Having your blood pressure tested is quick and easy. Blood pressure ismeasured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and recorded as twonumbers systolic pressure "over" diastolic pressure. For example, thedoctor or nurse might say "130 over 80" as a blood pressure reading.Both numbers in a blood pressure reading are important. As we growolder, systolic blood pressure is especially important.To test your blood pressure, your doctor will use a familiar device with along name. and may look something like this:Some blood pressure testing devices use electronic instruments or digitalreadouts. In these cases, the blood pressure reading appears on a smallscreen or is signaled in beeps, and no stethoscope is used. The mostaccurate blood pressure monitors are mercurial monitors then theAneroid type. These both needs stethoscope and a nurse and a doctor todiagnose the value. This option is not viable for homecare use ,hence theneed of digital homecare BP Monitors .In the digital type, there arebasically 2 models,1.Wrist type - less accurate2.Upper arm- more accurate
Technology behind digital BP monitors-1.Oscillating type - less accurate2.Fuzzy Logic – More advance and better technologyA blood pressure level of 140/90 mmHg or higher is considered high. About two-thirds ofpeople over age 65 have high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is between 120/80mmHg and 139/89 mmHg, then you have prehypertension. This means that you donthave high blood pressure now but are likely to develop it in the future. You can takesteps to prevent high blood pressure by adopting a healthy lifestyle.
Treatment:The treatment for hypotension depends on its cause. Chronic hypotension rarely exists as more than a symptom.Asymptomatic hypotension in healthy people usually does not require treatment. Adding electrolytes to a diet canrelieve symptoms of mild hypotension. In mild cases, where the patient is still responsive, laying the person in dorsaldeceits (lying on the back) position and lifting the legs will increase venous return, thus making more blood availableto critical organs at the chest and head. The treatment of hypertensive shock always follows the first four followingsteps. Outcomes, in terms of mortality, are directly linked to the speed in which hypotension is corrected. Inparentheses are the still debated methods for achieving, and benchmarks for evaluating, progress in correctinghypotension. A study on septic shock provided the delineation of these general principles. However, since it focuseson hypotension due to infection, it is not applicable to all forms of severe hypotension.Medium-term (and less well-demonstrated) treatments of hypotension include:
What is diastolic blood pressure?Diastolic pressure is the force of blood in the arteries as the heart relaxesbetween beats. Its shown as the bottom number in a blood pressure reading.The diastolic blood pressure has been and remains, especially for youngerpeople, an important hypertension number. The higher the diastolic bloodpressure the greater the risk for heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure. Aspeople become older, the diastolic pressure will begin to decrease and thesystolic blood pressure begins to rise and becomes more important. A rise insystolic blood pressure will also increase the chance for heart attacks,strokes, and kidney failure. Your physician will use both the systolic and thediastolic blood pressure to determine your blood pressure category andappropriate prevention and treatment activities.
Tips for Having Your Correct Blood Pressure Taken•Dont drink coffee or smoke cigarettes 30 minutes before having your blood pressure measured.•Before the test, sit for five minutes with your back supported and your feet flat on the ground. Rest your arm ona table at the level of your heart.•Wear short sleeves so your arm is exposed.•Go to the bathroom prior to the reading. A full bladder can change your blood pressure reading.•Get two readings, taken at least two minutes apart, and average the results.•Ask the doctor or nurse to tell you the blood pressure reading in numbers.