BPM and SOA are going mobile - An architectural perspective

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Smartphones and tablets have conquered our world. What new opportunities are there for our businesses? What influence does the omnipresent HTML5 have? How can I integrate mobile solutions in an optimal architectural way in my SOA landscapes, and what kind of advantages do I gain for business process automation? This session delivers answers and puts current buzzwords such as big data, the cloud, the Internet of Things, HTML5, and mobile in the context of BPM and integration, deriving a reference architecture for Oracle SOA Suite, Oracle Service Bus, Oracle Unified Business Process Management Suite, Oracle API Gateway, Oracle WebCenter, and more. This makes all the buzzwords easily manageable in your daily IT work and prevents you from making mistakes others already have.

Files by Torsten Winterberg, OPITZ CONSULTING Deutschland GmbH & Guido Schmutz, Trivadis. Session held on 25th of September at Oracle OpenWorld 2013 in San Francisco.

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BPM and SOA are going mobile - An architectural perspective

  1. 1. Guido Schmutz Trivadis Torsten Winterberg OPITZ CONSULTING Deutschland GmbH BPM and SOA Are Going Mobile Oracle Open World, September 2013 An Architectural Perspective [CON2253]
  2. 2. The Team: Masons-of-SOA  Bernd Trops (Talend): bernd.trops@talend.com  Clemens Utschig-Utschig (Boehringer-Ingelheim): clemens.utschig-utschig@boehringer-ingelheim.com  Berthold Maier (T-Systems): berthold.maier@t-systems.com  Hajo Normann (Accenture): hajo.normann@accenture.com  Torsten Winterberg (OPITZ CONSULTING): torsten.winterberg@opitz-consulting.com  Jürgen Kress (Oracle Corp.) juergen.kress@oracle.com  Guido Schmutz (Trivadis): guido.schmutz@trivadis.com  Danilo Schmiedel (OPITZ CONSULTING): danilo.schmiedel@opitz-consulting.com www.soa-community.com
  3. 3. Mobile Development What does this mean today? An architectural point of view
  4. 4. We need an iPhone App! 2008
  5. 5. Cloud-Services become more and more important Dropbox, Evernote, …
  6. 6. We need an Android App! 2010
  7. 7. Market share mobile OS
  8. 8. Acceptance of Android Versions http://www.iphoneblog.de/2012/10/08/android-in-welcher-version/
  9. 9. The Web: Cross-Plattform Write Once, run everywhere
  10. 10. Browsers
  11. 11. HTML5 HTML elements JavaScript CSS HTML5 is the evolution of web development
  12. 12. Business Logic User Interface Request BackendFrontend Classical Architecture Response Storage Rendering
  13. 13. User Interface Storage REST Calls Local Storage Presentation Logic REST Backend Single Page Web-Apps BackendFrontend
  14. 14. SOFEA / Webapps Source: Life above the Service Tier, How to Build Application Front-ends in a Service-Oriented World
  15. 15. Hybrid Apps Native App HTLM CSS JavaScript WebView Native App
  16. 16. 1 2 3 4 Start process from mobile device Start process for insurance immediately
  17. 17. Mobile Tasklist
  18. 18. Mobile Dashboards
  19. 19. Mobile Processdesign
  20. 20. Mobile process documentation
  21. 21. Mobile Alarm / Monitoring
  22. 22. Warning: Avoid the Many-cheap-Apps-Architecture-Maintenance-Hell
  23. 23. Mobile Integration Technologies SOAP • Has a reputation for being complex and heavyweight • Has a formal contract language to define message formats • Supports standardized security approaches and tools • Supports XML and Binary REST • Has a reputation for being simple and lightweight • No formal contract language to define message formats • Security is a major challenge due to lack of standardization • Supports multiple data types (JSON, Text, XML, Binary)
  24. 24. SOAP Style 34 Mobile Integration Patterns REST Style
  25. 25. REST API Schema Aktion Typ URI Schema customerByUsername GET /api/customers?username=fred rentalsByCustomerId GET /api/rentals?customerId=7 carTypes GET /api/cartypes cities GET /api/cities availableCars GET /api/availableCars?cityId=1 &startDate=2011-10-28-… &endDate=2011-10-30-… &maxPrice=90 rentCar POST /rental/ Body: {carId=...,startDate=...,endDate=...} Date format: "yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.SSSZ"
