Importación de productos perecederos- Información general y requisitos
U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agriculture Inspections May, 2012
Our Mission We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders. We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror. We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel.We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.
Department of Homeland Security Created on March 1, 2003 Prior to March 2003, agricultural inspection services fell under the USDA-PPQ. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 required federal agencies to take steps to assure the continued safety of food and agricultural resources. Some of the USDA functions at the port of entry were transferred to CBP.
CBP and USDA Partnership Are partners in delivering the agriculture programs USDA establishes regulations and guidelines that govern the importation of agricultural products. CBP conducts actual inspections at POE. USDA retained inspection authority for: Propagative material Pest identification Risk assessment Methods development, and Other components of various agriculture programs.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection Plays a critical role in safeguarding American agriculture and the nation’s economy by inspecting: Passengers and their baggage Airplanes Vehicles Ships Cargo
CBP’s Agriculture Mission To protect the American public To detect and prevent agro-terrorism and bio-terrorism
CBP Agriculture Specialists Located at more than 300 U.S. ports of entry. Target, detect, and intercept the entry of threats: Exotic plant and animal pests, and Agro- and bioterrorism from entering the U.S.
Global Trade Agriculture is the largest industry and employing sector in the U.S. Millions of pounds of fresh fruits, vegetables, cut flowers, herbs and other items enter the U.S. via commercial shipments from many countries every year. Although these items appear to be harmless, there may be hidden threats that could seriously damage U.S. agriculture, our natural resources and our national economy.
Global Trade Travel and Trade have continued to increase and grow more complex. Americans demand fresh and varied food items every day. One in five food items is now imported. With the ever increasing amount of trade, new pest pathways are discovered and is contributing to the agricultural risk to the United States. The threat to crops and livestock is real!
Agro-Terrorism Defined as the deliberate introduction of an animal or plant disease with the goal of generating fear, causing economic losses, and/or undermining stability. Targets agriculture or the food supply. Examples include: The international introduction of plant or animal pests or diseases. Contamination of food materials with a toxic substance
Examining and Monitoring Cargo All foreign cargo of agricultural interest are to clear at the first port of arrival or first port of unlading. OR Shipments may be authorized movement to another approved CBP port, if cargo is remaining on board a carrier and has an USDA Transit Permit
Suggestions to the Exporter for Faster Clearance of Your Merchandise Include invoice information Type invoice information clearly Include packing list information Provide a detailed description Mark merchandise legibly with the country of origin Comply with provisions of any special laws of the U.S. that may apply to your merchandise
Suggestions to the Exporter for FasterClearance of Your Merchandise (Continuation) Develop packing standards for your commodities Establish sound security procedures Consider shipping on a carrier participating in the Automated Manifest System (AMS) If you use a licensed Customs broker for your transaction, consider using a firm that participates in the Automated Broker Interface (ABI) For additional information: www.cbp.gov
Entry Process File entry documents for goods with CBP at the POE Must be filed within 15 calendar days of arrival at U.S. POE Entry for consumption Must be filed and estimated duties deposited at the port with an entry/entry summary within 10 working days of the goods entry into the commerce Must be accompanied by evidence that a bond has been posted with CBP In the event that a customs broker is employed, the broker may permit the use of his bond to provide the required coverage Following presentation of the entry, the shipment may be examined, or examination may be waived by CBP
Our Mission We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders.We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror.We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.