Electromagnetic      Radiations         With       Respect           ToCell Phone Towers        SADAF LIAQUAT           MS...
We are being   relentlesslybombarded both    We are being   indoors and      relentlessly    bombarded bothoutdoors byand ...
Electromagnetic radiation   When electric and magnetic forces act    together, they vibrate at right angles to    each ot...
What is a cell phone?   A cell phone is nothing more    than a sophisticated two-    way radio—a device that    transmits...
What Are Cellular Phone Towers?    The widespread use of cellular     phones has led to the placement of     cellular pho...
A cell-phone tower is typically a steel pole orlattice structure that rises hundreds of feet                   into the ai...
Radio Transmitters And Receivers ThatLet The Tower Communicate With The                   PhonesThe radios connect with th...
CELLULAR BASE STATIONS   Radiofrequencies constitute part    of the overall electromagnetic    spectrum.    Cellular com...
Working of cellular tower
COMPARISON B/W CELL N CELL     TOWER EFFECTS
Division of electromagnetic                  spectrum                ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM              ionizing       ...
Scientific Evidence Of Harmful Effects Of         Mobile Phone Tower RadiationPeer-reviewed scientific studies have identi...
Continued… Röösli, 2004 sleep disorders (58%)  headaches (41%)  nervousness or distress (19%), Fatigue (18%), and concentr...
Continued…    Navarro, 2003:    Exposed radiations mobile phone antennas in La Nora                                     ...
Continued…   Zwamborn, 2003     A study by the Dutch Technical Research Institute (TNO)    found that volunteers exposed ...
Continued…Oberfeld, 2005:Austrian volunteers 80m 4m mobile phone tower                           experienced changes in ...
Continued… Hutter, 2006: In Vienna and Carinthia         • three times as many headaches;• 2.3 times the incidence of tre...
Continued…Abdel-Rassoul, 2007:Neuropsychiatric complaints                 headache (23.5%), memory changes (28.2%),dizzin...
Continued…Oberfeld, 2008: The Austrian Department of Health                  higher risk of cancer = 200m 4m base        ...
Continued… Children are at the greatest risk                thinner skulls and rapid rate of growth   elderly, the frai...
EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEAD
Over 100 physicians and scientists at Harvardand Boston University Schools of Public Health have called cellular towers a ...
I got confused because ....
Confusion…   U.S. Federal Communications Commission    (FCC)                        Scientific Studies = current levels ...
ButBUT …. then…
   Cathy Bergman , 1986: ““Our federal government also   once told us that asbestos,          I agree with …   cigarettes...
Adverse effects of     cellular towers   Risk to Pre Adolescent Children:    They are more at risk than adults because of...
Continued…   Risk to Pregnant Women :    A pregnant woman and the fetus both are    vulnerable because of the fact that t...
Continued…   Risk to Human Brain:    Human Brain is the most vulnerable portion to    the EM Some of the known effects ar...
Continued…   Risk to Patients Carrying Pace Makers:    The RF Exposure adversely affects implanted    Pace Maker and beco...
How EM Effect pace maker             holdersElectromagnetic   Heart Pace Maker   Its Effects    Radiations
Researchers…              Internationally acknowledged experts                         Cellular RF researchEffects animals...
Continued…   Increased cell growth of brain cancer cells   A doubling of the rate of lymphoma in mice   Changes in tumo...
Continued…     Neurological changes including:1.   Changes in the blood-brain-barrier.2.    Changes in cellular morpholog...
Continued…   Decreased memory, attention, and    slower reaction time in school children.   Retarded learning in rats in...
ANOTHERRESEARCH
Cell phone  towerseffects on   birds
Banned…   In India, towers were recently banned from    school and residential areas to protect people    following studi...
Continued…   In 2006, the International Association of    Firefighters (IAFF,) the largest union of first    responders i...
Hidden cell phone towers…  Cell phone equipment       same "boulder“ opened upHidden in fake "boulder"
Continued…                 ANOTHER"PINE TREE"     "PINE TREE"
REFRENCES   Röösli, M et al, Int J Hyg Environ Health, 207(2):141-50,    2004.   Santini, R et al, Pathol Biol (Paris), ...
for your patience
Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower
Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower
Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower
Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower
Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower
Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower
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Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower

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MSc Seminar Presentation. Back in 2009

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  • Dear Sadaf,
    Your presentation is quite informative. I'm planning a similar study on the effects of EMF-RF on birds. Wanted to download the ppt, but seems that you've disabled the download. Shall b grateful if you provide me with a pdf of the ppt or even the power pt. itself.
    Thanks,
    Siraj
       Reply 
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Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect to Cell Phone Tower

  1. 1. Electromagnetic Radiations With Respect ToCell Phone Towers SADAF LIAQUAT MSc 3rd Semester
  2. 2. We are being relentlesslybombarded both We are being indoors and relentlessly bombarded bothoutdoors byand indoors many differentby many outdoors forms different forms of of radiation radiation particularly particularly electromagnetic electromagnetic radiations. radiations.
