAN REGION ELEVATION Geographic Focus Henan Shandong Heilongjiang Jiangsu Sichuan Anhui Productivity (million tonnes) 53.7 42.6 42.3 31.8 31.4 30.2 http://www.asiape.com/apergc/apergc_issues/apergc1004.html The middle and lower portions of the Yellow River include Zhengzhou has abundant rainfall, Song mountain is located to the west of Zhengzhou. The plain flatlands is located in east and south good for growing rice, wheat and cotton. This location is safe, has less natural disasters and is the reason why the capital cities of the Xia, Shang, Zhou Dynasties were located in Henan.HENAN REGION ELEVATION Song Mountain Yellow River Zhengzhou 0 700 9,800ft (elevation)
  • 7. 13 / 7612 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE Circles show the location of cultural heritage sites in the city of Zhengzhou. The most sig- nificant historical places are Shang (1000BCE) Dynasty defensive walls and Shaolin Temple. CITY OF ZHENGZHOU (NO SCALE) 04 / City Culture Zhengzhou (cheng chow) is the capital of the Henan province in China. The boundary of cities in China typically are marked by mountains and river. 1 7 3 5 4 6 2 8 Zheng ZhouLuo Yang Anyang Kai Feng The Boundary of Henan Province Yellow River 1. Shaolin Temple 5. Shang Defensive Wall3. Shang Dynasty Stone Lion 7. Ancient Cooking Vessel 8. Guandi Temple6. Grottoes Temple4. Yellow River2. Longmen Grottoes
  • 8. 15 / 7614 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE N 05 / Yellow River Chinese civilization,during the Neolithic era, originated in various places along both the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valleys. The Yellow River is said to be the Cradle of Chinese Civilization. Henan, a province of the People’s Republic of China, is located in the central part of the country south of the Yellow River. The name Henan means “south of the Yellow River” ( “He” means river, “Nan” means south). The provincial capital city of Zhengzhou is also located to the south of the Yellow River. Beijing Yellow River Henan Shanghai Yangtze River Wuhan, Hubei Province THE YELLOW RIVER AS DEPICTED IN A QING DYNASTY ILLUSTRATED MAP (SECTIONS) On 9 June 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Nationalist troops under Chiang Kai-Shek, near the village of Huayuankou in Henan, broke the levees holding back the Yellow River. The goal of the operation was to stop the advancing Japanese troops by following a strategy of "using water as a substitute for soldiers" (yishui daibing). The 1938 flood of an area covering 20,800 sq mi took some 500,000 to 900,000 Chinese lives, along with an unknown number of Japanese soldiers. The flood prevented the Japanese Army from taking Zhengzhou, on the southern bank of the Yellow River. This did not stop the Japanese from achieving their goal of capturing Wuhan, the temporary seat of the Chinese government located
  • 9. 17 / 7616 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 06 / City Data CHINA AND ITS MAIN POPULATION REGIONS http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/regional-geography-of-the-world-globalization-people-and-places/s13-east-asia.html ZHENG ZHOU The region of eastern China that is favorable to large populations is called China Proper. River basins historically produce abundant food, which in turn leads to concentrated populations. Average Temperatures Graph for Zhengzhou, China. With a warm temperate continental climate, the annual average temperature of Zhengzhou is about 14.3C (57.7F). Zhengzhou has a comfortable weather with bright sunshine in summer and a clear distinction between the four seasons. The hottest month is July with an average temperature of about 27.3C (81.1F). The coldest month is January, with an average temperature minus 0.2C (31.6F) in Zhengzhou is cold though seldom snowy. (Travel China Guide) Zhengzhou Average Rainfall Zhengzhou Yearly Rainfall: 25.7inches Summer Rainfall: 12.6 - 15.0inches Winter Rainfall: 0.79 - 1.18inches Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 50 100 150 Precipitation(mm) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 50 100 150 Precipitation(mm) San Francisco Average Rainfall San Francisco Yearly Rainfall: 21inches Summer Rainfall: 0.2inches Winter Rainfall: 12inches Average Rainfall Days Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 34 69 0 32 37 46 61 70 79 81 79 70 59 46 36 3 8 16 21 26 27 26 21 15 8 2 6 2 6 2 Average Temp (F) Average Temp (C)
  • 10. 19 / 7618 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 07 / City Topography CHINA TOPOGRAPHY China has two main physical features. China is a mountainous country. Hills; mountains and plateaus cover two-thirds of the country's total area. The other feature is that the land surface of China slopes down from west to east in a three-step staircase. http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/regional-geography-of-the-world-globalization-people-and-places/s13-east-asia.html ZHENG ZHOU Project Location Contoure Orientation River Flow Orientation The Hybrid map contains River path, Railrold map and District boundries. Yellow River 0 800ft Project Site Railway River Existing Urban Green Space N Jinshui River in Zhengzhou City Site
  • 11. 21 / 7620 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 08 / Site History And Development pre1900-now Entrance Cemetery Memorial Hall Garden Woodland Amusement Park Office The first plaza in Zhengzhou 1983 Pre 1900 QING DYNASTY 1928 POST CIVIL WAR 1956 AFTER LIBERATION 1980 REFORM AND OPENING UP ERA Rose Garden Festival Restaurant Youth Center Performing stage Noisy 1990 WESTERNIZED 2000 RECENT IMPROVEMENT 2010 EXISTING after 2015 PROPOSED
  • 12. 23 / 7622 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 09 / Site Circulation Development pre1900-now Pre 1900 QING DYNASTY 1928 POST CIVIL WAR 1956 AFTER LIBERATION 1980 REFORM AND OPENING UP ERA Isolated Isolated Isolated Isolated 1990 WESTERNIZED 2000 RECENT IMPROVEMENT 2010 EXISTING after 2015 PROPOSED
  • 13. 25 / 7624 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 10 / Preservation Existing vegetation,trees and shrubs, to be preserved. PRESERVATION PLANTING PLAN S1 S4 S3 S6 S7 S8 S9 S14 S13 S15 S16 S17 S12 S11 S10 Platanus × acerifolia P. vulgaris. Cedrus deodara Cypress Wertand Park
  • 14. 27 / 7626 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE EXISTING SHRUBS Each of the shrubs are shown on the Preservation Of Existing Vegetation Plan on page 25. S1 S4S3 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S14 S11 S15 S12 S16 S13 S17 S2 Platanus × acerifolia P. vulgaris. Cedrus deodara Cypress Wetland Park EXISTING TREES Each of the trees are shown on the preservation planting plan on page 25.
