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CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4
Chinese Traditional Medical Journal
IS LITERATURE DYING IN ENGLISH CLASSROOMS IN
TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITIES?
Wuh Linling, Liu Xiaohuigh,
Departmentof ObstetricsandGynecology,ThirdAffiliatedHospital,SunYat-senUniversity,
Guangzhou, China
Departmentof RehabilitationandPhysical Therapy,GuangdongNo.2Provincial People's
Hospital,GuangzhouChina,
Introduction
Literature adds to reality, it does
not simply describe it. It enriches the
necessary competencies that daily life
requires and provides; and in this respect it
irrigates the deserts that our lives have
already become (C S Lewis)
All professors would want to
believe that the current curriculum and
required texts in most engineering
institutions fail to bring out the literary
sensibility of teachers and students. The
literary content of each new curriculum
seems to be decreasing, and learners are
being pushed toward a need-based learning
of language. While these are necessary
abilities that help students stand out in the
job market, the discussion and recognition
of students' emotional reactions to
literature has been lost along the way.
Abstract
There has been a shift in the curriculum and mandated English textbooks at
most of the technical institutions toward a more reference-based and information-
based approach. With each new curriculum, literature appears to have faded into
obscurity because of a lack of literary substance and a preference for a need-based
learning of language. When the emphasis is only on LSRW Skills to improve
students' employability, literature looks superfluous, unnecessary, and out of date.
Emotional reactions to literature are lost somewhere along the way. With an eye
toward determining why it's so hard to get people to respond in a "literary" way,
this study proposes ways to enhance non-literary texts by including brief literary
extracts that help readers get a deeper knowledge of life, people, and
circumstances. Teaching English as a second language by means of literature
allows students to get a deeper understanding of the language, their own personal
and social experiences, and the culture and history of their own country. literature
provides possibilities for multi-sensory classroom experiences and encourages
students to think critically and creatively, as well as eliciting a wide range of
responses from the students. As students, professors, and industry professionals
complete surveys and provide their input, this concept is solidified in their minds.
Key Words: Emotional reactions, sympathetic heights, and a declining
literary substance are all examples of this.
2
CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4
Few literary passages are included
in professional college English textbooks,
so students are expected to answer in a
matter-of-fact way. In spite of the teacher's
best efforts, few students are able to
produce 'literary' reactions to literature —
psychological, social, and emotional
responses are sorely missing. A lack of
appreciation for or understanding of
literature may be attributed to a variety of
factors, including poor reading habits or
even a lack of exposure to literature.
Literacy began to decline in
importance as language education and
instruction began to emphasise the
practical use of language instead. Today's
students, particularly those in engineering
schools, are more concerned than ever
before with developing language abilities
that will be useful in the workplace and on
standardised testing such as placement
examinations. In such a situation, literature
seems to be superfluous, unnecessary, and
antiquated. Teachers of English are now
referred to as "language trainers," whose
primary goal is to educate pupils
employability skills and prepare them for
the workforce. This is why group
discussion strategies, presentation skills,
resume writing, interview skills, report
writing, and so on are so heavily
emphasised in language laboratories.
These subjects are taught with the goal of
helping students get a job in the near
future, which is one of the most important
factors in determining their success. So, in
a setting like this, how can literature fit in?
A need-based curriculum may not have
room for it. Is it possible to instil a love of
literature in kids who have never read a
book by Enid Blyton or Hans Christian
Andersen as children? It is possible that
this short-term crash course in their
English Language Communication Skills
or Advanced English Communication
Skills lab might lead to long-term
proficiency in the language..
Discussion
To help students learn proper
grammar, vocabulary, and LSRW abilities,
the three JNTUH English textbooks have
included several language activities.
