Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains~2010

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Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains~2010

  1. 1. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pulau Pinang Mind Maps Science- Science-018 MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN UPSR 2010 Year 4 Name : Class : Teacher : En. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -1- -2-
  2. 2. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science asas Give energy / Beri tenaga 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Grow / Membesar Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan To breathe / Bernafas Stay healthy / Sihat asas Give energy / Beri tenaga To breathe / Bernafas Food / Air / Udara Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Makanan Stay healthy / Sihat Food / Air / Udara Makanan Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang Water / Air Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan Water / Air Shelter / Tempat perlindungan Drinks / Minuman Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar To protect from To protect from Stay healthy / Sihat Untuk melindungi daripada Grow / Membesar Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya Stay healthy / Sihat - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca - extreme weather / cuaca melampau melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan -sun & rain / matahari dan hujan SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -3- -4-
  3. 3. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Inhale – take in air Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan Tarik nafas – ambil udara Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru asas Organs Plants Have Basic Needs Organ Exhale – give out air Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara Purpose / Tujuan : Breathing Rate of breath - avoid danger Pernafasan Kadar pernafasan elak bahaya Air / Water / Sunlight / - avoid getting hurt Udara Air Cahaya matahari elak dapat luka Number of chest movement in a - avoid getting injured period of time elak dapat cedera Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam - to survive sesuatu masa untuk terus hidup Respond To Stimuli Life Processes of Reproduce Bergerak balas Humans Membiak With water / Ada air : Without water / Tanpa air: Proses Hidup Dilalui Terhadap - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - wilted / layu Manusia Ransangan - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - not wilted / tidak layu - die / mati A process to produce Organs their young or offspring Organ Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Eyes – Sight Excrete Mata - Melihat Berkumuh Nose – Smell Hidung - Menghidu Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Defecate Tongue – Taste Bernyahtinja Lidah - Merasa Ears – Sound Telinga - Mendengar Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Faeces bunyi Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Najis Skin – Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral ) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -5- -6-
  4. 4. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals proses hidup Analisa proses hidup haiwan Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok Excrete / Breathing / Reproduce / Perkumuhan Bernafas Membiak Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Drinking Alcohol / Minum Taking Drug / Mengambil Defecate / Alkohol Dadah Lay Eggs / Give Birth / Kanser paru-paru Bernyahtinja - Coughing Organs / Bertelur Lahirkan anak Batuk Organ cat Effects / Kesan butterfly kucing - Delay respond to stimuli rama-rama Lambatkan ransangan terhadap To get rid of waste product from their bodies tiger How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk ransangan harimau - Lose ability to walk in straight Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan bird hindari dari badan line burung bat Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan kelawar Occupied time with beneficial lurus activities - Can cause accidents Memenuhi masa dengan whale Menyebabkan kemalangan paus aktiviti berfaedah Participate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Lungs/ Gills/Insang Lungs- Moist skin/Kulit Trachea Structre/Sistem Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya Paru-paru - fish book lembap Trakea - monkey ikan - crab - frog - insects monyet - prawn ketam katak serangga - bird udang - earthworm burung cacing tanah - whale paus SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -7- -8-