  • 15. 29 / 7628 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE PRESERVATION OF EXISTING HISTORICAL ELEMENTS 1 2 3 4 6 8 9 7 5 44 1111111 77 11 4 6 5555 6 555555555 7 4 6 HISTORICAL ELEMENTS The historical elements are shown on the plan on page 28. 1 3 4 6 8 9 5 7 2
  • 16. 31 / 7630 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 11 / Site Issues, Hypothesis ISSUES: 1. Without Coordinate Over The Time. 2. Programs Dated 3. Indistinct Hierarchiy of Circulation HYPOTHESIS: Start to target the potential replacement and improvement to accomandate for the future change. 1. Commercial In Site 3. Vendors On The Bridge 5. Dated Fountain Retaining Wall 7. Spontaneous Concert 2. Giant Plaza Near Residential Area Without People. 4. Dancing People 6. Undesirable View 8. Unengaing Event Without Manage
  • 17. 33 / 7632 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 12 / Design Parti Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs. Our common future: The world commising on environmental and development --- Brudtland et al. 1987 13 / Inspiration Memory / is an unique scenery in the life. River / loaded with tons of lives, carrying the hopes to life. Place / there's a hunger for pedestrian life. Identity / create our own sense of belonging, making this great city our own. Drawn By Wu Guanzhong "Ji" Drawn By Wu GuanzhongChinese Architecture Yellow River http://www.visitourchina.com/aba/photo/the-first-bend-of-yellow-river.html
  • 18. 35 / 7634 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 14 / Design Process NORTHERN ENTRANCE SEASONAL GARDEN. EXISTING TREES CANOPY PROPORTION 1994—2004. Hand drawing is a thinking process. which I also use as inspiration for design and design refinement.
  • 19. 37 / 7636 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE This is midterm pin up presentation, Fall semester 2014. Here, I am presenting different design schemes for my thesis project. SCALE: 1” = 200’-0” HAND DRAWING MASTER PLAN N 0 200 400ft
  • 20. 39 / 7638 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 15 / Design Response Surrounding Landmark Land Use Plan Vehicular And Pedestrian Circulations Opportunity And Constraints Page 39 Page 40 Page 42 Page 43 SURROUNDING LANDMARKS • In 2020, the City Planning Department is planning to move the City Hall to a new office building in east of Zhengzhou city. • The technology museum and history museum are landmark in the city. • The Public library is moving to the new town near Zhengzhou city. My design propose build a library on the site near the Garden Restaurant. 3,600 ft 2,600 ft 900 ft 1,500 ft 1,500 ft Bishagang Park 70 Acre Green City Plaza 30 AcreCity Hall Technology and History Museums Garden Restaurant Public LibraryN
  • 21. 41 / 7640 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE LAND USE PLAN Future Land Use Commercial Area - Retail Parking Area Commercial Residential Area Government Office N N THE MAJORITY USERS FROM NEIGHBORS
  • 22. 43 / 7642 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE Proposed Pedestrian Entrance arterial traffic collector street PROPOSED ENTRANCE, TRAFFIC AND PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATIONS N Two way: 2 lanes Two way: 2 lanes One way: 2 lanes Two way: 4 lanes Songshan Ave: Two way - 6 lanes Bridge Bridge Pedestrian Crossing Existing Entrance Arterial Traffic Collector StreetPedestrian Circulation VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION Jianshe Street: Two way - 6 lanes Zhongyuan Ave: Two way - 8 lanes N
  • 23. 45 / 7644 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE TUNNEL EXISTING Currently, a major road, Zhongyuan road, bisects the two main areas of the project area. The design intent is to connect the two areas. Therefore an underground tunnel is proposed. PROPOSED Case Study: Queensway in Birmingham EXISTING OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS 1. City Hall is not allowed the people who are not work in government come in. 2. The areas surrounding the Lost Place site area are dense residential districts. 3. The museum and public library are lo- cated in the Civic Center. There is no pub- lic open space provided. 4. No access to Bishagang park from east of neighborhood. Both of theses open spaces have the po- tential to be developed to better serve the needs of the surrounding neighborhoods. To develop a green system coming across from Bishagang Park to Green City Plaza is an opportunity to enhance the entire city’s green structure. 5mins15mins25mins by walk 0 400ft N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 CONSTRAINTSOPPORTUNITIES 5. No pedestrian access from Bishagang Park to Green City Plaza.