However, the 'human interest' that
literature may bring is lacking. It is
possible that a short storey by O.Henry or
Somerset Maugham, a poem by Tennyson
or Keats, a prose piece by Charles Lamb or
Francis Bacon would have filled this gap,
sparked discussion, and helped students
relate to situations, recognise characters'
emotions, and comprehend universal
human emotions, even in a foreign cultural
setting. Only factual and cut-and-dried
texts are now read by kids, with little room
for creative and literary creativity, which is
a major problem. 'The Tea Party' from The
Householder by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala is
the sole literary piece in the three
textbooks indicated above that allows
space for improving vocabulary, reading
between the lines and recognising subtle
comedy and soft sarcasm. While the letter
written by a son to his father, which
criticises the Indian education system for
lacking practical exposure, does resonate
with students who can identify with it, it
does not elicit the same literary or
aesthetic responses as a letter from Alice
Walker's The Color Purple or Jane
Austen's Persuasion.
The passage "Satya Nadella's e-
mail to his employees" from the textbook,
Fluency in English given by JNTUH, is a
good place to start (R 16 ). Students'
reactions to the material have been mostly
negative, with many expressing
disappointment that only Microsoft staff
are being'motivated' by it. The Road Not
Taken by Robert Frost is utilised as a
reading practise in the same section. For
kids, the topic of being at a crossroads in
life, experiencing conflicting feelings, and
finally making choices and the
consequences they involve is universally
relatable. Students are deprived of feeling
the emotions, empathising with the
narrator, and instinctively apprehending
the scenario in the first text, which serves
the aim of language learning. There's
nothing like teaching something tough and
3
CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4
open to several interpretations, something
that may open pupils' eyes and minds to a
wide range of possibilities. As an example,
Kalam's Presidential address from the
same textbook appears predictable in
content and offers little in the way of
cultural challenge while Double Angels, a
short Christmas storey assigned to students
for reading practise in the same chapter,
offers plenty of opportunity for cultural
curiosity, emotional appeal, and
sensitization.
As a result, how can one add a
literary depth to an otherwise dry text?
1. tough or exciting? To what
extent should textbooks, which tend to
focus on facts rather than feelings, handle
the universal themes of love, war, and
loss? There are many ways to make
textbooks more engaging for students, but
the representational aspect may be used to
get them involved and stimulate their
imaginations and cognitive capacities as
well as assist them develop empathy and
creativity. Students and teachers may find
the article What Should You Be Eating in
the JNTUH (R18) textbook quite matter-
of-fact, but it can be enlivened by using
related literary material such as Charles'
Lamb's Dissertation Upon Roast Pig or a
JAM Session on Fast Food Culture Among
Youth. This can be done in a variety of
ways. A Common Faults activity may be
made fun by reading aloud a poem like
Nissim Ezekiel's A Farewell Party to Ms
Pushpa TS or A Very Indian Poem in
Indian English, or by having students look
for errors in English on signboards.
2.Teachers of English might ask
themselves a few questions and keep a
journal of their experiences while utilising
literary and non-literary texts to teach the
language. According to a survey of
English instructors in Hyderabad, the
following questions were asked:
1.Use of both literary and non-literary
texts: what have you learned?
2.How have students reacted to a piece of
literature? It differs from a non-literary
text in what ways?
3.Adding literary content to non-literary
text has been shown to increase motivation
levels.
4If you're looking to improve your
language abilities, what do you think is the
best way to go about it?
5When teaching literature, how can you
include all four of these skills?
6What are the problems in teaching a
literary work in terms of semantic,
syntactical, and cultural aspects? Is the text
more fascinating and difficult because of
these?
7How can you guide pupils toward an
intuitive knowledge of people, events, and
so on, and help them sense the subtleties
and complexity in their depiction? "
8The following is how the educators
responded:
9One of the reasons they favoured
literature was that it provides a more
intuitive knowledge of grammar,
vocabulary, and syntax via its use of
analogies. With regard to language
instruction, if the teacher was given a set
of guidelines, they had to work within
those guidelines, which they found
enjoyable. When it came to reading
modern literary works, students found it
simpler to relate to them than older works.
10There has been a paradigm shift from
literary texts to a fast-track course in
language competency among students
today. Due to linguistic or cultural barriers,
students who come from non-literate
backgrounds find it difficult to enjoy
literature.
11Teachers believed that by incorporating
literature that is relevant to the textbook
topic, they might increase motivation and
spark interest in their students.
A scientific work, for example,
may be used to help students acquire
4
CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4
technical language or to improve their
writing skills. Learning language via
literature may be done through an intuitive
rather than prescriptive approach.
