SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Animals in captivity (1. Imprisoned or confined.  2  having no freedom to choose an alternative)  Ref Oxford English dictionary
Leon Festinger
Cognitive Dissonance A conflict of beliefs
Leon Festinger 1957 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Human examples   ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
How do we deal with Dissonance? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Why do we need to know about it ? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What & how do dogs eat?
The canine vacuum
Given the choice what would you choose?
Without any choices
Sleep
Vigilance   Its hard to sleep when you’re alone.
What should a dog do with something on its face?
 
Freedom!
Reduce the freedom and there is a cost
A social species
A social species
So should it be a surprise to us that some dogs struggle when home alone?
 
Leaving home
Leaving home
Leaving home ,[object Object],[object Object]
Caught in a trap!
 
Do dogs like water?
Some more than others
So why isn't this fun?
Temperature regulation
Temperature regulation
Individual preference ,[object Object],[object Object]
Fear response …
Or…
Or…
Or even …
How do we deal with Dissonance? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
We can make life easier for our dogs by… ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Thank you

More Related Content

Similar to Animals in Captivity, Cognitive Dissonance - Steve Goward, Dogs Trust

Catsanddogs
CatsanddogsCatsanddogs
Catsanddogs
ஹைஷ் 126
 
The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...
The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...
The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...
Dogs Trust
 
Why Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdf
Why Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdfWhy Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdf
Why Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdf
puppy aware
 
Innate and instinctive behavior of dogs
Innate and instinctive behavior of dogsInnate and instinctive behavior of dogs
Innate and instinctive behavior of dogs
nailamehdi
 
Assignment 4 ect6 webready
Assignment 4 ect6 webreadyAssignment 4 ect6 webready
Assignment 4 ect6 webready
Sergiu Rusu
 
Best food for allergies
Best food for allergiesBest food for allergies
Best food for allergies
Tasteful Delights
 
Best food for allergies
Best food for allergiesBest food for allergies
Best food for allergies
Tasteful Delights
 
Dog
Dog Dog
2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks
2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks
2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks
jhyman
 
Canine Communication.docx
Canine Communication.docxCanine Communication.docx
Canine Communication.docx
DogExpress
 
Learnind theory and its implications in psychiatry
Learnind theory and its implications in psychiatryLearnind theory and its implications in psychiatry
Learnind theory and its implications in psychiatry
Nayab Anjum
 
Puppy Farm dogs and Shelter Cats
Puppy Farm dogs and Shelter CatsPuppy Farm dogs and Shelter Cats
Puppy Farm dogs and Shelter Cats
belindarusso
 
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog #dog #dogs or #cat
Aggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dog #dog #dogs or #catAggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dog #dog #dogs or #cat
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog #dog #dogs or #cat
LAZREGABDELAZIZ
 
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog
Aggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dogAggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dog
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog
LAZREGABDELAZIZ
 
agressive dogs.pptx
agressive dogs.pptxagressive dogs.pptx
agressive dogs.pptx
RosSwiss
 
Understanding behavior of cat and dog
Understanding behavior of cat and dogUnderstanding behavior of cat and dog
Understanding behavior of cat and dog
Zohaib Saleem
 
2724 week7 assgn2muss.
2724 week7 assgn2muss.2724 week7 assgn2muss.
2724 week7 assgn2muss.
MusSenawong
 
Rethinking adoptable clair1
Rethinking adoptable clair1Rethinking adoptable clair1
Rethinking adoptable clair1
2013_21
 
How to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdf
How to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdfHow to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdf
How to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdf
Salman Latif
 
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared ResourceScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk
 

Similar to Animals in Captivity, Cognitive Dissonance - Steve Goward, Dogs Trust (20)

Catsanddogs
CatsanddogsCatsanddogs
Catsanddogs
 
The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...
The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...
The Confined Cat Part 1: Keeping Safe and Sane - Claire Bessant, Feline Advis...
 
Why Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdf
Why Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdfWhy Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdf
Why Do Dogs Walk In Circles Before They Die.pdf
 
Innate and instinctive behavior of dogs
Innate and instinctive behavior of dogsInnate and instinctive behavior of dogs
Innate and instinctive behavior of dogs
 
Assignment 4 ect6 webready
Assignment 4 ect6 webreadyAssignment 4 ect6 webready
Assignment 4 ect6 webready
 
Best food for allergies
Best food for allergiesBest food for allergies
Best food for allergies
 
Best food for allergies
Best food for allergiesBest food for allergies
Best food for allergies
 
Dog
Dog Dog
Dog
 
2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks
2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks
2019 Mammals-Rabies-Animal Tracks
 
Canine Communication.docx
Canine Communication.docxCanine Communication.docx
Canine Communication.docx
 
Learnind theory and its implications in psychiatry
Learnind theory and its implications in psychiatryLearnind theory and its implications in psychiatry
Learnind theory and its implications in psychiatry
 
Puppy Farm dogs and Shelter Cats
Puppy Farm dogs and Shelter CatsPuppy Farm dogs and Shelter Cats
Puppy Farm dogs and Shelter Cats
 
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog #dog #dogs or #cat
Aggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dog #dog #dogs or #catAggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dog #dog #dogs or #cat
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog #dog #dogs or #cat
 
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog
Aggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dogAggression  is  the  forceful  reaction  of  a  dog
Aggression is the forceful reaction of a dog
 
agressive dogs.pptx
agressive dogs.pptxagressive dogs.pptx
agressive dogs.pptx
 
Understanding behavior of cat and dog
Understanding behavior of cat and dogUnderstanding behavior of cat and dog
Understanding behavior of cat and dog
 
2724 week7 assgn2muss.
2724 week7 assgn2muss.2724 week7 assgn2muss.
2724 week7 assgn2muss.
 