  26. 26. Mobile Integration Technologies XML • “Native” format for enterprise data exchange • Highly formal structure • Content CAN be validated • Formats can change only when all parties agree • Supports multiple data types (Text, Binary) JSON • “Native” format for web pages • No formal structure • Content cannot be validated • Easy to change • Text only
  27. 27. 37 REST: URI addressing and data representation Mobile Integration Patterns
  28. 28. JSON as exchange format for data Request: $ curl --user fred:pass http://localhost:8484/... .../rylc-html5/backend/api/customers?username=fred Response: { "city":"Steintal", "email":"fred@die-feuersteins.de", "enabled":true, "id":1, "name":"Fred Feuerstein", ... }
  29. 29. old new The Web is evolving… Documents Declarative HTML Templates Request/Response Thin Client Applications Programmatic DOM APIs Synchronization Thick Client
  30. 30. Digital Natives
  31. 31. Back to terminator vision
  32. 32. Google Glasses Google Glasses © http://www.flickr.com/photos/azugaldia/7457645618
  33. 33. Internet of Things
  34. 34. http://blog.trentonsystems.com/machine-to-machine-technology-efficient-economy
  35. 35. A high-level M2M system architecture
  36. 36. Data Driven Applications as new breed “It’s about using data to make our customer touch points more engaging, more interactive, more data-driven.”
  37. 37. Central vs. Application Databases 48 • Application Database • Only accessed by a single application • Only the application using the database needs to know about the structure • Easier to maintain and evolve the schema • More freedom to choose the database • Applicable to SOA (i.e. Data Service/Entity Service) with good Service Autonomy • Ready for the cloud • Central Database • Using SQL as the integration mechanism between applications • applications store data in common DB • Improves communication, all applications operate on consistent set of data • Structure ends up to be more complex • Changes need to be coordinated with all other applications using the database • Side-effects (i.e. adding database index)
  38. 38. Relational vs. Aggregate Data Models 49 • Aggregate is a term that comes from Domain-Driven Design (Evans) • An aggregate is a collection of related objects, that should be treated as a unit – Unit for data manipulation and management of consistency • The relational model takes the information and divides it into tuples (rows) • A tuple is a limited data structure – no nesting of tuples – no list of values
  39. 39. NoSQL Databases Big Data frameworks are often associated with the term NoSQL • Not only SQL • The power of SQL is not needed for all problems • Specialized solutions may be faster or more scalable • Bring the ability to handle semi-structured and unstructured data • NoSQL complements RDBMS • Different types of NoSQL today: • Key-value, Column-Family, Document, Graph Big Data frameworks and NoSQL are related but not necessarily the same • Some big data problems may be solved relationally
  40. 40. Polyglot Persistence Defines a hybrid approach to persistence • Using multiple data storage technologies • Selected based on the way the data is used by an application Decisions • Have to decide what data storage technology to use (Relational or NoSQL) • Today it‘s easier to go with relational New Data Access APIs • Each data store has its own mechanisms for accessing the data Solution • Wrap data access code into services (Data/ Entity Service) exposed to applications 51
  41. 41. Unified (Mobile) Architecture 53 Enterprise Applications SOAP JMS REST RDMBS Internet of Things Mobile Apps LocalESB External Cloud Service Providers EnterpriseServiceBus(ESB) EJB Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) ServiceGateway CEP HTTP/JSON Application Server Complex Event Processing (CEP) / Fast Data NoSQL / Big Data BPM und SOA Platform REST SOAPDB LDAP / Enterprise IDM (Big) Data Analytics Business Logic NoSQL Web Apps DB Analytical Applications Data Warehouse Data Integration RDMBS OracleServiceBus(OSB) Oracle WebLogic Server Oracle SOA Suite Oracle BPM Suite Oracle ADF Oracle Event Processing (OEP) Oracle NoSQL Database Oracle BigData Appliance (BDA) Oracle ADF Mobile OracleDataIntegrator(ODI) Oracle ADF Oracle WebLogic Server Java Embedded Oracle Database Mobile Server Web Sockets OEP Embedded Oracle Business Intelligence Foundation Suite Oracle Business Activity Monitoring (BAM) OracleGoldenGate Oracle NoSQL DB Oracle RDBMS Oracle Database Mobile Server Oracle IDM OracleAPIGateway(OAG)
