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The Parousia - The return of the king


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This presentation looks at Revelation 19 and the return of Jesus Christ to the earth.

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The Parousia - The return of the king

  1. 1. The Parousia An In-Depth Study on the Second Coming of Christ
  2. 2. The Parousia The Return of the King
  3. 3. “And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. ” (Revelation 19:11)
  4. 4. When Billy Graham went on the Johnny Carson show, Carson said to him: “Billy, I bet if Jesus came back, we‟d do him in again.” Graham‟s reply was simple: “Johnny, He is coming back and no one will do him in…”
  5. 5. Selected Scriptures Regarding Christ‟s Return
  6. 6. “Be sure your sins will find you out” (Numbers 32:23)
  7. 7. “Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice; Let the sea roar, and all it contains; Let the field exult, and all that is in it. Then all the trees of the forest will sing for joy Before the Lord, for He is coming, For He is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world in righteousness And the peoples in His faithfulness. ” (Psalm 96:11–13)
  8. 8. “Who is this who comes from Edom, With garments of glowing colors from Bozrah, This One who is majestic in His apparel, Marching in the greatness of His strength? “It is I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” Why is Your apparel red, And Your garments like the one who treads in the wine press? “I have trodden the wine trough alone, And from the peoples there was no man with Me. I also trod them in My anger And trampled them in My wrath; And their lifeblood is sprinkled on My garments, And I stained all My raiment. “For the day of vengeance was in My heart, And My year of redemption has come. “I looked, and there was no one to help, And I was astonished and there was no one to uphold; So My own arm brought salvation to Me, And My wrath upheld Me. “I trod down the peoples in My anger And made them drunk in My wrath, And I poured out their lifeblood on the earth.” ” (Isaiah 63:1–6)
  9. 9. “And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, and he also had a sharp sickle. Then another angel, the one who has power over fire, came out from the altar; and he called with a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Put in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe.” So the angel swung his sickle to the earth and gathered the clusters from the vine of the earth, and threw them into the great wine press of the wrath of God. And the wine press was trodden outside the city, and blood came out from the wine press, up to the horses‟ bridles, for a distance of two hundred miles. ” (Revelation 14:17–20)
  10. 10. “You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and crushed them. Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed all at the same time and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth. ” (Daniel 2:34–35)
  11. 11. Judgment Given to the Son “For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son” (John 5:22) “For just as the Father has life in Himself, even so He gave to the Son also to have life in Himself; and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man. ” (John 5:26–27)
  12. 12. The First Promise After the Ascension “They also said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.”” (Acts 1:11)
  13. 13. The First Direct Prophecy in Scripture “It was also about these men that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, “Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.”” (Jude 14–15)
  14. 14. The Coming of Christ
  15. 15. Contrasts in Revelation 19 Believers in Christ Nonbelievers of Christ Marriage supper of the Lamb Supper of God for the slain Response of praise Response of rejection / rebellion Reward of white linen robe Reward of death
  16. 16. The Four-Fold Hallelujah “After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, “Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God; because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her.” And a second time they said, “Hallelujah! Her smoke rises up forever and ever.” And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne saying, “Amen. Hallelujah!” And a voice came from the throne, saying, “Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great.” Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying, “Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns. “Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready.” ” (Revelation 19:1–7)
  17. 17. The Four-Fold Hallelujah • Revelation 19 contains the only mentions of the word “Hallelujah” • First praise acknowledges God‟s judgment of Babylon – the spiritual harlot and commercial kingdom of the Antichrist • Second praise calls to attention that the nation‟s rebellion has been overthrown • Third praise reiterates the second and gives thanks that justice has come • Fourth and final praise calls out God‟s reign over His creation is recognized worldwide
  18. 18. Heaven Opens “After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven…” (Revelation 4:1) “And I saw heaven opened…” (Revelation 19:11) Heaven opens twice in Revelation – once to symbolize the removal of the saints and the second to speak of the coming of the saints with Christ.
  19. 19. A White Horse “and behold a white horse…” (Revelation 19:11) Roman generals, whenever they would win a great battle would always return from conquering an army riding on a white horse. The white horse is thus a symbol of Christ‟s triumph over the forces of wickedness in the world.
  20. 20. A Faithful and True Judge “and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True…” (Revelation 19:11) The Rider is called Faithful because He keeps His promises, and is called True because He is the truth. Today, everyone is looking for someone who keeps their promises, does what they say they will do and is someone that can be trusted and believed. They don‟t have to look any further than the Son of God.
  21. 21. A Righteous Judge and Warrior “and in righteousness He judges and wages war.” (Revelation 19:11) The Rider is the exact opposite of corrupt judges who pervert justice and politicians who go to war for profit or to oppress people. This One comes to bring about true justice and liberate the afflicted. “The LORD is a warrior; The LORD is His name. ” (Exodus 15:3)