Rethinking adoptable clair1
Rethinking adoptable clair1Rethinking adoptable clair1
Rethinking adoptable clair1
 
How to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdf
How to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdfHow to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdf
How to Know if your Dog Loves You.pdf
 
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared ResourceScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
 

More from Dogs Trust

ICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair Bunyan
ICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair BunyanICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair Bunyan
ICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair Bunyan
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...
ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...
ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather Bacon
ICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather BaconICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather Bacon
ICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather Bacon
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David Newall
ICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David NewallICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David Newall
ICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David Newall
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...
ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...
ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte CardosoICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema
ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema
ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowd
ICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowdICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowd
ICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowd
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies
ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies
ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity Update
ICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity UpdateICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity Update
ICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity Update
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency Fundraising
ICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency FundraisingICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency Fundraising
ICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency Fundraising
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita KymantaiteICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On It
ICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On ItICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On It
ICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On It
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare
ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare
ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte CardosoICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith
ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn MenteithICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith
ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik Technology
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik TechnologyICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik Technology
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik Technology
Dogs Trust
 
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass
Dogs Trust
 
IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter
IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelterIACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter
IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter
Dogs Trust
 

More from Dogs Trust (20)

ICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair Bunyan
ICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair BunyanICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair Bunyan
ICAWC 2015 - The Power of Play - Alasdair Bunyan
 
ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...
ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...
ICAWC 2015 - Reinforcing the Canine Human Bond Through Training - Alasdair Bu...
 
ICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather Bacon
ICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather BaconICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather Bacon
ICAWC 2015 - Canine welfare assessment for TNR programs - Heather Bacon
 
ICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David Newall
ICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David NewallICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David Newall
ICAWC 2015 - Ins and outs of homing cats - David Newall
 
ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...
ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...
ICAWC 2015 - The Full Monty - Harry Eckman (Change For Animals Foundation) & ...
 
ICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte CardosoICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - If you build it they will come - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
 
ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema
ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema
ICAWC 2015 - Humane Community Development - Kate Nattrass Atema
 
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling Scandal - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
 
ICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowd
ICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowdICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowd
ICAWC 2015 - Nick Daniel - Standing out from the crowd
 
ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies
ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies
ICAWC 2015 - Luke Gamble - Mission Rabies
 
ICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity Update
ICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity UpdateICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity Update
ICAWC 2015 - Claire Calder - EU Activity Update
 
ICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency Fundraising
ICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency FundraisingICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency Fundraising
ICAWC 2015 - Svetlo and Nadia - Emergency Fundraising
 
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita KymantaiteICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
ICAWC 2015 - Puppy Smuggling in Europe - Paula Boyden & Brigita Kymantaite
 
ICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On It
ICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On ItICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On It
ICAWC 2015 - Sarah Fisher - Bank On It
 
ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare
ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare
ICAWC 2015 - Paul Wass & Alasdair Bunyan - Building for future welfare
 
ICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte CardosoICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
ICAWC 2015 - When Love Breaks Down - Sandra Duarte Cardoso
 
ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith
ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn MenteithICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith
ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith
 
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik Technology
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik TechnologyICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik Technology
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Technik Technology
 
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass
ICAWC 2015 - Workshop - Building for future welfare - Paul Wass
 
IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter
IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelterIACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter
IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter
 

Recently uploaded

美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
callottermanha18096
 
欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
arcosarturo900
 
Stag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in India
Stag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in IndiaStag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in India
Stag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in India
Stag Elevators
 
快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
ubopub
 
MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.
MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.
MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.
DK PAGEANT
 
一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样
一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样
一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样
stgq9v39
 
欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】
欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】
欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】
brendonbrash97589
 
一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理
mjjbdpo2
 
一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理
qghuhwa
 
Navigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your Garden
Navigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your GardenNavigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your Garden
Navigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your Garden
nerissacampuzano
 
2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】
2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】
2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】
ramaysha335
 
MISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDON
MISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDONMISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDON
MISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDON
DK PAGEANT
 
The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123
The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123
The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123
Noel Sergeant
 

Recently uploaded (13)

美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
美洲杯投注冠军赔率揭晓!谁将问鼎南美之王?|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
 
欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
欧洲杯赌钱-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注-欧洲杯赌钱比赛投注官网|【​网址​🎉ac22.net🎉​】
 
Stag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in India
Stag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in IndiaStag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in India
Stag Elevators | Leading Home Elevator Company in India
 
快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
快速办理(加拿大CBU毕业证书)卡普顿大学毕业证毕业完成信一模一样
 
MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.
MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.
MISS RAIPUR 2024 - WINNER POONAM BHARTI.
 
一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样
一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样
一比一原版塔夫斯大学毕业证Tufts成绩单一模一样
 
欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】
欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】
欧洲杯下注-欧洲杯下注买球网-欧洲杯下注买球网站|【​网址​🎉ac10.net🎉​】
 
一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理
一比一原版美国俄亥俄大学毕业证(OU学位证)如何办理
 
一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(UoL毕业证)伦敦大学毕业证如何办理
 
Navigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your Garden
Navigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your GardenNavigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your Garden
Navigating the World of Topsoil: A Guide to the Right Choice for Your Garden
 
2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】
2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】
2024欧洲杯比分投注-2024欧洲杯比分投注推荐-2024欧洲杯比分投注|【​网址​🎉ac99.net🎉​】
 
MISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDON
MISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDONMISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDON
MISS TEEN HYDERABAD 2024 - WINNER RYKA TANDON
 
The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123
The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123
The Uttoxeter and Cheadle Voice Issue 123
 

Animals in Captivity, Cognitive Dissonance - Steve Goward, Dogs Trust