Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Juvenile Law (16.3)


Published on

Brief overview of the Juvenile Justice system, for use with sections 16.3.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Juvenile Law (16.3)

  1. 1. For use with section 16.3
  2. 2. NOTE: there are no guarantees, only that statistics showthat of those who commit crime, there is adisproportionate number of people with the followingcircumstances abuse neglect emotionally or mentally troubled
  3. 3.  juveniles are tried in different courts (juvenile court) some older juveniles who are charged with serious crimes or are repeat offenders may be tried as adults. the main goal of the juvenile system is rehabilitation the guiding principle is to do whatever is in the best interest of the young people 3/4 of juvenile cases begin as arrests 1/4 are the result of a petition from a parent, school administrator, or other person in contact with the child
  4. 4. neglect cases when juveniles are abused by their caregivers juvenile court has the power to place these youths with other families in foster homes
  5. 5. delinquency cases when a juvenile commits a crime or an act considered illegal for a juvenile (though not for an adult)
  6. 6. A. Diversion or Detention  once arrested and parents notified, the juvenile may be sent home or kept in a juvenile detention center until it is time to appear in court  special officers specifically for juvenile cases will try to divert non-violent youngsters away from the court and into rehabilitation programs:  counseling  job-training  drug-treatment  some diverted juveniles will be detained at first while the court decides what to do
  7. 7. B. The Trial 1) Preliminary Hearing  to determine if there is probable cause to believe the young person committed the crime as charged
  8. 8. B. The Trial 2) Trial  juveniles do not have the right to a jury trial  the identity of the juvenile is kept secret (a sealed record)  consists of the juvenile, parents/caregiver, lawyer, judge, arresting officer, probation officer (who investigated the case)  if a juvenile is found to be delinquent, the court holds another hearing to decide the sentence
  9. 9. B. The Trial 3) Punishments  stern lecture from the judge  special training school  reformatory  treatment center  teen shelter  if the juvenile successfully completes probation the charges will be dropped and the matter removed from their record
  10. 10. A. Precedent from In re Gault  parents/guardians must be notified of the arrest as soon as possible  juvenile and parents/guardians must be notified in writing of what they’ve done  juveniles have a right to legal counsel (a lawyer)  right to confront witnesses  protection from self-incrimination