It is possible to better combine LSRW
skills via literary works. Figures of speech,
rhetoric, paralinguistic elements,
vocabulary, sentence patterns, and more
may all be found in Martin Luther King,
Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Non-
literary texts may also be used to produce
the same effect, although the motivation
and interest may be lower.
12. Cultural or language barriers may
make the text more difficult to understand.
It's possible that a poetry will turn out to
be a dictionary at some point. The
instructor must assist pupils in overcoming
these hurdles and developing an empathy
for the job.
In technical universities, texts
recommended do not allow much
possibility for comprehending subtleties in
personalities or circumstances. However,
this may be accomplished by
supplementing literary works that provide
this kind of opportunity.
It was also taken into account how
students reacted to learning a language via
literary and nonliterary sources. Questions
included: 1. What do you think is more
interesting in an English classroom: a short
tale or an academic essay?
Poems may either make you 'feel'
something, or they might turn you off to it.
Reading Comprehension,
Vocabulary, Grammar, or Writing, which
of these is your favourite?
Does a short story/poem resonate with
you on a personal level?
How well are you able to relate to
characters in fiction?
How important do you think it is to
develop a love of reading early in life?
Responses from students are included
below.
1. Students liked short tales over
scientific essays because they piqued their
attention and curiosity, and they were able
to connect to them more. However, they
also noted that the two may be connected.
Poems were more relevant to
students in all of their emotions, whether
they were unhappy, joyful, or in conflict,
according to the students. One should not
be critical of poetry since it represents the
poet's feelings and allows the reader to
experience them, they said.
Learning new terms was fun for
students, and writing allowed them the
opportunity to express their ideas without
restriction.
As they were able to 'universalize'
their feelings by connecting to a tale or
poetry, it resulted in a Cathartic effect.
One of them even remarked, "I am
them in my brain."
It is much easier to appreciate and
comprehend literary works if you have
read a lot as a child. It aided in the
development of more well-rounded
individuals capable of contributing to
society.
The question of whether or not
literature is necessary for language
instruction has been a raging one for
decades. Can't we take snippets from
economics, history, or science to achieve
the same thing?? Is there any text that will
do the job? It all depends on how one sees
the text—as a challenging work that
requires students to develop their
comprehension, analytical, and language
skills, or as a literary work that enables
students to gain a deeper understanding of
life, people, and situations and inspires
them to reach higher levels of empathy.
The content and language of a book
may be used to enhance one's life and
one's ability to learn a language. Learning
5
CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4
a new language with the help of literature
may accomplish both of these goals. It
allows you to improve your vocabulary
and grammar while also learning more
about yourself, other people, and the
culture and history of the country you're
from. It's a rewarding experience to study
literature, since it may lead to the creation
of new ideas and ethical viewpoints. There
is something honest and engaging about
literary works of all lengths, whether they
be little poems, short stories, epics, or
novels.
improves one's ability to communicate in a
foreign language, while also serving as an
example for students to follow. Literature,
according to Carter and Long (1991),
serves a three-dimensional role in a
classroom setting. As a cultural paradigm,
where the literary work is seen as a
product, it may be used in classrooms. An
examination of a text's social, political and
historical context may be done using this
method. Literary trends and genres can
also be examined. This is a teacher-
centered approach, not one that emphasises
language learning.
ii. Learner-centered language model —
This method emphasises both the learning
of grammar and vocabulary and the
examination of stylistics.
Personal development model—iii This is a
more student-centered approach that
emphasises the importance of the process.
Literature may have a profound effect on
individuals because of its ability to elicit
strong sensations and thoughts in its
readers.
These are the three models that English
instructors use in their lessons. Unlike
literature courses, where the cultural model
is more prevalent, language classes are
more likely to utilise a language model to
teach grammar or vocabulary. When the
learning objective is literary instruction
rather than language instruction, the
personal development paradigm comes
into play.
Conclusion
Students are able to 'experience'
literature rather than just read it since it is
made up of actual stuff. It is possible to
breathe life into one's vocabulary,
grammar, and syntax. For this reason,
literature is more powerful and
transformational than any other medium.
