indigenous people in the philippines


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Tribal identifications in the Philippines

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  • in addition to karen thompson's correction, kindly check also the photo you used to illustrate the Ibaloi tribe bec. the one you used is incorrect.
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  • Good day. It’s my pleasure meeting you, and that you enjoying your day? Can you allowed me to introduce my self to you. My name is Kine Gaye . I will like to get acquainted with you. please I'll be glad if you write to me or send your email address direct at my private email address ( because i have some important thing i will like to discuss with you privately. Hope to hear from you soon. Kine.
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  • Please correct the following: Slide 9, photo of "Isneg" is Ifugao. Slide 10, photo of Tingguian is Ifugao (the belt is the telltale sign) & Slide 12, photo of Isinai is again- women of Ifugao.
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  • May I use this slides for our afterschool program. Our NGO is called Right Start. We will be celebrating Buwan ng Wika with a twist. We would like our children to know that there are many IPs whoa re Filipinos too.
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  • Slide 9..The picture showing the "Isneg" are actually Ifugao oldies.Their background is the famous Banaue Rice Terraces found at View Point, Banaue Ifugao
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indigenous people in the philippines

  2. 2. Indigenous Peoples/Indigenous refer to a group of people sharing common bonds of language, customs, traditions and other distinctive cultural traits. Indigenous peoples’ communities can be found in the interiors of Luzon, Mindanao, and some islands of Visayas.
  3. 3. The population data regarding the indigenous peoples in the country vary according to who has conducted the research. The Episcopal Commission on Tribal Filipinos (ECTF) distinguishes approximately 40 ethno-linguistic groups with a population of about 6.5 to 7.5 million (10-11% of the country’s population in 1995). The National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) estimates some 60 such groups. The National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) identifies 95 distinct tribes, which includes the Islamic or Muslim groups, in 14 regions of the country with an estimated population between 12-15 million members (17-22% of the total population in 1995).
  4. 4. The indigenous peoples in the Philippines continued to live in their relatively isolated, self-sufficient communities, at the time when most lowland communities had already been integrated into a single colony under Spain in the 1700s and 1800s. They were able to preserve the culture and traditions of their “ethnos” or “tribe” as reflected in their communal views on land, their cooperative work exchanges, their communal rituals, their songs, dances, and folklore. Instead of hierarchical governments, each of these communities had its own council of elders who customarily settled clan or tribal wars to restore peace and unity.
  5. 5. But with the long years of colonial rule in the Philippines, from the 1700s to the early 1900s, and the influx of migrants into indigenous peoples’ territories, many influences have been introduced that gradually changed the indigenous way of life Indigenous communities at present are still characterized by these phenomena but are definitely no longer in their pure and natural state, showing varying degrees of influence from outside culture
  6. 6. Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines There are various indigenous Filipino ethnic groups and tribes in the Philippines.
  7. 7. Luzon the “IGOROT” People from the Cordillera Mountains in Luzon are broadly known as Igorot.
  8. 8. Cordillera Peoples: This is the indigenous population of the Cordillera mountain range, which covers six provinces in the middle of Northern Luzon – Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province. They are collectively called Igorots, meaning “mountain people” .There are eight ethno-linguistic groups in the Cordillera, namely, Bontoc,, Isneg, Kalinga, Kankanaey, Tingguian, and Yapayao, Ibaloi, Ifugao Bontoc Ibaloi
  9. 9. Ifugao ,, Isneg Kalinga Kankanaey
  10. 10. Tingguian Yapayao
  11. 11. Caraballo Tribes: These are the five ethnolinguistic groups – Ibanag, Ilongot, Gaddang, Ikalahan and Isinai – who together with the Agta peoples inhabit the Caraballo mountain range in Eastern Central Luzon. This range connects the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino and Nueva Ecija.. Ibanag Ilongot
  12. 12. Gaddang Ikalahan Isinai
  13. 13. The Negrito also come from Luzon. Negrito: The term Negrito is a Spanish word, a diminutive of the word Negro. In this case, Negritos refers to a large group of indigenous tribes in Philippines. It includes the subgroups called the Agta, Aeta, Ati, Ayta, Dumagat and 25 more tribes from the Philippines. Although the Negritos of the Philippines possess some physical similarities with the pygmies of Africa, they are completely unrelated in terms of genetics. Agta and Aeta/Negrito: These short, dark- skinned and kinky-haired peoples are considered the earliest inhabitants of the Philippines. Aside from having been perpetually pushed into the hinterlands of Central Luzon, mainly in the provinces of Zambales, Bataan and Pampanga, and in other parts of the country, they also suffer from racial discrimination. With a population of about 160,000, they are the most widely distributed among indigenous peoples.
  14. 14. Visayas The “Manyan” People The indigenous groups in the Visayas –mostly in Mindoro – are called Mangyan. Again, there are many ethnic groups such as the Tadyawan, Tagbanwa, Palawano, Molbog and Kagayanan. Mangyan: It is a common name used to refer to eight ethnic tribes in Philippines. The Mangyan people come from the Mindoro islands and their population is around 100,000. The Mangyan people practice subsistence agriculture and they cultivate a number of varieties of the sweet potato along with taro and rice. They follow a religion called Animism.
  15. 15. Mangyan of Mindoro: This is a generic name for the six ethno-linguistic groups spread over the mountains and foothills of Mindoro, an island southwest of Luzon, namely, Batangan, Iraya, Hanunoo, Alangan, Ratagnon, Buhid, and Tadyawan. They are described as the first inhabitants of the island, and until today, they are one of the few groups that still practice a pre-Spanish form of writing. Their present population is about 150,000.
  16. 16. Palawan hill tribes: These are the non-Muslim tribal people of Palawan island located further west of Mindoro. This group is composed of four ethnic groups – Tagbanua, Batak, Kalamianes,Cuyonin, and Ken-uy, and they number at least 120,000.
  17. 17. Mindanao The Lumad and Moro There is some differentiation of the indigenous people in Mindanao. The Moro and the Lumad. The Moro practice Islam and the Lumad do not. Moro is Spanish for the word Moor. Lumad means indigenous or native.
  18. 18. Mindanao Lumad: This is a generic term embracing all non-Muslim hill tribes of Mindanao. Lumad is a Visayan term that means “born and grown in the place”. The Lumad peoples are composed of some eighteen ethnic groups and they form the largest grouping of indigenous peoples in the country. They have a total population today of 2.1 million and are concentrated in varying degrees in the hilly portions of the provinces of Davao, Bukidnon, Agusan, Surigao, Zamboanga, Misamis, and Cotabato. They can be found in almost all provinces of Mindanao and they include the Subanen, Manobo, B’laan, T’boli, Mandaya, Mansaka, Tiruray, Higaonon, Bagobo, Bukidnon, Tagkaolo, Banwaon, Dibabawon, Talaandig, Mamanua, and Manguangan.
  19. 19. The Moro or Muslim Groups: These are the Muslims in Mindanao composed of fourteen groups, namely, Maranao, Maguindanao, Tausug, Samal, Yakan, Sangil, Palawani, Badjao, Kalibugan, Jama-Mapun, Ipanun, Kalagan, Molbog, and Muslim.