‫ﺍﳍﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﺮﻳﺔ‬
 ‫ﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳋﺮﻃﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‬




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3886
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3886

  1. 1. ‫ﺍﳍﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳋﺮﻃﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‬ ‫א‬ ‫٠ ‬ ‫-٢-‬
  2. 2. ........................................................................................ ....................................................................................... ........................................... ......................................... .................. : ..................................................................................... .................................................................................... ................................................................................... -٣-
  3. 3. [ ] : primate city . . : . -٤-
  4. 4. Urban Primacy : .[ ] : ] [ : . Spacing ] .[ Urban Hierarchy .[ ] : [ ] -٥-
  5. 5. . ] .[ Law Primate City Jefferson, M. of Rank Zipf G.,K., - Size Rule Urban Balance % [ ]% % ( ) ÷ .[ ] ÷ primacy index : .[ ] -٦-
  6. 6. poverty belts tin villages green belts suburbans : ( ) / / , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . ] .( ) [ -٧-
  7. 7. ‫دان 3791 ـ 3891‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫09‬ ‫08‬ ‫07‬ ‫06‬ ‫3791‬ ‫05‬ ‫3891‬ ‫/آ 2‬ ‫04‬ ‫03‬ ‫02‬ ‫01‬ ‫0‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا و ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ د ـن‬ ‫دار ــ ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ــ ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫) (‬ ‫%‬ ‫%‬ ‫[‬ ‫]‬ ‫%‬ ‫..‬ ‫(‬ ‫)‬ ‫[‬ ‫]‬ ‫.. %‬ ‫%‬ ‫] 94-91 [‬ ‫%‬ ‫%‬ ‫:‬ ‫%‬ ‫( 33‬ ‫33‬ ‫% % ( 3(‬ ‫6(5/*‬ ‫04‬ ‫53‬ ‫03‬ ‫5‬ ‫52‬ ‫02‬ ‫37-3891‬ ‫51‬ ‫01‬ ‫5‬ ‫0‬ ‫%‬ ‫ ! (‬ ‫) '‬ ‫$‬ ‫‬‫#‬ ‫#(‬ ‫!! (‬ ‫)'‬ ‫! !‬ ‫!$ ‬ ‫'‬ ‫%‬ ‫%!‬ ‫‬ ‫) (‬ ‫-٨-‬
  8. 8. ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49. , : , , : . -٩-
  9. 9. * ( ) % % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p. 247. % % , . % , . - ١٠ -
  10. 10. ( ) . . Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990 .p.138 ( ) - ١١ -
  11. 11. % .( ) [ ] . Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990 .p.138 (٤) ‫ر‬ ١٩٨٩/١٩٢٤ ‫ث‬ ‫را نا‬ - ١٢ -
  12. 12. ‫.‬ ‫:‬ ‫) (.‬ ‫]2-31[‬ ‫ر )٥(‬ ‫- ٣١ -‬
  13. 13. % , % % , :( ) , ( ) , , , , , % Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in the Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p. 132. 1990-1904 ‫ى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ 4000 3500 3000 2500 ‫أ‬ 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1904 1956 1971 1983 1990 ( ) - ١٤ -
  14. 14. Kheir , O. , M. , unauthorized settlement in -El Greater Khartoum , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and of Sudan 's Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future ( ) Over [16-254] Urbanization : % Slum Areas Shanties “ ( ) [16-254] - ١٥ -
  15. 15. : : ( ) plots : ( ) (%) , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , % , , , Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., Landuse in Sudan 's Capital City , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990, p.81. housing malaise illegal unleased % [11-83] .( ) - ١٦ -
  16. 16. Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., Landuse in Sudan 's Capital City , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Kh t U i it P ( ) % , , % , . % % , % , % : % - ١٧ -
  17. 17. ( ) , , , % , , , % Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region, Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p.133. ( ) % % % % % % : ( ) % % % % * , , , , , , , % % % * Hag Ahmed , E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p.91. % , % % % , % % % , % % - ١٨ -
  18. 18. : ١٩٨٣ - ١٩٥٦ ‫ى‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ر‬ (٩) ‫ر‬ ( ) *% *% *% / [ ] * Hag Ahmed , E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p.88. ( ) : - ١٩ -
  19. 19. ( ) , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Hag Ahmed , E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990, p.88. % % % .[21-3] % % % [% ] :( ) [13-1] - ٢٠ -
  20. 20. Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990 . ( ) ( ) % % % Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , the heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p 138. % ( ) . - ٢١ -
  21. 21. ( ) % % % % : ( ) % % [ ] [ ] - ٢٢ -
  22. 22. % % [ ] [ ] , , , / , Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p p.132. , % spontaneously .[15-177] : : [14-257 ] ( ) . .( ) - ٢٣ -
  23. 23. . : [14-257]* % % % ( ) % % , , , , , , , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 246. - ٢٤ -
  24. 24. ** [ % ] : [% ] ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 246. * . ** . ( ) : displaced camps - ٢٥ -
  25. 25. Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan 's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990 , p p.135. ( ) ( ) / % - ٢٦ -
  26. 26. / % / / / Abdel Ati , H. , A. , Child Vagrancy in The National Capital , in: in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 170. . . - ٢٧ -
  27. 27. ( ) / Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 247. - ٢٨ -
  28. 28. : leading core . peripheries primate city % : localized : - ٢٩ -
  29. 29. ( ) % % % % % % , % .( ) 33 3 ( 2*/ 5%3 (-( /1 ( -2 % ( ) ( ( % 1600000 1400000 1200000 *$# # ## # 1000000 )*##### ## 800000 )#3 $ )$ -##$ #'$ 600000 )$#### $# # 400000 200000 0 ))3 ,. - ) - $ $ )* ,$ )% # % ( ) - ٣٠ -
  30. 30. . [ ] ( ) / / = Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 247. inducement [12-58] Alonso, W. . : [15-95] - ٣١ -
  31. 31. : ( ) % % , , , , , , , , , , , , % , Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , The Future of Sudan's Capital Region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 246. space . . - ٣٢ -