According to those who have studied
human emotion and cognition, literature
may play a key role in helping society
better comprehend the lives and minds of
individuals. Because of this, Mikaela
Warner explains, "I study literature
because I feel there is power in tales.
Literature is both a solitary experience and
a shared one. Because of its complexity,
understanding and describing humanity
would take an unlimited number of words.
That's the fun of literary studies: there's
always something fresh to learn." The act
of immersing oneself in a fictional
universe aids in the development of
empathy and the capacity to see things
from another person's perspective. Using
literature as a teaching tool helps students
develop critical and aesthetic reactions, as
well as an understanding of current values.
A student's life is enriched by literature,
which helps them develop a variety of
perspectives on life, a deeper
understanding of oneself and others, and a
sense of belonging to a larger community
of human emotions, experiences, and
issues. Understanding various cultures,
being aware of differences, and cultivating
an attitude of tolerance and understanding
are all things that may be accomplished
using this method. Creative and critical
thinking abilities are cultivated, as well as
a willingness to examine oneself and one's
assumptions. "Multi-sensorial classroom
experiences" (Rahayu 2011) and appeal to
learners with varied learning styles may be
found in literature as a source of learner
motivation. One of the best ways to
improve one's grammar and linguistic
abilities is to use this resource.
the grammar and language of an
argument. You don't need any formal
6
CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4
training to pick up these talents; they may
be learned on your own by reading a lot.
An English teacher may have to follow the
prescribed curriculum and adhere to the
prescribed content in textbooks, but in an
English classroom, the teacher can bring in
a literary feel by augmenting a non-literary
text with a literary one, by infusing a
literary dimension to the text, and thus
making it an invaluable motivational
resource and an effective stimulus for
language learning.
References
1.Literature and Language Teaching,
Oxford University Press, 1986 by Brumfit,
CJ and Carter, R.A.
2.The Handbooks for Language Teachers,
New York, Longman, 1991 by Carter R.
and Long M.N.
3.Literature (Resource Books for
Teachers), Duff A & Maley A, Oxford
University Press 2007, p. 83.
4Achieving Fluency in the English
Language, Orient Blackswan, 2016
5There are many reasons to study
literature, including the following:
.
6https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articl
e/using-literature-introduction
7Mundi Rahayu: Literature in Language
Teaching, Lingua: Journal of Language
and Literature, 2011.
.
8Skills Annexe-Functional English for
Success, Orient Blackswan (2013). Board
of Editors.
9.English for engineers by Sudharshana,
N.P. and Savitha, C., Cambridge
University Press, 2018.

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  • 1. 1 CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4 Chinese Traditional Medical Journal IS LITERATURE DYING IN ENGLISH CLASSROOMS IN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITIES? Wuh Linling, Liu Xiaohuigh, Departmentof ObstetricsandGynecology,ThirdAffiliatedHospital,SunYat-senUniversity, Guangzhou, China Departmentof RehabilitationandPhysical Therapy,GuangdongNo.2Provincial People's Hospital,GuangzhouChina, Introduction Literature adds to reality, it does not simply describe it. It enriches the necessary competencies that daily life requires and provides; and in this respect it irrigates the deserts that our lives have already become (C S Lewis) All professors would want to believe that the current curriculum and required texts in most engineering institutions fail to bring out the literary sensibility of teachers and students. The literary content of each new curriculum seems to be decreasing, and learners are being pushed toward a need-based learning of language. While these are necessary abilities that help students stand out in the job market, the discussion and recognition of students' emotional reactions to literature has been lost along the way. Abstract There has been a shift in the curriculum and mandated English textbooks at most of the technical institutions toward a more reference-based and information- based approach. With each new curriculum, literature appears to have faded into obscurity because of a lack of literary substance and a preference for a need-based learning of language. When the emphasis is only on LSRW Skills to improve students' employability, literature looks superfluous, unnecessary, and out of date. Emotional reactions to literature are lost somewhere along the way. With an eye toward determining why it's so hard to get people to respond in a "literary" way, this study proposes ways to enhance non-literary texts by including brief literary extracts that help readers get a deeper knowledge of life, people, and circumstances. Teaching English as a second language by means of literature allows students to get a deeper understanding of the language, their own personal and social experiences, and the culture and history of their own country. literature provides possibilities for multi-sensory classroom experiences and encourages students to think critically and creatively, as well as eliciting a wide range of responses from the students. As students, professors, and industry professionals complete surveys and provide their input, this concept is solidified in their minds. Key Words: Emotional reactions, sympathetic heights, and a declining literary substance are all examples of this.