  42. 42. Conclusion
  43. 43.  Mobile Apps today  Think in new architecture pattern  Native Apps, mobile Web-Apps, Hybride Apps  HTML5, Single-Page-Apps, Many-Cheap-Apps-Hell,…  Mobile Apps tomorrow  Not only B2C and B2B, but M2M  Explosion of  Number of Devices  Data / Events  Need for Integration  Combination of Cloud, Big Data, Fast Data / Event Processing, Mobile, IoT is the future
  44. 44. Oracle products fitting in this architecture
  45. 45. Oracle ADF Mobile • Enables Customers to mobile-enable enterprise applications – One common platform for desktop and mobile applications (Android & iOS) – Handle multiple channels and network: browser, native, and hybrid applications • Technology foundation for future Oracle applications mobile development
  46. 46. Oracle ADF • End-to-end development framework for Java EE • Based on industry standards • Full model-view-controller implementation • Rich web, mobile and desktop UI • Focus on reusability • Visual and declarative development • Integrated security and customization
  47. 47. Oracle Database Mobile Server • Secure, efficient, resilient mobile data synchronization with Oracle Database • Remote application, user and device management • Standards-based encryption for remote data, in both storage and transit • Robust and reliable mobile data synchronization over unreliable networks • Highly scalable server configuration, supporting large and growing mobile or remote deployments • Integration with ADF Mobile
  48. 48. Oracle API Gateway (OAG) • Serves REST APIs and SOAP Web Services to clients – Converts REST to SOAP – Converts XML to JSON • Supports other protocols also – FTP, SFTP, FTPS – TIBCO Rendezvous and EMS – JMS (to IBM WebSphere MQ, ActiveMQ, JBOSS Messaging, etc) • Applies security rules – Authentication: OAuth, HTTP Auth, Certificate Auth, WS-Security – Content Filtering: Detection of SQL Injection, XSS, Viruses • Monitoring of API and Service usage • Caching and Traffic Management (routing, throttling)
  49. 49. Oracle Service Bus (OSB) – Message & Service Integration • Embedded access to service result caching • Intelligent content and identity based routing • Rich set of transports/adapters • Data-oriented services and REST support • Dynamic message transformation and streaming • Built-in monitoring, management and QoS • Configuration-driven message and service integration • Optimized, pluggable, policy-driven transport and message security
  50. 50. Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) – Data Integration • Out-of-the-box integration with databases, ERPs, CRMs, B2B systems, flat files, XML data, LDAP, JDBC, ODC • Knowledge module framework for extensibility • In-database transformations and data integrity controls on all databases • Rich ETL for Oracle databases • Integrates with Oracle GoldenGate for real-time data warehousing • Metadata-driven data lineage and impact analysis • Integrates with Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for advanced profiling, cleansing, matching and data governance needs
  51. 51. Oracle Goldengate – Data Replication • High performance data replication • Heterogeneous sources and targets • Conflict detection and resolution • Real-time and deferred apply • Event marker infrastructure • Flexible topology support • Data encryption • ETL and JMS integration • Routing and • compensation • Initial load capability
  52. 52. Oracle SOA Suite – Service Integration • Unifies Oracle and 3rd party Cloud applications with on- premises • Enables rapid delivery of existing applications into mobile channel • Improves partner collaboration with better B2B and API Management • Fast Data support with embeddable real-time event platform • Optimized integration to Oracle Applications running on Oracle Exalogic
