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Ensuring NREN sustainability
Osun-Ife REN Conference
Obafemi Awolowo University
Ile-Ife, 25 November 2013
Omo OAIYA
WACREN
omo@wacren.net
Overview
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

About WACREN
Recent Developments
Developments at country level
Proposed Topology
Activities
Sustaining WACREN
Business and Financial Models
Sustainability Tips

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

2
About WACREN
•
•
•
•

Registered in Ghana in 2010
22 potential member NRENs
Second Board and 1st CEO appointed recently
Operational agreement with Ubuntunet
Alliance
• Partner in AfricaConnect – Capacity Building
• Partnership with RENATER
• Affiliate partner in eI4Africa project
25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

3
Our NRENs
8 Established NRENs
• GARNET - Ghana
• snRER - Senegal
• MaliREN - Mali
• RITER - Cote d’Ivoire
• NigerREN - Niger
• GabonREN - Gabon
• TogoREN- Togo
• NgREN- Nigeria
Ongoing Initiatives in Benin, Cameroon, Burkina Faso,
Chad and Guinea
25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

4
Recent developments


First WACREN AGM (Abuja, July 2013)







Adoption of new constitution
Appointment of new Chair of the Board
Appointment of CEO
Search and Nomination Committee for Board

New Board appointed on 1st September 2013
(6 members, incl. CEO)



CEO took office on 1st October 2013



First Board (virtual) meeting in October 2013

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

5
NREN Development



Slow, but significant progress in some countries
Most advanced (close to getting operational):
 NgREN
 Funding from World Bank
 10G MPLS core completed and several links successfully
tested (mostly STM-1s)
 Video-conferencing equipment delivered and installed in
universities in Phase 1
 NMC almost completed and network commissioning and
launch expected to be done soon
 GARNET
 Agreement with telecom operator for provision of links to
member institutions @ US$100/Mbps (based on STM1
links)
 5 member institutions have already signed up

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

6
NREN Development


snRER










Other countries




25/11/2013

Funding from World Bank (equipment and international
connectivity) – procurement process in progress
4 out of 5 public universities already on government fiber
backbone
Video-conferencing equipment delivered and installed in all
public universities and regional hospitals
5th university to be connected via Gb/s wireless link
RITER (ci): data centers commissioned; negotiation with
telecom operators for interconnection in progress
TogoREN: challenges at campus level (campus network of
Université de Kara)

OAU REN Conference

7
Many Possibilities

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

8
Proposed Topology (1)

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

9
Proposed Topology (2)
▪
▪

▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪

Simple - Core + Access
3 principal IX at Dakar, Lagos and Accra (+
Douala/Libreville)
Multiple Submarine Cable Access
2 links to Paris and London
Redundant links from Hubs to NRENs
> 1 Gig Access
> 10G Core
Long term IRU’s

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

10
International activities






Discussion underway with ASREN for sharing rack space in London

Router donated by Cisco/ISOC

RFI sent to NRENs for establishment of first link to GEANT

Meeting ASREN and UA in London
ei4Africa

Raise awareness and build build cooperation between EuroAfrican NRENs, RENs & user communities

Produce a state-of-the-art study of e-Infrastructure application
uptake in Africa

Flagship demonstrations to illustrate relevance
AfricaConnect

EC supported regional network of Southern and Eastern African
countries using terrestrial facilities with interconnection to
GÉANT

25/11/2013



Phase II readiness survey Conference and Central Africa underfoot
for West
OAU REN
11
Sustainability
▪

What does this mean to us?





Ability to finance WACREN from service revenues
Progressively reduce dependency on donor funding

How do we plan to achieve?






25/11/2013

Long term transparent operational plan with
ownership and support from NREN members
Build and sustain demand for services
Reduce operating costs
Involve private sector
OAU REN Conference

12
Critical Elements


Low Internet bandwidth prices







Low cost campus wireless

Innovative R&E services
Well-trained and motivated ICT staff
Community participation in service
development and governance.

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

13
WACREN Business Model




Skinny Secretariat
Federate interests of NREN communities
Capitalize network to reduce operating costs





Indefeasible Right of Use - IRU

Share costs of international connections
Leverage NREN Capacities






25/11/2013

Access to submarine communication cables
Peering with local commodity networks at Internet Exchanges
Research Communities
Establish NOCs at NREN Level & Capacity Building for NREN
techs to maintain NOCs
Local industry relationships

OAU REN Conference

14
Financial Model






Secretariat and Staffing Costs
Costs of Regional Network
International Connectivity
Service Costs
Capacity Building

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

15
Sustainability Tips for NRENs











Have a clear REN mission and policies owned by
members and accepted by industry.
Have a representative council of members in addition
to the board to sustain collective.
Drive conversations towards collaboration within the
community and with external stakeholders –
Government, Telcos, Regulator.
Look for dark fibre or wavelengths – be change agents.
Do not compete unfairly with the market
Ultimate goal is to increase demand!

