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Inspección de flores, etiquetas y facturas.


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Inspección de flores, etiquetas y facturas. Linda Cullen, CBP.

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Inspección de flores, etiquetas y facturas.

  1. 1. U.S. Customs and Border Protection Cut Flower Inspections May, 2012
  2. 2. Our Mission We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders.We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror.We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.
  3. 3. CBP’s Agriculture Mission To protect the American public. To detect and prevent agro-terrorism and bio-terrorism.
  4. 4. Miami International Airport Agriculture Air Cargo Port of Entry Largest U.S. gateway for Latin America and the Caribbean. One of the leading international freight airports in the world. Leads all U.S. airports with 89 percent of fresh-cut flowers imported into the United States every year.
  5. 5. Cut Flowers  Can be infested with a destructive pest.  Outbreak of plant pests can:  Cause damage to crops, trees, flowers, or lawns.  Cause millions of dollars of damage.  Increase the price .  Reduce the quality of food.  Lower property values.  Ruin recreational areas.
  6. 6. National Cut Flower Release Program Use pest risk analysis Identifies combinations of high volume, low risk cut flowers flower type and country of originBenefits: Expedites the release Random inspections as “Flower of the Day”
  7. 7. NCFRP Participating PortsMiami International Airport is one ofthe participating ports.Other participating ports are:  George Bush Intercontinental Airport; Houston, Texas  Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport; Atlanta, Georgia  John F. Kennedy International Airport; Jamaica, New York  Los Angeles International Airport; Los Angeles, California  San Juan Luis Munoz Marin International Airport; San Juan, Puerto Rico
  8. 8. NCFRP Eligible Cut Flowers Eligible cut flowers from Colombia  Lilium spp. (lily) Liliaceae  Rosa spp. (rose) Rosaceae pp.  Rose bouquets  Any bouquet with 75% of the stems in the bouquet excluding greenery, are Rosa spp.  Zantedeschia spp. (calla lily) Araceae
  9. 9. NCFRP Cut Flower Additions or DeletionsIs reviewed annuallyIs subject to change for a variety ofreasons such as:  Number and species of pests intercepted and population levels in growing areas  Volume of flowers fluctuates annually
  10. 10. Suggestions to the Exporter for Faster Clearance of Your Merchandise Include invoice information Type invoice information clearly Include packing list information Provide a detailed description Mark merchandise legibly with the country of origin Comply with provisions of any special laws of the U.S. that may apply to your merchandise
  11. 11. Suggestions to the Exporter for Faster Clearance of Your Merchandise (Continuation) Develop packing standards for your commodities Establish sound security procedures Consider shipping on a carrier participating in the Automated Manifest System (AMS) If you use a licensed Customs broker for your transaction, consider using a firm that participates in the Automated Broker Interface (ABI) For additional information :
  12. 12. Entry Process File entry documents with CBP at the POE Must be filed within 15 calendar days of arrival at U.S. POE Entry for consumption Must be filed and estimated duties deposited at the port with an entry/entry summary within 10 working days of the goods entry into the commerce Must be accompanied by evidence that a bond has been posted with CBP In the event that a customs broker is employed, the broker may permit the use of his bond to provide the required coverage Following presentation of the entry, the shipment may be examined, or examination may be waived by CBP
  13. 13. Prerequisite to the General Inspection Procedures CBP will collect information and review necessary documents prior inspection:  Air waybills and shipping documents  Foreign phytosanitary certificates  Invoices (obtained from importer or broker)  Labels  Packing lists  Permits (PPQ, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and  Flora (CITES), Endangered Species Act (ESA)  Import Requirements are subject to change.Additional information:
  14. 14. Labels Must be in English. Clearly mark at least one end of each box. The label shall include:  Farm name or farm Manufacturer/Shipper Identification Code (MID)  Flower type or flower code Master/Simple air waybill number  House air waybill number
  15. 15. Acceptable Labels for Cut FlowersEach label contains: Miguel’s Farm Farm name•Approved flower or code Rose•Air waybills 301-11134567 Elvira Paradise Farms Lilium 455-8597854-55268
  16. 16. Unacceptable Labels for Cut Flowers AG33 Alstroemeria 754-52869854-1258 This label does not have the farm name. The use of farm codes is not acceptable
  17. 17. Unacceptable Labels for Cut Flowers Fermes Magnifiques AST 754-52869854-1258 546-85976842 This label references too many air waybills. Only the importing air waybills manifested in the Air Automated Manifest System may be referenced on the label.
  18. 18. Labels Discrepancies  Boxes with unacceptable labels will be documented as aAG33 “Discrepancy” prior to inspection.Alstroemeria  Discrepancy will need to be corrected prior to inspection.754-52869854-1258  Inspection will be cancelled.  Will result in a delay of the inspection.
  19. 19. InvoicesShall include the following: Name and Address of Seller and Purchaser Must be in English or a translation of English Packing List Destination-Port of Entry Name of responsible individual
  20. 20. InvoicesDetailed description of themerchandise:  Name by which each item is known  The grade or quality  The marks, numbers and symbols under which sold and packaged  Quantities in appropriate weights and measures being imported  Purchase price of each item in the currency of the purchase  All charges itemized by name and amount  All discounts, commissions and rebates  Country of origin
  21. 21. Invoice DiscrepanciesMost common discrepancies are:  Incorrect information (Flower description)  No invoice  Box content does not match invoice
  22. 22. Import Permit RequirementsUSDA PPQ•Regulates the importation of plants and plant products under the authorityof the Plant Protection Act.•Issues Transit Permits in accordance with the Code of Federal RegulationsTitle 7, CFR Part 352Import Permits• Required for the importation into the U.S. and transit through the U.S. ofregulated plants and plant products.