  53. 53. Oracle BPM Suite – Business Process Management • Business driven design, execution and improvement • Common process model facilitates Business-IT collaboration • Complete support for any type of process, including Adaptive Case Management • Modernize and unify existing applications • Time-to-value & packaged best practices with Process Accelerators
  54. 54. Oracle Event Processing (OEP) • Lightweight Java Application server • Deployable stand-alone, integrated in SOA stack or lightweight on Embedded Java • Continuous Query Language (CQL) based on SQL syntax • Easy to use Development Environment • Enterprise class High Availability, Scalability, Performance and Reliability • Various Integration Opportunities using AQ, JMS and HTTP Publish/Subscribe Connectivity… • Coherence Integration
  55. 55. Oracle Business Activity Monitoring (BAM) • Monitor business processes & services in real-time – Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) – Service-Level Agreements (SLAs) • Analyze events as they occur – Correlate events & KPIs – Identify trends as they emerge – Alert users to bottlenecks & solutions • Act on current conditions – Event-driven alerts – Real-time dashboards – BPEL processes & web services integration
  56. 56. Oracle Big Data Appliance • Massively scalable infrastructure to store and manage big data • Big Data Connectors delivers load rates up to 12TB per hour between Data Applicance and Oracle RDMBS • Based on Cloudera’s distribution • Integrated into Oracle Enterprise Manager • Advanced analytics with Oracle R on Hadoop data • Handle low-latency unstructured workload with the pre-installed Oracle NoSQL database • Infiniband connectivity between node and across racks • Flexible configuration choices allowing flexible growth for Haddop and Oracle NoSQL databases
  57. 57. Oracle NoSQL Database • Simple Data Model • Key-value pair with major+sub-key paradigm • Read/insert/update/delete operations • Scalability • Dynamic data partitioning and distribution • Optimized data access via intelligent driver • High availability • One or more replicas • Disaster recovery through location of replicas • Resilient to partition master failures • No single point of failure • Transparent load balancing • Reads from master or replicas • Driver is network topology & latency aware • Elastic • Online addition/removal of Storage Nodes • Automatic data redistribution
  58. 58. Oracle WebLogic Server  Java EE 6 application server  Java SE 6 and 7 certification  High Performance Platform for Mission Critical Cloud Applications  Deep Integration with Oracle Database 12c - Multitenant and RAC  Real-time data processing through GoldenGate HotCache & Live Events  Built-in support for HTML5 and WebSockets for rich mobile and cloud applications Oracle Database 12c
  59. 59. Oracle Identity Management • Simplified Identity Governance – Access Request Portal with Catalog and Shopping cart UI – In product, durable customization of UIs, forms and work flows – Privileged Account Management – leverage Identity connectors, workflows, audit • Complete Access Management – Integrated SSO, Federation, API Management, Token Management, Granular Authorization – Mobile application security with SSO, device finger printing and step up authentication – Social identity log-in from popular social media sites – REST, OAuth, XACML • Directories that Scale – OUD optimized on T4 hardware delivering 3x performance gain and 15% of set up time
  60. 60. Contact
  61. 61. © OPITZ CONSULTING GmbH 2011 Seite 73Mobile Lösungen und BPM Contact Torsten Winterberg Business Development & Innovation OPITZ CONSULTING Deutschland GmbH Kirchstr. 6, 51647 Gummersbach, Germany Phone: +49 173 54 79 302 torsten.winterberg@opitz-consulting.com @t_winterberg
  62. 62. © OPITZ CONSULTING GmbH 2011 Seite 74Mobile Lösungen und BPM Contact Guido Schmutz Technology Manager Trivadis AG Europa-Strasse 5, 8152 Glattbrugg, Schweiz Phone: +49 173 54 79 302 guido.schmutz@trivadis.com @gschmutz

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