  32. 32. % ( )% % % : ( ) % , , , , , , Moharir, V., V. and Kagwe, S., Administrative Reforms and Development Planning in The Sudan (1956-1975), University of Khartoum. September 1987, p. 116. % : ( ) % % ( ) , , Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49. - ٣٣ -
  33. 33. : % . . core region - ٣٤ -
  34. 34. peripheries . underdeveloped parts in underdeveloped country . - ٣٥ -
  35. 35. . : : ( ) % . - ٣٦ -
  36. 36. . core peripheries . % % : % % . - ٣٧ -
  37. 37. . % % % : . % growth poles or growth centers - ٣٨ -
  38. 38. . : Abu Sin , M. , E. , and Davies , H. , R. , J. , eds. , The Future of Sudan ' s Capital Region , A Study in Development and Change , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990. Urban Primacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49. . . 15.Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , The Urban Primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit , p. 247. . : Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , The Heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.2. 17.Ibid. p. 2. 18.Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in the Capital Region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p. 132. 19.El - Bushra, S., and Hijazi, N., B., The Impact of Greater Khartoum on the Rest of The Sudan, in: Abu Sin, M., E., and Davies, H., R., J., eds., op.cit, p.254. 20.Loc. cit. 21.Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., Landuse in Sudan 's Capital City , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.81. 22.ibid, p. 83. 23.Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.133. - ٣٩ -
  39. 39. 24.Hag Ahmed, E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems, in: Abu Sin M., E., and Davies, H., R., J., eds., Op.Cit, p.91. 25.Hag Ahmed, E., E., Rural Khartoum Development Systems, in: Abu Sin M., E., and Davies, H., R., J., eds., Op.Cit, p.88. 26.EL - Agraa, O., et al., Popular Settlements in Greater Khartoum, SGAHS, Khartoum, 1985, p. 99. 27.United Nations World population chart, 1990, p.3. 28.Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , The Heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.1. 29.Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , the heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , op. cit. p 138. 30.Davies , H. , R. , J. , Population Change in The Capital Region , in : Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , Op.Cit, p.132. 31.El Agraa, O., et al., popular settlements in Greater Khartoum, SGAHS, Khartoum, 1985, p. 177. : . Davies, H., R., J., Population Change in the Capital Region, op. cit. p. 257. . . . . . . 36.Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in:Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. ,op. cit , p. 246. 37.ibid. p. 247. 38.Abdel Ati , H. , A. , Child Vagrancy in The National Capital , in::Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , op. cit. , p. 246. 39.Davies, H., R., J., Population Change in the Capital Region, op. cit. p. 134. 40.Alonso , W. , Location theory , in: Friedmann , J. and Alonso , W. , eds. , Regional Development And Planning, The M.I.T., Cambridge, Massa. , 1964. p. 58. 41.El Agraa, O., op. cit., p. 95. 42.Abdel Rahman, B., A., op. cit. p. 251. 43.Moharir, V., V. and Kagwe, S., Administrative Reforms and Development Planning in The Sudan (1956-1975), University of Khartoum. September 1987, p. 116. 44.Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986 , p. 49 - ٤٠ -
  40. 40. ( ) , , , , , , , % , , , , , , , % , , , , , , , % , , , , , , % , , , , , , % , , , , % ] [ = Abdel Rahman , B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region , University of Khartoum Press , Khartoum 1990 , p. 249. - ٤١ -
  41. 41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. Abdel Ati , H. , A. , child vagrancy in the national capital region , in: Abu Sin , M. , E. , and Davies , H. , R. , J. , eds. , the future of Sudan s capital region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990. 10. Abdel Rahman B. , A. , the urban primacy of Greater Khartoum , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. the future of Sudan's capital region , Khartoum University Press , Khartoum , 1990. 11. Abdulla , M., and Abu Sin , M., E., landuse in Sudan 's capital city , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H., R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region , Khartoum University Press , 1990. 12. Alonso , W. , Location theory , in: Friedmann , J. and Alonso , W. , eds. , Regional Development And Planning, The M.I.T., Cambridge, Massa. , 1964. 13. Davies , H. , R. , J. , and Abu Sin , M., E. , the heart of Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 14. Davies , H. , R. , J. , population change in the capital region , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 15. El - Basra, S., and Hijazi, N., B. , the impact of Greater Khartoum on the rest of the Sudan , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 16. El- Kheir , O. , M. , unauthorized settlement in Greater Khartoum , in Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 17. El Agraa, O., M., et al., popular settlement in Greater Khartoum, SGAHS. Khartoum, 1985. - ٤٢ -
  42. 42. 18. Hag Ahmed , E., E., rural Khartoum development systems , in: Abu Sin , M., E. , and Davies , H. , R., J., eds. , the future of Sudan 's capital region Khartoum ,University Press , 1990. 19. Ibrahim , S. , Theory and Ideology in Sudanese Urban Studies , in: Der Wel , P. V. , and Ahmed , A. M. , Perspectives on Development in The Sudan , The Hague , March , 1986. 20. Moharir, V., V. and Kagwe, S., Administrative Reforms and Development Planning in The Sudan (1956-1975), University of Khartoum. September 1987. 21. United Nations World population chart - 1990 - ٤٣ -

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