Proyecto clil: La vida diaria de astronautas


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Proyecto clil: La vida diaria de astronautas

  1. 1. PARA TRABAJAR EL PROYECTO CLIL EN ELCEIP BENITO PÉREZ GALDÓS DEL ENLACE MOTIVO DEL CONCURSO IDeTIC ISS Contact 2011 contacto entre alumnado Canario y LaEstación Espacial Internacional – ULPGC.Cada texto viene acompañado de video presentación (ver link)A Day in the Life Aboard the International Space Station:Introduction The International Space Station is a working laboratory orbiting 240 miles above the Earth. Image Credit: Fred Sayers Have you ever wondered what it would be like to live and work in space? Follow astronauts on the International Space Station in a series of videos as they explain their daily routines. Learn where they sleep, and how they eat, exercise, work and spend free time. Compare life in space with life on Earth. Educators can use this series of videos and resources to enhance K-12 science, technology, engineering and mathematics curricula.Morning Routine in SpaceAstronauts living and working in space have the same hygiene needs as
  2. 2. people on Earth. They wash their hair, brush their teeth, shave and goto the bathroom. However, because of the microgravity environment,astronauts take care of themselves in some different ways.Astronauts wash their hair with a rinseless shampoo that wasoriginally developed for hospital patients who were unable to take ashower.Many astronauts have a personal hygiene kit that is attached to thewall. The kit contains the personal hygiene items each astronaut haschosen to take. Personal preferences, such as the brand of toothpaste,are accommodated if possible. Dental hygiene is basically the same ason Earth.Because of microgravity, the space station toilet is more complex thanwhat people use on Earth. The astronauts have to position themselveson the toilet seat, using leg restraints and thigh-bars. The toiletbasically works like a vacuum cleaner with fans that suck air and wasteinto the commode. Each astronaut has a personal urinal funnel, whichhas to be attached to the hoses adapter. Fans suck air and urinethrough the funnel and hose into the wastewater tank.Exercising in Space
  3. 3. Exercise is an important part of the daily routine for astronauts aboardthe station to prevent bone and muscle loss. On average, astronautsexercise two hours per day. The equipment they use is different thanwhat we use on Earth. Lifting 200 pounds on Earth may be a lot ofwork, but in space it is easy. The 200 pounds appear to weigh nothing.Therefore, exercise equipment needs to be specially designed for use inspace so astronauts will receive the workout needed.Eating in SpaceImagine going camping for more than a week with several of your closefriends. You would make sure you have plenty of food and the gear tocook and eat it with. The food would have to be stored properly and benonperishable to avoid spoilage. After finishing your meal, or at theend of your camping trip, you would then stow all your gear anddispose of your trash properly just before the ride home.
  4. 4. Eating in microgravity can be very different than eating on Earth.Image Credit: Fred SayersAstronauts basically do the same thing when they go to space.Preparation varies with the food type. Some foods can be eaten in theirnatural forms, such as brownies and fruit. Other foods require addingwater, such as macaroni and cheese or spaghetti. Of course, an oven isprovided in the space station to heat foods to the proper temperature.There are no refrigerators in space, so space food must be stored andprepared properly to avoid spoilage, especially on longer missions.Condiments, such as ketchup, mustard and mayonnaise, are provided.Salt and pepper are available but only in a liquid form. This is becauseastronauts cant sprinkle salt and pepper on their food in space. Thesalt and pepper would simply float away. There is a danger they couldclog air vents, contaminate equipment or get stuck in an astronautseyes, mouth or nose.Astronauts eat three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner.Nutritionists ensure the food astronauts eat provides them with abalanced supply of vitamins and minerals. Calorie requirements differfor astronauts. For instance, a small woman would require only about1,900 calories a day, while a large man would require about 3,200calories. There are also many types of foods an astronaut can choosefrom such as fruits, nuts, peanut butter, chicken, beef, seafood, candy,brownies, etc. Drinks range from coffee, tea, orange juice, fruit punchesand lemonade.As on Earth, in space food comes in disposable packages. Astronautsmust throw their packages away when they are done eating. Somepackaging actually prevents food from flying away. The food packagingis designed to be flexible and easier to use, as well as to maximizespace when stowing or disposing food containers.Working in SpaceAstronauts perform many tasks as they orbit the Earth. The spacestation is designed to be a permanent orbiting research facility. Its
  5. 5. major purpose is to perform world-class science and research that onlya microgravity environment can provide. The station crew spends theirday working on science experiments that require their input, as well asmonitoring those that are controlled from the ground. They also takepart in medical experiments to determine how well their bodies areadjusting to living in microgravity for long periods of time.Working on the space station also means ensuring the maintenanceand health of the orbiting platform. Crew members are constantlychecking support systems and cleaning filters, updating computerequipment: doing many of the things homeowners must do to ensuretheir largest investment stays in good shape. Similarly, the MissionControl Center constantly monitors the space station and sendsmessages each day through voice or e-mail with new instructions orplans to assist the crew members in their daily routines.Free Time in Space
  6. 6. Many crew members enjoy looking out the windows and takingpictures of Earth in their free time. Image Credit: Fred SayersLiving in space is not just all work and no play. Astronauts like to havefun, too. If youre staying on the International Space Station for a fewmonths, it is certainly okay to look out the window, play with your foodor tease your crewmates once in awhile. Fun is an essential ingredientto the quality of life.Astronauts need a break from their busy schedules when they areorbiting Earth. Days or even months of straight work is certain to causestress among space workers. That is why flight planners on Earthschedule time each day so astronauts can relax, exercise and havesome fun. Station crew members even manage to have fun whileworking. Experiments in space sometimes involve ordinary toys andhow microgravity affects them. Read more...
  7. 7. Crew members can bring books with them, read them on a computeror borrow them from the station library. Image Credit: Fred SayersA popular pastime while orbiting the Earth is simply looking out thewindow. Inside the International Space Station, crew members havenumerous windows they can look out. Astronauts often comment ontheir fascination and awe as they look at the Earth spin beneath themwith its multiple shades and textures. Sunsets and sunrises are alsovery spectacular, occurring every 45 minutes above the Earthsatmosphere.Aboard the space station, crew members have many opportunities torelax and play. Like most people who work full time, astronauts getweekends off. On any given day, crew members can watch movies, playmusic, read books, play cards and talk to their families. They have anexercise bike, a treadmill and various other equipment to help keeptheir bodies in shape. During their off time, they certainly take time outto play games and generally have a good time.Sleeping in Space
  8. 8. After a long day at work, there is nothing like a good nights sleep! Justlike on Earth, in space a worker goes to bed at a certain time thenwakes up and prepares for work again. There are a few differences,though. In space there is no up or down, and there is microgravity. As aresult, astronauts are weightless and can sleep in any orientation.However, they have to attach themselves so they dont float aroundand bump into something. Space station crews usually sleep insleeping bags located in small crew cabins. Each crew cabin is just bigenough for one person.Generally, astronauts are scheduled for eight hours of sleep at the endof each mission day. Like on Earth, though, they may wake up in themiddle of their sleep period to use the toilet, or stay up late and lookout the window. The excitement of being in space and motion sicknesscan disrupt an astronauts sleep pattern. During their sleep period,astronauts have reported having dreams and nightmares. Some haveeven reported snoring in space.