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MISSION VISION CORE VALUES
CHRIST is a nurturing ground for an individual’s
holistic development to make effective contribution
to the society in a dynamic environment
Excellence and Service Faith in God | Moral Uprightness
Love of Fellow Beings
Social Responsibility | Pursuit of Excellence
Agrarian distress: Swaminathan
Commission, minimum support price,
crop insurance, right to work, debate
on farm loan waivers
Dr. Amrita Chaurasia, School of Commerce, Finance
and Accountancy
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
• Agrarian distress:
• Swaminathan Commission,
• Minimum support price,
• Crop insurance,
• Right to work,
• Debate on farm loan waivers
Flow of the session
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
“India is one of the biggest growing economies
in the world”.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of
nearly half the population of the country.
Over the past few decades, the manufacturing
and services sectors have increasingly
contributed to the growth of the economy, while
the agriculture sector’s contribution has
decreased.
The unprecedented agrarian crisis in India has
now been affecting farmers across the country for
nearly a decade
Quote
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
Let’s think…..
• What do you Poor Policy and Planning in
general) is?
• In what ways do you think Declining Average
Size of Farm Holdings?
• Can you identify one attribute that defines
Dependence on Rainfall and Climate?
• How identity influences Collapsing Farm
Prices?
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
• Poor Policy and Planning: In the past, Government
strategy primarily focused on raising agricultural output and
improving food security rather than recognizing the need to
raise farmer’s income,
• The absence of direct measures to promote farmers’ welfare is
also one of the main reasons for agricultural distress.
• Declining Average Size of Farm Holdings: Increasing
demographic pressure, disguised employment in agriculture
and conversion of agricultural land for alternative uses, have
drastically reduced the average land holding.
• Dependence on Rainfall and Climate: Indian agriculture
is heavily dependent on monsoon and ever-increasing global
temperature has made agriculture more prone to extreme
weather events.
Facets of Agrarian distress
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
Collapsing Farm Prices: Low global prices have
affected exports and the cheaper imports have hurt
domestic prices in the country.
Lack of easy credit to agriculture and dependence on
money lenders.
Fragmented supply chains:
Large gaps in storage, Cold chains
Limited connectivity
Absence of marketing infrastructure
Lack of Mechanisation: Introduction of latest
technology has been limited due to various reasons
like accessibility for credit and low awareness.
Collapsing Farm Prices
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
Swaminathan Commission
Reports
• In November 2004, the central government led by
Dr. Manmohan Singh constituted a commission
headed by agricultural scientist M.S.
Swaminathan, considered the Father of the Green
Revolution in India.
• The Swaminathan Commission was tasked with
finding solutions to the problems faced by farmers.
• The commission submitted five reports between
December 2004 and October 2006. Notably, it
made the following recommendations:
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
Recommendations
(i)To distribute ceiling-surplus and waste land among
farmers.
(ii) To prevent diversion of prime agricultural land and forest
to the corporate sector for non-agricultural purposes.
(iii) To ensure grazing rights and seasonal access to forests to
tribals and pastoralists, and access to common property
resources.
(iv) To establish a National Land Use Advisory Service to link
land use decisions with ecological, meteorological, and
marketing factors based on location and season.
(v) To set up a mechanism to regulate the sale of agricultural
land, based on quantum of land, nature of proposed use, and
category of buyer
(vi) To give farmers MSPs at 50% profit above the cost of
production classified as C2
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
Types of
• Production costs of crops are defined under three
categories: A2, A2+FL, and C2.
• A2 is the actual paid-out expenses incurred by
farmers—in cash and kind—on seeds, fertilisers,
pesticides, hired labour, fuel, irrigation and other
inputs from outside.
• A2+FL includes A2 cost plus an imputed value of
unpaid family labour.
• C2 is the most comprehensive definition of
production cost of crops as it also includes cost on
imputed rent and interest on owned land over and
above A2+FL.
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
The Perils of Deregulated Imperfect
Agri markets
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujEXnbWf7
7s
What is Agricultural Produce Market
Committee? What are the issues with
APMC?
Role: Activity
https://www.menti.com/alrz9dju1ewt
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
• https://www.menti.com/alrz9dju1ewt
Role: Activity : Review what we learn
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
Agricultural Distress in India
• Temporary voting code
• Expand
• The voting code 5736 6753 is valid now and
expires in 2 days.
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
• Development Initiatives
• Need for Technology
• Improvements in Allied Sectors
• Cooperative Farming
• Policy Developments
• Need for Market Reforms
What Steps can be Taken?
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
• Additionally, many farmers in India are
small-scale farmers with limited resources,
which makes it difficult for them to compete
with larger, more industrialized farmers.
• The government of India has implemented
various schemes and policies to address
these issues but it's not sufficient to tackle
the problem.
• Need of creative and intellectuals are still
there
Agricultural distress in India
Excellence and Service
CHRIST
Deemed to be University
• Two-decade-long agrarian crisis.
• In 2011 recorded nearly 15 million fewer
farmers than there were in 1991; that’s a
dropout rate of about 2,040 every 24 hours.