  3. 3. Electromagnetic radiation When electric and magnetic forces act together, they vibrate at right angles to each other and make electromagnetic radiation, or waves.
  4. 4. What is a cell phone? A cell phone is nothing more than a sophisticated two- way radio—a device that transmits, receives, and decodes electromagnetic waves.
  5. 5. What Are Cellular Phone Towers? The widespread use of cellular phones has led to the placement of cellular phone towers in many communities. These towers, also called "base stations," They consist of  radios, computerized switching equipment, and antennas that receive and transmit radiofrequency (RF) signals.
  6. 6. A cell-phone tower is typically a steel pole orlattice structure that rises hundreds of feet into the airThis cell-phone tower near Greenville, SC, is typical in the United States:
  7. 7. Radio Transmitters And Receivers ThatLet The Tower Communicate With The PhonesThe radios connect with the antennae on the tower through a set of thick cables
  8. 8. CELLULAR BASE STATIONS Radiofrequencies constitute part of the overall electromagnetic spectrum. Cellular communications systems  800-900 megahertz RF Personal Communications Service (PCS)  1850-1990 MHz
  9. 9. Working of cellular tower
  10. 10. COMPARISON B/W CELL N CELL TOWER EFFECTS
  11. 11. Division of electromagnetic spectrum ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM ionizing Non-ionizingShorter wavelengths Longer wavelengths Cause mutation n cancer Heating effect
  12. 12. Scientific Evidence Of Harmful Effects Of Mobile Phone Tower RadiationPeer-reviewed scientific studies have identified adverseeffects on populations livingnear mobile phone towers. Santini, 2002:“Comparisons of complaints frequencies … in relation withdistance from base station and sex300 m = tiredness200m = headache, sleep disturbance, discomfort, etc.100m = irritability, depression, loss of memory,dizziness, libido decrease, etc.Women > Men = complained of headache, nausea, loss ofappetite, sleep disturbance, depression, discomfort andvisual perturbations
  13. 13. Continued… Röösli, 2004 sleep disorders (58%) headaches (41%) nervousness or distress (19%), Fatigue (18%), and concentration difficulties. Complainants rated their symptoms most frequently to exposure to mobile phone base stations…
  14. 14. Continued… Navarro, 2003: Exposed radiations mobile phone antennas in La Nora  discomfort, irritability, appetite loss, fatigue, headache, difficulties concentrating and sleep disturbance Bortkiewicz, 2004: living in the vicinity of base stations report various complaints People  circulatory system, but also of sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, blurred vision, concentration difficulties, nausea, lack of appetite, headache and vertigo.”
  15. 15. Continued… Zwamborn, 2003 A study by the Dutch Technical Research Institute (TNO) found that volunteers exposed to a signal simulating exposure from a 3G (UTMS) antenna experienced adverse effects on well-being. Oberfeld, 2004 In Murcia( spain) = maximum exposure of 0.0001 μW/cm2  higher incidence of fatigue, irritability, headaches, nausea, loss of appetite, sleeping disorders, depression, discomfort, difficulties concentrating, memory loss, visual disorders, dizziness and cardiovascular problems
  16. 16. Continued…Oberfeld, 2005:Austrian volunteers 80m 4m mobile phone tower  experienced changes in the electrical activity of their brains and feelings of unwell ness, buzzing in the head, palpitations of the heart, unwell ness, light-headedness, respiratory problems, nervousness, agitation, headache, tinnitus, heat, anxiety and depression
  17. 17. Continued… Hutter, 2006: In Vienna and Carinthia • three times as many headaches;• 2.3 times the incidence of tremor;• 2.5 times the incidence of cold hands/feet and concentration problems;• 2.4 times the incidence of appetite loss;• Twice as much exhaustion;• Twice as much fatigue
  18. 18. Continued…Abdel-Rassoul, 2007:Neuropsychiatric complaints headache (23.5%), memory changes (28.2%),dizziness (18.8%), tremors (9.4%), depressivesymptoms (21.7%),and sleep disturbance (23.5%)were significantly higher among exposedinhabitants[ie living near base stations] revision of standard guidelines
  19. 19. Continued…Oberfeld, 2008: The Austrian Department of Health  higher risk of cancer = 200m 4m base station  risk rose with increasing exposure
  20. 20. Continued… Children are at the greatest risk thinner skulls and rapid rate of growth elderly, the frail, n pregnant women. Doctors from the United Kingdom  warnings 
  21. 21. EFFECTS ON HUMAN HEAD
  22. 22. Over 100 physicians and scientists at Harvardand Boston University Schools of Public Health have called cellular towers a radiation hazard. And, 33 delegate physicians from 7 countrieshave declared cell phone towers a “public health emergency”.
  23. 23. I got confused because ....