  • 2. 2 CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4 Few literary passages are included in professional college English textbooks, so students are expected to answer in a matter-of-fact way. In spite of the teacher's best efforts, few students are able to produce 'literary' reactions to literature — psychological, social, and emotional responses are sorely missing. A lack of appreciation for or understanding of literature may be attributed to a variety of factors, including poor reading habits or even a lack of exposure to literature. Literacy began to decline in importance as language education and instruction began to emphasise the practical use of language instead. Today's students, particularly those in engineering schools, are more concerned than ever before with developing language abilities that will be useful in the workplace and on standardised testing such as placement examinations. In such a situation, literature seems to be superfluous, unnecessary, and antiquated. Teachers of English are now referred to as "language trainers," whose primary goal is to educate pupils employability skills and prepare them for the workforce. This is why group discussion strategies, presentation skills, resume writing, interview skills, report writing, and so on are so heavily emphasised in language laboratories. These subjects are taught with the goal of helping students get a job in the near future, which is one of the most important factors in determining their success. So, in a setting like this, how can literature fit in? A need-based curriculum may not have room for it. Is it possible to instil a love of literature in kids who have never read a book by Enid Blyton or Hans Christian Andersen as children? It is possible that this short-term crash course in their English Language Communication Skills or Advanced English Communication Skills lab might lead to long-term proficiency in the language.. Discussion To help students learn proper grammar, vocabulary, and LSRW abilities, the three JNTUH English textbooks have included several language activities. However, the 'human interest' that literature may bring is lacking. It is possible that a short storey by O.Henry or Somerset Maugham, a poem by Tennyson or Keats, a prose piece by Charles Lamb or Francis Bacon would have filled this gap, sparked discussion, and helped students relate to situations, recognise characters' emotions, and comprehend universal human emotions, even in a foreign cultural setting. Only factual and cut-and-dried texts are now read by kids, with little room for creative and literary creativity, which is a major problem. 'The Tea Party' from The Householder by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala is the sole literary piece in the three textbooks indicated above that allows space for improving vocabulary, reading between the lines and recognising subtle comedy and soft sarcasm. While the letter written by a son to his father, which criticises the Indian education system for lacking practical exposure, does resonate with students who can identify with it, it does not elicit the same literary or aesthetic responses as a letter from Alice Walker's The Color Purple or Jane Austen's Persuasion. The passage "Satya Nadella's e- mail to his employees" from the textbook, Fluency in English given by JNTUH, is a good place to start (R 16 ). Students' reactions to the material have been mostly negative, with many expressing disappointment that only Microsoft staff are being'motivated' by it. The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost is utilised as a reading practise in the same section. For kids, the topic of being at a crossroads in life, experiencing conflicting feelings, and finally making choices and the consequences they involve is universally relatable. Students are deprived of feeling the emotions, empathising with the narrator, and instinctively apprehending the scenario in the first text, which serves the aim of language learning. There's nothing like teaching something tough and
  • 3. 3 CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4 open to several interpretations, something that may open pupils' eyes and minds to a wide range of possibilities. As an example, Kalam's Presidential address from the same textbook appears predictable in content and offers little in the way of cultural challenge while Double Angels, a short Christmas storey assigned to students for reading practise in the same chapter, offers plenty of opportunity for cultural curiosity, emotional appeal, and sensitization. As a result, how can one add a literary depth to an otherwise dry text? 1. tough or exciting? To what extent should textbooks, which tend to focus on facts rather than feelings, handle the universal themes of love, war, and loss? There are many ways to make textbooks more engaging for students, but the representational aspect may be used to get them involved and stimulate their imaginations and cognitive capacities as well as assist them develop empathy and creativity. Students and teachers may find the article What Should You Be Eating in the JNTUH (R18) textbook quite matter- of-fact, but it can be enlivened by using related literary material such as Charles' Lamb's Dissertation Upon Roast Pig or a JAM Session on Fast Food Culture Among Youth. This can be done in a variety of ways. A Common Faults activity may be made fun by reading aloud a poem like Nissim Ezekiel's A Farewell Party to Ms Pushpa TS or A Very Indian Poem in Indian English, or by having students look for errors in English on signboards. 