  23. 23. Import Permit Requirements (Continuation) Transit Permits  Required in advance of arrival for the unloading, landing or other movement of plants, plant products, or soil in cargo through the United States. Two types:  Transportation and Exportations (T&E)  Immediate Exports (IE)Contact Permit Services:Telephone: (301) 734-0841 or (877) 770-5990 (Toll-Free Automated System);Fax (301) 734-4300; Email:
  24. 24. USDA-APHIS E-PermitsIs a web-based tool that gives customers the ability to apply for a permit, check its status,and view it online.E-Permit customers can apply for the following:  PPQ Application for Permit to Import Plants or Plant Products  Veterinary Services (VS) Applications for Permits  Biotechnology Notifications  VS Notification of On-Hold Shipment and  Other PPQ applications for permitE-Permits users are required to complete a registration process via e-AuthenticationUSDA’s e-Authentication:E-Permits:
  25. 25. Import Permits for Cut Flowers In general, commercial shipments of cut flowers do not require a written permit, there are some exceptions. Cut flowers covered under quarantines other than 7CFR 319.74 may require a written permit.  Examples include articles with decorative fruits (regulated by 7 CFR 319.56) and Triticum spp. (regulated by 7 CFR 319.59). Admissible cut flowers are not required to have a T&E permit.
  26. 26. Phytosanitary Certificates Is issued by the foreign plant protection organization (exporting country). Is a statement of fact (certifies the inspection) attesting to freedom from pests and admissibility into the destination country. Can be valid and accurate, yet still be insufficient to meet conditions of entry. Even when plants or plant products are accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate, CBP inspects the importations to confirm admissibility.
  27. 27. Chrysanthemum spp. (mum) Asteracea from ColombiaMust be accompanied by aphytosanitary certificate or equivalentdocumentation.Must have an additional declarationstating, “The place of production aswell as the consignment have beeninspected and found free of Pucciniahoriana.
  28. 28. Examining and Monitoring Cargo Policy  All foreign cargo of agricultural interest are to clear at the first port of arrival or first port of unlading. OR  Shipments may be authorized movement to another approved CBP port, if cargo is remaining on board a carrier and has an USDA Transit Permit. Operational Methods  May vary from port to port  The use of automated CBP systems, CBP release programs, and other CBP initiatives may vary from location to location.
  29. 29. Agriculture Inspection Hold Placed on items of agricultural interest. Using CBP automated tools. Serves as a notification to the carrier and the other parties that the cargo is being restricted for agricultural reasons. Should not be released until CBP has authorized the release.
  30. 30. Pest Risk Level of Cut Flowers There are three levels of pest risk:  High  Moderate  Low The level of pest risk is based on previous imports and interceptions. USDA APHIS determines the pest risk level. Is subject to change for a variety of reasons such as:  Number and species of pests intercepted and population levels in growing areas.
  31. 31. Low Risk Cut Flowers from ColombiaAnthurium (tailflower)Antirrhinum (snapdragon)Eustoma grandiflora (Lisianthus)FreesiaLilium (lily)-NCFRPOrnithogalum (chincherinchee,Star-of-Bethlehem)Rosa (rose)-NCFRPRose bouquets If 75% of the stems in abouquet are roses (excluding greenery)NCFRPRuscus (butchers broom, box holly)Zantedeschia (arum lily, calla lily)-NCFRP
  32. 32. High Risk Cut Flowers from ColombiaAster (aster)Chrysanthemum (mum) Chrysanthemum White RustCrocosmia (autumn gold, garden montbretia)Gladiolus (sword lily)Hypericum (St. John’s Wort)Tritonia (Montbretia) (blazing star)
  33. 33. Sample Size Is the number of boxes that should be examined from each inspectional unit. CBPAS will refer to the USDA Cut Flowers and Greenery Manual Factors to determine the sample size:  Pest risk level  Amount of air way bills (AWB)  Genus (same or different on the AWB)  Consignee (one or more) Flowers of the same genus that appear to be grown at different locations or under different conditions may be considered as a separate inspectional unit CBP verifies samples for inspection and may request additional samples, if needed.
  34. 34. Cut Flowers and Foliage Inspection CBPAS examine the flowers and foliage by selectively:  Shaking or tapping each flower or bunch while holding over the inspection surface.  The flowers are tapped with enough force to dislodge any crawling insect larvae, adult flying insects that cling to the article, or fecal material.  Closely examining the inspection surface to catch smaller pests such as thrips, aphids, and early instar larvae.
  35. 35. Cut Flowers and Foliage Inspection CBPAS inspect for the following:  Freedom from roots  Presence of fruits  Packing Material  Signs of feeding (discolored tunneling in the leaves made by insects that feed internally)  Symptoms of diseases (discolored sections, rust, or black spots)  Snails, larvae, and/or insects In addition, CBPAS inspect the bottom of the box for larvae, insects, snails, or evidence of these pests.
  36. 36. Cut Flowers and Foliage Inspection If product is infested with insects, mollusks, or pathogens,  CBP will HOLD the shipment and  Will send the interception to the nearest USDA Plant Inspection Station.
  37. 37. Emergency Action Notification CBP will consult with USDA to decide the regulatory action. CBP will complete an Emergency Action Notification (EAN) (PPQ Form 523) and provide the importer or broker with the following options:  Treat the inspectional unit under USDA monitoring  Destroy the contaminated shipment under CBP supervision at the owner’s expense  Reexport the inspectional unit under proper safeguarding measures
  38. 38. Our Mission We are the guardians of our Nation’s borders. We are America’s frontline. We safeguard the American homeland at and beyond our borders.We protect the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror.We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while fostering our nation’s economic security through lawful international trade and travel. We serve the American public with vigilance, integrity and professionalism.