PASSING THE GIFT: HEALING MODALITIES IN AN AYTA VILLAGE AT FLORIDABLANCA, PAMPANGA, PHILIPPINES Victoria N. Apuan Ph.D. under the auspices of AUDRN
The Aytas are among the over 180 ethnolinguistic groups in the Philippines.ethn
Often-mentioned in history books as one of the “first” inhabitants ofthe islands, there was renewed interest when the volcano Pinatubo erupted in 1991.
Our interest in the Aytas of Pampanga• They are a doubly marginalized group.• I met them in 1991 as a member of the support group to the victims of the disaster.• Very few studies have been done regarding them, and very few have been done in a participatory manner.
Effective Methodologies – Then and Now Methods of Sikolohiyang Pilipino- Patanong-tanong (asking questions) -Patingin-tingin (observation) -Participant Observation- Immersion- Pakikipagpalagayang Loob- Long Interviews- They can ask whatever I ask them (reciprocity)- Chalk talk
As farmers, they clearedand replanted over what was destroyed.
They displayed an easy process of solidarity with other women
Rita SantosThree of them strove to become teachers, developing pride in themselves as Aytas
And a few women healed ailments through their gift for healing – the mag-aanitos
One did not study to bea mag-aanito. One hadto be “chosen”, receive the “gift” from the Almighty through a dream or going into a trance.
However, over 20 years, the indigenous healersbegan to die. Sadly, theywere not replaced. Fromthe 5 in 1991, only 2 are left.
Is it because a Health Centerwas established by the Methodists?
•Is no one deemed“worthy”?•Have the healing resourcesin the forest becomesparse?
There are still some women leaders still exert influence. Cherry Mely
With the passage of RA 8371, the Indigenous People’s Rights Act of1997, all resources of the ancestraldomain remain under the control of the Aytas. But with the Mining Act, possible healing resources are in danger.
Objectives & Expected Outcomes1. Describe the current state of health and healing in the Ayta communities. (Outcome: Health situationer)2. Preserve/document/share how the shamans see their role in the community. (Outcome: uploaded documentation of healing rituals/ practices)3. Facilitate a discussion on how the community leaders envision a future health system. (Outcome: Health Plan)
Objectives and Expected Outcome4. Use the local knowledge and share these with the younger Aytas and other young people who may wish to accept the gift of healing methodologies that are passed on. (Outcome, Powerpoint presentations, video)5. Use the output for Sociology, International Studies and Religious Studies classes, starting with Miriam College, Angeles University, through the Mahara platform. (Powerpoint presentations, videos, lesson plans)
Addressed to the Youth:• Don’t lose the resources that you have for your health and wellbeing.• Don’t automatically succumb to what Western medicine has to offer.• Dream of a bright future and healthy community. RECEIVE THE GIFT!