2.Teachers of English might ask themselves a few questions and keep a journal of their experiences while utilising literary and non-literary texts to teach the language. According to a survey of English instructors in Hyderabad, the following questions were asked: 1.Use of both literary and non-literary texts: what have you learned? 2.How have students reacted to a piece of literature? It differs from a non-literary text in what ways? 3.Adding literary content to non-literary text has been shown to increase motivation levels. 4If you're looking to improve your language abilities, what do you think is the best way to go about it? 5When teaching literature, how can you include all four of these skills? 6What are the problems in teaching a literary work in terms of semantic, syntactical, and cultural aspects? Is the text more fascinating and difficult because of these? 7How can you guide pupils toward an intuitive knowledge of people, events, and so on, and help them sense the subtleties and complexity in their depiction? " 8The following is how the educators responded: 9One of the reasons they favoured literature was that it provides a more intuitive knowledge of grammar, vocabulary, and syntax via its use of analogies. With regard to language instruction, if the teacher was given a set of guidelines, they had to work within those guidelines, which they found enjoyable. When it came to reading modern literary works, students found it simpler to relate to them than older works. 10There has been a paradigm shift from literary texts to a fast-track course in language competency among students today. Due to linguistic or cultural barriers, students who come from non-literate backgrounds find it difficult to enjoy literature. 11Teachers believed that by incorporating literature that is relevant to the textbook topic, they might increase motivation and spark interest in their students. A scientific work, for example, may be used to help students acquire
  • 4. 4 CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4 technical language or to improve their writing skills. Learning language via literature may be done through an intuitive rather than prescriptive approach. It is possible to better combine LSRW skills via literary works. Figures of speech, rhetoric, paralinguistic elements, vocabulary, sentence patterns, and more may all be found in Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Non- literary texts may also be used to produce the same effect, although the motivation and interest may be lower. 12. Cultural or language barriers may make the text more difficult to understand. It's possible that a poetry will turn out to be a dictionary at some point. The instructor must assist pupils in overcoming these hurdles and developing an empathy for the job. In technical universities, texts recommended do not allow much possibility for comprehending subtleties in personalities or circumstances. However, this may be accomplished by supplementing literary works that provide this kind of opportunity. It was also taken into account how students reacted to learning a language via literary and nonliterary sources. Questions included: 1. What do you think is more interesting in an English classroom: a short tale or an academic essay? Poems may either make you 'feel' something, or they might turn you off to it. Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary, Grammar, or Writing, which of these is your favourite? Does a short story/poem resonate with you on a personal level? How well are you able to relate to characters in fiction? How important do you think it is to develop a love of reading early in life? Responses from students are included below. 1. Students liked short tales over scientific essays because they piqued their attention and curiosity, and they were able to connect to them more. However, they also noted that the two may be connected. Poems were more relevant to students in all of their emotions, whether they were unhappy, joyful, or in conflict, according to the students. One should not be critical of poetry since it represents the poet's feelings and allows the reader to experience them, they said. Learning new terms was fun for students, and writing allowed them the opportunity to express their ideas without restriction. As they were able to 'universalize' their feelings by connecting to a tale or poetry, it resulted in a Cathartic effect. One of them even remarked, "I am them in my brain." It is much easier to appreciate and comprehend literary works if you have read a lot as a child. It aided in the development of more well-rounded individuals capable of contributing to society. The question of whether or not literature is necessary for language instruction has been a raging one for decades. Can't we take snippets from economics, history, or science to achieve the same thing?? Is there any text that will do the job? It all depends on how one sees the text—as a challenging work that requires students to develop their comprehension, analytical, and language skills, or as a literary work that enables students to gain a deeper understanding of life, people, and situations and inspires them to reach higher levels of empathy. The content and language of a book may be used to enhance one's life and one's ability to learn a language. Learning