  22. 22. “But with righteousness He will judge the poor, And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; And He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked. Also righteousness will be the belt about His loins, And faithfulness the belt about His waist. And the wolf will dwell with the lamb, And the leopard will lie down with the young goat, And the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; And a little boy will lead them. ” (Isaiah 11:4–6)
  23. 23. Penetrating Eyes of Fire “His eyes are a flame of fire.” (Revelation 19:12) “The Lord is in His holy temple; the Lord‟s throne is in heaven; His eyes behold, His eyelids test the sons of men. The Lord tests the righteous and the wicked, And the one who loves violence His soul hates. Upon the wicked He will rain snares; Fire and brimstone and burning wind will be the portion of their cup. ” (Psalm 11:4–6)
  24. 24. Many Crowns “and on His head are many diadems” (Revelation 19:12) A diadem is a ruler‟s crown. In this case, they are worn by Jesus to signify His royal rank and regal authority. „Many‟ indicates His collecting of all the rulers‟ crowns, signifying that He alone is the sovereign ruler of the earth. Collecting the crown of a vanquished king was customary in the ancient world.
  25. 25. An Unknown Name “and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself.” (Revelation 19:12) Knowledge of a name is in antiquity associated with the power of the god. When a name becomes known, then the power is shared with those to whom the disclosure is made. On His return, Jesus does not share His power/rule with anyone.
  26. 26. A Robe Dipped in Blood “He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood.” (Revelation 19:13) “Why is Your apparel red, And Your garments like the one who treads in the wine press? “I have trodden the wine trough alone, And from the peoples there was no man with Me. I also trod them in My anger And trampled them in My wrath; And their lifeblood is sprinkled on My garments, And I stained all My raiment” – Isaiah 63.
  27. 27. The Word of God “and His name is called the Word of God.” (Revelation 19:13) “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. . . . And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth. ” (John 1:1,14)
  28. 28. “For I will gather all the nations against Jerusalem to battle, and the city will be captured, the houses plundered, the women ravished and half of the city exiled, but the rest of the people will not be cut off from the city. Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle. In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south. You will flee by the valley of My mountains, for the valley of the mountains will reach to Azel; yes, you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord, my God, will come, and all the holy ones with Him! ” (Zechariah 14:2–5)
  29. 29. The Armies of Heaven “And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. ” (Revelation 19:14) “It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. ” (Revelation 19:8)
  30. 30. God‟s Spoken Word “From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.” ” (Revelation 19:15–16)
  31. 31. The Judgment of the Nations “Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, “Come, assemble for the great supper of God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them and the flesh of all men, both free men and slaves, and small and great.” And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. ” (Revelation 19:17–19)
  32. 32. To Save a Life “Unless those days had been cut short, no life would have been saved; but for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.” (Matthew 24:22) "Life on Earth is at the ever- increasing risk of being wiped out by a disaster such as sudden global warming, nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus or other dangers ... I think the human race has no future if it doesn't go into space.“ - Stephen Hawkings
  33. 33. The Judgment of the Antichrist & False Prophet "And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone." (Revelation 19:20)
  34. 34. The Supper of God “And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh. " (Revelation 19:21)
  35. 35. “Jesus, when He comes down, is a man of war. Look at the words, verse 11, “He judges and wages war.” Look at the words of verse 15, “From His mouth comes a sharp sword.” The point is that it is He who will fight directly, personally. The Second Coming of Jesus: What are we looking for? The greatest calamity in all of human history.” - John MacArthur
  36. 36. But I Thought God was Loving… “Now the Lord said to Moses, “One more plague I will bring on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will surely drive you out from here completely. . . . Now it came about at midnight that the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of cattle. ” (Exodus 11:1, 12:29) God is love (cf. 1 John 4:8), but He also brings judgment.
  37. 37. “For after all it is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, and to give relief to you who are afflicted and to us as well when the Lord Jesus will be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire, dealing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. ” (2 Thessalonians 1:6–8)
  38. 38. Satan Bound “Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he would not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time." (Revelation 20:1-3)
  39. 39. The Sheep / Goat Judgment “But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne. “All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left. “Then the King will say to those on His right, „Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world…. Then He will also say to those on His left, „Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels” (Matthew 25:31-34, 41)
  40. 40. Why is the prophetic word so important…?
  41. 41. “For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.” (Revelation 19:10)
  42. 42. “in the future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing. ” (2 Timothy 4:8)
  43. 43. “Do homage to the Son, that He not become angry, and you perish in the way, For His wrath may soon be kindled. How blessed are all who take refuge in Him! ” (Psalm 2:12)
  44. 44. Maranatha!