• Seed, fertiliser, and pesticides are firmly in
the hands of corporations.
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLZxo
avey58
In India, Farmers Face a Terrifying Crisis

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agrarian distress.pptx

  • 1. MISSION VISION CORE VALUES CHRIST is a nurturing ground for an individual’s holistic development to make effective contribution to the society in a dynamic environment Excellence and Service Faith in God | Moral Uprightness Love of Fellow Beings Social Responsibility | Pursuit of Excellence Agrarian distress: Swaminathan Commission, minimum support price, crop insurance, right to work, debate on farm loan waivers Dr. Amrita Chaurasia, School of Commerce, Finance and Accountancy
  • 2. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Agrarian distress: • Swaminathan Commission, • Minimum support price, • Crop insurance, • Right to work, • Debate on farm loan waivers Flow of the session
  • 3. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University “India is one of the biggest growing economies in the world”. Agriculture is the primary occupation of nearly half the population of the country. Over the past few decades, the manufacturing and services sectors have increasingly contributed to the growth of the economy, while the agriculture sector’s contribution has decreased. The unprecedented agrarian crisis in India has now been affecting farmers across the country for nearly a decade Quote
  • 4. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Let’s think….. • What do you Poor Policy and Planning in general) is? • In what ways do you think Declining Average Size of Farm Holdings? • Can you identify one attribute that defines Dependence on Rainfall and Climate? • How identity influences Collapsing Farm Prices?
  • 5. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Poor Policy and Planning: In the past, Government strategy primarily focused on raising agricultural output and improving food security rather than recognizing the need to raise farmer’s income, • The absence of direct measures to promote farmers’ welfare is also one of the main reasons for agricultural distress. • Declining Average Size of Farm Holdings: Increasing demographic pressure, disguised employment in agriculture and conversion of agricultural land for alternative uses, have drastically reduced the average land holding. • Dependence on Rainfall and Climate: Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on monsoon and ever-increasing global temperature has made agriculture more prone to extreme weather events. Facets of Agrarian distress
  • 6. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Collapsing Farm Prices: Low global prices have affected exports and the cheaper imports have hurt domestic prices in the country. Lack of easy credit to agriculture and dependence on money lenders. Fragmented supply chains: Large gaps in storage, Cold chains Limited connectivity Absence of marketing infrastructure Lack of Mechanisation: Introduction of latest technology has been limited due to various reasons like accessibility for credit and low awareness. Collapsing Farm Prices
  • 7. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Swaminathan Commission Reports • In November 2004, the central government led by Dr. Manmohan Singh constituted a commission headed by agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan, considered the Father of the Green Revolution in India. • The Swaminathan Commission was tasked with finding solutions to the problems faced by farmers. • The commission submitted five reports between December 2004 and October 2006. Notably, it made the following recommendations:
  • 8. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Recommendations (i)To distribute ceiling-surplus and waste land among farmers. (ii) To prevent diversion of prime agricultural land and forest to the corporate sector for non-agricultural purposes. (iii) To ensure grazing rights and seasonal access to forests to tribals and pastoralists, and access to common property resources. (iv) To establish a National Land Use Advisory Service to link land use decisions with ecological, meteorological, and marketing factors based on location and season. (v) To set up a mechanism to regulate the sale of agricultural land, based on quantum of land, nature of proposed use, and category of buyer (vi) To give farmers MSPs at 50% profit above the cost of production classified as C2
  • 9. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Types of • Production costs of crops are defined under three categories: A2, A2+FL, and C2. • A2 is the actual paid-out expenses incurred by farmers—in cash and kind—on seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, hired labour, fuel, irrigation and other inputs from outside. • A2+FL includes A2 cost plus an imputed value of unpaid family labour. • C2 is the most comprehensive definition of production cost of crops as it also includes cost on imputed rent and interest on owned land over and above A2+FL.
  • 10. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University The Perils of Deregulated Imperfect Agri markets https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujEXnbWf7 7s What is Agricultural Produce Market Committee? What are the issues with APMC? Role: Activity https://www.menti.com/alrz9dju1ewt
  • 11. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • https://www.menti.com/alrz9dju1ewt Role: Activity : Review what we learn
  • 12. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University Agricultural Distress in India • Temporary voting code • Expand • The voting code 5736 6753 is valid now and expires in 2 days.
  • 13. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Development Initiatives • Need for Technology • Improvements in Allied Sectors • Cooperative Farming • Policy Developments • Need for Market Reforms What Steps can be Taken?
  • 14. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Additionally, many farmers in India are small-scale farmers with limited resources, which makes it difficult for them to compete with larger, more industrialized farmers. • The government of India has implemented various schemes and policies to address these issues but it's not sufficient to tackle the problem. • Need of creative and intellectuals are still there Agricultural distress in India
  • 15. Excellence and Service CHRIST Deemed to be University • Two-decade-long agrarian crisis. • In 2011 recorded nearly 15 million fewer farmers than there were in 1991; that’s a dropout rate of about 2,040 every 24 hours. • Seed, fertiliser, and pesticides are firmly in the hands of corporations. • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLZxo avey58 In India, Farmers Face a Terrifying Crisis