  24. 24. Confusion… U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)  Scientific Studies = current levels are safe. so many articles and papers in the favor that these cell phone towers are not an issue ….
  25. 25. ButBUT …. then…
  26. 26.  Cathy Bergman , 1986: ““Our federal government also once told us that asbestos, I agree with … cigarettes, thalidomide, and the blood supply were "safe", but which were Bergman , 1996: Cathy later found to be harmful. ““Our federal government also once told us that“You can bet that their studies are going to show thalidomide, and the blood asbestos, cigarettes, supply were "safe", but which were later found to whatever they want them to show.” be harmful. “You can bet that their studies are going to show whatever they want them to show.”
  27. 27. Adverse effects of cellular towers Risk to Pre Adolescent Children: They are more at risk than adults because of absorption of Microwaves of the frequency used in Mobile Telephony, which creates an object of the size of child’s head and so called “head resonance”. The still developing Nervous System and associated Brain Wave activity in the child are more vulnerable to aggression by pulses of Microwaves used in GSM. The increased mitotic activity in cells of developing children makes them more susceptible to genetic damage.
  28. 28. Continued… Risk to Pregnant Women : A pregnant woman and the fetus both are vulnerable because of the fact that these RF Radiations continuously react with the developing embryo, increasing cells, because of thermal heat also. When the pregnant ladies either use Mobile Phone or when illuminated with RF Radiations, the developing child can become affected, the developmental mall formation may occur
  29. 29. Continued… Risk to Human Brain: Human Brain is the most vulnerable portion to the EM Some of the known effects are Neurological effects, Increase in ODC (Ornithine De Carboxylase) activity, effect on enzymes and free radicals decreasing the brain metabolism
  30. 30. Continued… Risk to Patients Carrying Pace Makers: The RF Exposure adversely affects implanted Pace Maker and becomes arrhythemical. These radiations may stop Pace Maker from delivering pulses in a regular way or may generate some kind of external controlling pulse putting the patient to death.
  31. 31. How EM Effect pace maker holdersElectromagnetic Heart Pace Maker Its Effects Radiations
  32. 32. Researchers… Internationally acknowledged experts Cellular RF researchEffects animals and people in laboratories Epidemiological evidence Serious health effects at non-thermal levels  Other evidences have proved:
  33. 33. Continued… Increased cell growth of brain cancer cells A doubling of the rate of lymphoma in mice Changes in tumor growth in rats An increased number of tumors in rats Increased breaks in double and single stranded DNA, our genetic material 2 to 4 times as many cancers in Polish soldiers exposed to RF More childhood leukemia in children exposed to RF Changes in sleep patterns and REM type sleep Headaches caused by RF exposure
  34. 34. Continued…  Neurological changes including:1. Changes in the blood-brain-barrier.2.  Changes in cellular morphology (including cell death).3.  Changes in neural electrophysiology (EEG).4.  Changes in neurotransmitters (which affect motivation and pain perception).5.  Metabolic changes (of calcium ions, for instance).6.  Cytogenetic effects (which can affect cancer, Alzheimers, neurodegenerative diseases).
  35. 35. Continued… Decreased memory, attention, and slower reaction time in school children. Retarded learning in rats indicating a deficit in spatial "working memory“. Increased blood pressure in healthy men. Damage to eye cells when combined with commonly used glaucoma medications.
  36. 36. ANOTHERRESEARCH
  37. 37. Cell phone towerseffects on birds
  38. 38. Banned… In India, towers were recently banned from school and residential areas to protect people following studies that showed potential harm to the brain. The United States Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, Section 704 removes environmental considerations from the tower siting process, which denies citizens the opportunity to protest based on ecological concerns (zoning) or health issues.
  39. 39. Continued… In 2006, the International Association of Firefighters (IAFF,) the largest union of first responders in North America, passed a resolution banning cellular towers from firehouses until more research is done, because firefighters were suffering from ill health. Coz of all these restrictions covert or hidden cell phone tower are placed in the different areas of the cities.
  40. 40. Hidden cell phone towers…  Cell phone equipment same "boulder“ opened upHidden in fake "boulder"
  41. 41. Continued… ANOTHER"PINE TREE" "PINE TREE"
  42. 42. REFRENCES Röösli, M et al, Int J Hyg Environ Health, 207(2):141-50, 2004. Santini, R et al, Pathol Biol (Paris), 50(6):369-73, 2002. Bortkiewics, A et al, Med Pr, 55(4):345-51, 2004. Navarro, E et al, Electromagnetic Biology and Med 22(2):161-9, 2003. Zwamborn, A et al, www.tno.nl/en/news/article_6265.html Oberfeld, G et al, www.salzburg.gv.au/unweltmedizin. Oberfeld, G et al, 3rd International Workshop on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, 4-8 October, 2004. Hutter, H-P et al, Occup Environ Med 63 307-313, 2006. Abdel-Rassoul, G et al, Neurotoxicology 28(2):434-40, 2007.
  43. 43. for your patience

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