  • 24. 47 / 7646 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 16 / Design Development Master Plan Proposed Pedestrian And Vehicular Circulation Program Statement Page 47 Page 48 Page 51
  • 25. 49 / 7648 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE Cultural Walkway Natural Walkway Existing Strolling Path Vehicular Circulation PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN AND VEHICULAR CIRCULATION Education Center Plaza A Bridge Cross Rain Garden Self- Identity Plaza CONCEPT MODEL
  • 26. 51 / 7650 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE A Rose Garden Seasonal Garden Children's Fairy Land B Rose Hill Library Garden Wedding Garden Restaurant Parking Lot C Outdoor Gallery Education Center Strolling Garden Chinese Pavilion Seating Area D Orchard Garden Strolling Garden Senior Center Community Park Dancing Plaza Interactive Boulevard Farming Park F Amphitheater Performing Center Flowering Garden Self- Indentity Central Plaza Sunken Sports Area E Historic Natural Walkway Historic Trees Preservation Wetland Park Rain Garden Open Lawn Program Statement A B D F C E PROGRAMMING DIAGRAM
  • 27. 53 / 7652 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE PLANTING PLAN Tulipa Gesneriana Rosa Chinensis Paulowniaceae Chimonanthus Praecox (Linn.) Pinus tabuliformis Carrière Betula papyrifera clonally propagated apple Platanus orientalis EROSIONAL ROSE HILL WITH LUCKY COW SCULPTURE EXISTING
  • 28. 55 / 7654 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE EDUCATION CENTER OUTDOOR VINE PATHWAY EXISTING WINDOW DISPLAY IN EDUCATION CENTER
  • 29. 57 / 7656 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE EXISTING OUTDOOR SENIOR ACTIVITY PARK EXISTING DANCING PLAZA
  • 30. 59 / 7658 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE EXISTING TOP OF THE TUNNEL: INTERACTIVE PLAZA EXISTING FARMING PARK
  • 31. 61 / 7660 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE PLAN CASE STUDY/REFERENCE: Toyota's giant solar flowers popping up across US to bring good will, free WiFi, and charging stations. This is a case study of how to use solor pannel trasforming to electricity and producing wifi for public users. I am proposed the functional plaza near farming park. EXISTING AMPHITHEATER VIEW
  • 32. 63 / 7662 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE Stormwater Management DETENSION POND UNDERGROUND WATER STORAGEUNDERGROUND TANK http://imgarcade.com/1/underground-rainwater-storage- tanks/ STORMWATER MANAGEMENT +High Point -Lowest Point
  • 33. 65 / 7664 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 17 / Sustainable Methodology Greenroof Surface Sand Filter Underground Detention Rain Garden System
  • 34. 67 / 7666 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE SECTION A: RAIN GARDEN DETAIL A DETAIL A Rain Garden Section A EXISTING RAIN GARDEN
  • 35. 69 / 7668 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE amended soil mix vegetation (wet tolerant) perforated underdrain 3/4” gravel base 4” to 8” deep berm 50 - 500 sqft area RAIN GARDEN DETAIL SECTION Muscari cv. Variegata Clethra Alnifolia New England Aster Azalea Viscosum Potentilla Cornus Alba And Cultivars Aesculus Pavia Stellaria Alsine Yellow Iris PLANTS FOR RAIN GARDEN
  • 36. 71 / 7670 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE GREENROOF ANALYSIS Vegetation Soil 2-6” Drainage system Root barrier Roof structure Outlet to non-po- table source Growing media Filter layer Protection fabric Frainage layer Roof barrier Insulation Waterproofing membrane Roof deck Roof Garden Material Analysis and Surface Sand Filter Perforated underdrain sand filter bed 18-36” deep Fine sand Filter fabricCoares Sand SURFACE SAND FILTER EXISTING
  • 37. 73 / 7672 / 76 JING ZHAO JING ZHAOMFA THESIS / LOST PLACE MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 18 / Proposed Material CobbleGrey Brick - narrow module Brick Grey Brick Stone Precast Paving Deconposed Granite Unit Pavers Wood Decking
  • 38. 74 / 76 JING ZHAO MFA THESIS / LOST PLACE 19 / Isometric Master Pan
  • 39. MFA THESIS / LOST PLACEJING ZHAO
  • 40. Thank You And Enjoy.