25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

16
Ese pupo
I pointed out to you the stars and all
you saw was the tip of my finger –
African Proverb
We need to look beyond the finger tip!
Email: omo@wacren.net
Website: http://www.wacren.net
25/11/2013

OAU REN Conference

17

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WACREN - Ensuring NREN Sustainability

  • 1. Ensuring NREN sustainability Osun-Ife REN Conference Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, 25 November 2013 Omo OAIYA WACREN omo@wacren.net
  • 2. Overview • • • • • • • • About WACREN Recent Developments Developments at country level Proposed Topology Activities Sustaining WACREN Business and Financial Models Sustainability Tips 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 2
  • 3. About WACREN • • • • Registered in Ghana in 2010 22 potential member NRENs Second Board and 1st CEO appointed recently Operational agreement with Ubuntunet Alliance • Partner in AfricaConnect – Capacity Building • Partnership with RENATER • Affiliate partner in eI4Africa project 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 3
  • 4. Our NRENs 8 Established NRENs • GARNET - Ghana • snRER - Senegal • MaliREN - Mali • RITER - Cote d’Ivoire • NigerREN - Niger • GabonREN - Gabon • TogoREN- Togo • NgREN- Nigeria Ongoing Initiatives in Benin, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Chad and Guinea 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 4
  • 5. Recent developments  First WACREN AGM (Abuja, July 2013)      Adoption of new constitution Appointment of new Chair of the Board Appointment of CEO Search and Nomination Committee for Board New Board appointed on 1st September 2013 (6 members, incl. CEO)  CEO took office on 1st October 2013  First Board (virtual) meeting in October 2013 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 5
  • 6. NREN Development   Slow, but significant progress in some countries Most advanced (close to getting operational):  NgREN  Funding from World Bank  10G MPLS core completed and several links successfully tested (mostly STM-1s)  Video-conferencing equipment delivered and installed in universities in Phase 1  NMC almost completed and network commissioning and launch expected to be done soon  GARNET  Agreement with telecom operator for provision of links to member institutions @ US$100/Mbps (based on STM1 links)  5 member institutions have already signed up 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 6
  • 7. NREN Development  snRER      Other countries   25/11/2013 Funding from World Bank (equipment and international connectivity) – procurement process in progress 4 out of 5 public universities already on government fiber backbone Video-conferencing equipment delivered and installed in all public universities and regional hospitals 5th university to be connected via Gb/s wireless link RITER (ci): data centers commissioned; negotiation with telecom operators for interconnection in progress TogoREN: challenges at campus level (campus network of Université de Kara) OAU REN Conference 7
  • 10. Proposed Topology (2) ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Simple - Core + Access 3 principal IX at Dakar, Lagos and Accra (+ Douala/Libreville) Multiple Submarine Cable Access 2 links to Paris and London Redundant links from Hubs to NRENs > 1 Gig Access > 10G Core Long term IRU’s 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 10
  • 11. International activities    Discussion underway with ASREN for sharing rack space in London  Router donated by Cisco/ISOC  RFI sent to NRENs for establishment of first link to GEANT  Meeting ASREN and UA in London ei4Africa  Raise awareness and build build cooperation between EuroAfrican NRENs, RENs & user communities  Produce a state-of-the-art study of e-Infrastructure application uptake in Africa  Flagship demonstrations to illustrate relevance AfricaConnect  EC supported regional network of Southern and Eastern African countries using terrestrial facilities with interconnection to GÉANT 25/11/2013  Phase II readiness survey Conference and Central Africa underfoot for West OAU REN 11
  • 12. Sustainability ▪ What does this mean to us?    Ability to finance WACREN from service revenues Progressively reduce dependency on donor funding How do we plan to achieve?     25/11/2013 Long term transparent operational plan with ownership and support from NREN members Build and sustain demand for services Reduce operating costs Involve private sector OAU REN Conference 12
  • 13. Critical Elements  Low Internet bandwidth prices     Low cost campus wireless Innovative R&E services Well-trained and motivated ICT staff Community participation in service development and governance. 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 13
  • 14. WACREN Business Model    Skinny Secretariat Federate interests of NREN communities Capitalize network to reduce operating costs    Indefeasible Right of Use - IRU Share costs of international connections Leverage NREN Capacities      25/11/2013 Access to submarine communication cables Peering with local commodity networks at Internet Exchanges Research Communities Establish NOCs at NREN Level & Capacity Building for NREN techs to maintain NOCs Local industry relationships OAU REN Conference 14
  • 15. Financial Model      Secretariat and Staffing Costs Costs of Regional Network International Connectivity Service Costs Capacity Building 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 15
  • 16. Sustainability Tips for NRENs       Have a clear REN mission and policies owned by members and accepted by industry. Have a representative council of members in addition to the board to sustain collective. Drive conversations towards collaboration within the community and with external stakeholders – Government, Telcos, Regulator. Look for dark fibre or wavelengths – be change agents. Do not compete unfairly with the market Ultimate goal is to increase demand! 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 16
  • 17. Ese pupo I pointed out to you the stars and all you saw was the tip of my finger – African Proverb We need to look beyond the finger tip! Email: omo@wacren.net Website: http://www.wacren.net 25/11/2013 OAU REN Conference 17

Editor's Notes

  1. Nigerian member is Secretary General of the Committee of Vice-Chancellors