Selected works……<br />The Last Supper – Leonardo da Vinci<br />Oath of the Horatii- Jacque Louis David<br />Supper at Emmaus- Carravaggio<br />
Leonardo da Vinci -1452 -1519 High Renaissance<br />Renaissance - a cultural movement which began in Italy ….Scholars of the time became interested in how the world works, the art of the time became more realistic concentrating on nature, real settings and perspective. <br />The Last Supper- The final meal that Jesus shares with his Disciples before he is crucified on the cross. Leonardo chooses the moment that Jesus tells them one of them will betray him.<br />
…a closer look at the painting…<br /><ul><li>Repeatedly references the number three …apostles sit in threes…three windows behind them…the three points of Jesus’s triangular form…perhaps a reference to the holy trinity
From the left- Bart, James and Andrew look on in surprise…Judas, Peter and John are next, Judas carries a money bag and has his arm on the table, Peter yields a knife and points it away from Jesus perhaps to foretell the aggression that is to happen in the garden of Gethsemene, Young John swoons in shock. After Jesus is Thomas (upset), James (stunned with arms in air) and Philip (questioning) Final grouping is Matthew, Jude who turn to Simon in discussion.
All diners are seated on one side of the table…to avoid excluding the viewer…Jesus himself is in the position of vanishing point, all lines, angles and lighting point to him…</li></li></ul><li>…a quick look at other works…<br />Annunciation- refers to the moment Mary hears that she will become the Mother of God,a formal arrangement with the Virgin shown reading and sitting to the right…Angel approaches to the left holding a Lily to represent Purity…an early work by Leonardo…showing attempts at Perspective.<br />Mona Lisa- La Gioconda, commissioned to cleebrate the birth of the second son of Lisa and Francesco del Gioconda…popular renaissance pyramid format…arm rest and arm separates us from the sitter…ambiguous mood is enhanced by sfumato (blurred outlines around the eyes and mouth) First work to place sitter in imaginary setting outside an open loggia or balcony…aerial perspective used-fading out…series of curved lines move back and forth on sleeve, backround scene and hair.<br />Virgin on the Rocks- legendary meeting between baby Jesus and John the baptist on the Flight into Egypt. Mary leads John to Jesus who is seated with Angel Uriel…typical eerie beauty of Leonardos work…scene is in enchanting landscape with rock caverns and water pools …<br />
Jacques-Louis David:1748- 1825.<br />The Oath of the Horatii :<br />
Neo Classical Art- a movement which looks to the ancient art of Greece and Rome for its inspiration. The high ideals of classical art became the cornerstone of a new truth in art which looked to to uncover a sense of moral integrity. It can be described as highly heroic, courageous and serious. Colours were at times sombre to imply high morals and self sacrifice. <br /><ul><li> This work is set in 699BC, a time when Rome was at war with Alba… it depicts three members of the Roman Horatii family, (left) who were chosen by their father(centre) to duel against three members of the Curiatii family from Alba. The women on the right are either sisters or are married to the men on either side of the duel. The men show no emotion while the women are overcome with sadness.
Although painted before the Revolution it became a symbol of loyalty to the French King and State.</li></li></ul><li>Other works by Jacques Louis David… <br />The Intervention of the Sabine Women<br />Death of Marat<br />Napoleon Bonaparte<br />Theme refers to an episode in the early history of Rome in which an early generation of Roman men abducted the women of the neighboring Sabine families . A battle ensues between them…this painting depicts the end of the story where the women intervene attempting to reconcile the warring parties…perhaps a plea for his people to unite after the bloodshed of the French Revolution<br />Iconic image of the French Revolution…the assassination of journalist and polititian Jean Paul Marat by Charlotte Corday a French Revolutionary figure. Davidswork strives for grandeur and truth. <br />Awarded the Prix de Rome in 1774 earning a four year scholarship... On returning to France he became the official painter of the French Revolution. Became court painter to Napoleon Bonaparte.<br />
….a closer look at the painting….<br />Baroque- …usually displays dynamic emotion. It can also show very high levels of detail in the rendering of cloth or skin This painting shows a common religious theme…the moment when the resurrected Jesus reveals himself to disciples Luke and Cleophas…they respond in disbelief… Luke wears a scallopshell a sign of pilgrim… figures are lifesize and dramatic in their presence…shows the recurring theme of the everyday event being interrupted by the awe inspiring happening.<br /><ul><li>Achieves a heightened sense of realism that attempts to observe the human being in both a physical and emotional way. Creates intense drama and effect with dramatic use of lighting.</li></li></ul><li>…a quick look at some other Carravaggio works…<br />Judith beheading Holofernes<br />The Taking of Christ<br />Incredulity of St. Thomas<br /><ul><li>Shows the length that Thomas must go to to accept that Jesus has risen from the dead.. It is a drama of disbelief…
Carravaggio is known for intense Psychological Realism or Naturalism…always aimed to paint as the eye sees it with all flaws and defects
The animated moment when Judas points out who Jesus is in the garden of Gethsemene… shows seven figure- Jesus, St John, Judas and four soldiers…displays added depth…a painter of dramatic chiaroscuro …developing tenebrism
The dramatic scene where Judith kills Holofernes (the Assyrian general) to save her people…scene is set on a shallow stage theatrically lit in true Carravaggian style… …a common theme of violent struggle, torture and death…</li></li></ul><li>This Project was done with a Transition Year Class Group- <br />Stages of development were….<br />
It is hoped that….<br />By looking at the story behind the work the Students gain a thorough understanding of the art piece.<br />Imagining the dialogue or story pre-ceeding the painting is a good way of remembering the story.<br />Looking at the artists other works the students get a better understanding of the artist chosen themes and style.<br />Active learning is inclusive to all abilities in the class.<br />The students have developed a new appreciation of Art History.<br />The experience is enjoyable and engages all of the students.<br />