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  1. 1. Religion is a collection of belief system ,cultural systems, and world views thatrelate humanity to spirituality and sometimes to moral values.Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditionsand sacred histories that are intended togive meaning to life or to explain the originof life or the universe.They tend to derive morality,ethics, religious lawsor a preferred lifestyle from their ideasabout the cosmos and human nature.According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.
  2. 2. 1) Atheism Atheists are people who believe that god or gods are man-made constructs.2) Bahai One of the youngest of the worlds major religions.3) Buddhism A way of living based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama.4) Christianity The worlds biggest faith, based on the teaching of Jesus Christ.5) Hinduism A group of faiths rooted in the religious ideas of India.6) Islam Revealed in its final form by the Prophet Muhammad.
  3. 3. 7) Jainism An ancient philosophy and ethical teaching that originated in India.8) Judaism Based around the Jewish peoples covenant relationship with God.9) Sikhism The religion founded by Guru Nanak in India in the 15th Century CE.10) Spiritualism Spiritualists believe in communication with the spirits of people whohave died.11) Taoism An ancient tradition of philosophy and belief rooted in Chineseworldview.12) Unitarianism An open-minded and individualistic approach to religion.13) Zoroastrianism One of the oldest monotheistic faiths, founded by the ProphetZoroaster.
  4. 4. % of worldFive largest religions Adherents in 2000 Demographics population Christianity 2.0 billion 33% Christianity by country Islam 1.2 billion 19.6% Islam by country Hinduism 811 million 13.4% Hinduism by countryChinese folk religion 385 million 6.4% Chinese folk religion Buddhism 360 million 5.9% Buddhism by country
  5. 5. A practical definition of Hinduism:Performing the duty (dharma) of ones stage in life and social status (caste).The essence of the Hindu vision of reality lies in the tensionbetween dharma and moksha.Both these perspectives,the world-supporting and the world-denying are necessaryto fulfill human destiny.Other important terms :karma = moral law of cause and effect (deeds of past lives determine present)samsara = rebirth according to the nature of a persons karma;what we are now is the sum of all we have done in the past.
  6. 6. People in India are very religiousand how their religion affectshem depends on their Guru orthe particular school that they follow.It affects what they eat(vegetarian, non-vegetarian),what they drink (alcohol, non-drinker),to whomthey pray (a particular deity/godis the norm).
  7. 7. They may also perform and follow certain rituals such as:when they can wash their hair or when they are allowed to do their washing.They will probably celebrate certain festivals throughout the yeardepending on where they live and what sect they come from.In addition, on certain holidays/religious days they may makea pilgrimage to a holy place.In addition, certain individuals may wish to fast on a particularday of the week or for a particular reason (for example,a mother may fast during her daughter studies,to encourage her to do well in something particular).
  8. 8. Hinduism is generally regarded as the worlds oldest organized religion.It consists of "thousands of different religious groups.Because of the wide variety of Hindu traditions,freedom of belief and practice are notable features of Hinduism.Hinduism has grown to become the worlds third largest religion,after Christianity and Islam. It claims about 950 million followers-- about 14% of the worlds population.