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Bahrain Internet Filtering Presentation By Michael Seim PHIL 3360 - W1 S1 2010
Where Is Bahrain? <ul><li>Bahrain, officially Kingdom of Bahrain is a small island country in the Persian Gulf. </li></ul>
Intro <ul><li>One of the most connected countries in terms of Internet in the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>Government pr...
Background <ul><li>Bahrain attempts to delicately balance its policies to preserve the governments power. </li></ul><ul><l...
Internet In Bahrain <ul><li>Has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>According t...
Legal and regulatory frameworks <ul><li>Internet is regulated by legal infrastructure governing both access and available ...
Legal cont. <ul><li>TRA also has penalties for illicit use of the network as well as transmission of messages that are off...
Blocked or Filtered Sites <ul><li>Sites containing the following : </li></ul><ul><li>Pornography, gay and lesbian, proxy a...
Conclusion <ul><li>Although, Bahrain filters a broad range of topics, compared to its neighbors they are allowed much more...
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Bahrain Internet Filtering

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Presentation on Bahrain and Internet Filtering

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Bahrain Internet Filtering

  1. 1. Bahrain Internet Filtering Presentation By Michael Seim PHIL 3360 - W1 S1 2010
  2. 2. Where Is Bahrain? <ul><li>Bahrain, officially Kingdom of Bahrain is a small island country in the Persian Gulf. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Intro <ul><li>One of the most connected countries in terms of Internet in the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>Government prevents access from a small number of sites, mostly pornography or gay and lesbians. </li></ul><ul><li>State also blocks access to political Web Sites that criticize the government or the ruling family. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background <ul><li>Bahrain attempts to delicately balance its policies to preserve the governments power. </li></ul><ul><li>Bahrain has partnered with the United States in the war on terror and receives assistance accordingly. </li></ul><ul><li>Very protective of mentioning the royal family and other politicians in a negative way. The supreme court even banned the mention of such a scandal. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Internet In Bahrain <ul><li>Has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the ITU, an estimated 152,700 use the internet out of 738,874. While 121,000 Bahrainis own computers. </li></ul><ul><li>ISP competition became legal in 2002 ,unlike in other Gulf Arab States, springing out smaller competitors over the Monopoly known as Batelco. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Legal and regulatory frameworks <ul><li>Internet is regulated by legal infrastructure governing both access and available content. </li></ul><ul><li>The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) was created in 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>The TRA encourages continued introduction of competition into the market as well as the eventual divestment of the state’s shareholdings in Batelco. (Former Monopoly) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legal cont. <ul><li>TRA also has penalties for illicit use of the network as well as transmission of messages that are offensive to public policy or morals. </li></ul><ul><li>Any sites containing content involving Bahraini affairs must register with the government. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Blocked or Filtered Sites <ul><li>Sites containing the following : </li></ul><ul><li>Pornography, gay and lesbian, proxy and anonymizing servers. </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion of Muslims to Christianity, critical to Bahraini government, parliament, and ruling family. </li></ul><ul><li>Users do not always get a blockpage when trying to access such pages, users often times got an error simply saying “The page cannot be displayed” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>Although, Bahrain filters a broad range of topics, compared to its neighbors they are allowed much more access. </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy blocking and filtering is only placed on the majors such as pornography, conversion of religion, and royal family talk. </li></ul><ul><li>For each blocked site, there are numerous similar sites that are not blocked by the government. </li></ul>

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