Beyond Scaling Up: How place is built into science


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This presentation was given at the 'Beyond Scaling Up: Pathways to Universal Access' workshop which was held at the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton on the 24-25 May, 2010. This event was co-sponsored by the Future Health Systems Research Programme Consortium and the STEPS Centre. Street and Kelly's presentation focussed on how place is built into science

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  • Just to conclude I want to bring this question about the affective texture think back to the sociological consequences of where STOPMAL took place.   For though no one knew it then but STOPMAL was to be one of the last trials to be hosted in Farafenni. In the February 2009, the staff of the station was informed that MRC head offices in London had shifted its investments in the Gambia to support regional collaborations and scientific networks across West Africa. In addition to closing Farafenni, over the next 5 years, the MRC will cut the Gambia’s budget in half. The rationale is to create the opportunity to conduct multi-centered studies on a greater number of people and thus, enhance the quality of research and the speed by which it is conducted. As one might expect, this plan has not been well received by Gambians, who feel betrayed by the MRC.   Just another example of how the priorities of international research and community health needs are not always easy to square. Ethical focus on what must be added to experimental endeavour in southern countries reflects an effort to bridge these interests. By contrast, I think shifting attention from supplementing ethical protocols to the generative capacity of everyday work of research in its place, provides a sounder basis from which to reinforce the relationship between scientific rigour and social value. This is one place where STS can contribute, in giving some analytical purchase to how science accounts place and how specific localities matter and matter differently for epistemic claims.
  • Beyond Scaling Up: How place is built into science

    1. 1. Scaling what up? How place is built into Science Alice Street, University of Sussex & Ann Kelly, LSHTM
    2. 2. Science & Place <ul><li>Scaling-up Science: </li></ul><ul><li>From particular places  universal knowledge space </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling-up Science in contexts of development: </li></ul><ul><li>From particular places  generalised problem spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Distinct scalar demands that have implications for how science relates to place in which it is conducted </li></ul>
    3. 3. Social & Scientific Integrity <ul><li>Represent : </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant for ‘tropical’/‘resource poor’ places </li></ul><ul><li>2. Improve: </li></ul><ul><li>Have value for, or act upon, the places in which science takes place </li></ul><ul><li>What different values do these activities entail? </li></ul>
    4. 4. Madang General Hospital
    5. 5. Scientific Emplacement Public hospital ward Clinical Trial “ Tropical/Developing Country Context”
    6. 6. STOPMAL Screening Homes to Prevent Malaria
    7. 9. Lancet editorial: <ul><li>“ Despite the extremely positive results observed in the study by Kirby et al., there are several barriers to surmount before house screening is given the same priority as interventions such as LLINs or IRS for malaria control programs. Perhaps the greatest barrier to wide-scale implementation of house screening will be the question of who pays for it .” </li></ul><ul><li>(Lancet 2009 (374): 995) </li></ul>
    8. 10. Building Capacity & Representing Lack <ul><li>Research Capacity : </li></ul><ul><li>enhancing the possibilities to conduct research in places and the social value that entails – knowledge transfer, good outcomes, technological innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building : </li></ul><ul><li>changes to local infrastructure, through the process of research, training, enhance services, change practices, social innovation </li></ul>