  5. 5. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan plants respond to stimuli. Mind Maps – Science the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi Mind Maps – Science 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect water, sunlight, touch, gravity. bertindak balas terhadap diri various ways plants reproduce tumbuhan bergerak balas ransangan mereka daripada bahaya through seeds, spores, suckers, terhadap ransangan stem cutting, leaves, air,cahaya underground stem. matahari,sentuhan,graviti berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui .bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, Specific characteristics and behaviour batang bawah tanah Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak Life balas terhadap graviti Special Special behaviour processes characteristics Tingkah-laku khas plants roots Ciri-ciri khas undergo akar Proses hidup plants reproduce. tumbuhan tumbuhan membiak Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Seeds – balsam, corn, Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) durian the part of plant that responds to Biji benih-keembung, sunlight. jagung,durian bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas Thick and hard skin Camouflage ( cameleon ) terhadap cahaya matahari ( rhinoceros ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam Permul Akhir Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) ( sotong ) why plants need to reproduce Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura, to ensure the survival of the species. mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak Poisonous sting or fang the part of plant that responds Hard scales ( pangolin, untuk memastikan kemandirian ( centipede, snake ) spesisnya to touch. crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Sengat atau taring berbisa bahagian pokok yang bertindak ( kala jengking, ular ) balas terhadap sentuhan Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang ) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar -9- - 10 -
  6. 6. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh Specific characteristics and behavior The specific Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Produces latex Have thorns Hot weather Cold weather Keluarkan getah Berduri Cuaca panas Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin Thick Fur (Elephant ,hippopotamuses (Polar bears) and buffaloes) Berbulu tebal Kulit berkedut (Beruang kutub) Poisonous (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Beracun Have fine hairs Wallowing Fat Layers Under The Skins Berbulu halus (Elephant, hippopotamuses (Penguins, seals, and whales) and buffaloes) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit Close leaflets when touch Berkubang (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan Daun tertutup bila disentuh (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) paus) Humps Small Ears (Camel) (Seals and Walruses) Bonggol Telinga kecil (Unta) (Anjing laut, singa laut) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 11 - - 12 -
  7. 7. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves f rom dry region and strong wind Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan Mind Maps – Science mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri dry region strong wind kawasan kering angin kuat Eg : cactus . Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, kaktus pokok kelapa, pokok buluh One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, the day started to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to the shelter, a hole near a woody house. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in the hole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.” • Long roots to absorb water a. Have stems that bend easily Said Cik Ti frustrated. Cil Ti moved into the kitchen in that woody house. “ Arghh…… I Akar panjang untuk serap air Batang yang mudah bengkok am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After she had her • Succulent stem can store b. Have buttress roots water food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water. Tap! Akar banir Batang menyimpan air Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He c. Have separated leaves • Thorn can can prevent the Daun berbilah-bilah tighten the bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti excessive loss of water d. Needle- shaped leaves ….. Her voice slow down time by time. Lastly Cik Ti dead without air….. Duri yang mencegah Daun berbentuk jarum kehilangan banyak air Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tiba hujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuah lubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanan tetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Ti terus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh….. laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm… sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. Cik Ti minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersedia untuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah beg plastic dan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas….. mana udara ni.” Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara..... SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 13 - - 14 -
  8. 8. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria What Plants eed to Stay Healthy? Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHAN Mind Maps – Science Thank you for giving me enough water. I can use it to make my food. No. Organs Diagram Waste Products Bil Gambarajah Organ Bahan Buangan Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya air Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you grow 1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang yang cukup. Saya akan gunakannya untk membuat makanan. healthy soon. Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Kidney Urine + water vapour Ureter Air Kencing + wap air Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . 