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Emergency medicine is a
challenging and rewarding field
that requires quick thinking, and
compassion. Emergency physicians
play a vital role in providing life-
saving care to patients in need.
emergency medicine 1
Emergency medicine is the medical
specialty concerned with the care
of illnesses or injuries requiring
immediate medical attention.
Emergency physicians, often called
ER doctors, specialize in providing
care for unscheduled and
undifferentiated patients of all
ages. They are trained to assess
and treat a wide range of medical
conditions, from minor injuries to
life-threatening illnesses.
emergency medicine 2
Dominique Jean Larry, a French surgeon and military doctor
practicing in the late 1700s, is often cited as the father of
modern-day Prehospital Emergency Medicine (PHEM). His
vision and commitment to provide care at the point of
wounding, triage his patients on the basis of clinical need and
transport them to battlefield hospitals in his flying
ambulances was the blueprint of present-day PHEM
practice. In the face of adversity, he provided contemporary
medicine where patients needed it most, and at the same time
created innovative practices such as triage . pride for our
emergency medicine 3
Such achievements remain
inspirational today. The ‘roots’ of
PHEM by this measure are
admittedly short, especially when
compared to those of hallowed
medical establishments that can
trace their practices and buildings
back nearly 1000 years. With this
comes
a need for PHEM to make up for
lost ground. It is therefore with
huge
emergency medicine 4
EMS is the extension of emergency medical care into
the prehospital setting. Today’s EMS systems have
their roots in legislative and clinical
developments of the 1960s and 1970s. The 1966
report “Accidental
Death and Disability—The Neglected Disease of
Modern Society” highlighted the deficiencies of
prehospital care of trauma victims, attributable to
inadequate equipment and training. Until that time,
more than
half of ambulance services were run by funeral
homes because hearses
were among the few vehicles able to transport a
stretcher. The National
Highway Safety Act of 1966 established the
Department of Transportation and made it the lead
agency responsible for upgrading EMS systems
emergency medicine 5
A review of the 15
elements of EMS
systems identified by
the EMS Systems Act
of 1973 (Table 1-1)
provides insight into
the structure of EMS
systems and the
challenges they face.
emergency medicine 6
focus in emergency medicine:
•Trauma: This includes injuries
caused by
accidents, falls, violence, and other
events. Emergency physicians are
trained to stabilize patients with
traumatic injuries and provide life-
saving care.
emergency medicine 7
Sepsis: This is a
life-threatening
condition that
occurs when the
body's response to
an infection injures
its own tissues and
organs. Emergency
physicians are
trained to diagnose
and treat sepsis
quickly and
effectively.
emergency medicine 8
Burn: Burn injuries
can be very serious
and require
specialized
care. Emergency
physicians are trained
to assess the severity
of burn injuries and
provide appropriate
treatment.
emergency medicine 9
Acute coronary
syndrome: This is a
group of conditions
that affect the blood
flow to the
heart, including heart
attacks and unstable
angina. Emergency
physicians are trained
to diagnose and treat
acute coronary
syndrome quickly to
prevent serious
complications.
emergency medicine 10
Poisoning: Poisoning can occur
from ingesting, inhaling, or
absorbing a harmful
substance. Emergency physicians
are trained to assess the type of
poisoning and provide the
appropriate antidote or treatment.
emergency medicine 11
Stroke: A stroke is a medical
emergency that occurs when blood
flow to the brain is
interrupted. Emergency physicians
are trained to identify the signs
and symptoms of stroke and
provide immediate treatment to
minimize brain damage.
emergency medicine 12

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emergency medicine introduction.pdf

  • 1. Emergency medicine is a challenging and rewarding field that requires quick thinking, and compassion. Emergency physicians play a vital role in providing life- saving care to patients in need. emergency medicine 1
  • 2. Emergency medicine is the medical specialty concerned with the care of illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention. Emergency physicians, often called ER doctors, specialize in providing care for unscheduled and undifferentiated patients of all ages. They are trained to assess and treat a wide range of medical conditions, from minor injuries to life-threatening illnesses. emergency medicine 2
  • 3. Dominique Jean Larry, a French surgeon and military doctor practicing in the late 1700s, is often cited as the father of modern-day Prehospital Emergency Medicine (PHEM). His vision and commitment to provide care at the point of wounding, triage his patients on the basis of clinical need and transport them to battlefield hospitals in his flying ambulances was the blueprint of present-day PHEM practice. In the face of adversity, he provided contemporary medicine where patients needed it most, and at the same time created innovative practices such as triage . pride for our emergency medicine 3
  • 4. Such achievements remain inspirational today. The ‘roots’ of PHEM by this measure are admittedly short, especially when compared to those of hallowed medical establishments that can trace their practices and buildings back nearly 1000 years. With this comes a need for PHEM to make up for lost ground. It is therefore with huge emergency medicine 4
  • 5. EMS is the extension of emergency medical care into the prehospital setting. Today’s EMS systems have their roots in legislative and clinical developments of the 1960s and 1970s. The 1966 report “Accidental Death and Disability—The Neglected Disease of Modern Society” highlighted the deficiencies of prehospital care of trauma victims, attributable to inadequate equipment and training. Until that time, more than half of ambulance services were run by funeral homes because hearses were among the few vehicles able to transport a stretcher. The National Highway Safety Act of 1966 established the Department of Transportation and made it the lead agency responsible for upgrading EMS systems emergency medicine 5
  • 6. A review of the 15 elements of EMS systems identified by the EMS Systems Act of 1973 (Table 1-1) provides insight into the structure of EMS systems and the challenges they face. emergency medicine 6
  • 7. focus in emergency medicine: •Trauma: This includes injuries caused by accidents, falls, violence, and other events. Emergency physicians are trained to stabilize patients with traumatic injuries and provide life- saving care. emergency medicine 7
  • 8. Sepsis: This is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body's response to an infection injures its own tissues and organs. Emergency physicians are trained to diagnose and treat sepsis quickly and effectively. emergency medicine 8
  • 9. Burn: Burn injuries can be very serious and require specialized care. Emergency physicians are trained to assess the severity of burn injuries and provide appropriate treatment. emergency medicine 9
  • 10. Acute coronary syndrome: This is a group of conditions that affect the blood flow to the heart, including heart attacks and unstable angina. Emergency physicians are trained to diagnose and treat acute coronary syndrome quickly to prevent serious complications. emergency medicine 10
  • 11. Poisoning: Poisoning can occur from ingesting, inhaling, or absorbing a harmful substance. Emergency physicians are trained to assess the type of poisoning and provide the appropriate antidote or treatment. emergency medicine 11
  • 12. Stroke: A stroke is a medical emergency that occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. Emergency physicians are trained to identify the signs and symptoms of stroke and provide immediate treatment to minimize brain damage. emergency medicine 12