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Dictadura de primo de rivera

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Ppt sobre Historia de España. La dictadura de Primo de Rivera durante el reinado de Alfonso XIII

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Dictadura de primo de rivera

  1. 1. Dictadura de Miguel Primo de Rivera<br />Marcos R. Moreno Sánchez<br />
  2. 2. Índice de la exposición<br />Primera parte<br />Introducción<br />Causas del Golpe de Estado<br />Etapas de la Dictadura<br />Directorio Militar<br />Directorio Civil<br />Segunda Parte<br />Resto de Europa durante la Dictadura<br />La Guerra en África<br />La economía<br />Tercera Parte<br />Reformas políticas durante la Dictadura<br />Crisis de la Dictadura<br />Sublevación de Jaca<br />Final de la dictadura<br />
  3. 3. Introducción<br />El 13 de septiembre de 1923 Miguel Primo de Rivera da<br />un golpe de estado .<br />Alfonso XIII apoyó el golpe al conocer las razones publicadas en el manifiesto que publica .<br />Miguel Primo de Rivera y Alfonso XIII<br />
  4. 4. Causas del golpe de estado <br />La crisis y degeneración del sistemapolítico de la Restauración<br />El descontento del ejércitopor la guerra de Marruecos<br />La agudización de los conflictossociales<br />El auge y la radicalización de los nacionalismosperiféricos<br />El triunfo del fascismo en Italia<br />
  5. 5. Etapas de la dictadura<br />Directorio Militar (1923 – 1925)<br />Suspensión de la Constitución de 1876<br />Disolución de las Cortes <br />Establecimiento de un Directorio militar<br />Directorio Civil (1925 - 1930)<br />Se constituyó la AsambleaNacionalConsultiva (1927)<br />Políticaeconómica(Fuerteintervencionismoestatal )<br />Política social (ComitésParitarios y SindicatosLibres )<br />Se establece el Somatén<br />
  6. 6. Etapas de la dictadura<br />Directorio militar presidido por Miguel Primo de Rivera<br />
  7. 7. El resto de Europadurante la dictadura de Primo de Rivera<br />En Alemania, Adolf Hitler; en la URSS, Stalin, y en Italia, Mussolini.<br />Primo de Rivera se reunió con Mussolini.<br />Intentó implantar un sistema corporativista.<br />La dictadura de Primo de Rivera fue la menos totalitaria y de carácter fundamentalmente conservador.<br />
  8. 8. La guerra en África.<br />El ejército español había sido derrotado en la mayoría de las guerras.<br />Se inició la liberación de CobbaDarsa en julio de 1924.<br />Primo de Rivera sustituyo a algunos generales e inició amplias operaciones militares.<br />Abd el-Krim se enfrentó a España y Francia.<br />El inicio de operaciones militares dio el triunfo a España en la Guerra del Rif (1927)<br />
  9. 9. Evolucióneconómica (1902-1931)<br />El desarrollo industrial<br />España seguía siendo un país agrario.<br />Hubo cambios en el sector industrial<br />Creció la producción minera y siderúrgica y se desarrollaron nuevos sectores como el eléctrico y el químico.<br />Diversos factores el crecimiento industrial<br />Excesiva concentración geográfica de la industria<br />Dependencia de la tecnología extranjera<br />Debilidad del mercado interior<br />
  10. 10. Evolucióneconómica (1902-1931)<br />La Hacienda y el sector bancario<br />Se llevo a cabo una política de saneamiento de las finanzas públicas<br />La ley de 1899 transformó al Banco de España<br />Se fundaron los principales bancos actuales.<br />
  11. 11. Evolucióneconómica (1902-1931)<br />Consecuencias económicas de la Primera Guerra Mundial<br />Permitió un crecimiento considerable de la producción y de las exportaciones<br />El fin de la guerra y de la demanda de los países bélicos acabó con la euforia y desencadenó otra crisis<br />El siderúrgico y el químico, los ferrocarriles y la minería pasaron a manos nacionales.<br />
  12. 12. Evolucióneconómica (1902-1931)<br />De la crisis a la euforia de los años veinte<br />La recuperación del mercado permitió que se llevara a cabo una política de inversiones en infraestructuras<br />Se crearon las Cuencas Hidrográficas, se invirtió en la red ferroviaria nacionalizándose las líneas (RENFE), se estableció el monopolio de petróleos (CAMPSA) y la Compañía Telefónica.<br />
  13. 13. Reformas políticas<br /> Labor de una reforma administrativa a José Calvo Sotelo<br />Autonomía a los municipios y provincias<br />Convocación Asamblea Nacional Consultiva<br />Comités Paritarios<br />Unión Patriótica (UP) <br />
  14. 14. Crisis de la dictadura<br />Poca popularidad y apoyos sociales hacia al régimen<br />Conflictos sociales con republicanos, anarquistas y comunistas. <br />Apoyos de intelectuales de la época<br />Revelación de sectores del ejercito con pronunciamientos .<br />Sanjuanada<br />Sublevación de Jaca<br />
  15. 15. Sublevación de Jaca<br />La Sublevación de Jaca fue un pronunciamiento popular contra el gobierno de Berenguer efectuada por Fermín Galán y Ángel García Hernández.<br />Comité Republicano, que proclamo la república en Jaca<br />El gobierno planea una rápida contraofensiva. <br />Los cabecillas del pronunciamiento fueron juzgados por un consejo de guerra <br />Fue una gesta muy reconocida durante la II República<br />
  16. 16. Final de la dictadura<br />Proclamación de la república por los bloques socialistas en el Pacto de San Juan<br />Dimisión de Primo de Rivera en 27 de Enero de 1930 obligado por Alfonso XII<br />Nombrados como dirigentes Dámaso Berenguer y más tarde Aznar-Cabañas<br />Proclamación final de la república tras la elecciones municipales de Elche en 1931.<br />
  17. 17. Final de la dictadura<br />
  18. 18. Fin<br />

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