2. Lungs/ Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab Vapour Thank you for placing me to the saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. direct sunlight. Now I get enough Karbon dioksida + wap air light. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. 3. Skin/Kulit Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you Sweat + Water Vapour + Thank you for giving me enough can grow healthy soon . fertilizer. Now I can get enough Mineral salt mineral. I can use it to make my Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab food. saya. Harap awak akan hidup Peluh + wap air + garam Terima kasih kerana memberikan subur kelak. mineral saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath can grow healthy soon . smoothly. Thank you. Now I can get enough air. I can use it to make my Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab food. saya. Harap awak akan hidup Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima subur kelak. kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 15 - - 16 -
  9. 9. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song) Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria The Breathing Structure of Animals Mind Maps – Science Gill Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots what are you see? Insang I want to go down to meet my gravity. Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Lung Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? Paru-paru I’m going down to the soil to absorb water. Oh green shoot, Oh green Shoot what make you bright? I can go up to search for sunlight. The shoot responds to sunlight Nose Hidung Windpipe Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap Salur Trakea cahaya matahari.. Moist Skin Lung Kulit Lembab Paru-paru Air Passage Peredaran Udara The roots respond to water. Nose Wind Pipe Lungs Lung Akar bergerakbalas terhadap Hidung Trakea Paru-paru Paru-paru air. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 17 - - 18 -
  10. 10. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Animal Defense From extreme weather Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science Wallowing In Mud - Rhinoceroses Thick Fat In Tails – Kangaroo Rats Thick Layers Of Fat – Penguins Long Ears – Desert Fox Rest – Desert Animals Thick Furs - Polar Hump - Camels MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5 Small Ears – Cold Region Animals Kangaroo Rat Camel Penguin Unit 3/Lesoon 2 How I Survived – Living in Extreme Danger SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 19 - - 20 -
  11. 11. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Some Organisms Are Harmful And Mind Maps – Science Microorganism Mikroorganisma Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Useful / berguna Harmful / Berbahaya Prevention Bacteria Fungi Protozua Virus Cara mencegah Bakteria Kulat Protozoa Virus Disease -Making food/ buat Penyakit Characteristics makanan Washing hand Ciri.Ciri (bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) Membasuh ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) Can cause tangan -Making fertilizer/ baja Boleh Stomach upset Drink boiled -Making medcine/ ubat Sakit perut water Minum air yang Breathe Grow dimasak Bernafas Membesar Cough batuk Move Cannot see with Covering mouth Bergerak naked eyes & nose when Tidak boleh dilihat Illness Tooth decay coughing & Food dengan mata kasar Sakit Gigi mereput sneezing Poisoning Cause the dough rise Menutup mulut Keracunan Menyebabkan adunan Food Conjunctivity dan makanan tepung menaik. Stale Tooth Sakit mata hidung apabila Makanan Decay batuk dan bersin • Rotten oranges/ basi Gigi mereput limau busuk • Mouldy rice / Nasi berkulat Tiny Halus SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 21 - - 22 -
  12. 12. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk kemandirian spesisnya memastikan kemandirian spesisnya HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF Agents of Special Examples THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. dispersal characteristic Contoh Examples animals that take care of their eggs and young. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur Agen Ciri-ciri Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak mereka . dan anak. bird, spider, fish,snake, Bird - Eggs with shell covering burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang • Light / Ringan • Coconut / Frog - Eggs are thick, slimy and having bad Water • Air Space in the turtle, kangroo, elephant kelapa smell Air fruits penyu,kanggaro,gajah • Water Lily / Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir dan berbau Ruang udara di Kiambang busuk dalam buah Spider - kept in a bag underneath its body Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah • Not water badan absorbent Fish - keep their young in their mouths Air tidak boleh Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam diserap mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect Survival of Wind • Light / Ringan • Shorea their eggs Animal Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk Angin • Small in size / • Angsana Species menyelamatkan telur saiz kecil • Lalang Kemandirian Turtle - hide their eggs • Winged / Spesies Haiwan Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya berkepak Survival of Plant Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Species Kemandirian Explosive • Dry when ripe • Rubber fruit / Kanggaroo – Membawa anaknya di