  • 5. 5 CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4 a new language with the help of literature may accomplish both of these goals. It allows you to improve your vocabulary and grammar while also learning more about yourself, other people, and the culture and history of the country you're from. It's a rewarding experience to study literature, since it may lead to the creation of new ideas and ethical viewpoints. There is something honest and engaging about literary works of all lengths, whether they be little poems, short stories, epics, or novels. improves one's ability to communicate in a foreign language, while also serving as an example for students to follow. Literature, according to Carter and Long (1991), serves a three-dimensional role in a classroom setting. As a cultural paradigm, where the literary work is seen as a product, it may be used in classrooms. An examination of a text's social, political and historical context may be done using this method. Literary trends and genres can also be examined. This is a teacher- centered approach, not one that emphasises language learning. ii. Learner-centered language model — This method emphasises both the learning of grammar and vocabulary and the examination of stylistics. Personal development model—iii This is a more student-centered approach that emphasises the importance of the process. Literature may have a profound effect on individuals because of its ability to elicit strong sensations and thoughts in its readers. These are the three models that English instructors use in their lessons. Unlike literature courses, where the cultural model is more prevalent, language classes are more likely to utilise a language model to teach grammar or vocabulary. When the learning objective is literary instruction rather than language instruction, the personal development paradigm comes into play. Conclusion Students are able to 'experience' literature rather than just read it since it is made up of actual stuff. It is possible to breathe life into one's vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. For this reason, literature is more powerful and transformational than any other medium. According to those who have studied human emotion and cognition, literature may play a key role in helping society better comprehend the lives and minds of individuals. Because of this, Mikaela Warner explains, "I study literature because I feel there is power in tales. Literature is both a solitary experience and a shared one. Because of its complexity, understanding and describing humanity would take an unlimited number of words. That's the fun of literary studies: there's always something fresh to learn." The act of immersing oneself in a fictional universe aids in the development of empathy and the capacity to see things from another person's perspective. Using literature as a teaching tool helps students develop critical and aesthetic reactions, as well as an understanding of current values. A student's life is enriched by literature, which helps them develop a variety of perspectives on life, a deeper understanding of oneself and others, and a sense of belonging to a larger community of human emotions, experiences, and issues. Understanding various cultures, being aware of differences, and cultivating an attitude of tolerance and understanding are all things that may be accomplished using this method. Creative and critical thinking abilities are cultivated, as well as a willingness to examine oneself and one's assumptions. "Multi-sensorial classroom experiences" (Rahayu 2011) and appeal to learners with varied learning styles may be found in literature as a source of learner motivation. One of the best ways to improve one's grammar and linguistic abilities is to use this resource. the grammar and language of an argument. You don't need any formal
  • 6. 6 CTMJ | traditionalmedicinejournals.com Chinese Traditional Medicine Journal | 2021 | Vol4 |Issue4 training to pick up these talents; they may be learned on your own by reading a lot. An English teacher may have to follow the prescribed curriculum and adhere to the prescribed content in textbooks, but in an English classroom, the teacher can bring in a literary feel by augmenting a non-literary text with a literary one, by infusing a literary dimension to the text, and thus making it an invaluable motivational resource and an effective stimulus for language learning. References 1.Literature and Language Teaching, Oxford University Press, 1986 by Brumfit, CJ and Carter, R.A. 2.The Handbooks for Language Teachers, New York, Longman, 1991 by Carter R. and Long M.N. 3.Literature (Resource Books for Teachers), Duff A & Maley A, Oxford University Press 2007, p. 83. 4Achieving Fluency in the English Language, Orient Blackswan, 2016 5There are many reasons to study literature, including the following: . 6https://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articl e/using-literature-introduction 7Mundi Rahayu: Literature in Language Teaching, Lingua: Journal of Language and Literature, 2011. . 8Skills Annexe-Functional English for Success, Orient Blackswan (2013). Board of Editors. 9.English for engineers by Sudharshana, N.P. and Savitha, C., Cambridge University Press, 2018.