What are graphic novels?Graphic novels are a fictional story that ispresented in comic-strip format and presentedas a book. They usually use text and pictures topresent information
Basic Concepts of Graphic Novels Panels areDialogue balloons squares orcontain rectanglescommunication that have abetween and scene.amongcharacters. Gutters are the space between panels
Cont’d. Concepts of Graphic Novels Sound effects have visual sounds for example:Thought BOINK! BAM!balloons KAA-TANGG!express a FWOOSHH!character’sthoughts
Cont’d. Concepts of Graphic Novels Captions contain information on a scene or character
How to Read a Graphic Novel When you read a graphic novel you should start on the left panel and go right.
How to Read Dialogue in a Graphic Novel 1 2 When reading a novel you might 4 5 want to focus3 reading it left to right or it can be6 8 read top to bottom 7 in each panel.
Further ReadingsCrawford, P. (2004). Using Graphic Novels to Attract Reluctant Readers and Promote Literacy. Library Media Connection, 22 (5), 26-28.Schwarz, G. E. (2002). Graphic Novels for Multiple Literacies. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46 (3), 282-285.Little, D. (2005). In A Single Bound: A Short Primer on Comics for Educators. New Horizons for Learning.
BibliographyJohns, G. (2011). Secret Origin: Green Lantern. Aurora, IL: Publishing CompanyScherberger, P. (2010). Spider-man & the secret wars. Marvel Enterprises, Inc.TenNapel, D. (2011). Badisland. New York, NY: Scholastic Graphix.Various, Z. R. (2008). Transformers animated, volume 1. San Diego, CA: Idea & Design Works, LLC.