dalam kantung spesies mechanism Kering apabila buah getah Elephant - stay in herds tumbuhan Mekanisme masak • Balsam fruit / Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan letupan • Explodes when keembong Why animals take care of mature • Lady’s finger/ their eggs and young. Meletup apabila kacang bendi Mengapa haiwan melindungi matang telur dan anaknya Importance Animal ♣ Brightly Shortage of food resource coloured • Rambutan Kepentingan haiwan To ensure the survival Sumber makanan berkurangan Warna yang • Mango/ of their species terang mangga Memastikan kemandirian • Love grass / ♣ Edible / Boleh spesisnya. kemuncup dimakan Animals and plants species ♣ Have smells / may face extinction. berbau Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan ♣ Have hook akan mengalami kepupusan. bercangkuk SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 23 - - 24 -
  13. 13. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.1 Understanding food chains Memahami rantai makanan Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan Mind Maps – Science What will happento a Food Chain They will face difficulty certain species of animals Animals and the Rantai Makanan Consumer to survive if the source if they eat only one type of food they eat Pengguna food? Food web of different of food runs out Haiwan dan Apa akan berlaku habitats Mereka akan makanannya mengalami sebahagian spesis haiwan Siratan makanan Animals that kesukaran jika sumber makan hanya daripada berlainan Producer eat plant habitat. makanan kehabisan. satu jenis makanan All living things Pengeluar or other sahaja? need food to animals survive.Green plant Classify animals are called can make their own Pengkelasan consumers. Synthesizing food chains food. However haiwan Construct food chain Haiwan yang to construct food web. animals cannot Membina rantai makanan makan Sintesis siratan makanan untuk make their own Herbivore : tumbuhan The food What will happen If there is membentuk rantai makanan make their own Animals that eat plants dipanggil food. relationship pengguna. a change in population of a only. among living certain species in a food Semua benda e.g.: cow, goat, deer hidup perlu things web Herbivor can be shown by Apa akan berlaku jika paddy plant mice snakes makanan untuk Haiwan makan tanaman padi tikus ular hidup. a food chain. terdapat perubahan spesies tumbuhan sahaja Hubungan antara dalam rantai makanan Tumbuhan hijau Cth: makanan caterpillar birds boleh lembu,kambing,rusa ulat beluncas burung eagles membuat makanan dan benda hidup helang sendiri. ditunjukkan A change in the population grasshoppers Carnivore: melalui belalang Animals that eat other of a certain species will rantai makanan effect the population of animals. e.g.: tiger, lion other species Perubahan populasi frogs Green plant obtain Karnivor To construct food katak energy from Haiwan yang makan beberapa haiwan memberi chain It must start the sun to make haiwan lain kesan kepada populasi Paddy field with plant as food. Green Cth : harimau,singa haiwan lain. Sawah padi a producer. Plant as a producer Untuk membina Tumbuhan hijau rantai makanan ia Memerlukan tenaga Omnivore: Food web bermula daripada daripada Matahari Animals that eat plants Siratan makanan tumbuhan sebagai caterpillar bird untuk membuat and other animals pengeluar. ulat beluncas burung makanan. Omnivor Tumbuhan Haiwan makan tumbuhan dan In a food chain adalah pengeluar spinach grasshopper frog snake haiwan lain. the arrow means bayam belalang katak ular ‘eaten by’ Dalam rantai makanan anak snail eagle panah bermaksud siput helang dimakan oleh Garden Taman SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 25 - - 26 -
  14. 14. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria MICROORGANISMS MIKROORGANISMA Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. Mind Maps – Science (Itu ialah Virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is halus.) “microorganisms”. He doesn’t understand what it is and he ask his mother immediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia terbaca satu perkataan. Ali : Wow, that’s interesting. Tell me more, mother. Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepada ibunya.) (Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu.) Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since (Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma?) Microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. Mother : Microorganism is tiny living things that can only be seen (Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikro organisma through a microscope. There are four types of adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.) microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh Ali : Thank you, mother. dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.) (Terima kasih, ibu.) Ali : What are those? (Apa itu?) Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.) Ali : What picture is that, mother? (Gambar apa tu, ibu?) Mother : It is Bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. (Itu ialah Bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna.) Ali : That picture is (Gambar itu ) Mother : It is Protozoa. Most of it are found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. (Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai.) Ali : That must be Fungi. Right, mother? (Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu?) Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many time on mouldy bread, rotten food, trees and forest floors. (Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang reput, pokok-pokok dan lantai hutan.) Ali : And this picture, mother? (Dan gambar itu, ibu?) SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 27 - - 28 -
  15. 15. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Making tempe Membuat tempe Mind Maps – Science Making tapai Membuat tapai Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN Mind Maps – Science USEFUL Bird KEBAIKAN Burung Frog Katak Penguin Making yogurt Penguin Membuat yogurt Making cheese Membuat keju Snake Ular Produce antibiotic Form fertilizer We take care of our eggs Menghasilkan antibiotic Membuat baja Kami menjaga telur kami Sea horse THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS Kuda laut KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA Crocodile Cockroach Buaya Lipas Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi Food poisoning Flu Keracunan makanan Selsema Dolphin Elephant Ikan lumba Gajah Bat Kelawar Kangaroo HARMFUL Kangaroo Keburukan Mumps Beguk Measles Cacar Cow Lembu We take care of our youngs Kami menjaga anak kami Tiger Harimau Chicken pox Conjunctivitis Campak Sakit mata SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 29 - - 30 -
  16. 16. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria AGENT PLANT SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN TUMBUHAN EXAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mangga Mango Mind Maps – Science We dispersed by animal because we have brightly colour, fleshy, edible and AGEN CONTOH CIRI-CIRI have smells. Our seed is also hard. Watermelon Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan Lotus Tembikai kerana kami mempunyai Teratai We dispersed by water warna yang terang, berisi, because we are light, boleh dimakan dan covered with waxy skin, mempunyai bau. Biji benih waterproof, has air spaces kami juga keras. Coconut and has spongy Kelapa receptacles. ANIMAL HAIWAN Kami dipencarkan melalui air Pong-pong kerana kami ringan, diselaputi Pong-pong dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis air dan mempunyai rongga yang berspan. Mimosa We are also dispersed by Semalu animal because have hooks WATER AIR that can be attached to animals. Lovegrass Kami juga dipencarkan oelah Kemucup haiwan kerana kami mempunyai cangkuk yang Shorea boleh melekat kepada haiwan Meranti We dispersed by wind because we are small, light, dry, have wing-like structure, have hairs and Flame of forest We dispersed by explosive Lallang fine hairs. Therefore it is Semarak api mechanism because we dry Lallang up when we ripe and burst easily carried by wind. Balsam to push the seeds out from Keembung the fruits. Kami dipercarkan melalui angina kerena kami kecil, Okra Kami dipencarkan melalui ringan, kering, mempunyai Bendi mekanisma letupan kerana struktur seperti sayap, ada buah kami menjadi kering Angsana apabila masak ranum dan bulu yang halus. Sebeb itu Rubber seed Angsana seterusnya meletup dan biji kami senang dibawa pergi Biji getah oleh angin. benih kami terpelanting keluar. Cotton Kapas Explosive Mechanism WIND ANGIN SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 31 - - 32 -
  17. 17. ___________ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB RANTAI MAKANAN DAN JARINGAN MAKANAN Mind Maps – Science Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science bottom trees sun grass chain bawah pokok matahari rumput rantai Plants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get their energy from the sun. Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbuhan mendapat tenaga daripada matahari. deer herbivores rabbits carnivores rusa herbivor arnab karnivor Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are called herbivores, which means plant eaters. There are many more herbivores on our planet than carnivores, which are animals that eat meat. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Mereka dikenali sebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud ‘makan tumbuhan.’ Terdapat banyak herbivor daripada karnivor iaitu haiwan yang makan daging di planet kita Year 6 predators hunt prey top lions pemangsa memburu mangsa atas singa Predators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators are animals that hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animals are both predator and prey. Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pemangsa adalah haiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Sesetengah haiwan adalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa. connected energy web more berhubung tenaga jaringan lebih Most animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains are connected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web shows how the suns energy moves from plants to animals to animals. Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak rantai makanan dihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. Jaringan makanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan dan seterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan. SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 33 - - 34 -

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